Tath± idappaccayat± ca sabbaso.
Anaññaneyyena yato vibh±vit±,
Y±th±vato tena jino tath±gato.
“Anekabhed±supi lokadh±tusu,
jinassa rup±yatan±digocare;
vicittabhede tathameva dassana½,
tath±gato tena samantalocano.
“Yato ca dhamma½ tathameva bh±sati,
karoti v±c±yanulomamattano;
guºehi loka½ abhibhuyyir²yati,
tath±gato tenapi lokan±yako.
“Yath±bhin²h±ramato yath±ruci,
Pavattav±c± tanucittabh±vato.
Yath±vidh± yena pur± mahesino,
Tath±vidho tena jino tath±gato”ti. (D². ni. µ². 1.7)–

Saªgahag±th± mukhamattameva, kasm±? Appam±dapada½ viya sakalakusaladhammasampaµipattiy± sabbabuddhaguº±na½ saªg±hakatt±. Tenev±ha– “sabb±k±ren±”ti-±di. Sesamettha utt±natthameva.

171. Dutiye uppatt²ti paµham±ya j±tiy± nibbatti½ vatv± ariy±ya j±tiy± nibbatti½ dassetu½– “nipphatt²”ti ±ha. Tad± hissa buddhabh±vanipphatt²ti. “Dullabho”ti-±di½ vatv± k±raºassa d³rasambh±rabh±vato tattha k±raºa½ dassento “ekav±ran”ti-±dim±ha. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– tattha v±ragaºan± n±ma m±sasa½vaccharakappagaºan±dik±, kapp±na½ eka½ asaªkhyeyya½ dve asaªkhyeyy±ni t²ºi asaªkhyeyy±nipi p±ramiyo p³retv±pi buddhena bhavitu½ na sakk±, heµµhimakoµiy± pana catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni kappasatasahassañca nirantara½ dasa p±ramiyo p³retv± buddhabh±va½ pattu½ sakk±, na ito aññath±ti imin± k±raºena dullabho p±tubh±vo buddh±nanti.
172. Tatiye nicca½ na hot²ti abhiºhappavattika½ na hoti kad±cideva sambhavato. Yebhuyyena manuss± acchariya½ disv± acchara½ paharanti, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½– “acchara½ paharitv± passitabbo”ti. Samann±gatatt±ti etena acchariy± guºadhamm± etasmi½ sant²ti acchariyoti dasseti. Apica ±dito pabhuti abhin²h±r±vaho, tato parampi anaññas±dh±raºe guºadhamme ±ciººav±ti acchariyoti ±ha– “±ciººamanussotipi acchariyamanusso”ti-±di. Mah±bodhiñ±ºameva maº¹abh³ta½ mah±bodhimaº¹o. Sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±nañhi maggañ±ºa½, maggañ±ºapadaµµh±nañca sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ “mah±bodh²”ti vuccati. Anivattaken±ti bodhiy± niyatabh±v±pattiy± mah±bodhisattabh±vato anivattanasabh±vena. Buddhak±rakadhamm±na½ p³raºampi na aññassa kassaci ±ciººanti-±din± hetu-avatth±ya phal±vatth±ya satt±na½ upak±r±vatth±ya c±ti t²supi avatth±su lokan±tho anaññas±dh±raº±na½ guºadhamm±na½ ±ciººat±ya acchariyamanusso vuttoti dasseti.
173. Catutthe k±le kiriy±ti k±lakiriy±. Katarasmi½ k±le k²dis² kiriy±. S±maññajotan± hi visese avatiµµhati, visesatthin± ca viseso anuppayojitabboti ±ha– “ekasmi½ k±le p±kaµ± kiriy±”ti. Katarasmi½ pana ekasmi½ k±le, kathañca p±kaµ±ti? Kapp±na½ satasahass±dhik±ni anek±ni asaªkhyeyy±ni abhikkamitv± yath±dhippetamanorathap±rip³rivasena samupaladdhe ekasmi½ k±le, sadevaloke ativiya acchariyamanussassa parinibb±nanti accantap±kaµ±. Anut±pakar±ti cetodukkh±vah±. Dasasahassacakkav±¼es³ti vutta½ tassa buddhakkhettabh±vena paricchinnatt±, tadaññesañca avisayatt±.
