Mah±kassapattheravatthu

191. Catutthe yasm± dhutav±dadhutadhammadhutaªg±ni dhutam³lak±ni, tasm± “dhuto veditabbo”ti ±raddha½, tattha kilese dhuni dhutav±ti dhuto, dhutakileso puggalo, kilesadhunano v± dhammo, kilesadhunano dhammoti ca sapubbabh±go ariyamaggo daµµhabbo. Ta½ dhutasaññita½ kilesadhunanadhamma½ vadati, pare tattha patiµµh±pet²ti dhutav±do. Catukkañcettha sambhavat²ti ta½ dassetu½– “ettha pan±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tayidanti nip±to, tassa so ayanti attho. Dhutabh³tassa dhutabh³t± dhamm± dhutadhamm±. Appicchat± santuµµhit± heµµh± vutt± eva Kilese samm± likhati tacchat²ti sallekho, kilesajegucch², tassa bh±vo sallekhat±. Dv²hipi k±mehi viviccat²ti paviveko, yonisomanasik±rabahulo puggalo, tassa bh±vo pavivekat±. Imin± sar²raµµhapanamattena atth²ti idamaµµhi ttha-k±rassa µµha-k±ra½ katv±, tassa bh±vo idamaµµhit±, imehi v± kusaladhammehi atthi idamaµµhi, yena ñ±ºena “pabbajitena n±ma pa½suk³likaªg±d²su patiµµhitena bhavitabban”ti yath±nusiµµha½ dhutaguºe sam±diyati ceva pariharati ca, ta½ ñ±ºa½ idamaµµhit±. Ten±ha– “idamaµµhit± ñ±ºamev±”ti. Dhutadhamm± n±m±ti dhutaªgasevan±ya paµipakkhabh³t±na½ p±padhamm±na½ dhunanavasena pavattiy± dhutoti laddhan±m±ya dhutaªgacetan±ya upak±rak± dhamm±ti katv± dhutadhamm± n±ma Anupatant²ti tadantogadh± tappariy±pann± honti tadubhayasseva pavattivisesabh±vato. Paµikkhepavatth³s³ti dhutaªgasevan±ya paµikkhipitabbavatth³su pah±tabbavatth³su.
Pa½suk³likaªga½…pe… nesajjikaªganti uddesopi peyy±lanayena dassito. Yadettha vattabba½, ta½ sabba½ visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.22 ±dayo) vitth±rato vutta½. Dhutav±daggahaºeneva therassa dhutabh±vopi gahito hot²ti “dhutav±d±nan”teva vutta½. Aya½ mah±ti abhin²h±r±dimahantat±yapi s±sanassa upak±rit±yapi aya½ thero mah±, guºamahantat±ya pasa½s±vacanameva v± eta½ therassa yadida½ mah±kassapoti yath± “mah±moggall±no”ti.
Satthu dhammadesan±ya vatthuttaye sañj±tappas±dat±ya up±sakabh±ve µhitatt± vutta½– “uposathaªg±ni adhiµµh±y±”ti-±di. Etassa aggabh±vass±ti yojetabba½. Saccak±roti saccabh±v±vaho k±ro, avisa½v±danavasena v± tadatthas±dhanoti attho. Kol±halanti kut³halavipph±ro. Satth± sattame sattame sa½vacchare dhamma½ kathento satt±na½ savanayogga½ k±la½ sallakkhento div± s±yanhasamaya½ katheti, rattiya½ sakalay±ma½. Ten±ha– “br±hmaºo br±hmaºe ±ha– ‘bhoti ki½ ratti½ dhamma½ suºissasi div±”’ti. Viss±sikoti viss±sikabh±vo. “Tato paµµh±ya so”ti v± p±µho.
Dve asaªkhyeyy±ni p³ritap±ramiss±ti ida½ s± parampar±ya sotapatita½ attha½ gahetv± ±ha. Adinnavip±kass±ti avipakkavip±kassa. Bhaddake k±leti yutte k±le. Nakkhattanti nakkhattena lakkhita½ chaºa½. Tasmi½ tasmiñhi nakkhatte anubhavitabbachaº±ni nakkhatt±ni n±ma, itar±ni pana chaº±ni n±ma. Samm±patitadukkhato vimocanena tato niyy±n±vahat±ya icchitatthassa labh±panato ca niyy±nika½. Tesanti suvaººapadum±na½. Olambak±ti suvaººaratanavicitt± ratanad±m±. Puññaniy±men±ti puññ±nubh±vasiddhena niy±mena. Svassa b±r±ºasirajja½ d±tu½ katok±so. Phussarathanti maªgalaratha½. Setacchatta-uºh²sav±lab²janikhaggamaºip±duk±ni pañcavidha½ r±jakakudhabhaº¹anti vadanti. Idha pana setacchatta½ visu½ gahitanti s²h±sana½ pañcama½ katv± vadanti. P±rupanakaººanti p±rupanavatthassa dasanta½. Dibbavatthad±yipuññ±nubh±vacodito “nanu t±t± th³lan”ti ±ha. Aho tapass²ti aho kapaºo aha½ r±j±ti attho. Buddh±na½ saddahitv±ti buddh±na½ s±sana½ saddahitv±. Caªkamanasat±n²ti iti-saddo ±dyattho. Tena hi aggis±l±d²ni pabbajitas±rupp±ni µh±n±ni saªgaºh±ti.
