2. N²varaºappah±navaggavaººan±

11. Dutiyass±ti dutiyavaggassa. Ekadhammamp²ti ettha “ekasabh±vamp²”ti imin± sabh±vatthoya½ dhammasaddo “kusal± dhamm±”ti-±d²su viy±ti dassita½ hoti. Yadaggena ca sabh±vattho, tadaggena nissattattho siddho ev±ti “nissattaµµhena dhammo veditabbo”ti vutta½. Subhanimittanti dhammapariy±yena vutta½. Tañhi atthato k±macchando v± siy±. So hi attano gahaº±k±rena subhanti, ten±k±rena pavattanakassa aññassa k±macchandassa nimittatt± “subhanimittan”ti ca vuccati. Tassa ±rammaºa½ v± subhanimitta½. Iµµhañhi iµµh±k±rena v± gayham±na½ r³p±di-±rammaºa½ “subhanimittan”ti vuccati. ¾rammaºameva cettha nimitta½. Tath± hi vakkhati– “subhanimittanti r±gaµµh±niya½ ±rammaºan”ti. Samuccayattho v±-saddo anekatthatt± nip±t±na½. Bhiyyobh±v±y±ti punappuna½ bh±v±ya. Vepull±y±ti vipulabh±v±ya, va¹¹hiy±ti attho. Aj±to nijj±to. Sesapad±ni tasseva vevacan±ni. K±mes³ti pañcasu k±maguºesu. K±macchandoti k±masaªkh±to chando, na kattukamyat±chando na dhammacchando. K±manavasena rajjanavasena ca k±mo eva r±go k±mar±go. K±manavasena nandanavasena ca k±mo eva nand²ti k±manand². K±manavasena taºh±yanavasena ca k±mataºh±. ¾disaddena “k±masneho k±mapari¼±ho k±mamucch± k±majjhos±nan”ti etesa½ pad±na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Tattha vuttanayeneva k±mattha½ viditv± sinehanaµµhena k±masneho, pari¼±hanaµµhena k±mapari¼±ho, mucchanaµµhena k±mamucch±, gilitv± pariniµµh±panaµµhena k±majjhos±na½ veditabba½. K±macchando eva kusalappavattito cittassa n²varaºaµµhena k±macchandan²varaºa½, soti k±macchando. Asamud±c±ravasen±ti asamud±c±rabh±vena. Ananubh³t±rammaºavasen±ti “ida½ n±metan”ti vatthuvasena utv± tasmi½ attabh±ve ananubh³tassa ±rammaºassa vasena. R³pasadd±dibheda½ pana ±rammaºa½ ekasmimpi attabh±ve ananubh³ta½ n±ma nattheva, kimaªga½ pana an±dimati sa½s±re.
Ya½ vutta½– “asamud±c±ravasena c±”ti-±di, ta½ atisa½khittanti vitth±rato dassetu½– “tatth±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bhavaggahaºena mahaggatabhavo gahito. So hi o¼±rikakilesasamud±c±rarahito. Tajjan²yakammakat±dik±le p±riv±sikak±le ca caritabb±ni dve-as²ti khuddakavatt±ni n±ma. Na hi t±ni sabb±su avatth±su caritabb±ni, tasm± t±ni na mah±vattesu antogadh±n²ti “cuddasa mah±vatt±n²”ti vutta½. Tath± ±gantukavatta-±v±sikagamika-anumodanabhattagga- piº¹ac±rika-±raññakasen±sanajant±gharavaccakuµi-upajjh±ya saddhivih±rika-±cariya-antev±sikavatt±n²ti et±ni cuddasa mah±vatt±ni n±m±ti vutta½. Itar±ni pana “p±riv±sik±na½ bhikkh³na½ vatta½ paññ±pess±m²”ti (c³¼ava. 75) ±rabhitv± “na upasamp±detabba½, na cham±ya½ caªkamante caªkame caªkamitabban”ti (c³¼ava. 81) vutt±ni pakatatte caritabbavatt±ni chasaµµhi, tato para½ “na, bhikkhave, p±riv±sikena bhikkhun± p±riv±sikavu¹¹hatarena bhikkhun± saddhi½, m³l±yapaµikassan±rahena, m±natt±rahena, m±nattac±rikena, abbh±n±rahena bhikkhun± saddi½ ekacchanne ±v±se vatthabban”ti-±d²ni pakatatte caritabbehi anaññatt± visu½ visu½ agaºetv± p±riv±sikavu¹¹hatar±d²su puggalantaresu caritabbatt± tesa½ vasena sampiº¹etv± ekeka½ katv± gaºit±ni pañc±ti ekasattativatt±ni. Ukkhepan²yakammakatavattesu vattapaññ±panavasena vutta½– “na pakatattassa bhikkhuno abhiv±dana½ paccuµµh±na½…pe… piµµhiparikamma½ s±ditabban”ti ida½ abhiv±dan±d²na½ ass±diyana½ eka½, “na pakatatto bhikkhu s²lavipattiy± anuddha½setabbo”ti-±d²ni (c³¼ava. 51) ca das±ti eva½ dv±s²ti honti. Etesveva pana k±nici tajjan²yakammakat±divatt±ni k±nici p±riv±sik±divatt±n²ti aggahitaggahaºena dv±v²sativattanti veditabba½. “Cuddasa mah±vatt±n²”ti vatv±pi “±gantukagamikavatt±ni c±”ti imesa½ visu½ gahaºa½ im±ni abhiºha½ sambhavant²ti katv±. Kileso ok±sa½ na labhati sabbad± vattappaµipattiya½yeva by±vaµacittat±ya. Ayonisomanasik±ranti anicc±d²su “niccan”ti-±din± pavatta½ anup±yamanasik±ra½. Sativossagganti satiy± vissajjana½, sativirahanti attho. Evamp²ti vakkham±n±pekkh±ya avuttasampiº¹anattho pi-saddo.
