6. Acchar±saŖgh±tavaggavaŗŗan±

51. Chaµµhassa paµhame assutav±ti ettha “s±dhu pańń±ŗav± naro”ti-±d²su (j±. 2.18.101) atthit±mattassa bodhako v±-saddo. “S²lav± hoti kaly±ŗadhammo”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.381) pasa½s±visiµµh±ya atthit±ya. “Pańńav± hoti udayatthag±miniy± pańń±ya samann±gato”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.317; ma. ni. 2.25) atisayatthavisiµµh±ya atthit±ya, tasm± yassa pasattha½ atisayena v± suta½ atthi, so sutav±, sa½kilesaviddha½sanasamattha½ pariyattidhammassavana½, ta½ sutv± tathatt±ya paµipatti ca “sutav±”ti imin± padena pak±sit±. Sotabbayutta½ sutv± kattabbanipphattivasena suŗ²ti v± sutav±, tappaµikkhepena na sutav±ti assutav±.
Ayańhi ak±ro “ahetuk± dhamm± (dha. sa. 2 dukam±tik±), abhikkhuko ±v±so”ti-±d²su (p±ci. 1047) ta½sam±yoganivattiya½ diµµho. “Appaccay± dhamm±”ti (dha. sa. 7 dukam±tik±) ta½sambandhibh±vanivattiya½. Paccayuppannańhi paccayasambandh²ti apaccayuppannatt± ata½sambandhit± ettha jotit±. “Anidassan± dhamm±”ti (dha. sa. 9 dukam±tik±) ta½sabh±vanivattiya½. Nidassanańhi ettha daµµhabbat±. Atha v± passat²ti nidassana½, cakkhuvińń±ŗa½. Taggahetabbat±nivattiya½, tath± “an±sav± dhamm±”ti (dha. sa. 15 dukam±tik±). “Appaµigh± dhamm± (dha. sa. 10 dukam±tik±) an±rammaŗ± dhamm±”ti (dha. sa. 55 dukam±tik±) ta½kiccanivattiya½. “Ar³pino dhamm± acetasik±dhamm±”ti ta½sabh±vanivattiya½. Tadańńat± hi idha pak±sit±. “Amanusso”ti tabbh±vamattanivattiya½. Manussattamatta½ natthi, ańńa½ ta½sadisanti. Sadisat± hi ettha s³cit±. “Assamaŗo samaŗapaµińńo abrahmac±r² brahmac±ripaµińńo”ti (a. ni. 3.13) ca ta½sambh±van²yaguŗanivattiya½. Garah± hi idha ń±yati. “Kacci bhoto an±maya½ (j±. 1.15.146; 2.20.129) anudar± kańń±”ti ca tadanappabh±vanivattiya½. “Anuppann± dhamm±”ti (dha. sa. 17 tikam±tik±) ta½sadisabh±vanivattiya½. At²t±nańhi uppannapubbatt± upp±didhamm±nańca paccayekadesasiddhiy± ±raddhupp±dabh±vato k±lavinimuttassa ca vijjam±natt± uppann±nuk³lat±, pageva paccuppann±nanti tabbidhurat± hettha vińń±yati. “Asekkh± dhamm±”ti (dha. sa. 11 tikam±tik±) tadapariyos±nanivattiya½. Tanniµµh±nańhettha pak±sitanti eva½ anekesa½ atth±na½ jotako. Idha pana “ar³pino dhamm± (dha. sa. 11 dukam±tik±), acetasik± dhamm±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 57 dukam±tik±) viya ta½sabh±vanivattiya½ daµµhabbo, ańńattheti attho. Etenassa sut±diń±ŗaviraha½ dasseti. Tena vutta½– “±gam±dhigam±bh±v± ńeyyo assutav± it²”ti.
