Aniccadukkh±divasena sabbadhammat²raºa½ adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±. S±r±d±n±bhinivesanti as±re s±raggahaºavipall±sa½. Issarakutt±divasena loko samuppannoti abhiniveso sammoh±bhiniveso Keci pana “ahosi½ nu kho ahamat²tamaddh±nanti-±din± pavattasa½say±patti sammoh±bhiniveso”ti vadanti. Saªkh±resu leºat±ºabh±vaggahaºa½ ±lay±bhiniveso. “¾layarat± ±layasammudit±”ti (d². ni. 2.64; ma. ni. 1.281; 2.337; sa½. ni. 1.172; mah±va. 7) vacanato ±layo taºh±, s±yeva cakkh±d²su r³p±d²su ca abhinivesavasena pavattiy± ±lay±bhinivesoti keci. “Eva½vidh± saªkh±r± paµinissajj²yant²”ti pavatta½ ñ±ºa½ paµisaªkh±nupassan±. Vaµµato vigatatt± vivaµµa½, nibb±na½. Tattha ±rammaºakaraºasaªkh±tena anupassanena pavattiy± vivaµµ±nupassan±, gotrabh³. Sa½yog±bhinivesanti sa½yujjanavasena saªkh±resu abhinivisana½. Diµµhekaµµheti diµµhiy± sahaj±tekaµµhe pah±nekaµµhe ca. O¼±riketi uparimaggavajjhe kilese apekkhitv± vutta½, aññath± dassanapah±tabb±pi dutiyamaggavajjhehi o¼±rik±ti. Aºusahagateti aºubh³te. Ida½ heµµhimamaggavajjhe apekkhitv± vutta½. Sabbakileseti avasiµµhasabbakilese. Na hi paµham±dimaggehipi pah²n± kiles± puna pah²yant²ti.
Kakkha¼atta½ kathinabh±vo. Paggharaºa½ dravabh±vo. Lokiyav±yun± bhast±ya viya yena ta½ta½kal±passa uddhum±yana½, thaddhabh±vo v±, ta½ vitthambhana½. Vijjam±nepi kal±pantarabh³t±na½ kal±pantarabh³tehi phuµµhabh±ve ta½ta½bh³tavivittat± r³papariyanto ±k±soti yesa½ yo paricchedo, tehi so asamphuµµhova, aññath± bh³t±na½ paricchedabh±vo na siy± by±pitabh±v±pattito. Yasmi½ kal±pe bh³t±na½ paricchedo, tehi asamphuµµhabh±vo asamphuµµhalakkhaºa½. Ten±ha– bhagav± ±k±sadh±tuniddese (dha. sa. 637) “asamphuµµho cat³hi mah±bh³teh²”ti.
Virodhipaccayasannip±te visadisuppatti ruppana½. Cetan±padh±natt± saªkh±rakkhandhadhamm±na½ cetan±vaseneta½ vutta½– “saªkh±r±na½ abhisaªkharaºalakkhaºan”ti. Tath± hi suttantabh±jan²ye saªkh±rakkhandhavibhaªge (vibha. 92) “cakkhusamphassaj± cetan±”ti-±din± cetan±va vibhatt±. Abhisaªkharalakkhaº± ca cetan±. Yath±ha– “tattha katamo puññ±bhisaªkh±ro, kusal± cetan± k±m±vacar±”ti-±di. Pharaºa½ savipph±rikat±. Assaddhiyeti assaddhiyahetu. Nimittatthe bhumma½. Esa nayo kosajjeti-±d²su. V³pasamalakkhaºanti k±yacittapari¼±h³pasamalakkhaºa½. L²nuddhaccarahite adhicitte pavattam±ne paggahaniggahasampaha½sanesu aby±vaµat±ya ajjhupekkhana½ paµisaªkh±na½ pakkhap±tupacchedato.
Mus±v±d±d²na½ visa½v±dan±dikiccat±ya l³kh±na½ aparigg±hak±na½ paµipakkhabh±vato parigg±hakasabh±v± samm±v±c±, siniddhabh±vato sampayuttadhamme samm±v±c±paccayasubh±sit±na½ sot±rañca puggala½ pariggaºh±t²ti s± pariggahalakkhaº±. K±yikakiriy± kiñci kattabba½ samuµµh±peti, sayañca samuµµhahana½ ghaµana½ hot²ti samm±kammantasaªkh±t± virat²pi samuµµh±nalakkhaº± daµµhabb±, sampayuttadhamm±na½ v± ukkhipana½ samuµµh±pana½ k±yikakiriy±ya bh±rukkhipana½ viya. J²vam±nassa sattassa, sampayuttadhamm±na½ v± j²vitindriyapavattiy±, ±j²vasseva v± suddhi vod±na½. “Saªkh±r±”ti idha cetan± adhippet±ti vutta½– “saªkh±r±na½ cetan±lakkhaºan”ti. Namana½ ±rammaº±bhimukhabh±vo. ¾yatana½ pavattana½. ¾yatanavasena hi ±yasaªkh±t±na½ cittacetasik±na½ pavatti. Taºh±ya hetulakkhaºanti vaµµassa janakahetubh±vo, maggassa pana nibb±nasamp±pakattanti ayametesa½ viseso.
