Yehi guºavisesehi nimittabh³tehi bhagavati “tath±gato”ti aya½ samaññ± pavatt±, ta½dassanattha½ “aµµhahi k±raºehi bhagav± tath±gato”ti-±di vutta½. Guºavisesanemittik±neva hi bhagavato sabb±ni n±m±ni. Yath±ha–
“Asaªkhyeyy±ni n±m±ni, saguºena mahesino;
guºena n±mamuddheyya½, api n±masahassato”ti. (Dha. sa. aµµha. 1313; ud±. aµµha. 53; paµi. ma. aµµha. 1.1.76).
Tath± ±gatoti ettha ±k±raniyamanavasena opammasampaµip±danattho tath±-saddo. S±maññajotan±pi hi visese avatiµµhat²ti. Paµipad±gamanattho ±gata-saddo, na ñ±ºagamanattho “tathalakkhaºa½ ±gato”ti-±d²su (d². ni. aµµha. 1.7; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.12; sa½. ni. aµµha. 2.3.78; a. ni. aµµha. 1.1.170; ud±. aµµha. 18) viya, n±pi k±yagamanattho “±gato kho mah±samaºo, magadh±na½ giribbajan”ti-±d²su (mah±va. 63) viya. Tattha yad±k±raniyamanavasena opammasampaµip±danattho tath±-saddo, ta½karuº±padh±natt± mah±karuº±mukhena purimabuddh±na½ ±gamanappaµipada½ ud±haraºavasena s±maññato dassento ya½-ta½-sadd±na½ ekantasambandhabh±vato “yath± sabbaloka…pe… ±gat±”ti s±dh±raºato vatv± puna ta½ paµipada½ mah±padh±nasutt±d²su (d². ni. 2.1 ±dayo) sambahulaniddesena sup±kaµ±na½ ±sann±nañca vipassi-±d²na½ channa½ samm±sambuddh±na½ vasena nidassento “yath± vipass² bhagav±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yena abhin²h±ren±ti manussattaliªgasampattihetusatthudassanapabbajj±-abhiññ±diguºasampatti-adhik±racchand±na½ vasena aµµhaªgasamann±gatena mah±paºidh±nena. Sabbesañhi buddh±na½ k±yappaºidh±na½ imin±va abhin²h±rena samijjhat²ti. Eva½ mah±bhin²h±ravisesena “tath±gato”ti padassa attha½ dassetv± id±ni p±ramip³raºavasena dassetu½– “yath± vipass² bhagav±…pe… kassapo bhagav± d±nap±rami½ p³retv±”ti-±dim±ha.
Ettha ca suttantik±na½ mah±bodhippaµipad±ya kosallajananattha½ k± panet± p±ramiyo, kenaµµhena p±ramiyo, katividh± cet±, ko t±sa½ kamo, k±ni lakkhaºarasapaccupaµµh±napadaµµh±n±ni, ko paccayo, ko sa½kileso, ki½ vod±na½, ko paµipakkho, k± paµipatti, ko vibh±go, ko saªgaho, ko samp±dan³p±yo, kittakena k±lena samp±dana½, ko ±nisa½so, kiñcet±sa½ phalanti p±ram²su aya½ vitth±rakath± veditabb±. S± panes± icchantena d²gh±gamaµ²k±ya½ (d². ni. µ². 1.7) vuttanayeneva veditabb±, na idha dassit±. Yath±vutt±ya paµipad±ya yath±vuttavibh±g±na½ p±ram²na½ p³ritabh±va½ sandh±y±ha– “samati½sa p±ramiyo p³retv±”ti.