Id±ni tassattha½ vivaranto “yo h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yasm± khandhadh±t±dikosallenapi upakkilesa-upakkiliµµh±na½ j±nanahetubh³ta½ b±husacca½ hoti. Yath±ha– “kitt±vat± nu kho, bhante, bahussuto hoti? Yato kho, bhikkhu, khandhakusalo hoti. Dh±tu…pe… ±yatana…pe… paµiccasamupp±dakusalo hoti. Ett±vat± kho, bhikkhu, bahussuto hot²”ti. Tasm± “yassa ca khandhadh±tu-±yatanapaccay±k±rasatipaµµh±n±d²s³”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha v±cuggatakaraŗa½ uggaho. Atthaparipucchana½ puripucch±. Kusalehi saha codan±pariharaŗavasena vinicchayakaraŗa½ vinicchayo. ¾cariye pana payirup±sitv± atthadhamm±na½ ±gamana½ sutamayań±ŗavasena avabujjhana½ ±gamo. Maggaphalanibb±n±na½ sacchikiriy± adhigamo.
Bah³na½ n±nappak±r±na½ sakk±yadiµµh±d²na½ avihatatt± t± janenti, t±hi v± janit±ti puthujjan±. Avigh±tameva v± jana-saddo vadati. Puthu satth±r±na½ mukhullokik±ti ettha puth³ jan± satthupaµińń± etesanti puthujjan±. Sabbagat²hi avuµµhit±ti ettha janetabb±, j±yanti v± ettha satt±ti jan±, gatiyo, t± puth³ etesanti puthujjan±. Ito pare j±yanti eteh²ti jan±, abhisaŖkh±r±dayo, te etesa½ puth³ vijjant²ti puthujjan±. AbhisaŖkh±r±di-attho eva v± jana-saddo daµµhabbo. Ogh± k±mogh±dayo. R±gaggi-±dayo sant±p±. Te eva sabbepi v± kiles± pari¼±h±. Puthu pańcasu k±maguŗesu ratt±ti ettha j±yat²ti jano, r±go gedhoti evam±diko, puthu jano etesanti puthujjan±. Puth³su jan± j±t± ratt±ti eva½ r±g±di-attho eva v± jana-saddo daµµhabbo.
Ratt±ti vattha½ viya raŖgaj±tena cittassa vipariŗ±makarena chandar±gena ratt± s±ratt±. Giddh±ti abhikaŖkhanasabh±vena abhigijjhanena giddh± gedha½ ±pann±. Gadhit±ti ganthit± viya dummocan²yabh±vena tattha paµibaddh±. Mucchit±ti kilesavasena visańńibh³t± viya anańńakicc± moham±pann±. Ajjhopann±ti anańńas±dh±raŗe viya katv± gilitv± pariniµµh±petv± µhit±. Lagg±ti vaŖkakaŗµake viya ±satt±, mah±palipe y±va n±sikagg± palipannapuriso viya uddharitu½ asakkuŗeyyabh±vena nimugg± Laggit±ti makkaµ±lepe ±laggabh±vena sammasito viya makkaµo pańcanna½ indriy±na½ vasena ±laggit±. Palibuddh±ti sambaddh±, upaddut± v±. ¾vut±ti ±varit±. Nivut±ti niv±rit±. Ovut±ti paliguŗµhit±, pariyonaddh± v±. Pihit±ti pidahit±. Paµicchann±ti ch±dit±. Paµikujjit±ti heµµh±mukhaj±t±.
“Assutav±”ti etena avijjandhat± vutt±ti ±ha– “andhaputhujjano vutto”ti. Cittaµµhiti cittapariggaho natth²ti y±ya paµipattiy± cittassa upakkilesa½ tato vippamuttińca yath±sabh±vato j±neyya, s± cittabh±van± cittaµµhiti. Ek±rammaŗe suµµhu sam±dh±navasena avaµµhiti½ p±daka½ katv± pavattit± sampayuttadhammehi nissay±rammaŗehi ca saddhi½ cittassa pariggahasańńit± vipassan±bh±van±pi natthi, y±ya vuttamattha½ yath±sabh±vato j±neyya.
