5. Paºihita-acchavaggavaººan±

41. Pañcamassa paµhame upam±va opamma½, so eva attho, tasmi½ opammatthe bodhetabbe nip±to. Seyyath±p²ti yath±ti attho. Ettha ca tatra bhagav± katthaci atthena upama½ pariv±retv± dasseti vatthasutte viya, p±ricchattakopama (a. ni. 7.69) aggikkhandhopam±di (a. ni. 7.72) suttesu viya ca. Katthaci upam±ya attha½ pariv±retv± dasseti loºambilasutte (a. ni. 3.101) viya, suvaººak±rasattas³riyopam±disuttesu (a. ni. 7.66) viya ca. Imasmi½ pana s±lis³kopame upam±ya attha½ pariv±retv± dassento “seyyath±pi, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±h±ti potthakesu likhanti, ta½ majjhimaµµhakath±ya vatthasuttavaººan±ya (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.70) na sameti. Tattha hi ida½ vutta½–
Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, vatthanti upam±vacanameveta½. Upama½ karonto ca bhagav± katthaci paµhama½yeva upama½ dassetv± pacch± attha½ dasseti, katthaci paµhama½ attha½ dassetv± pacch± upama½, katthaci upam±ya attha½ pariv±retv± dasseti, katthaci atthena upama½. Tath± hesa “seyyath±pissu, bhikkhave, dve ag±r± sadv±r±, tattha cakkhum± puriso majjhe µhito passeyy±”ti sakalampi devad³tasutta½ (ma. ni. 3.261 ±dayo) upama½ paµhama½ dassetv± pacch± attha½ dassento ±ha. “Tirokuµµa½ tirop±k±ra½ tiropabbata½ asajjam±no gacchati, seyyath±pi, ±k±se”ti-±din± pana nayena sakalampi iddhividha½ attha½ paµhama½ dassetv± pacch± upama½ dassento ±ha. “Seyyath±pi, br±hmaºapuriso s±ratthiko s±ragaves²”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.314) nayena sakalampi c³¼as±ropamasutta½ upam±ya attha½ pariv±retv± dassento ±ha. “Idha pana, bhikkhave, ekacce kulaputt± dhamma½ pariy±puºanti sutta½…pe… seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, puriso alagaddatthiko”ti-±din± nayena sakalampi alagaddasutta½ (ma. ni. 1.238) mah±s±ropamasuttanti evam±d²ni sutt±ni atthena upama½ pariv±retv± dassento ±ha. Sv±ya½ idha paµhama½ upama½ dassetv± pacch± attha½ dasset²ti.
Ettha hi c³¼as±ropam±d²su (ma. ni. 1.312) paµhama½ upama½ vatv± tadanantara½ upameyyattha½ vatv± puna upama½ vadanto upam±ya attha½ pariv±retv± dasset²ti vutto. Alagadd³pamasutt±d²su pana attha½ paµhama½ vatv± tadanantara½ upama½ vatv± puna attha½ vadanto atthena upama½ pariv±retv± dasset²ti vutto. Tenevettha l²natthappak±siniya½ vutta½– “upameyyattha½ paµhama½ vatv± tadanantara½ attha½ vatv± puna upama½ vadanto upam±ya attha½ pariv±retv± dasset²”ti vutto. Atthena upama½ pariv±retv±ti etth±pi eseva nayoti. Idha pana katthaci atthena upama½ pariv±retv± dasseti. “Vatthasutte viya p±ricchattakopama-aggikkhandhopam±disuttesu viya c±”ti vutta½. Tattha vatthasutte t±va “seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, vattha½ sa½kiliµµha½ malaggahita½, tamena½ rajako yasmi½ yasmi½ raªgaj±te upasa½hareyya. Yadi n²lak±ya, yadi p²tak±ya, yadi lohitak±ya, yadi mañjiµµhak±ya, durattavaººamevassa aparisuddhavaººamevassa. Ta½ kissa hetu? Aparisuddhatt±, bhikkhave, vatthassa. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, citte sa½kiliµµhe duggati p±µikaªkh±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.70) paµhama½ upama½ dassetv± pacch± upameyyattho vutto, na pana paµhama½ attha½ vatv± tadanantara½ upama½ dassetv± puna attho vutto. Yena katthaci atthena upama½ pariv±retv± dasseti. Vatthasutte viy±ti vadeyya.
