Soºakuµikaººattheravatthu

206. Aµµhame kuµikaººoti vuccat²ti “koµikaººo”ti vattabbe “kuµikaººo”ti vohar²yati. Kulaghare bhav± kulagharik±. S± kira avantiraµµhe kulaghare mah±vibhavassa seµµhissa bhariy±. Dasabalassa dhammakatha½ sutv± sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ya cintes²ti ida½ aªguttarabh±ºak±na½ matena vutta½. Suttanip±taµµhakath±ya½ pana “sapariso bhagavanta½ upasaªkamma dhammadesana½ assosi, na ca kañci visesa½ adhigañchi. Kasm±? So hi dhamma½ suºanto hemavata½ anussaritv± ‘±gato nu kho me sah±yako, no’ti dis±disa½ oloketv± ta½ apassanto ‘vañcito me sah±yo, yo eva½ vicittappaµibh±na½ bhagavato desana½ na suº±t²’ti vikkhittacitto ahos²”ti vutta½.
Yasm± paµisandhij±ti-abhinikkhamanabodhiparinibb±nesveva dvatti½sa pubbanimitt±ni hutv±va paµivigacchanti, na ciraµµhitik±ni honti, dhammacakkappavattane (sa½. ni. 5.1081; paµi. ma. 2.30) pana t±ni savises±ni hutv± ciratara½ µhatv± nirujjhanti, tasm± vutta½– “tiyojanasahassa½ himavanta½ ak±lapupphita½ disv±”ti-±di. Aggabalak±y±ti sabbapurato gacchant± balak±y±. Kena pupphitabh±va½ j±n±s²ti kena k±raºena himavantassa pupphitabh±va½ j±n±s²ti, yena k±raºena ima½ ak±lapupphap±µih±riya½ j±ta½, ta½ j±n±s²ti vutta½ hoti. Tassa pavattitabh±vanti tassa dhammacakkassa bhagavat± pavattitabh±va½. Sadde nimitta½ gaºh²ti sadde ±k±ra½ sallakkhesi. Tatoti “aha½ ‘eta½ amatadhamma½ tampi j±n±pess±m²’ti tava santika½ ±gatosm²”ti ya½ vutta½, tadanantaranti attho.
S±t±giro hemavatassa buddhupp±da½ kathetv± ta½ bhagavato santika½ ±netuk±mo “ajja pannaraso”ti-±dig±tham±ha. Tattha (su. ni. aµµha. 1.153) ajj±ti aya½ rattindivo pakkhagaºanato pannaraso, upavasitabbato uposatho. T²su v± uposathesu ajja pannaraso uposatho, na c±tuddasi-uposatho, na s±magg²-uposatho. Divi bhav±ni dibb±ni, dibb±ni ettha atth²ti dibb±ni. K±ni t±ni? R³p±ni. Tañhi ratti½ dev±na½ dasasahassilokadh±tuto sannipatit±na½ sar²ravatth±bharaºavim±nappabh±hi abbh±di-upakkilesavirahit±ya candappabh±ya ca sakalajambud²po alaªkato ahos²ti ativiya alaªkato ca parivisuddhidevassa bhagavato sar²rappabh±ya. Ten±ha– “dibb± ratti upaµµhit±”ti.
Eva½ rattiguºavaººan±padesenapi sah±yassa citta½ pas±da½ janento buddhupp±da½ kathetv± ±ha– “anoman±ma½ satth±ra½, handa pass±ma gotaman”ti. Tattha anomehi al±makehi sabb±k±raparip³rehi guºehi n±ma½ ass±ti anoman±mo. Tath± hissa “bujjhit± sacc±n²ti buddho, bodhet± paj±y±ti buddho”ti-±din± (mah±ni. 192; c³¼ani. p±r±yanatthutig±th±niddeso 97; paµi. ma. 1.162) nayena buddhoti anomehi guºehi n±ma½. “Bhaggar±goti bhagav±, bhaggadosoti bhagav±”ti-±din± (mah±ni. 84) nayena bhagav±ti anomehi guºehi n±ma½. Esa nayo “araha½ samm±sambuddho vijj±caraºasampanno”ti-±d²su. Diµµhadhammik±di-atthehi devamanusse anus±sati “ima½ pajahatha, ima½ sam±d±ya vattath±”ti satth±. Ta½ anoman±ma½ satth±ra½. Hand±ti vacas±yatthe nip±to. Pass±m±ti tena att±na½ saha saªgahetv± paccuppannabahuvacana½. Gotamanti gotamagotta½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– “satth±, na satth±”ti m± vimati½ ak±si, ekantabyavasito hutv±va ehi pass±ma gotamanti.
