14. Etadaggavaggo

(14) 1. Paµhama-etadaggavaggo

Etadaggapadavaººan±

188. Etadaggesu paµhamavaggassa paµhame ±dimhi dissat²ti ettha aggasaddoti ±netv± yojetabba½. Ajjataggeti ajjadivasa½ ±di½ katv±ti attho. Aªgulaggen±ti aªgulikoµiy±. Ambilagganti ambilakoµµh±so. Koµibh³t±ti paramakoµibh³t± tasmi½ µh±ne t±dis±na½ aññesa½ abh±vato. Tato eva seµµhabh³t±tipi agg±. Etadaggasannikkhepoti etadagge µhapana½ aµµhuppatti-±d²hi cat³hipi k±raºehi. Mah±paññat±ya therena etadaggaµµh±nassa laddhabh±va½ vitth±rato dassetu½– “kathan”ti-±dim±ha. Dve padantar±n²ti kaº¹ambam³le yugandharapabbateti dv²su µh±nesu dve pad±ni dassetv±. Muº¹ap²µhakanti ya½ sattaªga½ pañcaªga½ v± na hoti, kevala½ muº¹akap²µha½, ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Avattharitv± nis²d²ti buddh±nubh±vena ajjhottharitv± nis²di. Ten±ha– “eva½ nis²danto”ti-±di. K±yasakkhi½ katv±ti n±mak±yena desan±ya sampaµicchanavasena sakkhibh³ta½ katv±. Kusal± dhamm± akusal± dhamm± aby±kat± dhamm±ti iti-saddo ±dyattho, tena sabba½ abhidhammadesana½ saªgaºh±ti.
P±µih±riyaµµh±neti yamakap±µih±riyassa kataµµh±ne. Passath±ti tesa½ bahubh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½. Ass±ti manussasam³hassa ekabh±va½. ¾kappanti ±k±ra½. Mah±janoti sadevake loke sabbo mah±jano. Yath± nirayadassana½ sa½vegajananattha½, eva½ devalokadassanampi sa½vegajananatthameva “anupubbikath±ya½ saggakath± viya eva½ sabbasampattisamupetopi saggo anicco addhuvo cavanadhammo”ti. Sajjetv±ti samapaºº±s±ya mucchan±hi yath± k±mena niv±detu½ sakk±, eva½ sajjetv±.
Puthujjanapañcaka½ pañhanti puthujjanapañha½ ±di½ katv± pavattita½ kh²º±savapañhapariyanta½ pañhapañcaka½. Paµhama½…pe… pucch²ti puthujjanavisaye pañha½ pucchi. Paµisambhid± yath±bhin²h±ra½ yath±saka½ vipassan±bhin²h±rena paµhamabh³miy±dayo viya pavattitavisay±ti vutta½– “te attano attano paµisambhid±visaye µhatv± kathayi½s³”ti. Buddhavisaye pañha½ pucch²ti–
“Ye ca saªkh±tadhamm±se, ye ca sekh± puth³ idha;
tesa½ me nipako iriya½, puµµho pabr³hi m±ris±”ti. (Su. ni. 1044)–

Ida½ pañha½ pucchi. Tattha saªkh±tadhamm±ti saªkh±t± ñ±t± catusaccadhamm±, ye ca saªkh±tadhamm± cat³hi maggehi paµividdhacatusaccadhamm±ti attho. Imin± asekkh± kathit±. Puthu-saddo ubhayatthapi yojetabbo “ye puth³ saªkh±tadhamm±, ye ca puth³ sekh±”ti. Tesanti tesa½ dvinna½ sekkh±sekkhapuggal±na½ me puµµhoti yojetabba½, may± puµµhoti attho. Iriyanti sekkh±sekkhabh³miy± ±gamanappaµipada½. Iriyati gacchati sekkhabh³mi½ asekkhabh³miñca et±y±ti iriy±, ta½ tesa½ iriya½ ±gamanappaµipada½ may± puµµho pabr³hi katheh²ti attho. Eva½ bhagav± buddhavisaye pañha½ pucchitv± “imassa nu kho, s±riputta, sa½khittena bh±sitassa katha½ vitth±rena attho daµµhabbo”ti ±ha. Thero pañha½ oloketv± “satth± ma½ sekkh±sekkh±na½ bhikkh³na½ ±gamanappaµipada½ pucchat²”ti pañhe nikkaªkho hutv± “±gamanappaµipad± n±ma khandh±divasena bah³hipi mukhehi sakk± kathetu½, katar±k±rena nu kho kathento satthu ajjh±saya½ gaºhitu½ sakkhiss±m²”ti ajjh±saye kaªkhi, ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½– “dhammasen±pati…pe… na sakkot²”ti. Pucchitapañha½ vissajjetu½ paµibh±ne asati dis±vilokana½ satt±na½ sabh±voti dassento, “puratthima…pe.. n±sakkh²”ti ±ha. Tattha pañhuppattiµµh±nanti pañhuppattik±raºa½.