Tath± p±ricchattakopamepi “yasmi½, bhikkhave, samaye dev±na½ t±vati½s±na½ p±ricchattako kovi¼±ro paº¹upal±so hoti, attaman±, bhikkhave, dev± t±vati½s±, tasmi½ samaye honti paº¹upal±so d±ni p±ricchattako kovi¼±ro, na cirasseva d±ni pannapal±so bhavissati…pe… evameva kho, bhikkhave, yasmi½ samaye ariyas±vako ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajj±ya ceteti. Paº¹upal±so, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako tasmi½ samaye hot²”ti-±din± (a. ni. 7.69) paµhama½ upama½ dassetv± pacch± attho vutto. Aggikkhandhopame “passatha no tumhe, bhikkhave, amu½ mahanta½ aggikkhandha½ ±ditta½ sampajjalita½ sajotibh³tanti. Eva½, bhanteti. Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, katama½ nu kho vara½ ya½ amu½ mahanta½ aggikkhandha½ ±ditta½ sampajjalita½ sajotibh³ta½ ±liªgetv± upanis²deyya v± upanipajjeyya v±, ya½ khattiyakañña½ v± br±hmaºakañña½ v± gahapatikañña½ v± mudutalunahatthap±da½ ±liªgetv± upanis²deyya v± upanipajjeyya v±”ti-±din± (a. ni. 7.72) paµhama½ upama½yeva dassetv± pacch± attho vutto, na pana paµhama½ attha½ vatv± tadanantara½ upama½ dassetv± puna attho vutto, tasm± “katthaci atthena upama½ pariv±retv± dasseti vatthasutte viya p±ricchattakopama-aggikkhandhopam±disuttesu viya c±”ti na vattabba½.
Keci panettha eva½ vaººayanti “attha½ paµhama½ vatv± pacch± ca upama½ dassento atthena upama½ pariv±retv± dasseti n±ma, upama½ pana paµhama½ vatv± pacch± attha½ dassento upam±ya attha½ pariv±retv± dasseti n±ma, tadubhayassapi ±gataµµh±na½ nidassento ‘vatthasutte viy±’ti-±dim±h±”ti. Tampi “katthaci atthena upama½ pariv±retv± dasseti vatthasutte viya p±ricchattakopama-aggikkhandhopam±disuttesu viya c±”ti vattabba½, evañca vuccam±ne “katthaci upam±ya attha½ pariv±retv± dasseti loºambilasutte viy±”ti visu½ na vattabba½ “aggikkhandhopam±disutte viy±”ti ettha ±disaddeneva saªgahitatt±. Loºambilasuttepi hi–
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, paº¹ito byatto kusalo s³do r±j±na½ v± r±jamah±matta½ v± n±naccayehi s³pehi paccupaµµhito assa ambilaggehipi tittakaggehipi kaµukaggehipi madhuraggehipi kh±rikehipi akh±rikehipi loºikehipi aloºikehipi.
“Sa kho so, bhikkhave, paº¹ito byatto kusalo s³do sakassa bhattassa nimitta½ uggaºh±ti ‘ida½ v± me ajja bhattas³peyya½ ruccati, imassa v± abhiharati, imassa v± bahu½ gaºh±ti, imassa v± vaººa½ bh±sati. Ambilagga½ v± me ajja bhattas³peyya½ ruccati, ambilaggassa v± abhiharati, ambilaggassa v± bahu½ gaºh±ti, ambilaggassa v± vaººa½ bh±sati…pe… aloºikassa v± vaººa½ bh±sat²’ti. Sa kho so, bhikkhave, paº¹ito byatto kusalo s³do l±bh² ceva hoti acch±danassa, l±bh² vetanassa, l±bh² abhih±r±na½. Ta½ kissa hetu? Tath± hi so, bhikkhave, paº¹ito byatto kusalo s³do sakassa bhattanimitta½ uggaºh±ti. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, idhekacco paº¹ito byatto kusalo bhikkhu k±ye k±y±nupass² viharati…pe… vedan±su…pe… citte…pe… dhammesu dhamm±nupass² viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim± vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½. Tassa dhammesu dhamm±nupassino viharato citta½ sam±dhiyati, upakkiles± pah²yanti, so ta½ nimitta½ uggaºh±ti.