Tathalakkhaºa½ avipar²tasabh±vo. Ekaraso aññamaññan±tivattana½ an³n±dhikabh±vo. Yuganaddh± samathavipassan±va. “Saddh±paññ± paggah±vikkhep±”tipi vadanti. Khayoti kilesakkhayo maggo. Anupp±dapariyos±nat±ya anupp±do phala½. Passaddhi kilesav³pasamo. Chandass±ti kattuk±mat±chandassa. M³lalakkhaºa½ patiµµh±bh±vo. Samuµµh±nalakkhaºa½ ±rammaºappaµip±dakat±ya sampayuttadhamm±na½ uppattihetut±. Samodh±na½ visay±disannip±tena gahetabb±k±ro, y± saªgat²ti vuccati. Sama½, saha odahanti anena sampayuttadhamm±ti v± samodh±na½, phasso. Samosaranti sannipatanti etth±ti samosaraºa½. Vedan±ya vin± appavattam±n± sampayuttadhamm± vedan±nubhavananimitta½ samosaµ± viya hont²ti eva½ vutta½. Gop±nas²na½ k³µa½ viya sampayutt±na½ p±mokkhabh±vo pamukhalakkhaºa½. Tato, tesa½ v± sampayuttadhamm±na½ uttari padh±nanti tatuttari. Paññuttar± hi kusal± dhamm±. Vimuttiy±ti phalassa. Tañhi s²l±diguºas±rassa paramukka½sabh±vena s±ra½. Ayañca lakkhaºavibh±go chadh±tupañcajh±naªg±divasena ta½ta½suttapad±nus±rena por±ºaµµhakath±ya½ ±gatanayena ca katoti daµµhabba½. Tath± hi pubbe vuttopi koci dhammo pariy±yantarappak±sanattha½ puna dassito, tato eva ca “chandam³lak± kusal± dhamm± manasik±rasamuµµh±n± phassasamodh±n± vedan±samosaraº±”ti, “paññuttar± kusal± dhamm±”ti, “vimuttis±ramida½ brahmacariyan”ti, “nibb±nogadhañhi, ±vuso, brahmacariya½ nibb±napariyos±nan”ti (sa½. ni. 5.512) ca suttapad±na½ vasena “chandassa m³lalakkhaºan”ti-±di vutta½.
Tathadhamm± n±ma catt±ri ariyasacc±ni avipar²tasabh±vatt±. Tath±ni ta½sabh±vatt±, avitath±ni amus±sabh±vatt±, anaññath±ni aññ±k±rarahitatt±. J±tipaccayasambh³tasamud±gataµµhoti j±tipaccay± sambh³ta½ hutv± sahitassa attano paccay±nur³passa uddha½ uddha½ ±gatabh±vo, anupavattatthoti attho. Atha v± sambh³taµµho ca samud±gataµµho ca sambh³tasamud±gataµµho, na j±tito jar±maraºa½ na hoti, na ca j±ti½ vin± aññato hot²ti j±tipaccayasambh³taµµho, itthañca j±tito samud±gacchat²ti j±tipaccayasamud±gataµµho. Y± y± j±ti yath± yath± paccayo hoti, tadanur³pa½ p±tubh±voti attho. Avijj±ya saªkh±r±na½ paccayaµµhoti etth±pi na avijj± saªkh±r±na½ paccayo na hoti, na ca avijja½ vin± saªkh±r± uppajjanti. Y± y± avijj± yesa½ yesa½ saªkh±r±na½ yath± yath± paccayo hoti, aya½ avijj±ya saªkh±r±na½ paccayaµµho, paccayabh±voti attho.
Bhagav± ta½ j±n±ti passat²ti sambandho. Ten±ti bhagavat±. Ta½ vibhajjam±nanti yojetabba½. Tanti r³p±yatana½. Iµµh±niµµh±d²ti ±di-saddena majjhatta½ saªgaºh±ti, tath± at²t±n±gatapaccuppannaparitta-ajjhattabahiddh±tadubhay±dibheda½. Labbham±nakapadavasen±ti “r³p±yatana½ diµµha½, sadd±yatana½ suta½, gandh±yatana½ ras±yatana½ phoµµhabb±yatana½ muta½, sabba½ r³pa½ manas± viññ±tan”ti (dha. sa. 966) vacanato diµµhapadañca viññ±tapadañca r³p±rammaºe labbhati. Anekehi n±meh²ti “r³p±rammaºa½ iµµha½ aniµµha½ majjhatta½ paritta½ at²ta½ an±gata½ paccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ bahiddh± diµµha½ viññ±ta½ r³pa½ r³p±yatana½ r³padh±tu vaººanibh± sanidassana½ sappaµigha½ n²la½ p²takan”ti evam±d²hi anekehi n±mehi. Terasahi v±reh²ti r³pakaº¹e ±gate terasa niddesav±re sandh±y±ha. Dvepaññ±s±ya nayeh²ti ekekasmi½ v±re catunna½ catunna½ vavatth±pananay±na½ vasena dvipaññ±s±ya nayehi. Tathamev±ti avipar²tadassit±ya appaµivattiyadesanat±ya ca tathameva hoti. J±n±mi abbhaññ±sinti vattam±n±t²tak±lesu ñ±ºappavattidassanena an±gatepi ñ±ºappavatti vutt±yev±ti daµµhabb±. Vidita-saddo an±maµµhak±laviseso veditabbo “diµµha½ suta½ mutan”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.188; ma. ni. 1.7-8; sa½. ni. 3.208; a. ni. 4.23) viya. Na upaµµh±s²ti attattaniyavasena na upagañchi Yath± r³p±rammaº±dayo dhamm± ya½sabh±v± ya½pak±r± ca, tath± ne passati j±n±ti gacchat²ti tath±gatoti eva½ padasambhavo veditabbo. Keci pana “niruttinayena pisodar±dipakkhepena v± dass²saddassa lopa½, ±gata-saddassa c±gama½ katv± tath±gato”ti vaººenti.