52. Dutiye sutav±ti padassa attho anantarasutte vuttoyeva. Ariyas±vakoti ettha catukka½ sambhavat²ti ta½ dassetu½– “atthi ariyo”ti-±di ±raddha½. Pacceka½ sacc±ni buddhavantoti paccekabuddh±. Nanu sabbepi ariy± paccekameva sacc±ni paµivijjhanti dhammassa paccattavedan²yabh±vato? Nayidam²disa½ paµivedha½ sandh±ya vutta½. Yath± pana s±vak± ańńesa½ nissayena sacc±ni paµivijjhanti paratoghosena vin± tesa½ dassanamaggassa anuppajjanato. Yath± ca samm±sambuddh± ańńesa½ nissayabh±vena sacc±ni abhisambujjhanti, na evamete, ete pana aparaneyy± hutv± aparan±yakabh±vena sacc±ni paµivijjhanti. Tena vutta½– “pacceka½ sacc±ni buddhavantoti paccekabuddh±”ti.
Atthi s±vako na ariyoti ettha pothujjanik±ya saddh±ya ratanattaye abhippasanno saddhopi gahito eva. Gih² an±gataphaloti ida½ pana nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½. Yath±vuttapuggalo hi saraŗagamanato paµµh±ya sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanno-icceva vattabbata½ labhati. Sv±yamattho dakkhiŗ±visuddhisuttena (ma. ni. 3.376 ±dayo) d²petabbo. Sutav±ti ettha vutta-attho n±ma attahitaparahitappaµipatti, tassa vasena sutasampanno. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½– “so ca hoti sutena upapanno, appampi ce sahita½ bh±sam±no”ti ca ±di. Ariyas±vakoti veditabboti ariyassa bhagavato dhammassavanakicce yuttappayuttabh±vato vutta½. Upakkilesehi vippamutti anupakkiliµµhat±, tass± yath±sabh±vaj±nana½ da¼hatar±ya eva cittabh±van±ya sati hoti, na ańńath±ti “balavavipassan± kathit±”ti vutta½.
53. Tatiye aggikkhandhopamasuttanta-aµµhuppattiyanti aggikkhandhopamasutte (a. ni. 7.72) desan±-aµµhuppattiya½ Ta½desan±hetukańhi ekacc±na½ bhikkh³na½ micch±paµipatti½ nimitta½ katv± bhagav± ima½ sutta½ desesi. Avijahitameva hoti sabbak±la½ suppatiµµhitasatisampajańńatt±. Yasm± buddh±na½ r³pak±yo b±hirabbhantarehi malehi anupakkiliµµho sudhotaj±timaŗisadiso, tasm± vutta½– “upaµµh±k±nuggahattha½ sar²raph±sukatthańc±”ti. V²tin±metv±ti phalasam±patt²hi v²tin±metv±. K±laparicchedavasena vivitt±sane v²tin±mana½ vivekaninnat±ya ceva paresa½ diµµh±nugati-±pajjanatthańca. Niv±setv±ti vih±raniv±sanaparivattanavasena niv±setv±. Kad±ci ekakassa, kad±ci bhikkhusaŖghaparivutassa, kad±ci pakatiy±, kad±ci p±µih±riyehi vattam±nehi ca g±mappaveso tath± tath± vinetabbapuggalavasena. Upasa½haritv±ti himavant±d²su pupphitarukkh±dito ±netv±. Oŗatuŗŗat±ya bh³miy± satthu padanikkhepasamaye samabh±v±patti, sukhasamphassavikasitapadumasampaµicchanańca suppatiµµhitap±dat±ya nissandaphala½, na iddhinimm±na½. Nidassanamattańceta½ sakkhar±kaµhalakaŗµakasaŖkukalal±di-apagamo sucibh±v±patt²ti evam±d²nampi tad± labbhanato.