“Sa kho, bhikkhave, paº¹ito byatto kusalo bhikkhu l±bh² ceva hoti diµµheva dhamme sukhavih±r±na½, l±bh² hoti satisampajaññassa. Ta½ kissa hetu? Tath± hi so, bhikkhave, paº¹ito byatto kusalo bhikkhu sakassa cittassa nimitta½ uggaºh±t²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.374)–
Eva½ paµhama½ upama½ dassetv± pacch± attho vutto. “Suvaººak±ras³riyopam±disuttesu viya c±”ti idañca ud±haraºamattena saªgaha½ gacchati suvaººak±rasutt±d²su paµhama½ upam±ya adassitatt±. Etesu hi suvaººak±ropamasutte (a. ni. 3.103) t±va–
“Adhicittamanuyuttena, bhikkhave, bhikkhun± t²ºi nimitt±ni k±lena k±la½ manasi k±tabb±ni, k±lena k±la½ sam±dhinimitta½ manasi k±tabba½, k±lena k±la½ paggahanimitta½ manasi k±tabba½, k±lena k±la½ upekkh±nimitta½ manasi k±tabba½. Sace, bhikkhave, adhicittamanuyutto bhikkhu ekanta½ sam±dhinimitta½yeva manasi kareyya, µh±na½ ta½ citta½ kosajj±ya sa½vatteyya. Sace, bhikkhave, adhicittamanuyutto bhikkhu ekanta½ paggahanimitta½yeva manasi kareyya, µh±na½ ta½ citta½ uddhacc±ya sa½vatteyya. Sace, bhikkhave, adhicittamanuyutto bhikkhu ekanta½ upekkh±nimitta½yeva manasi kareyya, µh±na½ ta½ citta½ na samm± sam±dhiyeyya ±sav±na½ khay±ya. Yato ca kho, bhikkhave, adhicittamanuyutto bhikkhu k±lena k±la½ sam±dhinimitta½…pe… paggahanimitta½…pe… upekkh±nimitta½ manasi karoti, ta½ hoti citta½ muduñca kammaniyañca pabhassarañca, na ca pabhaªgu, samm± sam±dhiyati ±sav±na½ khay±ya.
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, suvaººak±ro v± suvaººak±rantev±s² v± ukka½ bandheyya, ukka½ bandhitv± ukk±mukha½ ±limpeyya, ukk±mukha½ ±limpitv± saº¹±sena j±tar³pa½ gahetv± ukk±mukhe pakkhipeyya, ukk±mukhe pakkhipitv± k±lena k±la½ abhidhamati, k±lena k±la½ udakena paripphoseti, k±lena k±la½ ajjhupekkhati. Sace, bhikkhave, suvaººak±ro v± suvaººak±rantev±s² v± ta½ j±tar³pa½ ekanta½ abhidhameyya, µh±na½ ta½ j±tar³pa½ daheyya. Sace, bhikkhave, suvaººak±ro v± suvaººak±rantev±s² v± ta½ j±tar³pa½ ekanta½ udakena paripphoseyya, µh±na½ ta½ j±tar³pa½ nibb±peyya. Sace, bhikkhave, suvaººak±ro v± suvaººak±rantev±s² v± ta½ j±tar³pa½ ekanta½ ajjhupekkheyya, µh±na½ ta½ j±tar³pa½ na samm± parip±ka½ gaccheyya. Yato ca kho, bhikkhave, suvaººak±ro v± suvaººak±rantev±s² v± ta½ j±tar³pa½ k±lena k±la½ abhidhamati, k±lena k±la½ udakena paripphoseti, k±lena k±la½ ajjhupekkhati, ta½ hoti j±tar³pa½ muduñca kammaniyañca pabhassarañca, na ca pabhaªgu, samm± upeti kamm±ya. Yass± yass± ca pi¼andhanavikatiy± ±kaªkhati, yadi paµµik±ya yadi kuº¹al±ya yadi g²veyyakena yadi suvaººam±l±ya, tañcassa attha½ anubhoti.