174. Pañcame dutiyassa buddhass±ti dutiyassa sabbaññubuddhassa abh±v±. Sutabuddho n±ma sutamayena ñ±ºena bujjhitabbassa buddhatt±. Catusaccabuddho n±ma catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ anavasesato buddhatt±. Paccekabuddho n±ma pacceka½ attanoyeva yath± catusaccasambodho hoti, eva½ buddhatt±. Samm±sambuddho eva hi yath± sadevakassa lokassa catusaccasambodho hoti, eva½ sacc±ni abhisambujjhati. Catt±ri v± aµµha v± so¼asa v±ti ida½ katamah±bhin²h±r±na½ mah±bodhisatt±na½ paññ±dhikasaddh±dhikav²riy±dhikavibh±gavasena vutta½. “Paññ±dhik±nañhi saddh± mand± hoti, paññ± tikkh±. Saddh±dhik±na½ paññ± majjhim± hoti. V²riy±dhik±na½ paññ± mand±, paññ±nubh±vena ca samm±sambodhi adhigantabb±”ti aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Avisesena pana vimuttiparip±can²yadhamm±na½ tikkhamajjhimamudubh±vena tayopete bhed± yutt±ti vadanti. Tividh± hi bodhisatt± abhin²h±rakkhaºe bhavanti ugghaµitaññuvipañcitaññuneyyabhedena. Tesu ugghaµitaññ³ samm±sambuddhassa sammukh± c±tuppadika½ g±tha½ suºanto tatiyapade apariyositeyeva chahi abhiññ±hi saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ pattu½ samatth³panissayo hoti. Dutiyo satthu sammukh± eka½ g±tha½ suºanto apariyositeyeva catutthapade chahi abhiññ±hi arahatta½ pattu½ samatth³panissayo hoti. Itaro bhagavato sammukh± c±tuppadikag±tha½ sutv± pariyosit±ya g±th±ya chahi abhiññ±hi arahatta½ pattu½ samatth³panissayo hoti. Tayopete vin± k±labhedena kat±bhin²h±r± laddhaby±karaº± p±ramiyo p³rento yath±kkama½ yath±vuttabhedena k±lena samm±sambodhi½ p±puºanti, tesu tesu pana k±labhedesu aparipuººesu te te mah±satt± divase divase vessantarad±nasadisa½ d±na½ dent±pi tadanur³pa½ s²l±disesap±ramidhamme ±cinant±pi antar± buddh± bhavissant²ti ak±raºameta½. Kasm±? ѱºassa aparipaccanato. Paricchinnak±lanipph±dita½ viya hi sassa½ paricchinnak±le nipph±dit± samm±sambodhi tadantar± sabbuss±hena v±yamantenapi na sakk± p±puºitunti p±ramip³r² yath±vuttak±lavisesena sampajjat²ti veditabba½. Saddhinti sam±nak±le.
Asah±yoti nippariy±yato vutta½. Saha-ayanaµµho hi sah±yaµµho. Paµipattivasena bhagavat± saha sama½ ayana½ n±ma kassacipi nattheva. Hatth±di-avayavato paµi paµi minitabbato paµim± vuccati attabh±vo. Samattho n±ma natth²ti devo v± m±ro v± brahm± v± koci natthi. Paµisamoti paµinidhibh±vena samo. Paµibh±ga½ d±tunti “catt±ro satipaµµh±n±”ti-±din± vuttassa dhammabh±gassa dhammakoµµh±sassa paµipakkhabh³ta½ katv± bh±ga½ koµµh±sa½ paµivacana½ d±tu½ samattho n±ma natthi. Natthi etassa s²l±diguºehi paµibimbabh³to puggaloti appaµipuggalo. Ten±ha– “añño koc²”ti-±di. Tisahassimah±sahass²na½ vibh±go parato ±vi bhavissati. Sesamettha suviññeyyameva.
175. Chaµµh±d²su tasmi½ puggaleti samm±sambuddhe. Tanti paññ±cakkhu. P±tubh³tameva hoti tassa sahassa uppajjanato. Uppatt²ti uppajjana½. Nipphatt²ti parivuddhi. K²var³pass±ti k²disassa. S±vakavisayeva hatthagata½ paññ±cakkhu n±ma dvinna½ aggas±vak±na½yev±ti ±ha– “s±riputtattherass±”ti-±di. Sam±dhipaññ±ti sam±dhisahagat± paññ±. “Sam±dhisa½vattanik± khippanisanti-±divises±vah± paññ±”ti keci. ¾lokoti paññ±-±loko eva. Tath± obh±so. T²ºip²ti t²ºipi sutt±ni. Lokiyalokuttaramissak±n²ti pubbabh±gapaññ±ya adhippetatt± vutta½.