S±dhuk²¼itanti ariy±na½ parinibbutaµµh±ne k±tabbasakk±ra½ vadati. Nappamajji, nirog± ayy±ti pucchit±k±radassana½. Parinibbut± dev±ti dev² paµivacana½ ad±si. Paµiy±detv±ti niyy±tetv±. Samaºakapabbajjanti samitap±pehi ariyehi anuµµh±tabbapabbajja½. So hi r±j± paccekabuddh±na½ vesassa diµµhatt± “idameva bhaddakan”ti t±disa½yeva liªga½ gaºhi. Tatthev±ti brahmaloke eva. V²satime vasse sampatteti ±haritv± sambandho. Brahmalokato cavitv± nibbattatt±, brahmacariy±dhik±rassa ca cirak±lasambh³tatt± “evar³pa½ katha½ m± katheth±”ti ±ha. V²sati dharaº±ni nikkhanti vadanti, pañcapala½ nikkhanti apare. Itth±karoti itthiratanassa uppattiµµh±na½. Ayyadh²t±ti amh±ka½ ayyassa dh²t±, bhaddak±pil±n²ti attho. Sam±napaººanti sadisapaººa½ sadisalekha½ kum±rassa kum±rik±ya ca yutta½ paººalekha½. Te puris± sam±gataµµh±nato magadharaµµhe mah±titthag±ma½ maddaraµµhe s±galanagarañca uddissa apakkamant± aññamañña½ vissajjant± n±ma hont²ti “ito ca etto ca pesesun”ti vutt±.
Pupphad±manti hatthihatthappam±ºa½ pupphad±ma½. T±n²ti t±ni ubhohi ganth±pit±ni dve pupphad±m±ni. Teti ubho bhadd± ceva pippalikum±ro ca Lok±misen±ti k±mass±dena. Asa½saµµh±ti na sa½yutt± ghaµe jalantena viya pad²pena ajjh±saye samujjalantena vimokkhab²jena samuss±hitacittatt±. Yantabaddh±n²ti sassasamp±danattha½ tattha tattha dv±rakav±µayojanavasena baddh±ni nikkhamanatumb±ni. Kammantoti kasikammakaraºaµµh±na½. D±sikag±m±ti d±s±na½ vasanag±m±. Os±retv±ti pakkhipitv±. ¾kappakuttavasen±ti ±k±ravasena kiriy±vasena. Ananucchavikanti pabbajitabh±vassa ananur³pa½. Tassa matthaketi dvedh±pathassa dvidh±bh³taµµh±ne. Etesa½ saªgaha½ k±tu½ vaµµat²ti nis²dat²ti sambandho. S± pana tattha satthu nisajj± edis²ti dassetu½– “nis²danto pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha y± buddh±na½ aparimitak±lasambh³t±cinteyy±pariññeyyapuññasambh±r³pacayanibbatt± r³pappabh±vabuddhaguºavijjotit± dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºa-as²ti-anubyañjanasamujjalit± by±mappabh±ketum±l±laªkat± sabh±vasiddhit±ya akittim± r³pak±yasir², ta½yeva mah±kassapassa adiµµhapubbappas±dasa½vaddhanattha½ anigg³hitv± nisinno bhagav± “buddhavesa½ gahetv±…pe… nis²d²”ti vutto. As²tihatthappadesa½ by±petv± pavattiy± as²tihatth±ti vutt±. Satas±khoti bahus±kho anekas±kho. Suvaººavaººova ahosi nirantara½ buddharasm²hi samantato samokiººabh±vato.