Ya½ rattinti yassa½ rattiya½. Accantasa½yoge ceta½ upayogavacana½. Tiººa½ m±r±nanti kiles±bhisaªkh±radevaputtasaªkh±t±na½ tiººa½ m±r±na½. Anupavajjanti niddosat±ya na upavajja½. An³nanti pakkhipitabb±bh±vena na ³na½. Anadhikanti apanetabb±bh±vena na adhika½. Sabb±k±raparipuººanti atthabyañjan±disampattiy± sabb±k±rena paripuººa½. No aññath±ti “tathev±”ti vuttamevattha½ byatirekena samp±deti. Tena yadattha½ bh±sita½, tadatthanipph±danato yath± bh±sita½ bhagavat±, tathev±ti avipar²tadesanata½ dasseti. Gadatthoti etena tatha½ gadat²ti tath±gatoti da-k±rassa ta-k±ra½ katv± niruttinayena vuttanti dasseti. Tath± gatamass±ti tath±gato. Gatanti ca k±yassa v±c±ya v± pavatt²ti attho. Tath±ti ca vutte ya½-ta½-sadd±na½ abyabhic±ritasambandhat±ya yath±ti ayamattho upaµµhitoyeva hoti. K±yav±c±kiriy±nañca aññamaññ±nulomena vacanicch±ya½ k±yassa v±c±, v±c±ya ca k±yo sambandhabh±vena upatiµµhat²ti imamattha½ dassento ±ha– “bhagavato h²”ti-±di. Imasmi½ pana atthe tath±v±dit±ya tath±gatoti ayampi attho siddho hoti. So pana pubbe pak±rantarena dassitoti ±ha– “eva½ tath±k±rit±ya tath±gato”ti.
Tiriya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³s³ti etena yadeke “tiriya½ viya upari adho ca santi lokadh±tuyo”ti vadanti, ta½ paµisedheti. Desan±vil±soyeva desan±vil±samayo yath± “puññamaya½ d±namayan”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.305; itivu. 60; netti. 33). Nip±t±na½ v±cakasaddasannidh±ne tadatthajotanabh±vena pavattanato gata-saddoyeva avagatattha½ at²tatthañca vadat²ti ±ha– “gatoti avagato at²to”ti. Atha v± abhin²h±rato paµµh±ya y±va sambodhi, etthantare mah±bodhiy±napaµipattiy± h±naµµh±nasa½kilesanivatt²na½ abh±vato yath± paºidh±na½, tath± gato abhin²h±r±nur³pa½ paµipannoti tath±gato. Atha v± mahiddhikat±ya paµisambhid±na½ ukka½s±dhigamena an±varaºañ±ºat±ya ca katthacipi paµigh±t±bh±vato yath± ruci, tath± k±yav±c±citt±na½ gat±ni gaman±ni pavattiyo etass±ti tath±gato. Yasm± ca loke vidhayuttagatapak±rasadd± sam±natth± dissanti, tasm± yath±vidh± vipassi-±dayo bhagavanto, ayampi bhagav± tath±vidhoti tath±gato. Yath± yutt± ca te bhagavanto, ayampi bhagav± tath± yuttoti tath±gato. Atha v± yasm± sacca½ tatva½ taccha½ tathanti ñ±ºasseta½ adhivacana½, tasm± tathena ñ±ºena ±gatoti tath±gatoti evampi tath±gatasaddassa attho veditabbo.
“Pah±ya k±m±dimale yath± gat±,
sam±dhiñ±ºehi vipassi-±dayo;
mahesino sakyamun² jutindharo,
tath±gato tena tath±gato mato.
“Tathañca dh±t±yatan±dilakkhaºa½,
sabh±vas±maññavibh±gabhedato;
sayambhuñ±ºena jinoyam±gato,
tath±gato vuccati sakyapuªgavo.
“Tath±ni sacc±ni samantacakkhun±,