“Evameva kho, bhikkhave, adhicittamanuyuttena bhikkhu…pe… samm± sam±dhiyati ±sav±na½ khay±ya. Yassa yassa ca abhiññ±sacchikaraº²yassa dhammassa citta½ abhininn±meti abhiññ±sacchikiriy±ya, tatra tatreva sakkhibhabbata½ p±puº±ti sati sati-±yatane”ti (a. ni. 3.103)–
Eva½ paµhama½ attha½ dassetv± tadatantara½ upama½ vatv± punapi attho eva½ paµhama½ attha½ dassetv± tadanantara½ upama½ vatv± punapi attho vutto.
Sattas³riyopame ca–
“Anicc±, bhikkhave, saªkh±r±, adhuv±, bhikkhave, saªkh±r±, anass±sik±, bhikkhave, saªkh±r±, y±vañcida½, bhikkhave, alameva sabbasaªkh±resu nibbinditu½ ala½ virajjitu½ ala½ vimuccitu½. Sineru, bhikkhave, pabbatar±j± catur±s²tiyojanasahass±ni ±y±mena, catur±s²tiyojanasahass±ni vitth±rena, catur±s²tiyojanasahass±ni mah±samudde ajjhog±¼ho, catur±s²tiyojanasahass±ni mah±samudd± accuggato. Hoti so kho, bhikkhave, samayo, ya½ kad±ci karahaci d²ghassa addhuno accayena bah³ni vass±ni bah³ni vassasat±ni bah³ni vassasahass±ni bah³ni vassasatasahass±ni devo na vassati, deve kho pana, bhikkhave, avassante ye kecime b²jag±mabh³tag±m± osadhitiºavanappatayo, te ussussanti visussanti na bhavanti. Eva½ anicc±, bhikkhave, saªkh±r±, eva½ adhuv±, bhikkhave, saªkh±r±”ti-±din± (a. ni. 7.66)–
Paµhama½ attha½ dassetv± tadanantara½ upama½ vatv± punapi attho vutto. Atha v± “s³riyassa, bhikkhave, udayato eta½ pubbaªgama½ eta½ pubbanimitta½, yadida½ aruºugga½. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno ariyassa aµµhaªgikassa maggassa upp±d±ya eta½ pubbaªgama½ eta½ pubbanimitta½, yadida½ kaly±ºamittat±”ti yadeta½ sa½yuttanik±ye (sa½. ni. 5.49) ±gata½, ta½ idha s³riyopamasuttanti adhippeta½ siy±. Tampi “katthaci upam±ya attha½ pariv±retv± dasset²”ti imin± na sameti paµhama½ upama½ vatv± tadanantara½ attha½ dassetv± puna upam±ya avuttatt±. Paµhamameva hi tattha upam± dassit±, “imasmi½ pana s±lis³kopame upam±ya attha½ pariv±retv± dassento seyyath±pi, bhikkhaveti ±dim±h±”ti. Idampi vacanamasaªgahita½ vatthasuttassa imassa ca vises±bh±vato. Ubhayatth±pi hi paµhama½ upama½ dassetv± pacch± attho vutto tasm± evamettha p±µhena bhavitabba½ “tatra bhagav± katthaci paµhama½yeva upama½ dassetv± pacch± attha½ dasseti vatthasutte viya p±ricchattakopama (a. ni. 7.69) aggikkhandhopam±disuttesu (a. ni. 7.72) viya ca, katthaci atthena upama½ pariv±retv± dasseti suvaººak±rasattas³riyopam±disuttesu (a. ni. 7.66) viya, imasmi½ pana s±lis³kopame paµhama½ upama½ dassetv± pacch± attha½ dassento seyyath±pi, bhikkhaveti ±dim±h±”ti. Aññath± majjhimaµµhakath±ya virujjhati. Idh±pi ca pubben±para½ na sameti. Majjhimaµµhakath±ya vuttanayeneva v± idh±pi p±µho gahetabbo.