Uttamadhamm±nanti attano uttaritarassa abh±vena seµµhadhamm±na½. Daµµhabbato dassana½, bhagavato r³pak±yo. Tatthapi visesato r³p±yatana½. Ten±ha– “cakkhuviññ±ºena daµµhu½ labhat²”ti. Natthi ito uttaranti anuttara½, tadeva anuttariya½, dassanañca ta½ anuttariyañc±ti dassan±nuttariya½. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Aya½ pana padaviseso– suyyat²ti savana½, bhagavato vacana½. Labbhat²ti l±bho, bhagavati saddh±. Sikkhitabbato sikkh±. S²lasam±dhipaññ±paricaraºa½ p±ricariy±, upaµµh±na½. Anussaraºa½ anussati, satthu guº±nussaraºa½. Imesanti yath±vutt±na½ channa½ anuttariy±na½. P±tubh±vo hot²ti tath±gatassa p±tubh±v± tappaµibaddhatt± tabbisayatt± ca p±tubh±vo hoti. “Dassan±nuttariyan”ti ca sadevake loke uttaritarassa bhagavato r³passa na dassanamatta½ adhippeta½, atha kho tassa r³padassanamukhena aveccappas±dena buddhaguºe okappetv± og±hetv± dassana½ daµµhabba½. Ten±ha– “±yasm± h²”ti-±di. Idampi dassan±nuttariyanti pubbe vuttato nibbisesatt± vutta½. Dasabala½ dassan±ya labhitv±ti ±nandatthero viya pas±dabhattimett±pubbaka½ dasabala½ dassan±ya labhitv±. Dassana½ va¹¹hetv±ti dassanamukhena pavatta½ vipassan±c±ra½ va¹¹hetv±. Dassanamukhena y±va anulomañ±ºa½ vipassan±c±ra½ va¹¹hetv± tadanantara½ aµµhamakamah±bh³mi½ okkamanto dassana½ sot±pattimagga½ p±peti n±ma. Idha parato pavatta½ dassana½ dassanameva n±ma, m³ladassana½ pana saccadassanassapi k±raºabh±vato dassan±nuttariya½ n±ma. Esa nayo ses±nuttariyesupi.
Dasabale saddha½ paµilabhat²ti samm±sambuddhe bhagavati saddha½ paµilabhati. Tisso sikkh± sikkhitv±ti tisso pubbabh±gasikkh± sikkhitv±. Paricarat²ti upaµµh±na½ karoti. “Itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din± buddh±nussativasena anussatijjh±na½ upp±detv± ta½ padaµµh±na½ katv± vipassana½ va¹¹hento “anussati½ va¹¹hetv±”ti vutto.
Sacchikiriy± hot²ti paccakkhakaraºa½ hoti. Maggakkhaºe hi labbham±n± paµisambhid± phalakkhaºe sacchikat± n±ma hoti tato para½ atth±d²su yathicchita½ viniyogakkhamabh±vato. Catassoti gaºanaparicchedo. Paµisambhid±ti pabhed±. Kassa pana pabhed±ti? “Atthe ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid±”ti-±divacanato (vibha. 718-721) ñ±ºasset± pabhed±. Tasm± catasso paµisambhid±ti catt±ro ñ±ºappabhed±ti attho. Atthapaµisambhid±ti atthe paµisambhid±, atthapabhedassa salakkhaºavibh±vanavavatth±nakaraºasamattha½ atthe pabhedagata½ ñ±ºanti attho. Tath± dhammapabhedassa salakkhaºavibh±vanavavatth±nakaraºasamattha½ dhamme pabhedagata½ ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±. Niruttipabhedassa salakkhaºavibh±vanavavatth±nakaraºasamattha½ nirutt±bhil±pe pabhedagata½ ñ±ºa½ niruttipaµisambhid±. Paµibh±napabhedassa salakkhaºavibh±vanavavatth±nakaraºasamattha½ paµibh±ne pabhedagata½ ñ±ºa½ paµibh±napaµisambhid±.
Atthesu ñ±ºanti-±d²su atthoti saªkhepato hetuphala½. Tañhi hetuvasena araº²ya½ gantabba½ pattabba½, tasm± “attho”ti vuccati. Pabhedato pana ya½ kiñci paccayuppanna½, nibb±na½, bh±sitattho, vip±ko, kiriy±ti ime pañca dhamm± “attho”ti veditabb±. Ta½ attha½ paccavekkhantassa tasmi½ pabhedagata½ ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid±. Dhammoti saªkhepato paccayo. So hi yasm± tanti dahati vidahati pavatteti ceva p±peti ca µhapeti ca, tasm± “dhammo”ti vuccati. Pabhedato pana yo koci phalanibbattako hetu ariyamaggo bh±sita½ kusala½ akusalanti pañcavidhoti veditabbo, ta½ dhamma½ paccavekkhantassa tasmi½ dhamme pabhedagata½ ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±.
