Imasmi½yeva kicceti pacchimay±makicce. Balavat± paccanut±pena sa½va¹¹ham±nena karajak±ye mah±pari¼±ho uppajjat²ti ±ha– “n±mak±ye santatte karajak±yo santatto”ti. Nidh±nagatanti sannicitalohita½ sandh±ya vutta½. Uºha½ lohita½ mukhato uggañch²ti lohita½ uºha½ hutv± mukhato uggañchi. Ýh±nanti bhikkhupaµiñña½. Ta½ p±pa½ va¹¹ham±nanti bhikkhupaµiññ±ya avijahitatt± tath± pava¹¹ham±nap±pa½. Antimavatthu-ajjh±pann±nampi up±yena pavattiyam±no yonisomanasik±ro s±tthako hotiyev±ti dassento “j±tasa½veg±”ti-±dim±ha. Aho sallekhitanti aho ativiya sallekhena ita½ pavatta½. K±s±vapajjototi bhikkh³na½ bahubh±vato ito cito ca vicarant±na½ tesa½ k±s±vajutiy± pajjotito. Isiv±tapariv±toti s²lakkhandh±d²na½ nibb±nassa ca esanato is²na½ bhikkh³na½ guºagandhena ceva guºagandhav±sitena sar²ragandhena ca parito samantato v±yito.
Dhammasa½vego uppajji an±vajjanena pubbe tassa atthassa asa½viditatt±. Dhammasa½vegoti ca t±dise atthe dhammat±vasena uppajjanaka½ sahottappañ±ºa½. Ass±saµµh±nanti cittass±sak±raºa½ kammaµµh±na½. Sabbesa½ kicc±na½ pubbabh±go sabbapubbabh±go. “Sabbe satt± aver± hont³”ti-±din± hi cittassa paµµh±na½ upaµµh±na½ hitapharaºa½. Itara½ ito thoka½ mahantanti katv± ida½ “c³¼acchar±saªgh±tasuttan”ti vutta½. Acchar±saªgh±to vuccati aªguliphoµanakkhaºo akkhinimisak±lo, yo ekassa akkharassa ucc±raºakkhaºo. Ten±ha– “dve aªguliyo paharitv± saddakaraºamattan”ti. Sabbasatt±na½ hitapharaºacittanti sabbesampi satt±na½ sammadeva hitesitavasena pavattacitta½. ¾vajjento ±sevat²ti hitesitavasena ±vajjento. ¾vajjanena ±bhujantopi ±sevati n±ma ñ±ºavippayuttena. J±nantoti tath± ñ±ºamatta½ upp±dentopi. Passantoti tath± ñ±ºacakkhun± paccakkhato viya vipassantopi. Paccavekkhantoti tamattha½ pati pati avekkhantopi. Saddh±ya adhimuccantoti-±di pañcanna½ indriy±na½ vasena vutta½. Abhiññeyyanti-±di catusaccavasena vutta½. Sabbameva ceta½ vitth±rato, s±maññena ±sevanadassanamev±ti idh±dhippetameva ±sevanattha½ dassetu½– “idha pan±”ti-±di vutta½.
Arittajjh±noti avirahitajjh±no. Atucchajjh±noti jh±nena atuccho. C±go v± vevacananti ±ha– “apariccattajjh±no”ti. Viharat²ti padassa vibhaªge (vibha. 540) ±gatanayena attha½ dassento “viharat²ti iriyat²”ti-±dim±ha. Aya½ panettha saddattho– viharat²ti ettha vi-saddo vicchedatthajotano. Harat²ti neti, pavattet²ti attho, vicchinditv± harati viharat²ti vutta½ hoti. So hi eka½ iriy±pathab±dhana½ aññena iriy±pathena vicchinditv± aparipatanta½ attabh±va½ harati pavatteti, tasm± “viharat²”ti vuccati. Iriyat²ti µh±nanisajj±dikiriya½ karonto pavattati. Pavattat²ti µh±n±disamaªg² hutv± pavattati. P±let²ti eka½ iriy±pathab±dhana½ iriy±pathantarehi rakkhanto p±leti. Yapeti y±pet²ti tasseva vevacana½. Ekañhi iriy±pathab±dhana½ aññena iriy±pathena vicchinditv± aparipatanta½ attabh±va½ p±lento yapeti y±pet²ti vuccati. Carat²ti µh±nanisajj±d²su aññatarasamaªg² hutv± pavattati. Imin± paden±ti “viharat²”ti imin± padena.