Kaºasadiso s±liphalassa tuº¹e uppajjanakav±lo s±lis³ka½, tath± yavas³ka½. S³kassa tanukabh±vato bhedavato bhedo n±timah± hot²ti ±ha– “bhindissati, chavi½ chindissat²ti attho”ti. Yath± micch±µhapitas±lis³k±di akkantampi hatth±di½ na bhindati bhinditu½ ayoggabh±vena µhitatt±, eva½ ±cayag±micitta½ avijja½ na bhindati bhinditu½ ayoggabh±vena uppannatt±ti imamattha½ dasseti “micch±µhapiten±”ti-±din±. Aµµhasu µh±nes³ti “dukkhe aññ±ºan”ti-±din± vuttesu dukkh±d²su cat³su saccesu pubbant±d²su cat³su c±ti aµµhasu µh±nesu. Ghanabahalanti cirak±laparibh±van±ya ativiya bahala½. Mah±visayat±ya mah±paµipakkhat±ya bahupariv±rat±ya bahudukkhat±ya ca mahat² avijj±ti mah±-avijj±. Ta½ mah±-avijja½. Mah±saddo hi bahubh±vatthopi hoti “mah±jano”ti-±d²su viya. Taºh±v±nato nikkhantabh±ven±ti tattha taºh±ya abh±vameva vadati.
42. Dutiye p±deneva avamaddite akkantanti vuccam±ne hatthena avamaddita½ akkanta½ viya akkantanti ru¼h² hes±ti ±ha– “akkantanteva vuttan”ti. Ariyavoh±roti ariyadesav±s²na½ voh±ro. Mahanta½ aggahetv± appamattakasseva gahaºe payojana½ dassetu½– “kasm± pan±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tena “vivaµµ³panissayakusala½ n±ma yoniso upp±dita½ appakan”ti na cintetabba½, anukkamena laddhapaccaya½ hutv± va¹¹ham±na½ khuddakanad² viya pakkhandamahogh± samudda½, anukkamena nibb±namah±samuddameva purisa½ p±pet²ti d²peti. Paccekabodhi½ buddhabh³minti ca paccatte upayogavacana½. Vaµµavivaµµa½ kathitanti yath±kkamena vutta½.
43. Tatiye dosena paduµµhacittanti sampayuttadhamm±na½, yasmi½ sant±ne uppajjati, tassa ca d³sanena visasa½saµµhap³timuttasadisena dosena pad³sitacitta½. Attano citten±ti attano cetopariyañ±ºena sabbaññutaññ±ºena v± sahitena cittena. Paricchinditv±ti ñ±ºena paricchinditv± Iµµh±k±rena et²ti ayo, sukha½. Sabbaso apeto ayo etassa, etasm±ti v± ap±yo, k±yikassa cetasikassa ca dukkhassa gati pavattiµµh±nanti duggati, k±raº±vasena vividha½ vik±rena ca nip±tiyanti etth±ti vinip±to, appakopi natthi ayo sukha½ etth±ti nirayoti evamettha attho veditabbo.
44. Catutthe saddh±pas±dena pasannanti saddh±saªkh±tena pas±dena pasanna½, na indriy±na½ avippasannat±ya. Sukhassa gatinti sukhassa pavattiµµh±na½. Sukhamevettha gacchanti, na dukkhanti v± sugati. Man±piyar³p±dit±ya saha aggeh²ti sagga½, loka½.
