3. Eva½ saªkhepeneva sabbadhammaguºehi saddhamma½ abhitthavitv± id±ni ariyasaªgha½ thometu½ “sugatass±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sugatass±ti sambandhaniddeso. “Tassa putt±nan”ti etena sambandho. Oras±nanti puttavisesana½. M±rasenamathan±nanti orasaputtabh±ve k±raºaniddeso tena kilesappah±nameva bhagavato orasaputtabh±ve k±raºa½ anuj±n±t²ti dasseti. Aµµhannanti gaºanaparicchedaniddeso. Tena ca satipi tesa½ sattavisesabh±vena anekasatasahassabh±ve ima½ gaºanapariccheda½ n±tivattant²ti dasseti maggaµµhaphalaµµhabh±v±nativattanato. Sam³hanti samud±yaniddeso. Ariyasaªghanti guºavisiµµhasa½hatabh±vaniddeso. Tena asatipi ariyapuggal±na½ k±yas±maggiya½ ariyasaªghabh±va½ dasseti diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hatabh±vato.
Tattha urasi bhav± j±t± sa½baddh± ca oras±. Yath± hi satt±na½ orasaputt± attajat±ya pitu santakassa d±yajjassa visesena bh±gino honti, evametepi ariyapuggal± samm±sambuddhassa savanante ariy±ya j±tiy± j±tat±ya bhagavato santakassa vimuttisukhassa ariyadhammaratanassa ekantena bh±ginoti oras± viya oras±. Atha v± bhagavato dhammadesan±nubh±vena ariyabh³mi½ okkamam±n± okkant± ca ariyas±vak± bhagavato ure v±y±majanit±bhij±tit±ya nippariy±yena orasaputt±ti vattabbata½ arahanti. S±vakehi pavattiyam±n±pi hi dhammadesan± “bhagavato dhammadesan±”icceva vuccati ta½m³lakatt± lakkhaº±divises±bh±vato ca.
Yadipi ariyas±vak±na½ ariyamagg±dhigamasamaye bhagavato viya tadantar±yakaraºattha½ devaputtam±ro m±rav±hin² v± na ekantena apas±deti, tehi pana apas±detabbat±ya k±raºe vimathite tepi vimathit± eva n±ma hont²ti ±ha– “m±rasenamathan±nan”ti. Imasmi½ panatthe “m±ram±rasenamathan±nan”ti vattabbe “m±rasenamathan±nan”ti ekadesasar³pekaseso katoti daµµhabba½. Atha v± khandh±bhisaªkh±ram±r±na½ viya devaputtam±rassapi guºam±raºe sah±yabh±v³pagamanato kilesabalak±yo “sen±”ti vuccati. Yath±ha– “k±m± te paµham± sen±”ti-±di (su. ni. 438; mah±ni. 28, 68, 149). S± ca tehi diya¹¹hasahassabhed±, anantabhed± v± kilesav±hin² satidhammavicayav²riyasamath±diguºappaharaºehi odhiso vimathit± vihat± viddhast± c±ti m±rasenamathan±, ariyas±vak±. Etena tesa½ bhagavato anuj±taputtata½ dasseti.