Satipi mah±paricc±g±na½ d±nap±ramibh±ve paricc±gavisesabh±vadassanatthañceva sudukkarabh±vadassanatthañca mah±paricc±gehi visu½ gahaºa½. Tatoyeva ca aªgaparicc±gato visu½ nayanaparicc±gaggahaºa½, paricc±gabh±vas±maññepi dhanarajjaparicc±gato puttad±raparicc±gaggahaºañca kata½. Gatapacc±gatikavattasaªkh±t±ya pubbabh±gappaµipad±ya saddhi½ abhiññ±sam±pattinipph±dana½ pubbayogo. D±n±d²suyeva s±tisayappaµipattinipph±dana½ pubbacariy±, y± v± cariy±piµakasaªgahit±. “Abhin²h±ro pubbayogo, d±n±dippaµipatti v± k±yavivekavasena ekacariy± v± pubbacariy±”ti keci. D±n±d²nañceva appicchat±d²nañca sa½s±ranibb±nesu ±d²nav±nisa½s±nañca vibh±vanavasena satt±na½ bodhittaye patiµµh±panaparip±canavasena ca pavatt± kath± dhammakkh±na½. ѱt²na½ atthacariy± ñ±tatthacariy±. S±pi karuº±yanavaseneva. ¾di-saddena lokatthacariy±dayo saªgaºh±ti. Kammassakatañ±ºavasena anavajjakamm±yatanasipp±yatanavijj±µµh±naparicayavasena khandh±yatan±diparicayavasena lakkhaºattayat²raºavasena ca ñ±ºac±ro buddhicariy±. S± pana atthato paññ±p±ram²yeva, ñ±ºasambh±radassanattha½ visu½ gahaºa½. Koµ²ti pariyanto, ukka½soti attho. Catt±ro satipaµµh±ne bh±vetv±ti sambandho. Tattha bh±vetv±ti upp±detv±. Br³hetv±ti va¹¹hetv±. Satipaµµh±n±diggahaºena ±gamanappaµipada½ matthaka½ p±petv± dasseti. Vipassan±sahagat± eva v± satipaµµh±n±dayo daµµhabb±. Ettha ca “yena abhin²h±ren±”ti-±din± ±gamanappaµipad±ya ±di½ dasseti, “d±nap±ramin”ti-±din± majjha½, “catt±ro satipaµµh±ne”ti-±din± pariyos±nanti veditabba½.
Sampatij±toti muhuttaj±to nikkhantamatto. Nikkhantamattañhi mah±satta½ paµhama½ brahm±no suvaººaj±lena paµiggaºhi½su, tesa½ hatthato catt±ro mah±r±j±no ajinappaveºiy±, tesa½ hatthato manuss± duk³lacumbaµakena paµiggaºhi½su, manuss±na½ hatthato muccitv± pathaviya½ patiµµhito. Yath±h±ti-±din± mah±pad±nadesan±ya vuttavacana½ nidasseti. Setamhi chatteti dibbasetacchatte. Anudh±riyam±neti dh±riyam±ne. Ettha ca chattaggahaºeneva khagg±d²ni pañca kakudhabhaº¹±ni vutt±nev±ti daµµhabba½. Khaggat±lavaºµamorahatthakav±lab²jani-uºh²sapaµµ±pi hi chattena saha tad± upaµµhit± ahesu½. Chatt±d²niyeva ca tad± paññ±yi½su, na chatt±digg±hak±. Sabb± ca dis±ti dasa dis±, nayida½ sabbadis±vilokana½ sattapadav²tih±ruttarak±la½. Mah±satto hi manuss±na½ hatthato muccitv± puratthima½ disa½ olokesi, tattha devamanuss± gandham±l±d²hi p³jayam±n±, “mah±purisa, idha tumhehi sadisopi natthi, kuto uttaritaro”ti ±ha½su. Eva½ catasso dis± catasso anudis± heµµh± upar²ti sabb± dis± anuviloketv± sabbattha attan± sadisa½ adisv± “aya½ uttar± dis±”ti sattapadav²tih±rena agam±si. ¾sabhinti uttama½. Aggoti sabbapaµhamo. Jeµµhoti seµµhoti ca tasseva vevacana½. Ayamantim± j±ti, natthi d±ni punabbhavoti imasmi½ attabh±ve pattabba½ arahatta½ by±k±si. “Anekesa½ vises±dhigam±na½ pubbanimittabh±ven±”ti sa½khittena vuttamattha½ “yañh²”ti-±din± vitth±rato dasseti. Tattha etth±ti–
“Anekas±khañca sahassamaº¹ala½,
chatta½ mar³ dh±rayumantalikkhe;
suvaººadaº¹± v²tipatanti c±mar±,
na dissare c±marachattag±hak±”ti. (Su. ni. 693)–

Imiss± g±th±ya. Sabbaññutaññ±ºameva sabbattha appaµihatac±rat±ya an±varaºañ±ºanti ±ha– “sabbaññut±n±varaºañ±ºapaµil±bhass±”ti. Tath± aya½ bhagav±pi gato…pe… pubbanimittabh±ven±ti etena abhij±tiya½ dhammat±vasena uppajjanakavises± sabbabodhisatt±na½ s±dh±raº±ti dasseti. P±ramit±nissand± hi teti.