45. Pañcame pari¼±hav³pasamakaro rahado etth±ti rahado, udakapuººo rahado udakarahado. Udaka½ dahati dh±ret²ti udakadaho. ¾viloti kalalabahulat±ya ±kulo. Ten±ha– “avippasanno”ti. Lu¼itoti v±tena ±lo¼ito. Ten±ha– “aparisaºµhito”ti. V±t±bhigh±tena v²citaraªgamalasam±kulat±ya hi parito na saºµhito v± aparisaºµhito. V±t±bhigh±tena udakassa ca appabh±vena kalal²bh³to kaddamabh±vappattoti ±ha– “kaddam²bh³to”ti. Sippiyo muttasippi-±dayo. Sambuk± saªkhasal±kavises±. Carantampi tiµµhantamp²ti yath±l±bhavacanameta½ daµµhabba½. Tameva hi yath±l±bhavacanata½ dassetu½– “etth±”ti-±di ±raddha½.
Pariyonaddhen±ti paµicch±ditena. Tayida½ k±raºena ±vilabh±vassa dassana½. Diµµhadhamme imasmi½ attabh±ve bhavo diµµhadhammiko, so pana lokiyopi hoti lokuttarop²ti ±ha– “lokiyalokuttaramissako”ti. Pecca samparetabbato sampar±yo, paraloko. Ten±ha– “so hi parattha atthoti parattho”ti. Iti dvidh±pi sakasantatipariy±panno eva gahitoti itarampi saªgahetv± dassetu½– “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. Ayanti kusalakammapathasaªkh±to dasavidho dhammo. Satthantarakapp±vas±neti ida½ tassa ±sannabh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½. Yassa kassaci antarakappass±vas±neti veditabba½. Ariy±na½ yuttanti ariy±na½ ariyabh±v±ya yutta½, tato eva ariyabh±va½ k±tu½ samattha½. ѱºameva ñeyyassa paccakkhakaraºaµµhena dassananti ±ha– “ñ±ºameva h²”ti-±di. Ki½ pana tanti ±ha– “dibbacakkh³”ti-±di.
46. Chaµµhe acchoti tanuko. Tanubh±vameva hi sandh±ya “abahalo”ti vutta½. Yasm± pasanno n±ma accho na bahalo, tasm± “pasannotipi vaµµat²”ti vutta½. Vippasannoti visesena pasanno So pana samm± pasanno n±ma hot²ti ±ha– “suµµhu pasanno”ti. An±viloti akaluso. Ten±ha– “parisuddho”ti-±di. Saªkhanti khuddakasev±la½, ya½ “tilab²jakan”ti vuccati. Sev±lanti kaººikasev±la½. Paºakanti udakamala½. Cittassa ±vilabh±vo n²varaºahetukoti ±ha– “an±vilen±ti pañcan²varaºavimutten±”ti.
47. Sattame rukkhaj±t±n²ti ettha j±tasaddena padava¹¹hanameva kata½ yath± “kosaj±tan”ti ±ha– “rukkh±nameveta½ adhivacanan”ti. Koci hi rukkho vaººena aggo hoti yath± ta½ rattacandan±di. Koci gandhena yath± ta½ gos²tacandana½. Koci rasena khadir±di. Koci thaddhat±ya campak±di. Maggaphal±vahat±ya vipassan±vasena bh±vitampi gahita½. “Tattha tattheva sakkhibhabbata½ p±puº±t²”ti (a. ni. 3.103) vacanato “abhiññ±p±dakacatutthajjh±nacittameva, ±vuso”ti phussamittatthero vadati.