Atthadhammanirutt±bhil±pe ñ±ºanti tasmi½ atthe ca dhamme ca sabh±vaniruttisadda½ ±rammaºa½ katv± paccavekkhantassa tasmi½ sabh±vanirutti-abhil±pe pabhedagata½ ñ±ºa½. Evamaya½ niruttipaµisambhid± sadd±rammaº± n±ma j±t±, na paññatti-±rammaº±. Kasm±? Yasm± sadda½ sutv± “aya½ sabh±vanirutti, aya½ na sabh±vanirutt²”ti paj±n±ti. Paµisambhid±patto hi “phasso”ti vutte “aya½ sabh±vanirutt²”ti j±n±ti, “phass±”ti v± “phassan”ti v± vutte “aya½ na sabh±vanirutt²”ti j±n±ti. Vedan±d²supi eseva nayo. Aya½ panesa n±m±khy±topasagg±byayapadampi j±n±tiyeva sabh±vaniruttiy± y±th±vato j±nanato. ѱºesu ñ±ºanti sabbatthakañ±ºa½ ±rammaºa½ katv± paccavekkhantassa pabhedagata½ ñ±ºa½.
Im± pana catasso paµisambhid± sekkhabh³miya½ asekkhabh³miyanti dv²su µh±nesu pabheda½ gacchanti. Adhigamo pariyatti savana½ paripucch± pubbayogoti imehi pañcahi k±raºehi visad± honti. Adhigamo n±ma saccappaµivedho. Pariyatti n±ma buddhavacana½. Tañhi gaºhantassa paµisambhid± visad± honti. Savana½ n±ma dhammassavana½. Sakkacca½ dhamma½ suºantassapi hi paµisambhid± visad± honti. Paripucch± n±ma aµµhakath±. Uggahitap±¼iy± attha½ kathentassapi hi paµisambhid± visad± honti. Pubbayogo n±ma pubbayog±vacarat±. Haraºapacc±haraºanayena paµip±kaµakammaµµh±nassapi paµisambhid± visad± hont²ti. Lokiyalokuttar± v±ti ettha tisso paµisambhid± lokiy±, atthapaµisambhid± siy± lokiy±, siy± lokuttar±ti eva½ vibhajitv± attho veditabbo.
Buddhupp±deyev±ti avadh±raºena buddhupp±de eva labbhanato, abuddhupp±de alabbhanato anaññas±dh±raºo paµivedho adhippeto. Evañca katv± “mahato cakkhuss±”ti-±d²su paññ±mahatt±dikampi anaññas±dh±raºameva adhippetanti daµµhabba½. Tath± vijj±vimuttiphalasacchikiriy±dayopi paresa½ tabbh±v±vah± daµµhabb±. Y± k±ci dh±tuyo lokiy± lokuttar± v±, sabb± t± im±heva saªgahit±, ettheva antogadh±ti vutta½– “im±va aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo n±n±sabh±vato n±n±dh±tuyo”ti. Sv±yamattho anekadh±tun±n±dh±tuñ±ºavibhaªgena (vibha. 751) d²petabbo. “Sacchikiriy±”ti vuttatt± “vijj±ti phale ñ±ºan”ti vutta½.
187. Yasm± cakkati apar±para½ parivattat²ti cakka½, tasm± iriy±path±pi apar±para½ parivattanaµµhena cakkasadisatt± cakkanti vutt±, tath± patir³padesav±s±disampattiyo. Tato paµµh±ya dhammacakka½ abhin²harati n±m±ti ettha tad± mah±satto att±na½ abhin²h±rayoga½ karonto “dhammacakka½ abhin²harati n±m±”ti vutto tato paµµh±ya dhammacakk±bhin²h±ravibandhakaradhamm±nuppajjanato. Abhin²haµa½ n±m±ti etthapi ayameva nayo. Arahattamagga½ paµivijjhantopi dhammacakka½ upp±detiyeva n±ma tadattha½ ñ±ºa½ parip±cet²ti katv±. Arahattaphalakkhaºe dhammacakka½ upp±dita½ n±ma tasmi½ khaºe dhammacakkassa upp±dan±ya k±tabbakiccassa kassaci abh±v±. Paµivedhañ±ºañhi idha “dhammacakkan”ti adhippeta½. Id±ni desan±ñ±ºavasena dhammacakka½ dassetu½– “kad± pavatteti n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Na kevala½ therasseva, atha kho sabbesampi s±sanik±na½ dhammakath± bhagavato dhammadesan± catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ catunnañca ekatt±dinay±na½ avir±dhanatoti dassetu½– “yo hi koci bhikkhu v±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Ekapuggalavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.