13. Ekapuggalavaggavaŗŗan±

170. Ekapuggalass±ti ekapuggalavaggassa. Ten±ha– “paµhame”ti. Ekoti gaŗanaparicchedo, tato eva dutiy±dipaµikkhepattho. Padh±n±sah±yatthopi ekasaddo hot²ti tannivattanattha½ “gaŗanaparicchedo”ti ±ha. Sammutiy± desan± sammutidesan±. Paramatthassa desan± paramatthadesan±. Tatth±ti sammutiparamatthadesan±su, na sammutiparamatthesu. Ten±ha– “evar³p± sammutidesan±, evar³p± paramatthadesan±”ti. Tatrida½ sammutiparamatth±na½ lakkhaŗa½– yasmi½ bhinne, buddhiy± v± avayavavinibbhoge kate na ta½samańń±, s± ghaµapaµ±dippabhed± sammuti, tabbipariy±yena paramatth±. Na hi kakkha¼aphusan±disabh±ve so nayo labbhati. Tattha r³p±didhammasam³ha½ sant±navasena pavattam±na½ up±d±ya puggalavoh±roti puggaloti sammutidesan±. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Upp±davayavanto sabh±vadhamm± na nicc±ti anicc±ti ±ha– “aniccanti paramatthadesan±”ti. Esa nayo sesapadesupi. Nanu khandhadesan±pi sammutidesan±va. R±saµµho v± hi khandhaµµho koµµh±saµµho v±ti? Saccameta½, aya½ pana khandhasamańń± phass±d²su pavattatajj±pańńatti viya paramatthasannissay± tassa ±sannatar±, puggalasamańń±dayo viya na d³reti paramatthasaŖgah± vutt±. Khandhas²sena v± tadup±d±nasabh±vadhamm± eva gahit±. Nanu ca sabh±vadhamm± sabbepi sammutimukheneva desana½ ±rohanti, na samukhen±ti sabb±pi desan± sammutidesan±va siy±ti? Nayidameva½, desetabbadhammavibh±gena desan±vibh±gassa adhippetatt±. Na hi saddo kenaci pavattinimittena vin± attha½ pak±set²ti.
Sammutivasena desana½ sutv±ti “idhekacco puggalo attantapo hoti attaparit±p±nuyogamanuyutto”ti-±din± (pu. pa. 174) sammutimukhena pavattitadesana½ sutamayań±ŗupp±davasena sutv±. Attha½ paµivijjhitv±ti tadanus±rena catusaccasaŖkh±ta½ attha½ saha vipassan±ya maggapańń±ya paµivijjhitv±. Moha½ pah±y±ti tadekaµµhakilesehi saddhi½ anavasesa½ moha½ pajahitv±. Visesanti aggaphalanibb±nasaŖkh±ta½ visesa½. Tesanti t±dis±na½ veneyy±na½. Paramatthavasen±ti “pańcim±ni, bhikkhave, indriy±n²”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 5.471-476 ±dayo) paramatthadhammavasena. Sesa½ anantaranaye vuttasadisameva.
Tatr±ti tassa½ sammutivasena paramatthavasena ca desan±ya½. Desabh±s±kusaloti n±n±desabh±s±su kusalo. Tiŗŗa½ ved±nanti nidassanamatta½, tiŗŗa½ ved±na½ sippuggahaŗaµµh±n±namp²ti adhipp±yo. Teneva sippuggahaŗa½ parato vakkhati. Sipp±ni v± vijj±µµh±nabh±vena vedantogadh±ni katv± “tiŗŗa½ ved±nan”ti vutta½. Kathetabbabh±vena µhit±ni, na katthaci sannicitabh±ven±ti ved±nampi kathetabbabh±veneva µh±na½ d²pento “guh± t²ŗi nihit± na gayhant²”ti-±dimicch±v±da½ paµikkhipati. N±n±vidh± desabh±s± etesanti n±n±desabh±s±.
Paramo uttamo attho paramattho, dhamm±na½ yath±bh³tasabh±vo. LokasaŖketamattasiddh± sammuti. Yadi eva½ katha½ sammutikath±ya saccat±ti ±ha– “lokasammutik±raŗ±”ti, lokasamańńa½ niss±ya pavattanatoti attho. Lokasamańń± hi abhinivesena vińńeyy±, n±ńń±pan± ekaccassa sutassa s±van± viya na mus± anatidh±vitabbato tass±. Ten±ha bhagav±– “janapadanirutti½ n±bhiniveseyya, samańńa½ n±tidh±vaye”ti. Dhamm±nanti sabh±vadhamm±na½. Bh³tak±raŗ±ti yath±bh³tak±raŗ± yath±bh³ta½ niss±ya pavattanato. Sammuti½ voharantass±ti “puggalo, satto”ti-±din± lokasamańńa½ kathentassa.