Therassa kilamanabh±va½ j±nitv±ti “s±riputto pañhe nikkaªkho, ajjh±saye me kaªkham±no kilamat²”ti therassa kilamanabh±va½ ñatv±. Catumah±bh³tikak±yapariggahanti etena khandhamukhena n±mar³papariggaho vutto. “Bh³tamidanti, s±riputta, samanupassas²”ti hi vadantena bhagavat± khandhavasena n±mar³papariggaho dassito. Eva½ kirassa bhagavato ahosi “s±riputto may± naye adinne kathetu½ na sakkhissati, dinne pana naye mamajjh±saya½ gahetv± khandhavasena kathessat²”ti. Therassa saha nayad±nena so pañho nayasatena nayasahassena upaµµh±si. Ten±ha– “aññ±ta½ bhagav±, aññ±ta½ sugat±”ti.
Ar³p±vacare paµisandhi n±ma na hot²ti bodhisambh±rasambharaºassa anok±sabh±vato vutta½. Ten±ha– “abhabbaµµh±natt±”ti, laddhaby±karaº±na½ bodhisatt±na½ uppattiy± abhabbadesatt±ti attho R³p±vacare nibbatt²ti kammavasit±sambhavato ar³p±vacare anibbattitv± r³p±vacare nibbatti.
Parosahassanti-±din± parosahassaj±taka½ dasseti. Tattha parosahassamp²ti atirekasahassampi. Sam±gat±nanti sannipatit±na½ bh±sitassa attha½ j±nitu½ asakkont±na½ b±l±na½. Kandeyyu½ te vassasata½ apaññ±ti te eva½ sam±gat± apaññ± ime b±latt± sas± viya vassasatampi vassasahassampi rodeyyu½ parideveyyu½. Rodam±n±pi pana attha½ v± k±raºa½ v± neva j±neyyunti d²peti. Ekova seyyo puriso sapaññoti evar³p±na½ b±l±na½ parosahassatopi eko paº¹itapurisova seyyo varataroti attho. K²diso sapaññoti ±ha– “yo bh±sitassa vij±n±ti atthan”ti, aya½ jeµµhantev±siko viya yo bh±sitassa attha½ j±n±ti, so t±diso sapañño varataroti attho. Dutiye parosataj±take jh±yeyyunti y±th±vato attha½ j±nitu½ sam±hit± hutv± cinteyyu½. Sesamettha vuttanayameva.
Tatiyaj±take ye saññinoti µhapetv± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanal±bhino avasesacittakasatte dasseti. Tepi duggat±ti tass± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±pattiy± al±bhato tepi duggat± dukkha½ upagat± saññ²bhave. “Saññ± rogo saññ± gaº¹o saññ± sallan”ti (ma. ni. 3.24) hi te saññ±ya ±d²navadassino. Yepi asaññinoti asaññ²bhave nibbatte acittakasatte dasseti. Tepi imiss±yeva sam±pattiy± al±bhato duggat±yeva. Jh±nasukha½ anaªgaºa½ niddosa½ yath±vuttados±bh±vato. Balavacittekaggat±sabh±venapi ta½ anaªgaºa½ n±ma j±ta½. Nevasaññ² n±saññ²ti ±h±ti at²te kira b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto araññ±yatane k±la½ karonto antev±sikehi puµµho “nevasaññ² n±saññ²”ti ±ha. Purimaj±take vuttanayeneva t±pas± jeµµhantev±sikassa katha½ na gaºhi½su. Bodhisatto ±bhassarato ±gantv± ±k±se µhatv± ima½ g±tham±ha. Tena vutta½– “sesa½ vuttanayeneva veditabban”ti.