Iriy±pathavih±roti ettha iriyana½ pavattana½ iriy±, k±yappayogo k±yikakiriy±. Tass± pavattan³p±yabh±vato iriy±ya patho iriy±patho, µh±nanisajj±di. Na hi µh±nanisajj±d²hi avatth±hi vin± kiñci k±yikakiriya½ pavattetu½ sakk±. Ýh±nasamaªg² v± hi k±yena kiñci kareyya, gaman±d²su aññatarasamaªg² v±. Viharaºa½, viharati eten±ti v± vih±ro, iriy±pathova vih±ro iriy±pathavih±ro, so ca atthato µh±nanisajj±di-±k±rappavatto catusantatir³pappabandho eva. Ov±d±nus±san²na½ ek±nekav±r±divisiµµhoyeva bhedo, na pana paramatthato tesa½ n±n±karaºanti dassetu½– “paramatthato pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ese eke ekaµµheti-±d²su eso eko ekatthoti-±din± attho veditabbo.
Raµµhassa raµµhato v± laddho piº¹o raµµhapiº¹o. Ten±ha– “ñ±tiparivaµµa½ pah±y±”ti-±di. Tattha “amh±kamete”ti viññ±yant²ti ñ±t², pit±mahapituputt±divasena parivaµµanaµµhena parivaµµo, ñ±tiyeva parivaµµo ñ±tiparivaµµo. Theyyaparibhogo n±ma anarahassa paribhogo. Bhagavat± hi attano s±sane s²lavato paccay± anuññ±t±, na duss²lassa. D±yak±nampi s²lavato eva paricc±go, na duss²lassa attano k±r±na½ mahapphalabh±vassa pacc±s²sanato. Iti satth±r± ananuññ±tatt± d±yakehi ca apariccattatt± saªghamajjhepi nis²ditv± paribhuñjantassa duss²lassa paribhogo theyy±ya paribhogo theyyaparibhogo. Iºavasena paribhogo iºaparibhogo paµigg±hakato dakkhiº±visuddhiy± abh±vato iºa½ gahetv± paribhogo viy±ti attho.
D±tabbaµµhena d±ya½, ta½ ±diyant²ti d±y±d±, putt±nameta½ adhivacana½, tesa½ bh±vo d±yajja½, d±yajjavasena paribhogo d±yajjaparibhogo, puttabh±vena paribhogoti vutta½ hoti. Sekkh± hi bhikkh³ bhagavato orasaputt±, te pitu santak±na½ d±y±d± hutv± te paccaye paribhuñjanti. Ki½ pana te bhagavato paccaye paribhuñjanti, ud±hu gih²nanti? Gih²hi dinn±pi bhagavat± anuññ±tatt± bhagavato santak± ananuññ±tesu sabbena sabba½ paribhog±bh±vato, anuññ±tesuyeva ca paribhogasambhavato. Dhammad±y±dasuttañcettha s±dhaka½.