Hirottappad²panatthanti lokap±lanakicce hirottappadhamme kiccato pak±setu½. Tesańhi kicca½ sattasant±ne eva p±kaµa½ hot²ti puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya kath±ya ta½ vattabba½. Esa nayo sesesupi. Yasmińhi cittupp±de kamma½ uppanna½, ta½sant±ne eva tassa phalassa uppatti kammassakat±. Evańhi katavińń±ŗan±so akat±gamo ca natth²ti s± puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya eva desan±ya d²petabb±. Tehi sattehi k±tabbapuńńakiriy± paccattapurisak±ro. Sopi sant±navasena niµµhapetabbato puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya eva kath±ya d²petabbo. ¾nantariyad²panatthanti cuti-anantara½ phala½ anantara½ n±ma, tasmi½ anantare niyutt±ni ta½nibbattanena anantarakaraŗas²l±ni, anantarakaraŗapayojan±ni v±ti ±nantariy±ni, m±tugh±t±d²ni, tesa½ d²panattha½. T±nipi hi sant±navasena niµµhapetabbato “m±tara½ j²vit± voropet²”ti-±din± (paµµh±. 1.1.423) puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya eva kath±ya d²petabb±ni, tath± “so mett±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharat²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.556; 3.308; ma. ni. 1.77; 2.309; 3.230; vibha. 642-643) “so anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati ekampi j±tin”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.244-245; ma. ni. 1.148, 384, 431; p±r±. 12), “atthi dakkhiŗ± d±yakato visujjhati, no paµigg±hakato”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.381) ca pavatt± brahmavih±rapubbeniv±sadakkhiŗ±visuddhikath± puggal±dhiµµh±n± eva katv± d²petabb± sattasant±navisayatt±. “Aµµha purisapuggal± (sa½. ni. 1.249) na samayavimutto puggalo”ti-±din± (pu. pa. 2) ca paramatthakatha½ kathentopi lokasammutiy± appah±nattha½ puggalakatha½ katheti. Etena vutt±vases±ya kath±ya puggal±dhiµµh±nabh±ve payojana½ s±mańńavasena saŖgahitanti daµµhabba½. K±mańceta½ sabba½ aparińń±tavatthuk±na½ vasena vutta½, parińń±tavatthuk±nampi pana eva½ desan± sukh±vah± hoti.
Ekapuggaloti visiµµhasam±c±r±passayavirahito ekapuggalo. Buddh±nańhi s²l±diguŗena sadevake loke visiµµho n±ma koci natthi, tath± sadisopi sam±nak±le. Ten±ha– “na imasmi½ loke parasmi½ v± pana buddhena seµµho sadiso ca vijjat²”ti (vi. va. 1047; kath±. 799), tasm± sadisopi koci natthi. H²nopi apassayabh³to nattheva. Tena vutta½– “visiµµhasam±c±r±passayavirahito ekapuggalo”ti. Ye ca s²l±diguŗehi natthi etesa½ sam±ti asam±, purimak± samm±sambuddh±. Tehi samo majjhe bhinnasuvaŗŗanekkha½ viya nibbisiµµhoti asamasamaµµhenapi ekapuggalo ańńassa t±disassa abh±v±. Tena vutta½– “asadisaµµhen±”ti-±di.
Sattaloko adhippeto sattanik±ye uppajjanato. Manussaloke eva uppajjati devabrahmalok±na½ buddh±na½ uppattiy± anok±sabh±vato. K±madevaloke t±va nuppajjati brahmacariyav±sassa aµµh±nabh±vato tath± anacchariyabh±vato. Acchariyadhamm± hi buddh± bhagavanto. Tesa½ s± acchariyadhammat± devattabh±ve µhit±na½ loke na p±kaµ± hoti yath± manussabh³t±na½. Devabh³te hi samm±sambuddhe dissam±na½ buddh±nubh±va½ dev±nubh±vatova loke dahati, na buddh±nubh±vato. Tath± sati “aya½ samm±sambuddho”ti n±dhimuccati na sampas²dati, issarakuttagg±ha½ na vissajjeti, devattabh±vassa ca cirak±l±vaµµh±nato ekaccasassatav±dato na parimuccati. Brahmaloke nuppajjat²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Satt±na½ t±disagg±havinimocanatthańhi buddh± bhagavanto manussasugatiya½yeva uppajjanti, na devasugatiya½. Yasm± ima½ cakkav±¼a½ majjhe katv± imin± saddhi½ cakkav±¼±na½ dasasahassasseva j±tikkhettabh±vo d²pito ito ańńassa buddh±na½ uppattiµµh±nassa tepiµake buddhavacane ±gataµµh±nassa abh±vato. Tasm± vutta½– “imasmi½yeva cakkav±¼e uppajjat²”ti.