Anusandhivasen±ti pucch±nusandhi-±di-anusandhivasena. Pubb±paravasen±ti pubb±paraganthasallakkhaºavasena. Gaºhantass±ti ±cariyamukhato gaºhantassa. Sajjh±yantass±ti ±cariyamukhato uggahitagantha½ sajjh±yantassa. V±centass±ti p±¼i½ tadatthañca uggaºh±panavasena paresa½ v±centassa. Desentass±ti desan±vasena paresa½ dhamma½ desentassa. Pak±sentass±ti attano attano sa½sayaµµh±ne pucchant±na½ y±th±vato attha½ pak±sentassa. Kileso ok±sa½ na labhati rattindiva½ ganthakammesuyeva by±vaµacittat±ya. Evamp²ti vuttasampiº¹anattho pi-saddo. Eva½ sesesupi.
Dhutaªgadharo hot²ti vuttamevattha½ pak±seti “terasa dhutaªgaguºe sam±d±ya vattat²”ti. B±hull±y±ti c²var±dipaccayab±hull±ya. Yath± c²var±dayo paccay± bahula½ uppajjanti, tath± ±vattassa pavattass±ti attho. Parih²najjh±nass±ti jh±nantar±yakarena visabh±gar³padassan±din± kenaci nimittena parih²najjh±nassa. Vissaµµhajjh±nass±ti asam±pajjanavasena pariccattajjh±nassa. Bhass±d²s³ti ±di-saddena gaºasaªgaºikanidd±navakamm±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Sattasu v± anupassan±s³ti ettha satta anupassan± n±ma anicc±nupassan± dukkh±nupassan± anatt±nupassan± nibbid±nupassan± vir±g±nupassan± nirodh±nupassan± paµinissagg±nupassan± khay±nupassan± vay±nupassan± vipariº±m±nupassan± animitt±nupassan± appaºihit±nupassan± suññat±nupassan± adhipaññ±dhammavipassan± yath±bh³tañ±ºadassana½ ±d²nav±nupassan± paµisaªkh±nupassan± vivaµµ±nupassan±ti im±su aµµh±rasasu mah±vipassan±su ±dito vutt± anicc±nupassan±di-paµinissagg±nupassan±pariyant± satta. Ettha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±to (visuddhi. mah±µ². 2.741) gahetabba½.
An±sevanat±y±ti purimattabh±ve jh±nena vikkhambhitakilesassa k±macchand±di-±sevan±ya abh±vato. Ananubh³tapubbanti tasmi½ attabh±ve ananubh³tapubba½. J±toti etasseva vevacana½ sañj±toti-±di. Nanu ca khaºikatt± sabbadhamm±na½ uppannassa k±macchandassa taªkhaºa½yeva avassa½ nirodhasambhavato niruddhe ca tasmi½ puna aññasseva uppajjanato ca katha½ tassa punappunabh±vo r±sibh±vo c±ti ±ha– “tattha saki½ uppanno k±macchando”ti-±di. Aµµh±nametanti ak±raºameta½. Yena k±raºena uppanno k±macchando na nirujjhati, niruddho ca sveva puna uppajjissati, t±disa½ k±raºa½ natth²ti attho.
R±gaµµh±niyanti r±gajanaka½. Anicc±d²su nicc±divasena vipar²tamanasik±ro, idha ayonisomanasik±roti ±ha– “anicce niccan”ti-±di. Ayonisomanasik±roti anup±yamanasik±ro, kusaladhammappavattiy± ak±raºabh³to manasik±roti attho. Uppathamanasik±roti kusaladhammappavattiy± amaggabh³to manasik±ro. Saccavippaµik³len±ti sacc±bhisamayassa anunulomavasena. ¾vajjan±ti-±din± ±vajjan±ya paccayabh³t± tato purimuppann± manodv±rik± akusalajavanappavatti phalavoh±rena tath± vutt±. Tassa hi vasena s± akusalappavattiy± upanissayo hoti. ¾vajjan±ti bhavaªgacitta½ ±vajjayat²ti ±vajjan±. Anu anu ±vajjet²ti anv±vajjan±. Bhavaªg±rammaºato añña½ ±bhujat²ti ±bhogo. Samann±harat²ti samann±h±ro. Tadev±rammaºa½ att±na½ anubandhitv± uppajjam±no manasi karoti µhapet²ti manasik±ro. Aya½ vuccati ayonisomanasik±roti aya½ anup±ya-uppathamanasik±ralakkhaºo ayonisomanasik±ro n±ma vuccati.