48. Aµµhame cittassa parivattana½ upp±danirodh± ev±ti ±ha– “eva½ lahu½ uppajjitv± lahu½ nirujjhanakan”ti. Adhimattapam±ºattheti atikkantapam±ºatthe, pam±º±t²tat±yanti attho. Ten±ha– “ativiya na sukar±”ti. Cakkhuviññ±ºampi adhippetamev±ti sabbassapi cittassa sam±nakhaºatt± vutta½. Cittassa ativiya lahuparivattibh±va½ therav±dena d²petu½– “imasmi½ panatthe”ti-±di vutta½. Cittasaªkh±r±ti sasampayutta½ citta½ vadati. V±hasat±na½ kho, mah±r±ja, v²h²nanti potthakesu likhanti, “v±hasata½ kho, mah±r±ja, v²h²nan”ti pana p±µhena bhavitabba½. Milindapañhepi (mi. pa. 4.1.2) hi katthaci ayameva p±µho dissati. “V±hasat±nan”ti v± paccatte s±mivacana½ byattayena vuttanti daµµhabba½. A¹¹hac³¼anti thokena ³na½ upa¹¹ha½. Kassa pana upa¹¹hanti? Adhik±rato v±hass±ti viññ±yati. “A¹¹hacuddasan”ti keci. “A¹¹hacatutthan”ti apare. S±dhika½ diya¹¹hasata½ v±h±ti da¼ha½ katv± vadanti, v²ma½sitabba½. Catun±¼iko tumbo. Pucch±ya abh±ven±ti “sakk± pana, bhante, upama½ k±tun”ti eva½ pavatt±ya pucch±ya abh±vena na kat± upam±. Dhammadesan±pariyos±neti sannipatitaparis±ya yath±raddhadhammadesan±ya pariyos±ne.
49. Navame pabhassaranti pariyod±ta½ sabh±vaparisuddhaµµhena. Ten±ha– “paº¹ara½ parisuddhan”ti. Pabhassarat±dayo n±ma vaººadh±tuya½ labbhanakavises±ti ±ha– “ki½ pana cittassa vaººo n±ma atth²”ti? Itaro ar³pat±ya “natth²”ti paµikkhipitv± pariy±yakath± aya½ t±disassa cittassa parisuddhabh±van±d²pan±y±ti dassento “n²l±d²nan”ti-±dim±ha. Tath± hi “so eva½ sam±hite citte parisuddhe pariyod±te”ti (d². ni. 1.243-244; ma. ni. 1.384-386, 431-433; p±r±. 12-13) vutta½ Tenev±ha– “idampi nirupakkilesat±ya parisuddhanti pabhassaran”ti. Ki½ pana bhavaªgacitta½ nirupakkilesanti? ¾ma sabh±vato nirupakkilesa½, ±gantuka-upakkilesavasena pana siy± upakkiliµµha½. Ten±ha– “tañca kho”ti-±di. Tattha attano tesañca bhikkh³na½ paccakkhabh±vato pubbe “idan”ti vatv± id±ni pacc±masanavasena “tan”ti ±ha. Ca-saddo atth³panayane. Kho-saddo vacan±laªk±re, avadh±raºe v±. Vakkham±nassa atthassa nicchitabh±vato bhavaªgacittena sah±vaµµh±n±bh±vato upakkiles±na½ ±gantukat±ti ±ha– “asahaj±teh²”ti-±di. R±g±dayo upecca cittasant±na½ kilissanti vib±dhenti upat±penti c±ti ±ha– “upakkileseh²ti r±g±d²h²”ti. Bhavaªgacittassa nippariy±yato upakkilesehi upakkiliµµhat± n±ma natthi asa½saµµhabh±vato, ekasantatipariy±pannat±ya pana siy± upakkiliµµhat±pariy±yoti ±ha– “upakkiliµµha½ n±m±ti vuccat²”ti. Id±ni tamattha½ upam±ya vibh±vetu½ “yath± h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tena bhinnasant±nagat±yapi n±ma iriy±ya loke g±rayhat± dissati, pageva ekasant±nagat±ya iriy±y±ti ima½ visesa½ dasseti. Ten±ha– “javanakkhaºe…pe… upakkiliµµha½ n±ma hot²”ti.
50. Dasame bhavaªgacittameva cittanti “pabhassaramida½, bhikkhave, cittan”ti vutta½ bhavaªgacittameva. Yadaggena bhavaªgacitta½ t±disapaccayasamav±ye upakkiliµµha½ n±ma vuccati, tadaggena tabbidhurapaccayasamav±ye upakkilesato vimuttanti vuccati. Ten±ha– “upakkilesehi vippamutta½ n±ma hot²”ti. Sesamettha navamasutte vuttanay±nus±rena veditabba½.

Paºihita-acchavaggavaººan± niµµhit±.