Vakkalittheravatthu

208. Dasame ±h±rakaraºavelanti bhojanakiccavela½. Adhigacche pada½ santanti saªkh±r³pasama½ sukhanti laddhan±ma½ santa½ pada½ nibb±na½ adhigaccheyya. Paµhamap±dena pabbate µhitoyev±ti paµhamena p±dena gijjhak³µe pabbate µhitoyeva. Sesamettha suviññeyyameva.

Dutiya-etadaggavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.

14. Etadaggavaggo

(14) 3. Tatiya-etadaggavaggavaººan±

R±hula-raµµhap±lattheravatthu

209-210. Tatiyassa paµhamadutiyesu tisso sikkh±ti adhis²la-adhicitta-adhipaññ±saªkh±t± tisso sikkh±. Cuddasa bhattacchede katv±ti satt±ha½ nir±h±rat±ya ekekasmi½ divase dvinna½ bhattacched±na½ vasena cuddasa bhattacchede katv±.
Tesanti tesa½ t±pas±na½. L±bubh±jan±diparikkh±ra½ sa½vidh±y±ti l±bubh±jan±dit±pasaparikkh±ra½ sa½vidahitv±. Sapari¼±hak±yadh±tukoti ussannapittat±ya sapari¼±hak±yasabh±vo. Satasahass±ti satasahassaparim±º±. Satasahassa½ parim±ºa½ etesanti satasahass± uttarapadalopena yath± “r³pabhavo r³pan”ti, atthi-atthe v± ak±rapaccayo daµµhabbo. P±º±tip±t±di-akusaladhammasamud±c±rasaªkh±to ±magandho kuºapagandho natthi etesanti nir±magandh±, yath±vuttakilesasamud±c±rarahit±ti attho. Kilesasamud±c±ro hettha “±magandho”ti vutto. Ki½k±raº±? Amanuññatt±, kilesa-asucimissatt±, sabbhi jigucchitatt±, paramaduggandhabh±vavahatt± ca. Tath± hi ye ye ussannakiles± satt±, te te atiduggandh± honti. Teneva nikkiles±na½ matasar²rampi duggandha½ na hoti. D±naggaparivahanaketi d±naggadhuravahanake. M±pakoti divase divase parimitaparibbayad±navasena dhaññam±pako.
P±¼iyanti vinayap±¼iya½. Migaj±taka½ ±haritv± kathes²ti at²te kira bodhisatto migayoniya½ nibbattitv± migagaºaparivuto araññe vasati. Athassa bhagin² attano puttaka½ upanetv± “bh±tika ima½ bh±gineyya½ migam±ya½ sikkh±peh²”ti ±ha. Bodhisatto “s±dh³”ti paµissuºitv± “gaccha t±ta, asukavel±ya½ n±ma ±gantv± sikkheyy±s²”ti ±ha. So m±tulena vuttavela½ anatikkamitv± ta½ upasaªkamitv± migam±ya½ sikkhi. So ekadivasa½ vane vicaranto p±sena baddho baddharava½ viravi. Migagaºo pal±yitv± “putto te p±sena baddho”ti tassa m±tuy± ±rocesi. S± bh±tu santika½ gantv± “bh±tika bh±gineyyo te migam±ya½ sikkh±pito”ti pucchi. Bodhisatto “m± tva½ puttassa kiñci p±paka½ ±saªki, suggahit± tena migam±y±, id±ni ta½ h±sayam±no ±gacchissat²”ti vatv± “miga½ tipallatthan”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha miganti bh±gineyyamiga½. Tipallattha½ vuccati sayana½, ubhohi