¾rakatt± kilesehi, anaye na iriyanato, aye ca iriyanato ariy± niruttinayena. Atha v± sadevakena lokena saraºanti araº²yato upagantabbato, upagat±nañca tadatthasiddhito ariy±, ariy±na½ saªghoti ariyasaªgho, ariyo ca so saªgho c±ti v± ariyasaªgho, ta½ ariyasaªgha½. Bhagavato aparabh±ge buddhadhammaratan±nampi samadhigamo saªgharatan±dh²noti assa ariyasaªghassa bah³pak±rata½ dassetu½ idheva “siras± vande”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Ettha ca “sugatassa oras±na½ putt±nan”ti etena ariyasaªghassa pabhavasampada½ dasseti, “m±rasenamathan±nan”ti etena pah±nasampada½ sakalasa½kilesappah±nad²panato. “Aµµhannampi sam³han”ti etena ñ±ºasampada½ maggaµµhaphalaµµhabh±vad²panato. “Ariyasaªghan”ti etena pabhavasampada½ dasseti sabbasaªgh±na½ aggabh±vad²panato. Atha v± “sugatassa oras±na½ putt±nan”ti ariyasaªghassa visuddhanissayabh±vad²pana½, “m±rasenamathan±nan”ti samm±-ujuñ±yas±m²cippaµipannabh±vad²pana½, “aµµhannampi sam³han”ti ±huneyy±dibh±vad²pana½, “ariyasaªghan”ti anuttarapuññakkhettabh±vad²pana½. Tath± “sugatassa oras±na½ putt±nan”ti etena ariyasaªghassa lokuttarasaraºagamanasabbh±va½ d²peti. Lokuttarasaraºagamanena hi te bhagavato orasaputt± j±t±. “M±rasenamathan±nan”ti etena abhin²h±rasampad±siddha½ pubbabh±ge samm±paµipatti½ dasseti. Kat±bhin²h±r± hi samm±paµipann± m±ra½ m±raparisa½ v± abhivijinanti. “Aµµhannampi sam³han”ti etena viddhastavipakkhe sekkh±sekkhadhamme dasseti puggal±dhiµµh±nena maggaphaladhamm±na½ pak±sitatt±. “Ariyasaªghan”ti aggadakkhiºeyyabh±va½ dasseti. Saraºagamanañca s±vak±na½ sabbaguº±na½ ±di, sapubbabh±gappaµipad± sekkh± s²lakkhandh±dayo majjhe, asekkh± s²lakkhandh±dayo pariyos±nanti ±dimajjhapariyos±nakaly±º± saªkhepato sabbe ariyasaªghaguº± pak±sit± honti.
4. Eva½ g±th±ttayena saªkhepato sakalaguºasa½kittanamukhena ratanattayassa paº±ma½ katv± id±ni ta½nipaccak±ra½ yath±dhippete payojane pariº±mento “iti me”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ratijananaµµhena ratana½, buddhadhammasaªgh±. Tesañhi “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din± yath±bh³taguºe ±vajjentassa amat±dhigamahetubh³ta½ anappaka½ p²tip±mojja½ uppajjati. Yath±ha–
“Yasmi½, mah±n±ma, samaye ariyas±vako tath±gata½ anussarati, nevassa tasmi½ samaye r±gapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na dosa…pe… na mohapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, ujugatamevassa tasmi½ samaye citta½ hoti tath±gata½ ±rabbha. Ujugatacitto kho pana, mah±n±ma, ariyas±vako labhati atthaveda½, labhati dhammaveda½, labhati dhamm³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½, pamuditassa p²ti j±yat²”ti-±di (a. ni. 6.10; 11.11).
Citt²kat±dibh±vo v± ratanaµµho. Vuttañheta½–
“Citt²kata½ mahagghañca, atula½ dullabhadassana½;
anomasattaparibhoga½, ratana½ tena vuccat²”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 2.33; sa½. ni. aµµha. 3.5.223; khu. p±. aµµha. 6.3; su. ni. aµµha. 1.226).
Citt²katabh±v±dayo ca anaññas±dh±raº± buddh±d²su eva labbhant²ti.
Vandan±va vandan±maya½ yath± “d±namaya½, s²lamayan”ti (d². ni. 3.305; itivu. 60). Vandan± cettha k±yav±c±cittehi tiººa½ ratan±na½ guºaninnat±, thoman± v±. Pujjabh±vaphalanibbattanato puñña½, attano sant±na½ pun±t²ti v±. Suvihatantar±yoti suµµhu vihatantar±yo. Etena attano pas±dasampattiy±, ratanattayassa ca khettabh±vasampattiy± ta½ puñña½ atthappak±sanassa upagh±taka-upaddav±na½ vihanane samatthanti dasseti. Hutv±ti pubbak±lakiriy±. Tassa “attha½ pak±sayiss±m²”ti etena sambandho. Tass±ti ya½ ratanattayavandan±maya½ puñña½, tassa. ¾nubh±ven±ti balena.