V²tar±g± eva taºh±ya d±sabya½ at²tatt± s±mino hutv± paribhuñjant²ti ±ha– “kh²º±savassa paribhogo s±miparibhogo n±m±”ti. Av²tar±g±nañhi taºh±paravasat±ya paccayaparibhoge s±mibh±vo natthi, tadabh±vena v²tar±g±na½ tattha s±mibh±vo yath±ruciparibhogasambhavato. Tath± hi te paµik³lampi appaµik³l±k±rena, appaµik³lampi paµik³l±k±rena, tadubhayampi vajjetv± ajjhupekkhan±k±rena paccaye paribhuñjanti, d±yak±nañca manoratha½ p³renti. Yo pan±ya½ s²lavato paccavekkhitaparibhogo, so iºaparibhogassa paccan²katt± ±ºaºyaparibhogo n±ma hoti. Yath± hi iº±yiko attano ruciy± icchita½ desa½ gantu½ na labhati, eva½ iºaparibhogayutto lokato nissaritu½ na labhat²ti tappaµipakkhatt± s²lavato paccavekkhitaparibhogo “±ºaºyaparibhogo”ti vuccati, tasm± nippariy±yato catuparibhogavinimutto visu½yev±ya½ paribhogoti veditabbo. So idha visu½ na vutto, d±yajjaparibhogeyeva v± saªgaha½ gacchati. S²lav±pi hi im±ya sikkh±ya samann±gatatt± “sekho”tveva vuccati. Imesu paribhogesu s±miparibhogo d±yajjaparibhogo ca ariy±na½ puthujjan±nañca vaµµati, iºaparibhogo na vaµµati. Theyyaparibhoge kath±yeva natthi. Katha½ panettha s±miparibhogo d±yajjaparibhogo ca puthujjan±na½ sambhavati? Upac±ravasena. Yo hi puthujjanassapi sallekhappaµipattiya½ µhitassa paccayagedha½ pah±ya tattha anupalittena cittena paribhogo, so s±miparibhogo viya hoti. S²lavato pana paccavekkhitaparibhogo d±yajjaparibhogo viya hoti d±yak±na½ manorathassa avir±dhanato. Kaly±ºaputhujjanassa paribhoge vattabbameva natthi tassa sekkhasaªgahato. Sekkhasutta½ (sa½. ni. 5.13) hetassa atthassa s±dhaka½.
Imassa bhikkhunoti acchar±saªgh±tamattampi k±la½ mettacitta½ ±sevantassa bhikkhuno. Amogho raµµhapiº¹aparibhogoti “aya½ pabbajito samaºo bhikkh³ti ±misa½ dent±na½ t±ya mett±sevan±ya attano sant±ne dosamalassa v± tadekaµµh±nañca p±padhamm±na½ pabb±janato v³pasamanato sa½s±re ca bhayassa samm±va ikkhaºato ajjh±sayassa avisa½v±danenassa amogho raµµhapiº¹aparibhogo. Mahaµµhiyanti mahatthika½ mah±payojana½. Mahapphalanti vipulapphala½. Mah±nisa½santi mah±nissandapphala½. Mah±jutikanti mah±nubh±va½. Mah±vipph±ranti mah±vitth±ra½. Ettha ca paµhama½ k±raºa½ mett±sevan±ya tassa bhikkhuno s±mi-±dibh±vena raµµhapiº¹aparibhog±rahat±, dutiya½ parehi dinnassa d±nassa mahaµµhiyabh±vakaraºa½. Ko pana v±doti mett±ya ±sevanamattampi eva½mah±nubh±va½, ko pana v±do bahul²k±re, ettha vattabbameva natth²”ti attho.
54. Catutthe upp±deti va¹¹het²ti ettha bh±van±saddassa upp±danava¹¹hanatthat± pubbe vutt± eva.
55. Pañcame imesu dv²s³ti catutthapañcamesu. “Tatiye vuttanayeneva veditabban”ti vatv± tath± veditabbata½ dassetu½– “yo hi ±sevat²”ti-±di vutta½. Tena ±sevan±bh±van±manasik±r±na½ atthavises±bh±vam±ha. Yadi eva½ suttantassa desan± kathanti ±ha– “samm±sambuddho pan±”ti-±di. Y±ya dhammadh±tuy±ti sabbaññutaññ±ºam±ha. Tena hi dhamm±na½ ±k±rabheda½ ñatv± tadanur³pa½ ekampi dhamma½ tath± vibhajitv± bhagav± dasseti. T²hi koµµh±seh²ti ±sevan±bh±van±manasik±rabh±gehi. Mett± hi sabbavatthuno mett±yanavasena ±n²t± sevan± ±sevan±, tass± va¹¹han± bh±van±, avissajjetv± manasi µhapana½ manasik±ro.