passehi ujukameva ca nipannakavasena t²h±k±rehi pallattha½ assa, t²ºi v± pallatth±ni ass±ti tipallattho, ta½ tipallattha½. Anekam±yanti bahum±ya½ bahuvañcana½. Aµµhakkhuranti ekekasmi½ p±de dvinna½ dvinna½ vasena aµµhahi khurehi samann±gata½. A¹¹haratt±pap±yinti purimay±ma½ atikkamitv± majjhimay±me araññato ±gamma p±n²yassa pivanato a¹¹haratte ±pa½ pivat²ti a¹¹haratt±pap±y². “A¹¹haratte ±pap±yin”tipi p±µho. Mama bh±gineyya½ miga½ aha½ s±dhuka½ migam±ya½ uggaºh±pesi½. Katha½? Yath± ekena sotena cham±ya½ assasanto chahi kal±hi atibhoti bh±gineyyo. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ayañhi tava putta½ tath± uggaºh±pesi½, yath± ekasmi½ upariman±sik±sote v±ta½ sannirumbhitv± pathaviya½ all²nena ekena heµµhiman±sik±sotena tatheva cham±ya½ assasanto chahi kal±hi luddaka½ atibhoti, chahi koµµh±sehi ajjhottharati vañcet²ti attho. Katamehi chahi? Catt±ro p±de pas±retv± ekena passena seyy±ya, khurehi tiºapa½sukhaºanena, jivh±ninn±manena, udarassa uddhum±tabh±vakaraºena, ucc±rapass±vavissajjanena, v±tassa nirumbhanen±ti. Atha v± tath± na½ uggaºh±pesi½, yath± ekena sotena cham±ya½ assasanto. Chah²ti heµµh± vuttehi chahi k±raºehi. Kal±h²ti kal±yissati, luddaka½ vañcessat²ti attho. Bhot²ti bhagini½ ±lapati. Bh±gineyyoti eva½ chahi k±raºehi vañcaka½ bh±gineyya½ niddisati.
Eva½ bodhisatto bh±gineyyassa migam±ya½ s±dhuka½ uggahitabh±va½ vadanto bhagini½ samass±sesi. Sopi migapotako p±se baddho anibandhitv±yeva bh³miya½ mah±ph±sukapassena p±de pas±retv± nipanno p±d±na½ ±sannaµµh±ne khurehi eva paharitv± pa½suñca tiº±ni ca upp±µetv± ucc±rapass±va½ vissajjetv± s²sa½ p±tetv± jivha½ ninn±metv± sar²ra½ khe¼akilinna½ katv± v±taggahaºena udara½ uddhum±taka½ katv± akkh²ni parivattetv± heµµh±n±sik±sotena v±ta½ sañcar±pento upariman±sik±sotena v±ta½ sannirumbhitv± sakalasar²ra½ thaddhabh±va½ g±h±petv± matak±k±ra½ dassesi, n²lamakkhik±pi na½ sampariv±resu½, tasmi½ tasmi½ µh±ne k±k± nil²yi½su. Luddo ±gantv± udare hatthena paharitv± “p±tova baddho bhavissati, p³tiko j±to”ti tassa bandhanarajju½ mocetv± “ettheva d±ni na½ ukkantitv± ma½sa½ ±d±ya gamiss±m²”ti nir±saªko hutv± s±kh±pal±sa½ gahetu½ ±raddho. Migapotakopi uµµh±ya cat³hi p±dehi µhatv± k±ya½ vidhunitv± g²va½ pas±retv± mah±v±tena chinnaval±hako viya vegena m±tu santika½ agam±si. Satth± “na, bhikkhave, r±hulo id±neva sikkh±k±mo, pubbepi sikkh±k±moyev±”ti eva½ migaj±taka½ ±haritv± kathesi.