Vikkam²ti agam±si. Mar³ti dev±. Sam±ti vilokanasamat±ya sam± sadisiyo. Mah±puriso hi yath± eka½ disa½ vilokesi, eva½ sesadis±pi, na katthaci vilokane vibandho tassa ahos²ti. Sam±ti v± viloketu½ yutt±ti attho. Na hi tad± bodhisattassa vir³pab²bhacchavisamar³p±ni viloketu½ ayutt±ni dis±su upaµµhahant²ti.
“Eva½ tath± gato”ti k±yagamanaµµhena gatasaddena tath±gatasadda½ niddisitv± id±ni ñ±ºagamanaµµhena ta½ dassetu½– “atha v±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha nekkhammen±ti alobhappadh±nena kusalacittupp±dena. Kusal± hi dhamm± idha nekkhamma½, na pabbajj±dayo. “Paµhamajjh±nen±”ti ca vadanti. Pah±y±ti pajahitv±. Gato adhigato, paµipanno uttarivisesanti attho. Pah±y±ti v± pah±nahetu, pah±nalakkhaºa½ v±. Hetulakkhaºattho hi aya½ pah±yasaddo. K±macchand±dippah±nahetukañhi “gato”ti ettha vutta½ gamana½ avabodho, paµipatti eva v± k±macchand±dippah±nena ca lakkh²yati. Esa nayo pad±letv±ti-±d²supi. Aby±p±den±ti mett±ya. ¾lokasaññ±y±ti vibh³ta½ katv± manasikaraºena upaµµhita-±lokasañj±nanena. Avikkhepen±ti sam±dhin±. Dhammavavatth±nen±ti kusal±didhamm±na½ y±th±vanicchayena. “Sappaccayan±mar³pavavatth±nen±”tipi vadanti. Eva½ k±macchand±din²varaºappah±nena “abhijjha½ loke pah±y±”ti-±din± (vibha. 508) vutt±ya paµhamajjh±nassa pubbabh±gappaµipad±ya bhagavato tath±gatabh±va½ dassetv± id±ni saha up±yena aµµhahi sam±patt²hi aµµh±rasahi ca mah±vipassan±hi ta½ dassetu½– “ñ±ºen±”ti-±dim±ha. N±mar³papariggahakaªkh±vitaraº±nañhi vibandhabh³tassa mohassa d³r²karaºena ñ±tapariññ±ya½ µhitassa aniccasaññ±dayo sijjhanti, tath± jh±nasam±patt²su abhiratinimittena p±mojjena tattha anabhiratiy± vinodit±ya jh±n±d²na½ samadhigamoti sam±pattivipassan±na½ arativinodana-avijj±pad±lan±di-up±yo, uppaµip±µiniddeso pana n²varaºasabh±v±ya avijj±ya heµµh± n²varaºesupi saªgahadassanatthanti daµµhabbo. Sam±pattivih±rappavesavibandhanena n²varaº±ni kav±µasadis±n²ti ±ha– “n²varaºakav±µa½ uggh±µetv±”ti.