T²su µh±nes³ti d³rato n±tid³re ±sanneti t²su µh±nesu. T²hi ov±deh²ti “tasm±tiha te, kassapa, eva½ sikkhitabba½ ‘tibba½ me hirottappa½ paccupaµµhita½ bhavissati theresu navesu majjhimes³’ti. Evañhi te, kassapa, sikkhitabba½. Tasm±tiha te, kassapa, eva½ sikkhitabba½ ‘ya½ kiñci dhamma½ suºiss±mi kusal³pasa½hita½, sabba½ ta½ aµµhi½ katv± manasi karitv± sabba½ cetas± samann±haritv± ohitasoto dhamma½ suºiss±m²’ti, evañhi te, kassapa, sikkhitabba½. Tasm±tiha te, kassapa, eva½ sikkhitabba½ ‘s±tasahagat± ca me k±yagat±sati na vijahissat²’ti, evañhi te, kassapa, sikkhitabban”ti (sa½. ni. 2.154) imehi t²hi ov±dehi. Ettha hi bhagav± paµhama½ ov±da½ therassa br±hmaºaj±tikatt± j±tim±nappah±natthamabh±si, dutiya½ b±husacca½ niss±ya uppajjanaka-aha½k±rappah±nattha½, tatiya½ upadhisampatti½ niss±ya uppajjanaka-attasinehappah±nattha½ Muduk± kho ty±yanti muduk± kho te aya½. Kasm± pana bhagav± evam±ha? Therena saha c²vara½ parivattetuk±mat±ya. Kasm± parivattetuk±mo j±toti? Thera½ attano µh±ne µhapetuk±mat±ya. Ki½ s±riputtamoggall±n± natth²ti? Atthi, eva½ panassa ahosi “imena cira½ µhassanti, kassapo pana v²sativassasat±yuko, so mayi parinibbute sattapaººiguh±ya½ vasitv± dhammavinayasaªgaha½ katv± mama s±sana½ pañcavassasahassaparim±ºak±lappavattanaka½ karissat²ti attano µh±ne µhapesi. Eva½ bhikkh³ kassapassa suss³sitabba½ maññissant²”ti. Tasm± evam±ha.
Cand³pamoti candasadiso hutv±. Ki½ parimaº¹alat±ya? No, apica kho yath± cando gaganatala½ pakkhandam±no na kenaci saddhi½ santhava½ v± sineha½ v± ±laya½ v± karoti, na ca na hoti mah±janassa piyo man±po, ayampi eva½ kenaci saddhi½ santhav±d²na½ akaraºena bahujanassa piyo man±po cand³pamo hutv± khattiyakul±d²ni catt±ri kul±ni upasaªkamat²ti attho. Apakasseva k±ya½ apakassa cittanti teneva santhav±d²na½ akaraºena k±yañca cittañca apaka¹¹hitv±, apanetv±ti attho. Nicca½ navoti niccanavakova, ±gantukasadiso hutv±ti attho. ¾gantuko hi paµip±µiy± sampattageha½ pavisitv± sace na½ gharas±mik± disv± “amh±kampi puttabh±taro vippav±sa½ gantv± eva½ vicari½s³”ti anukampam±n± nis²d±petv± bhojenti, bhuttamattoyeva “tumh±ka½ bh±jana½ gaºhath±”ti uµµh±ya pakkamati, na tehi saddhi½ santhava½ v± karoti, kiccakaraº²y±ni v± sa½vidahati, evamayampi paµip±µiy± sampatta½ ghara½ pavisitv± ya½ iriy±pathe pasann± manuss± denti, ta½ gahetv± chinnasanthavo tesa½ kiccakaraº²ye aby±vaµo hutv± nikkhamat²ti d²peti.
Appagabbhoti nappagabbho, aµµhaµµh±nena k±yap±gabbhiyena, catuµµh±nena vac²p±gabbhiyena, anekaµµh±nena manop±gabbhiyena ca virahitoti attho. Aµµhaµµh±na½ k±yap±gabbhiya½ n±ma saªghagaºapuggalabhojanas±lajant±gharanah±natitthabhikkh±c±ramaggesu antaragharapavesane ca k±yena appatir³pakaraºa½. Catuµµh±na½ vac²p±gabbhiya½ n±ma saªghagaºapuggala-antaragharesu appatir³pav±c±nicch±raºa½. Anekaµµh±na½ manop±gabbhiya½ n±ma tesu tesu µh±nesu k±yav±c±hi ajjh±c±ra½ an±pajjitv±pi manas± k±mavitakk±d²na½ vitakkana½. Sabbesampi imesa½ p±gabbhiy±na½ abh±vena appagabbho hutv± kul±ni upasaªkamat²ti attho. Kassapasa½yuttena ca cand³pamappaµipad±ditherassa dhutav±desu aggabh±vassa bodhitatt± vutta½ “etadeva kassapasa½yutta½ aµµhuppatti½ katv±”ti.