Ambalaµµhiyar±hulov±da½ deses²ti “passasi no tva½, r±hula, ima½ paritta½ udak±vasesa½ udak±d±ne µhapitanti? Eva½, bhante. Eva½ parittaka½ kho, r±hula, tesa½ s±mañña½, yesa½ natthi sampaj±namus±v±de lajj±”ti evam±din± ambalaµµhiyar±hulov±da½ (ma. ni. 2.107 ±dayo) kathesi. Gehasita½ vitakka½ vitakkentass±ti ±yasm± kira r±hulo bhagavato piµµhito piµµhito gacchantova p±datalato y±va upari kesant± tath±gata½ olokesi, so bhagavato buddhavesavil±sa½ disv± “sobhati bhagav± dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºavicittasar²ro by±mappabh±parikkhittat±ya vippakiººasuvaººacuººamajjhagato viya vijjulat±parikkhitto kanakapabbato viya yantasam±ka¹¹hitaratanavicittasuvaººa-agghika½ viya pa½suk³lac²varappaµicchannopi rattakambalaparikkhittakanakapabbato viya pav±¼alat±paµimaº¹itasuvaººaghaµika½ viya c²napiµµhacuººap³jitasuvaººacetiya½ viya l±kh±ras±nulitto kanakath³po viya rattaval±hakantaragato taªkhaºamuggatapuººacando viya aho samati½sap±ramit±nubh±vena sajjitassa attabh±vassa sirisampatt²”ti cintesi. Tato att±nampi oloketv± “ahampi sobh±mi, sace bhagav± cat³su mah±d²pesu cakkavattirajja½ akarissa, mayha½ pariº±yakaµµh±nantaramadassa, eva½ sante ativiya jambud²patala½ atisobhiss±”ti attabh±va½ niss±ya gehasita½ chandar±ga½ upp±desi. Ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½– “satthu ceva attano ca r³pasampatti½ disv± gehasita½ vitakka½ vitakkentass±”ti.
Bhagav±pi purato gacchantova cintesi– “paripuººacchavima½salohito d±ni r±hulassa attabh±vo, rajan²yesu r³p±rammaº±d²su cittassa pakkhandanak±lo j±to, nipphalat±ya nu kho r±hulo v²tin±met²”ti. Atha sah±vajjaneneva pasanne udake maccha½ viya parisuddhe ±d±samaº¹ale mukhanimitta½ viya ca tassa ta½ cittupp±da½ addasa, disv± ca “aya½ r±hulo mayha½ atrajo hutv± mama pacchato ±gacchanto ‘aha½ sobh±mi, mayha½ vaºº±yatana½ pasannan’ti attabh±va½ niss±ya gehasita½ chandar±ga½ upp±deti, atitthe pakkhando, uppatha½ paµipanno, agocare carati, dis±m³¼ha-addhiko viya agantabba½ disa½ gacchati, aya½ kho panassa kileso abbhantare va¹¹hanto attatthampi yath±bh³ta½ passitu½ na dassissati paratthampi ubhayatthampi, tato nirayepi paµisandhi½ gaºh±pessati, tiracch±nayoniyampi pettivisayepi asurak±yepi samb±dhepi m±tukucchisminti anamatagge sa½s±ravaµµe parip±tessati. Yath± kho pana anekaratanap³r± mah±n±v± bhinnaphalakantarena udaka½ ±diyam±n± muhuttampi na ajjhupekkhitabb± hoti, vegena vegenass± vivara½ pidahitu½ vaµµati, evameva ayampi na ajjhupekkhitabbo. Y±vassa aya½ kileso abbhantare s²laratan±d²ni na vin±seti, t±vadeva na½ niggaºhiss±m²”ti ajjh±saya½ ak±si. Tato r±hula½ ±mantetv± “ya½ kiñci, r±hula, r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v±, sabba½ r³pa½ ‘neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya daµµhabbanti. R³pameva nu kho bhagav± r³pameva nu kho sugat±ti. R³pampi r±hula, vedan±pi r±hula, saññ±pi r±hula, saªkh±r±pi r±hula, viññ±ºampi r±hul±”ti mah±r±hulov±dasutta½ (ma. ni. 2.113 ±dayo) abh±si. Ta½ dassetu½– “ya½ kiñci r±hula…pe… kathes²”ti vutta½.