“Ratti½ vitakketv± vic±retv± div± kammante payojet²”ti (ma. ni. 1.251) vuttaµµh±ne vitakkavic±r± dh³m±yan± adhippet±ti ±ha– “vitakkavic±radh³man”ti. Kiñc±pi paµhamajjh±n³pac±reyeva dukkha½, catutthajjh±nopac±reyeva ca sukha½ pah²yati, atisayappah±na½ pana sandh±y±ha– “catutthajjh±nena sukhadukkha½ pah±y±”ti. R³pasaññ±ti saññ±s²sena r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni ceva tad±rammaº±ni ca vutt±ni. R³p±vacarajjh±nampi hi “r³pan”ti vuccati uttarapadalopena “r³p² r³p±ni passat²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.248; 3.312; dha. sa. 248; paµi. ma. 1.209). Tassa ±rammaºampi kasiºar³pa½ “r³pan”ti vuccati purimapadalopena “bahiddh± r³p±ni passati suvaººadubbaºº±n²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.173-174; ma. ni. 2.249; dha. sa. 244-245). Tasm± idha r³pe r³pajjh±ne ta½sahagatasaññ± r³pasaññ±ti eva½ saññ±s²sena r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni vutt±ni. R³pa½ saññ± ass±ti r³pasañña½, r³passa n±manti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ pathav²kasiº±dibhedassa tad±rammaºassa ceta½ adhivacananti veditabba½. Paµighasaññ±ti cakkh±d²na½ vatth³na½ r³p±d²na½ ±rammaº±nañca paµigh±tena paµihananena visayivisayasamodh±ne samuppann± dvipañcaviññ±ºasahagat± saññ± paµighasaññ±. N±nattasaññ±yoti n±natte gocare pavatt± saññ±, n±natt± v± saññ± n±nattasaññ±, aµµha k±m±vacarakusalasaññ±, dv±dasa akusalasaññ±, ek±dasa k±m±vacarakusalavip±kasaññ±, dve akusalavip±kasaññ±, ek±dasa k±m±vacarakiriyasaññ±ti et±sa½ catucatt±l²sasaññ±nameta½ adhivacana½. Et± hi yasm± r³pasaññ±dibhede n±natte n±n±sabh±ve gocare pavattanti, yasm± ca n±natt± n±n±sabh±v± aññamañña½ asadis±, tasm± “n±nattasaññ±”ti vuccanti.
Aniccassa, aniccanti v± anupassan± anicc±nupassan±, tebh³makadhamm±na½ aniccata½ gahetv± pavatt±ya anupassan±yeta½ n±ma½. Niccasaññanti saªkhatadhamme “nicc± sassat±”ti pavatta½ micch±sañña½. Saññ±s²sena diµµhicitt±nampi gahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Esa nayo ito paresupi. Nibbid±nupassan±y±ti saªkh±resu nibbijjan±k±rena pavatt±ya anupassan±ya. Nandinti sapp²tikataºha½. Vir±g±nupassan±y±ti saªkh±resu virajjan±k±rena pavatt±ya anupassan±ya. Nirodh±nupassan±y±ti saªkh±r±na½ nirodhassa anupassan±ya. “Te saªkh±r± nirujjhantiyeva, ±yati½ samudayavasena na uppajjant²”ti eva½ v± anupassan± nirodh±nupassan±. Tenev±ha– “nirodh±nupassan±ya nirodheti, no samudet²”ti. Muccitukamyat± hi aya½ balappatt±ti. Paµinissajjan±k±rena pavatt± anupassan± paµinissagg±nupassan±. Paµisaªkh± santiµµhan± hi aya½. ¾d±nanti nicc±divasena gahaºa½. Santatisam³hakicc±rammaº±na½ vasena ekattaggahaºa½ ghanasaññ±. ¾y³hana½ abhisaªkharaºa½. Avatth±vises±patti vipariº±mo. Dhuvasaññanti thirabh±vaggahaºa½. Nimittanti sam³h±dighanavasena sakiccaparicchedat±ya ca saªkh±r±na½ saviggahaggahaºa½. Paºidhinti r±g±dipaºidhi½. S± panatthato taºh±vasena saªkh±resu nandit±. Abhinivesanti att±nudiµµhi½.