Idha uppajjantopi kasm± jambud²pe eva uppajjati, na sesad²pes³ti? Keci t±va ±hu– “yasm± pathaviy± n±bhibh³t± buddhabh±vasah± acalaµµh±nabh³t± bodhimaŗ¹abh³mi jambud²pe eva tasm± jambud²pe eva uppajjat²”ti. Eteneva “tattha majjhimadese eva uppajjat²”ti etampi sa½vaŗŗitanti daµµhabba½ tath± itaresampi avijahitaµµh±n±na½ tattheva labbhanato. Yasm± purimabuddh±na½ mah±bodhisatt±na½ paccekabuddh±nańca nibbattiy± s±vakabodhisatt±na½ s±vakabodhiy± abhin²h±ro s±vakap±ramiy± sambharaŗaparip±canańca buddhakkhettabh³te imasmi½yeva cakkav±¼e jambud²pe eva ijjhati, na ańńattha. Veneyyajanavinayanattho ca buddhupp±do, tasm± aggas±vakamah±s±vak±diveneyyavises±pekkh±ya imasmi½ jambud²pe eva buddh± nibbattanti, na sesad²pesu. Ayańca nayo sabbabuddh±na½ ±ciŗŗasam±ciŗŗoti tesa½ uttamapuris±na½ tattheva uppatti sampatticakk±na½ viya ańńamańń³panissayat±ya daµµhabb±. Tena vutta½– aµµhakath±ya½ “t²su d²pesu buddh± na nibbattanti, jambud²pe eva nibbattant²ti d²pa½ pass²”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 2.17; bu. va½. aµµha. 27 avid³renid±nakath±).
Ubhayampida½ vippakatavacanameva upp±dakiriy±ya vattam±nak±likatt±. Uppajjam±noti v± uppajjitu½ samattho. Satti-attho c±ya½ m±na-saddo. Y±vat± hi s±matthiyena mah±bodhisatt±na½ carimabhave uppatti icchitabb±, tatthakena bodhisambh±rasambh³tena paripuŗŗena samann±gatoti attho. Bhedoti viseso. Tameva hi tividha½ visesa½ dassetu½– “esa h²”ti-±di vutta½. AµµhaŖgasamann±gatassa mah±bhin²h±rassa siddhak±lato paµµh±ya mah±bodhisatto buddhabh±v±ya niyatabh±vappattat±ya bodhisambh±rapaµipada½ paµipajjam±no yath±vuttas±matthiyayogena uppajjam±no n±m±ti attho upp±dassa ekantikatt±. Pariyesantoti vicinanto. Paripakkagate ń±ŗeti imin± tato pubbe ń±ŗassa aparipakkat±ya eva laddh±vasar±ya kammapilotiy± vasena bodhisatto tath± mah±padh±na½ padah²ti dasseti. Arahattaphalakkhaŗe uppanno n±ma “uppanno hot²”ti vattabbatt±. ¾gatova n±ma hetusampad±ya sammadeva nipphannatt±.
Hitatth±y±ti lokiyalokuttarassa hitassa siddhiy±. Sukhatth±y±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Tass±ti tassa sattalokassa. So pan±ya½ sattaloko yena anukkamena dhamm±bhisamaya½ p±puŗi, ta½ teneva anukkamena dassento “mah±bodhimaŗ¹e”ti-±dim±ha. Y±vajjadivas±ti ettha ajja-saddena s±sanassa avaµµh±nak±la½ vadati. Devamanuss±nanti ukkaµµhaniddesoti dassetu½– “na kevalan”ti-±di vutta½. Etesamp²ti n±gasupaŗŗ±d²nampi.
Aya½ pucch±ti imin± “katamo”ti padassa s±mańńato pucch±bh±vo dassito, na visesatoti tassa pucch±visesabh±vań±panattha½ mah±niddese (mah±ni. 150) ±gat± sabb±pi pucch± atthuddh±ranayena dasseti “pucch± ca n±mes±”ti-±din±. Adiµµha½ jot²yati et±y±ti adiµµhajotan±. Diµµha½ sa½sand²yati et±y±ti diµµhasa½sandan±. Sa½sandanańca s±kacch±vasena vinicchayakaraŗa½. Vimati½ chindati et±y±ti vimaticchedan±. Anumatiy± pucch± anumatipucch±. “Ta½ ki½ mańńatha, bhikkhave”ti-±di pucch±ya “k± tumh±ka½ anumat²”ti anumati pucchit± hoti. Kathetukamyat±pucch±ti kathetukamyat±ya pucch±. Lakkhaŗanti ń±tu½ icchito yo koci sabh±vo. Ańń±tanti yena kenaci ń±ŗena ańń±tabh±vam±ha. Adiµµhanti dassanabh³tena ń±ŗena paccakkha½ viya adiµµhata½. Atulitanti “ettaka½ etan”ti tul±bh³tena atulitata½. At²ritanti t²raŗabh³tena akatań±ŗakiriy±sam±panata½. Avibh³tanti ń±ŗassa ap±kaµabh±va½. Avibh±vitanti ń±ŗena ap±kaµakatabh±va½.