5. Eva½ ratanattayassa nipaccak±rakaraºe payojana½ dassetv± id±ni yass± dhammadesan±ya attha½ sa½vaººetuk±mo, tass± t±va guº±bhitthavanavasena upaññ±panattha½ “ekakaduk±dipaµimaº¹itass±”ti-±dim±ha, ekak±d²ni aªg±ni upar³pari va¹¹hetv± desitehi suttantehi paµimaº¹itassa visiµµhass±ti attho. Etena “aªguttaro”ti aya½ imassa ±gamassa atth±nugat± samaññ±ti dasseti. Nanu ca ekak±divasena desit±ni sutt±niyeva ±gamo. Kassa pana ekakaduk±d²hi paµimaº¹itabh±voti? Saccameta½ paramatthato, sutt±ni pana up±d±ya paññatto ±gamo. Yatheva hi atthabyañjanasamud±ye suttanti voh±ro, eva½ suttasamud±ye ±gamoti voh±ro. Ekak±d²hi aªgehi upar³pari uttaro adhikoti aªguttaro, ±gamissanti ettha, etena, etasm± v± attatthaparatth±dayoti ±gamo, ±dikaly±º±diguºasampattiy± uttamaµµhena ta½ta½abhipatthitasamiddhihetut±ya paº¹itehi varitabbato varo, ±gamo ca so varo ca seµµhaµµhen±ti ±gamavaro, ±gamasammatehi v± varoti ±gamavaro. Aªguttaro ca so ±gamavaro c±ti aªguttar±gamavaro, tassa.
Puªgav± vuccanti usabh±, asantasanaparissayasahanassa parip±lan±diguºehi ta½sadisat±ya dhammakathik± eva puªgav±ti dhammakathikapuªgav±, tesa½. Het³pam±dippaµimaº¹itan±n±vidhadesan±nayavicittat±ya vicittapaµibh±najananassa. Sumaªgalavil±sin²±d²su (d². ni. aµµha. 1.ganth±rambhakath±; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.ganth±rambhakath±; sa½. ni. aµµha. 1.1.ganth±rambhakath±) pana “buddh±nubuddhasa½vaººitass±”ti vutta½. Buddh±nañhi saccappaµivedha½ anugamma paµividdhasacc± aggas±vak±dayo ariy± buddh±nubuddh±. Ayampi ±gamo tehi atthasa½vaººan±vasena guºasa½vaººan±vasena ca sa½vaººito eva. Atha v± buddh± ca anubuddh± ca buddh±nubuddh±ti yojetabba½. Samm±sambuddheneva hi tiººa½ piµak±na½ atthavaººan±kkamo bh±sito, y± “pakiººakadesan±”ti vuccati. Tato saªg±yan±divaseneva s±vakeh²ti ±cariy± vadanti. Idha pana “dhammakathikapuªgav±na½ vicittapaµibh±najananassa”icceva thoman± kat±. Sa½vaººan±su c±ya½ ±cariyassa pakati, y± ta½ta½sa½vaººan±su ±dito tassa tassa sa½vaººetabbassa dhammassa visesaguºakittanena thoman±. Tath± hi sumaªgalavil±sin²papañcas³dan²s±ratthappak±san²su aµµhas±lin²-±d²su ca yath±kkama½ “saddh±vahaguºassa, parav±damathanassa, ñ±ºappabhedajananassa, tassa gambh²rañ±ºehi og±¼hassa abhiºhaso n±n±nayavicittass±”ti-±din± thoman± kat±.
6. Attho kath²yati et±y±ti atthakath±, s± eva aµµhakath±, ttha-k±rassa µµha-k±ra½ katv± yath± “dukkhassa p²¼anaµµho”ti (paµi. ma. 1.17; 2.8). ¾ditoti-±dimhi paµhamasaªg²tiya½ Cha¼abhiññat±ya paramena cittavas²bh±vena samann±gatatt± jh±n±d²su pañcavidhavasit±sabbh±vato ca vasino, ther± mah±kassap±dayo, tesa½ satehi pañcahi. Y±ti y± aµµhakath±. Saªg²t±ti attha½ pak±setu½ yuttaµµh±ne “aya½ etassa attho, aya½ etassa attho”ti saªgahetv± vutt±. Anusaªg²t± ca yasatther±d²hi pacch±pi dutiyatatiyasaªg²t²su. Imin± attano sa½vaººan±ya ±gamanavisuddhi½ dasseti.