Catutthaj±take (j±. 1.1.135) candassa viya ±bh± etass±ti cand±bha½, od±takasiºa½. S³riy±bhanti s³riyassa viya ±bh± etass±ti s³riy±bha½, p²takasiºa½. Yodha paññ±ya g±dhat²ti yo puggalo idha sattaloke ida½ kasiºadvaya½ paññ±ya g±dhati, ±rammaºa½ katv± anuppavisati, tattha v± patiµµhahati. Avitakkena dutiyajjh±nena ±bhassar³pago hot²ti so puggalo tath± katv± paµiladdhena dutiyena jh±nena ±bhassarabrahmalok³pago hoti. Sesa½ purimanayeneva veditabbanti imin± ima½ dasseti (j±. aµµha. 1.1.135 cand±bhaj±takavaººan±)– at²te b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto araññ±yatane k±la½ karonto antev±sikehi pucchito “cand±bha½ s³riy±bhan”ti vatv± ±bhassare nibbatto. T±pas± jeµµhantev±sikassa na saddahi½su. Bodhisatto ±gantv± ±k±se µhito ima½ g±tha½ abh±si.
Pañcamaj±take ±s²sethev±ti ±s±ccheda½ akatv± attano kammesu ±sa½ kareyyeva. Na nibbindeyy±ti na nibbeda½ upp±deyya, na ukkaºµheyy±ti attho. Voti nip±tamatta½. Yath± icchinti ahañhi saµµhihatth± narak± uµµh±na½ icchi½, somhi tatheva j±to, tato uµµhitoyev±ti d²peti.
At²te (j±. aµµha. 4.13.sarabhamigaj±takavaººan±) kira b±r±ºasiya½ brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente bodhisatto sarabhamigayoniya½ nibbattitv± araññe paµivasati. R±j± migavittako ahosi th±masampanno. Ekadivasa½ gantv± amacce ±ha– “yassa passena migo pal±yati, teneva so d±tabbo”ti. Athekadivasa½ sarabhamigo uµµh±ya rañño µhitaµµh±nena pal±yi. Atha na½ amacc± uppaº¹esu½. R±j± cintesi– “ime ma½ parih±santi, mama pam±ºa½ na j±nant²”ti g±¼ha½ niv±setv± pattikova khagga½ ±d±ya “sarabha½ gaºhiss±m²”ti vegena pakkhandi. Atha na½ disv± t²ºi yojan±ni anubandhi. Sarabho arañña½ p±visi. R±j±pi p±visiyeva. Tattha sarabhamigassa gamanamagge saµµhihatthamatto mah±p³tip±tanaraka-±v±µo atthi, so ti½sahatthamatta½ udakena puººo tiºehi ca paµicchanno. Sarabho udakagandha½ gh±yitv±va ±v±µabh±va½ ñatv± thoka½ osakkitv± gato. R±j± pana ujukameva ±gacchanto tasmi½ pati.
Sarabho tassa padasadda½ asuºanto nivattitv± ta½ apassanto “naraka-±v±µe patito bhavissat²”ti ñatv± ±gantv± olokento ta½ gambh²re udake appatiµµhe kilamanta½ disv± tena kat±par±dha½ hadaye akatv± sañj±tak±ruñño “m± mayi passante var±ko nassatu, imamh± ta½ dukkh± mocess±m²”ti ±v±µat²re µhito “m± bh±yi, mah±r±ja, aha½ ta½ dukkh± mocess±m²”ti vatv± attano piyaputta½ uddharitu½ uss±ha½ karonto viya tassuddharaºatth±ya sil±ya yogga½ katv± “vijjhiss±m²”ti ±gata½ r±j±na½ saµµhihatth± narak± uddharitv± ass±setv± piµµhi½ ±ropetv± araññ± n²haritv± sen±ya avid³re ot±retv± ov±damassa datv± pañcasu s²lesu patiµµh±pesi. R±j± senaªgaparivuto nagara½ gantv± “ito paµµh±ya sakalaraµµhav±sino pañca s²l±ni rakkhant³”ti dhammabheri½ car±pesi. Mah±sattena pana attano kataguºa½ kassaci akathetv± s±ya½ n±naggarasabhojana½ bhuñjitv± alaªkatasayane sayitv± pacc³sak±le mah±sattassa guºa½ saritv± uµµh±ya sayanapiµµhe pallaªkena nis²ditv± p²tipuººena hadayena ud±na½ ud±nento “±s²setheva puriso”ti-±din± im± cha g±th± abh±si.