Sa½yuttake pana r±hulov±doti r±hulasa½yutte vuttar±hulov±da½ sandh±ya vadanti. Tattha “s±dhu me, bhante, bhagav± sa½khittena dhamma½ desetu, yamaha½, bhante, bhagavato dhamma½ sutv± eko v³pakaµµho appamatto ±t±p² pahitatto vihareyyan”ti therena y±cito “ta½ ki½ maññasi, r±hula, cakkhu nicca½ v± anicca½ v±ti? Anicca½, bhante. Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±ti? Dukkha½, bhante. Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½ ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti-±din± r±hulov±da½ (sa½. ni. 2.188 ±dayo) ±rabhi. Therassa vipassan±c±royeva, na pana mah±r±hulov±do viya vitakk³pacched±ya vuttoti adhipp±yo.
Athassa satth± ñ±ºaparip±ka½ ñatv±ti-±d²su bhagavato kira rahogatassa paµisall²nassa eva½ cetaso parivitakko udap±di “paripakk± kho r±hulassa vimuttiparip±can²y± dhamm±, yann³n±ha½ r±hula½ uttari ±sav±na½ khaye vineyyan”ti? Athassa bhagav± pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya s±vatthiya½ piº¹±ya caritv± pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto ±yasmanta½ r±hula½ ±mantesi– “gaºh±hi, r±hula, nis²dana½, yena andhavana½ tenupasaªkamiss±ma div±vih±r±y±”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho ±yasm± r±hulo bhagavato paµissutv± nis²dana½ ±d±ya bhagavato piµµhito piµµhito anubandhi. Tena kho pana samayena anek±ni devat±sahass±ni bhagavanta½ abhivanditv± anubandhit± honti “ajja bhagav± ±yasmanta½ r±hula½ uttari ±sav±na½ khaye vinessat²”ti. Atha kho bhagav± andhavana½ ajjhog±hetv± aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le paññatte ±sane nis²di. ¾yasm±pi r±hulo bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Atha ±yasmanta½ r±hula½ ±mantetv± “ta½ ki½ maññasi, r±hula, cakkhu nicca½ v± anicca½ v±ti? Anicca½, bhante. Ya½ pan±nicca½, dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±ti? Dukkha½, bhante. Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½ ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti-±din± r±hulov±da½ (sa½. ni. 4.121) ad±si. Ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½– “andhavane nisinno c³¼ar±hulov±da½ kathes²”ti.
Koµisatasahassadevat±h²ti ±yasmat± r±hulena padumuttarassa bhagavato p±dam³le pathavindharar±jak±le patthana½ µhapentena saddhi½ patthana½ µhapitadevat±yevet±. T±su pana k±ci bh³maµµhadevat±, k±ci antalikkhaµµhak±, k±ci c±tumah±r±jik±didevaloke, k±ci brahmaloke nibbatt±, imasmi½ pana divase sabb± ekaµµh±ne andhavanasmi½yeva sannipatit±.
¾bhidosikanti p±riv±sika½ ekaratt±tikkanta½ p³tibh³ta½. Ekaratt±tikkantasseva hi n±masaññ± es±, yadida½ ±bhidosikoti. Aya½ panettha vacanattho– p³tibh±vadosena abhibh³toti abhidoso, abhidosoyeva ±bhidosiko. Kumm±santi yavakumm±sa½. Adhiv±setv±ti “tena hi, t±ta raµµhap±la, adhiv±sehi sv±tan±ya bhattan”ti pitar± nimantito sv±tan±ya bhikkha½ adhiv±setv±. Ettha ca thero pakatiy± ukkaµµhasapad±nac±riko sv±tan±ya bhikkha½ n±ma n±dhiv±seti, m±tu anuggahena pana adhiv±seti. M±tu kirassa thera½ anussaritv± anussaritv± mah±soko uppajjati, rodaneneva dukkh² viya j±t±, tasm± thero “sac±ha½ ta½ apassitv± gamiss±mi, hadayampiss± phaleyy±”ti anuggahena adhiv±sesi. Paº¹it± hi bhikkh³ m±t±pit³na½ ±cariyupajjh±y±na½ v± k±tabba½ anuggaha½ ajjhupekkhitv± dhutaªgasuddhik± na bhavanti.