56. Chaµµhe aniyamitavacana½ “ime n±m±”ti niyametv± avuttatt±. Niyamitavacana½ “akusal±”ti sar³peneva vuttatt±. Asesato pariy±dinn± honti appakassapi akusalabh±gassa aggahitassa abh±vato. Akusala½ bhajant²ti akusalabh±giy±. Akusalapakkhe bhav±ti akusalapakkhik±. Ten±ha– “akusal±yev±”ti-±di. Paµhamatara½ gacchat²ti paµhamatara½ pavattati, paµhamo padh±no hutv± vattat²ti attho. Ekupp±d±divasena hi ekajjha½ pavattam±nesu cat³su ar³pakkhandhesu ayameva paµhama½ uppajjat²ti ida½ natthi, lokuttaramaggesu viya pana paññindriyassa, lokiyadhammesu manindriyassa puretarassa bh±vo s±tisayoti “sabbete manopubbaªgam±”ti vutta½. Tath± hi abhidhammepi (dha. sa. 1) “yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½ kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hot²”ti citta½ pubbaªgama½ jeµµha½ katv± desan± pavatt±. Suttesupi vutta½– “manopubbaªgam± dhamm± (dha. pa. 1, 2), chadv±r±dhipati r±j±”ti (dha. pa. aµµha. 2.buddhavaggo, erakapattan±gar±javatthu). Ten±ha– “ete h²”ti-±di. Tesa½ mano upp±dakoti ca yadaggena mano sampayuttadhamm±na½ jeµµhako hutv± pavattati, tadaggena te att±na½ anuvatt±pento te tath± upp±dento n±ma hot²ti katv± vutta½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana cittassa jeµµhakabh±vameva sandh±ya r±jagamanaññ±yena sahuppattipi paµhamuppatti viya katv± vutt±ti ayamattho dassito. Anvadev±ti eteneva cittassa khaºavasena paµhamuppattiy± abh±vo d²pitoti daµµhabbo. Tenev±ha– “ekatoyev±ti attho”ti.
57. Sattame catubh³mak±pi kusal± dhamm± kathit±ti “ye keci kusal± dhamm±”ti anavasesapariy±d±nato vutta½.
58. Aµµhame idanti liªgavipall±sena niddeso, nip±tapada½ v± eta½ “yadidan”ti-±d²su viy±ti ±ha– “aya½ pam±doti attho”ti. Pamajjan±k±roti pam±d±patti. Cittassa vossaggoti imesu ettakesu µh±nesu satiy± aniggaºhitv± cittassa vossajjana½ sativiraho. Vossagg±nuppad±nanti vossaggassa anu anu pad±na½ punappuna½ vissajjana½. Asakkaccakiriyat±ti etesa½ d±n±d²na½ kusaladhamm±na½ pavattane puggalassa v± deyyadhammassa v± asakkaccakiriy±. Satatabh±vo s±tacca½, s±taccena kiriy± s±taccakiriy±, s±yeva s±taccakiriyat±, na s±taccakiriyat± as±taccakiriyat±. Anaµµhitakiriyat±ti aniµµhitakiriyat± nirantara½ na anuµµhitakiriyat± ca. Ol²navuttit±ti nirantarakaraºasaªkh±tassa vipph±rassa abh±vena ol²navuttit±. Nikkhittachandat±ti kusalakiriy±ya v²riyachandassa nikkhittabh±vo. Nikkhittadhurat±ti v²riyadhurassa oropana½, osakkitam±nasat±ti attho. Anadhiµµh±nanti kusalakaraºe appatiµµhitabh±vo. Ananuyogoti ananuyuñjana½. Kusaladhammesu ±sevan±d²na½ abh±vo an±sevan±dayo. Pam±doti sar³paniddeso. Pamajjan±ti ±k±raniddeso. Pamajjitattanti bh±vaniddeso. Parih±yant²ti imin± pam±dassa s±vajjata½ dasseti. Tayida½ lokiy±na½ vasena, na lokuttar±nanti ±ha– “uppann±…pe… idan”ti-±di.
59. Navame na pamajjati eten±ti appam±do, pam±dassa paµipakkho satiy± avippav±so. Atthato nicca½ upaµµhit±ya satiy± eta½ n±ma½. Pam±do pana satiy± satisampajaññassa v± paµipakkhabh³to akusalacittupp±do daµµhabbo. Ten±ha– “pam±dassa paµipakkhavasena vitth±rato veditabbo”ti.
60. Dasame kucchita½ s²dat²ti kus²to da-k±rassa ta-k±ra½ katv±, tassa bh±vo kosajja½, ±lasiyanti attho.
Acchar±saªgh±tavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.