Eva½ vutte hemavato “aya½ s±t±giro ‘anoman±ma½ satth±ran’ti bhaºanto tassa sabbaññuta½ pak±seti, sabbaññuno ca dullabh± loke, sabbaññupaµiññehi p³raº±disadiseheva loko upadduto. So pana yadi sabbaññ³, addh± t±dilakkhaºa½ patto bhavissati, tena eva½ gahess±m²”ti cintetv± t±dilakkhaºa½ pucchanto ±ha– “kacci mano”ti-±di. Tattha kacc²ti pucch±. Manoti citta½. Supaºihitoti suµµhu µhapito acalo asampavedh². Sabbesu bh³tesu sabbabh³tesu. T±dinoti t±dilakkhaºa½ pattasseva sato. Pucch± eva v± aya½ “so tava satth± sabbabh³tesu t±d², ud±hu no”ti. Iµµhe aniµµhec±ti evar³pe ±rammaºe. Saªkapp±ti vitakk±. Vas²kat±ti vasa½ gamit±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ya½ ta½ satth±ra½ vadasi, tassa te satthuno kacci t±dilakkhaºa½ sampattassa sato sabbabh³tesu mano supaºihito, ud±hu y±va paccaya½ na labhati, t±va supaºihito viya kh±yati. So v± te satth± kacci sabbabh³tesu sattesu t±d², ud±hu no, ye ca iµµh±niµµhesu ±rammaºesu r±gadosavasena saªkapp± uppajjeyyu½, ty±ssa kacci vas²kat±, ud±hu kad±ci tesampi vasena vattat²ti.
T²ºi vass±n²ti soºassa pabbajitadivasato paµµh±ya t²ºi vass±ni. Tad± kira bhikkh³ yebhuyyena majjhimadeseyeva vasi½su, tasm± tattha katipay± eva ahesu½. Te ca ekasmi½ nigame eko dveti eva½ visu½ visu½ vasi½su, ther±nañca katipaye bhikkh³ ±netv± aññesu ±n²yam±nesu pubba½ ±n²t± kenacideva karaº²yena pakkami½su, kañci k±la½ ±gametv± puna tesu ±n²yam±nesu itare pakkami½su, eva½ punappuna½ ±nayanena sannip±to cireneva ahosi, thero ca tad± ekavih±r² ahosi. Tena vutta½– “t²ºi vass±ni gaºa½ pariyesitv±”ti. T²ºi vass±n²ti ca accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½. Satthu adhipp±ya½ ñatv±ti attano ±º±paneneva “imin± saddhi½ ekagandhakuµiya½ vasituk±mo bhagav±”ti satthu adhipp±ya½ j±nitv±. Bhagav± kira yena saddhi½ ekagandhakuµiya½ vasituk±mo, tassa sen±sanapaññattiya½ ±nandatthera½ ±º±peti.
Ajjhok±se v²tin±metv±ti ajjhok±se nisajj±ya v²tin±metv±. Yasm± bhagav± ±yasmato soºassa sam±pattisam±pajjanena paµisanth±ra½ karonto s±vakas±dh±raº± sabb± sam±pattiyo anulomappaµiloma½ sam±pajjanto bahudeva ratti½ ajjhok±se nisajj±ya v²tin±metv± p±de pakkh±letv± vih±ra½ p±visi, tasm± ±yasm±pi soºo bhagavato adhipp±ya½ ñatv± tadanur³pa½ sabb± t± sam±pattiyo sam±pajjanto bahudeva ratti½ ajjhok±se nisajj±ya v²tin±metv± p±de pakkh±letv± vih±ra½ p±vis²ti vadanti. Pavisitv± ca bhagavat± anuññ±to c²varatirokaraºiya½ katv± bhagavato p±dapasse nisajj±ya v²tin±mesi. Ajjhes²ti ±º±pesi. Paµibh±tu ta½ bhikkhu dhammo bh±situnti bhikkhu tuyha½ dhammo bh±situ½ upaµµh±tu, ñ±ºamukha½ ±gacchatu, yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ bhaº±h²ti attho. Aµµhakavaggiy±n²ti aµµhakavaggabh³t±ni k±masutt±diso¼asasutt±ni (mah±ni. 1). Suggahitoti samm± uggahito. Sabbe vare y±c²ti vinayadharapañcamena gaºena upasampad± dhuvanh±na½ cammattharaºa½ gaºaªgaº³p±hana½ c²varavippav±soti ime pañca vare y±ci. Sutte ±gatamev±ti ud±nap±¼iya½ ±gatasutta½ sandh±ya vadati.