7. S²hassa l±nato gahaºato s²ha¼o, s²hakum±ro. Ta½va½saj±tat±ya tambapaººid²pe khattiy±na½, tesa½ niv±sat±ya tambapaººid²passa ca s²ha¼abh±vo veditabbo. ¾bhat±ti jambud²pato ±n²t±. Ath±ti pacch±. Aparabh±ge hi asaªkarattha½ s²ha¼abh±s±ya aµµhakath± µhapit±ti. Tena s± m³laµµhakath± sabbas±dh±raº± na hot²ti ida½ atthappak±sana½ ekantena karaº²yanti dasseti. Tenev±ha– “d²pav±s²namatth±y±”ti. Tattha d²pav±s²nanti jambud²pav±s²na½, d²pav±s²nanti v± s²ha¼ad²pav±s²na½ atth±ya s²ha¼abh±s±ya µhapit±ti yojan±.
8. Apanetv±n±ti kañcukasadisa½ s²ha¼abh±sa½apanetv±na. Tatoti aµµhakath±to. Ahanti att±na½ niddisati. Manorama½ bh±santi m±gadhabh±sa½. S± hi sabh±vaniruttibh³t± paº¹it±na½ mana½ ramayat²ti. Tenev±ha– “tantinay±nucchavikan”ti, p±¼igatiy± anulomika½ p±¼icch±y±nuvidh±yininti attho. Vigatadosanti asabh±vaniruttibh±santararahita½.
9. Samaya½ avilomentoti siddhanta½ avirodhento. Etena atthados±bh±vam±ha. Aviruddhatt± eva hi therav±d±pi idha pak±s²yissanti. Therava½sad²p±nanti thirehi s²lakkhandh±d²hi samann±gatatt± ther± mah±kassap±dayo, tehi ±gat± ±cariyaparampar± therava½so. Tappariy±pann± hutv± ±gam±dhigamasampannatt± paññ±pajjotena tassa samujjalanato therava½sad²p±, mah±vih±rav±sino ther±, tesa½. Vividhehi ±k±rehi nicch²yat²ti vinicchayo, gaºµhiµµh±nesu kh²lamaddan±k±rena pavatt± vimaticchedakath±. Suµµhu nipuºo saºho vinicchayo etesanti sunipuºavinicchay±. Atha v± vinicchinot²ti vinicchayo, yath±vuttatthavisaya½ ñ±ºa½. Suµµhu nipuºo cheko vinicchayo etesanti sunipuºavinicchay±. Etena mah±kassap±dittheraparampar±bhato, tatoyeva ca avipar²to saºhasukhumo mah±vih±rav±s²na½ vinicchayoti tassa pam±ºabh³tata½ dasseti.
10. Sujanassa ti ca-saddo sampiº¹anattho. Tena “na kevala½ jambud²pav±s²na½yeva atth±ya, atha kho s±dhujan±na½ tosanatthañc±”ti dasseti. Tena ca “tambapaººid²pav±s²nampi atth±y±”ti ayamattho siddho hoti uggahaº±disukarat±ya tesampi bah³pak±ratt±. Ciraµµhitatthanti ciraµµhiti-attha½, cirak±l±vaµµh±n±y±ti attho. Idañhi atthappak±sana½ avipar²tabyañjanasunikkhepassa atthasun²tassa ca up±yabh±vato saddhammassa ciraµµhitiy± sa½vattati. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Dveme, bhikkhave, dhamm± saddhammassa µhitiy± asammos±ya anantaradh±n±ya sa½vattanti. Katame dve? Sunikkhittañca padabyañjana½, attho ca sun²to”ti (a. ni. 2.21).
11-12. Ya½ atthavaººana½ katthuk±mo, tass± mahantatta½ pariharitu½ “s±vatthipabh³t²nan”ti-±dim±ha. Ten±ha– “na idha vitth±rakatha½ kariss±mi, na ta½ idha vic±rayiss±m²”ti ca. Tattha d²ghass±ti d²ghanik±yassa. Majjhimass±ti majjhimanik±yassa. “Saªg²t²na½ dvinna½ y± me attha½ vadanten±”tipi p±µho. Tatthapi saªg²t²na½ dvinnanti d²ghamajjhimanik±y±nanti attho gahetabbo. Meti karaºatthe s±mivacana½, may±ti attho. Sudanti nip±tamatta½. Heµµh± d²ghassa majjhimassa ca attha½ vadantena s±vatthipabhut²na½ nagar±na½ y± vaººan± kat±, tass± vitth±rakatha½ na idha bhiyyo kariss±m²ti yojetabba½. Y±ni ca tattha vatth³ni vitth±ravasena vutt±ni, tesampi vitth±rakatha½ na idha bhiyyo kariss±m²ti sambandho.