Tattha ahit± hit± c±ti dukkhaphass± sukhaphass± ca, maraºaphass±, j²vitaphass±tipi attho. Satt±nañhi maraºaphasso ahito, j²vitaphasso hito. Tesa½ acintito maraºaphasso ±gacchat²ti dasseti Acintitamp²ti may± “±v±µe patiss±m²”ti na cintita½, “sarabha½ m±ress±m²”ti cintita½. Id±ni pana me cintita½ naµµha½, acintitameva j±tanti ud±navasena vadati. Bhog±ti yasapariv±r±, ete cint±may± na honti. Tasm± ñ±ºavat± v²riyameva k±tabbanti vadati. V²riyavato hi acintitampi hotiyeva.
Tasseta½ ud±na½ ud±nentasseva aruºa½ uµµhahi. Purohito p±tova sukhaseyyapucchanattha½ ±gantv± dv±re µhito tassa ud±nag²tasadda½ sutv± cintesi– “r±j± hiyyo migava½ agam±si, tattha sarabhamiga½ viddho bhavissati, tena maññe ud±na½ ud±net²”ti. Eva½ br±hmaºassa rañño paripuººabyañjana½ ud±na½ sutv± sumajjite ±d±se mukha½ olokentassa ch±y± viya raññ± ca sarabhena ca katak±raºa½ p±kaµa½ ahosi, so nakhaggena dv±ra½ ±koµesi. R±j± “ko eso”ti pucchi. Aha½, deva, purohitoti. Athassa dv±ra½ vivaritv± “ito eh±cariy±”ti ±ha. So pavisitv± r±j±na½ jay±petv± ekamanta½ µhito “aha½, mah±r±ja, tay± araññe katak±raºa½ j±n±mi, tva½ eka½ sarabhamiga½ anubandhanto narake patito, atha na½ so sarabho sil±ya yogga½ katv± narakato uddhari, so tva½ tassa guºa½ saritv± ud±na½ ud±nes²”ti vatv± “sarabha½ giriduggasmin”ti-±din± dve g±th± abh±si.
Tattha anusar²ti anubandhi. Vikkantanti uddharaºatth±ya kataparakkama½. Anuj²vas²ti upaj²vasi, tass±nubh±vena tay± j²vita½ laddhanti attho. Samuddhar²ti uddharaºa½ ak±si. Sil±ya yogga½ sarabho karitv±ti sil±ya sop±nasadis±ya narakato uddharaºayoggata½ karitv±. Al²nacittanti saªkoca½ appattacitta½. Ta miga½ vades²ti suvaººasarabhamiga½ idha sirisayane nipanno vaººesi. Ta½ sutv± r±j±, “aya½ may± saddhi½ na migava½ ±gato, sabbañca pavatti½ j±n±ti, katha½ nu kho j±n±ti, pucchiss±mi nan”ti cintetv±– “ki½ tva½ nu tatthev±”ti navamag±tham±ha Tattha bhi½sar³panti ki½ nu te ñ±ºa½ balavaj±tika½, teneta½ j±n±s²ti vadati. Br±hmaºo “n±ha½ sabbaññubuddho, byañjana½ amakkhetv± tay± kathitag±th±ya pana mayha½ attho upaµµh±t²”ti d²pento “na cevahan”ti dasamag±tham±ha Tattha subh±sit±nanti byañjana½ amakkhetv± suµµhu bh±sit±na½. Attha½ tad±nent²ti yo tesa½ attho, ta½ ±nenti upadh±rent²ti attho. Tad± purohito dhammasen±pati ahosi. Tenev±ha– “at²tep²”ti-±di. Sesa½ utt±natthameva.