Alaªkatapaµiyatte itthijaneti pitar± uyyojite itthijane. Pit± kirassa dutiyadivase sakanivesane mahanta½ hiraññasuvaººassa puñja½ k±r±petv± kilañjehi paµicch±d±petv± ±yasmato raµµhap±lassa pur±ºadutiyik±yo “etha tumhe vadh³, yena alaªk±rena alaªkat± pubbe raµµhap±lassa kulaputtassa piy± hotha man±p±, tena alaªk±rena alaªkaroth±”ti ±º±petv± paº²ta½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ paµiy±d±petv± k±le ±rocite ±gantv± paññatte ±sane nisinna½ “ida½ te, raµµhap±la, mattika½ dhana½, añña½ pettika½, añña½ pit±maha½; sakk±, t±ta raµµhap±la, bhoge ca bhuñjitu½, puññ±ni ca k±tu½? Ehi tva½, t±ta raµµhap±la, sikkha½ paccakkh±ya h²n±y±vattitv± bhoge ca bhuñjassu, puññ±ni ca karoh²”ti y±citv± tena paµikkhipitv± dhamme desite “aha½ ima½ uppabb±jess±m²”ti ±nayi½, so “d±ni me dhammakatha½ k±tu½ ±raddho, ala½ me vacana½ na karissat²”ti uµµh±ya gantv± tassa orodh±na½ dv±ra½ vivar±petv± “aya½ vo s±miko, gacchatha, ya½ kiñci katv±na gaºhitu½ v±yamath±”ti uyyojesi. T²su vayesu µhit± n±µakitthiyo thera½ pariv±rayi½su. T±su aya½ asubhasañña½ upp±desi. Tena vutta½– “alaªkatapaµiyatte itthijane asubhasañña½ upp±detv±”ti.
Ýhitakova dhamma½ desetv±ti–
“Passa cittakata½ bimba½, aruk±ya½ samussita½;
±tura½ bahusaªkappa½, yassa natthi dhuva½ µhiti.
“Passa cittakata½ r³pa½, maºin± kuº¹alena ca;
aµµhi½ tacena onaddha½, saha vatthehi sobhati.
“Alattakakat± p±d±, mukha½ cuººakamakkhita½;
ala½ b±lassa moh±ya, no ca p±ragavesino.
“Aµµh±padakat± kes±, nett± añjanamakkhit±;
ala½ b±lassa moh±ya, no ca p±ragavesino.
“Añjan²vaººav± citt±, p³tik±yo alaªkato;
ala½ b±lassa moh±ya, no ca p±ragavesino.
“Odahi migavo p±sa½, n±sad± v±gura½ migo;
bhutv± niv±pa½ gacch±mi, kandante migabandhake”ti. (Ma. ni. 2.302; therag±. 769-774)–

Im±hi g±th±hi dhamma½ desetv±.

¾k±sa½ uppatitv±ti ±k±sa½ pakkhanditv±. Kasm± pana thero ±k±sena gato? Pit± kirassa seµµhi sattasu dv±rakoµµhakesu agga¼±ni d±petv± malle ±º±pesi “sace nikkhamitv± gacchati, hatthap±desu na½ gahetv± k±s±y±ni haritv± gihivesa½ gaºh±peth±”ti. Tasm± thero “ete m±disa½ mah±kh²º±sava½ hatthe v± p±de v± gahetv± apuñña½ pasaveyyu½, ta½ nesa½ m± ahos²”ti cintetv± ±k±sena agam±si. Migac²ranti eva½n±maka½ uyy±na½. Catup±rijuññapaµimaº¹itanti jar±p±rijuñña½, by±dhip±rijuñña½, bhogap±rijuñña½, ñ±tip±rijuññanti imehi cat³hi p±rijuññehi paµimaº¹ita½. P±rijuññanti ca parih±n²ti attho. Sesamettha suviññeyyameva.