13. Id±ni “na idha vitth±rakatha½ kariss±m²”ti s±maññato vuttassa atthassa pavara½ dassetu½– “sutt±na½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Sutt±na½ ye atth± vatth³hi vin± na pak±sant²ti yojetabba½.
14. Ya½ aµµhakatha½ kattuk±mo, tadekadesabh±vena visuddhimaggo ca gahetabboti kathik±na½ upadesa½ karonto tattha vic±ritadhamme uddesavasena dasseti– “s²lakath±”ti-±din±. Tattha s²lakath±ti c±rittav±ritt±divasena s²lassa vitth±rakath±. Dhutadhamm±ti piº¹ap±tikaªg±dayo terasa kilesadhunanakadhamm±. Kammaµµh±n±ni sabb±n²ti p±¼iya½ ±gat±ni aµµhati½sa, aµµhakath±ya½ dveti niravases±ni yogakammassa bh±van±ya pavattiµµh±n±ni. Cariy±vidh±nasahitoti r±gacarit±d²na½ sabh±v±dividh±nena sahito. Jh±n±ni catt±ri r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni, sam±pattiyo catasso ±ruppasam±pattiyo Aµµhapi v± paµiladdhamatt±ni jh±n±ni sam±pajjanavas²bh±vappattiy± sam±pattiyo. Jh±n±ni v± r³p±r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni, sam±pattiyo phalasam±pattinirodhasam±pattiyo.
15. Lokiyalokuttarabhed± cha abhiññ±yo sabb± abhiññ±yo. ѱºavibhaªg±d²su ±gatanayena ekavidh±din± paññ±ya sa½kaletv± sampiº¹etv± nicchayo paññ±saªkalananicchayo.
16. Paccayadhamm±na½ hetu-±d²na½ paccayuppannadhamm±na½ hetupaccay±dibh±vo paccay±k±ro, tassa desan± paccay±k±radesan±, paµiccasamupp±dakath±ti attho. S± pana ghanavinibbhogassa sudukkarat±ya saºhasukhum±, nik±yantaraladdhisaªkararahit±, ekattanay±disahit± ca tattha vic±rit±ti ±ha– “suparisuddhanipuºanay±”ti. Paµisambhid±d²su ±gatanaya½ avissajjetv±va vic±ritatt± avimuttatantimagg±.
17. Iti pana sabbanti iti-saddo parisam±pane, pana-saddo vacan±laªk±re, eta½ sabbanti attho. Idh±ti imiss± aµµhakath±ya na vic±rayiss±mi punaruttibh±vatoti adhipp±yo.
18. Id±ni tasseva avic±raºassa ekantak±raºa½ niddh±rento “majjhe visuddhimaggo”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “majjhe µhatv±”ti etena majjhabh±vad²panena visesato catunna½ ±gam±na½ s±dh±raºaµµhakath± visuddhimaggo, na sumaªgalavil±sin²-±dayo viya as±dh±raºaµµhakath±ti dasseti. “Visesato”ti ca ida½ vinay±bhidhamm±nampi visuddhimaggo yath±raha½ atthavaººan± hoti ev±ti katv± vutta½.
19. Iccev±ti iti eva. Tamp²ti visuddhimaggampi. Et±y±ti manorathap³raºiy±. Ettha ca “s²ha¼ad²pa½ ±bhat±”ti-±din± atthappak±sanassa nimitta½ dasseti, “d²pav±s²namatth±ya sujanassa ca tuµµhattha½ ciraµµhitatthañca dhammass±”ti etena payojana½, apanetv±na tatoha½, s²ha¼abh±san”ti-±din±. “S±vatthipabhut²nan”ti-±din± ca karaºappak±ra½. Heµµhimanik±yesu visuddhimagge ca vic±rit±na½ atth±na½ avic±raºampi hi idha karaºappak±ro ev±ti.

Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.