Indakh²lassa anto µhapitamatteti ida½ y±vadeva veneyyajanavinayatth±ya satthu p±µih±riya½ pavattanti katv± vutta½. Dakkhiŗap±deti ida½ buddh±na½ sabbapadakkhiŗat±ya. “Chabbaŗŗarasmiyo”ti vatv±pi “suvaŗŗarasapińjar±ni viy±”ti ida½ buddh±na½ sar²re p²t±bh±ya yebhuyyat±ya vutta½. Madhuren±k±rena sadda½ karonti daµµhabbas±rassa diµµhat±ya. Bheri-±d²na½ pana sadd±yana½ dhammat±va. Paµim±nent²ti “sudullabha½ ida½ ajja amhehi labbhati, ye maya½ ²disena paŗ²tena ±h±rena bhagavanta½ upaµµhah±m±”ti pat²tam±nas± m±nenti p³jenti. Tesa½ sant±n±ni oloketv±ti tesa½ tath± upaµµh±k±na½ puggal±na½ at²te etarahi ca pavattacittasant±n±ni oloketv±. Arahatte patiµµhahant²ti sambandho. Tatth±ti vih±re. Gandhamaŗ¹alam±¼eti catujj±tiyagandhena kataparibhaŗ¹e maŗ¹alam±¼e.
Dullabh± khaŗasampatt²ti satipi manussattappaµil±bhe patir³padesav±sa-indriy±vekallasaddh±paµil±bh±dayo guŗ± dullabh±ti attho. C±tumah±r±jika…pe… vasavattibhavana½ gacchant²ti ida½ tattha suńńavim±n±ni sandh±ya vutta½. Bhagav± gandhakuµi½ pavisitv± pacch±bhatta½ tayo bh±ge katv± paµhamabh±ge sace ±kaŖkhati, dakkhiŗena passena s²haseyya½ kappeti. Sace ±kaŖkhati, buddh±ciŗŗaphalasam±patti½ sam±pajjati. Atha yath±k±lapariccheda½ tato vuµµhahitv± dutiyabh±ge pacchimay±me tatiyakoµµh±se viya loka½ voloketi veneyy±na½ ń±ŗaparip±ka½ passitu½. Ten±ha– “sace ±kaŖkhat²”ti-±di.
K±layuttanti pattakalla½, “imiss± vel±ya imassa eva½ vattabban”ti ta½k±l±nur³pa½. Samayayuttanti tasseva vevacana½, aµµhuppatti-anur³pa½ v±. Samayayuttanti v± ariyasamayasa½yutta½. Desak±l±nur³pameva hi buddh± bhagavanto dhamma½ desenti, desent± ca ariyasammata½ paµiccasamupp±danaya½ d²pent±va desenti. Atha v± samayayuttanti het³d±haraŗasahita½. K±lena s±padesańhi bhagav± dhamma½ deseti, k±la½ viditv± parisa½ uyyojeti, na y±va samandhak±r± dhamma½ deseti.
Utu½ gaŗh±peti, na pana mala½ pakkh±let²ti adhipp±yo. Na hi bhagavato k±ye rajojalla½ upalimpat²ti. Tato tatoti attano attano div±µµh±n±dito. Ok±sa½ labham±n±ti purebhattapacch±bhattapurimay±mesu ok±sa½ alabhitv± id±ni majjhimay±me ok±sa½ labham±n±, bhagavat± v± katok±sat±ya ok±sa½ labham±n±. Pacch±bhattassa t²su bh±gesu paµhamabh±ge s²haseyyakappana½ ekantika½ na hot²ti ±ha– “purebhattato paµµh±ya nisajj±p²¼itassa sar²rass±”ti. Teneva hi tattha “sace ±kaŖkhat²”ti tad± s²haseyyakappanassa anibaddhat± vibh±vit±. Kil±subh±vo parissamo S²haseyya½ kappeti sar²rassa kil±subh±vamocanatthanti yojetabba½. Buddhacakkhun± loka½ voloket²ti ida½ pacchimay±me bhagavato bahula½ ±ciŗŗavasena vutta½. Appekad± avasiµµhabalań±ŗehi sabbańńutańń±ŗeneva ca bhagav± tamattha½ s±dhet²ti.