12. Dutiye bhattaby±patti viy±ti bhattassa p³tibh±vena vippak±rappatti viya, cittassa by±pajjananti cittassa vik±rabh±v±p±dana½. Tenev±ha– “pakativijahanabh±vo”ti. By±pajjati tena citta½ p³tikumm±s±dayo viya purimapakati½ jahat²ti by±p±do. Paµighoyeva upar³pari uppajjam±nassa paµighassa nimittabh±vato paµighanimitta½, paµighassa ca k±raºabh³ta½ ±rammaºa½ paµighanimittanti ±ha– “paµighassapi paµigh±rammaºassapi eta½ adhivacanan”ti. Aµµhakath±yanti mah±-aµµhakath±ya½.
13. Tatiye thinat± thina½, sappipiº¹o viya avipph±rikat±ya cittassa ghanabh±vo baddhat±ti attho. Medhat²ti middha½, akammaññabh±vena hi½sat²ti attho. “Y± tasmi½ samaye cittassa akalyat±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1162) thinassa, “y± tasmi½ samaye k±yassa akalyat±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1163) ca middhassa abhidhamme niddiµµhatt± vutta½– “cittassa akammaññat± thina½, tiººa½ khandh±na½ akammaññat± middhan”ti. Satipi aññamaññ±vippayoge cittak±yalahut±d²na½ viya cittacetasik±na½ yath±kkama½ ta½ta½viseso siy±, y± tesa½ akalyat±d²na½ visesapaccayat±, ayametesa½ sabh±voti daµµhabba½. Kapimiddhass±ti vuttamevattha½ vibh±veti “pacal±yikabh±vass±”ti. Akkhidal±na½ pacalabh±va½ karot²ti pacal±yiko, pacal±yikassa bh±vo pacal±yikabh±vo, pacal±yikattanti vutta½ hoti. Ubhinnanti thinamiddh±na½. “Vitth±ro veditabbo”ti imin± sambandho veditabbo. Cittassa akalyat±ti cittassa gil±nabh±vo. Gil±no hi akalyakoti vuccati. Vinayepi vutta½– “n±ha½, bhante, akalyako”ti (p±r±. 151). K±la½ khamat²ti hi kalya½, arogat±, tassa½ niyutto kalyako, na kalyako akalyako. Akammaññat±ti cittagelaññasaªkh±tova akammaññat±k±ro. Ol²yan±ti ol²yan±k±ro. Iriy±path³patthambhitañhi citta½ iriy±patha½ sandh±retu½ asakkonta½ rukkhe vagguli viya kh²le laggitaph±ºitav±rako viya ca ol²yati lambati, tassa ta½ ±k±ra½ sandh±ya– “ol²yan±”ti vutta½. Dutiyapada½ upasaggena va¹¹hita½. K±yass±ti vedan±dikkhandhattayasaªkh±tassa n±mak±yassa. Akalyat± akammaññat±ti heµµh± vuttanayameva. Megho viya ±k±sa½ onayhat²ti on±ho. Onayhat²ti ca ch±deti avattharati v±ti attho Sabbatobh±gena on±hoti pariyon±ho. Arati±d²na½ attho vibhaªge (vibha. 856) vuttanayeneva veditabboti tattha vuttap±¼iy± dassetu½– “vutta½ hetan”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha pantes³ti d³resu, vivittesu v±. Adhikusales³ti samathavipassan±dhammesu. Arat²ti ratippaµikkhepo. Aratit±ti araman±k±ro. Anabhirat²ti anabhiratabh±vo. Anabhiraman±ti anabhiraman±k±ro Ukkaºµhit±ti ukkaºµhan±k±ro. Paritassit±ti ukkaºµhanavaseneva paritassan±, ukkaºµhitasseva tattha tattha taºh±yan±ti vutta½ hoti. Paritassit±ti v± kampan±. Tand²ti j±ti-±lasiya½, pakati-±lasiyanti attho. Tath± hi kusalakaraºe k±yassa avipph±rikat± l²nat± j±ti-±lasiya½ tand² n±ma, na roga-utuj±d²hi k±yagelañña½. Tandiyan±ti tandiyan±k±ro. Tandimanat±ti tandiy± abhibh³tacittat±. Alasassa bh±vo ±lasya½, ±lasy±yan±k±ro ±lasy±yan±. ¾lasy±yitassa bh±vo ±lasy±yitatta½. Iti sabbehipi imehi padehi kilesavasena k±y±lasiya½ kathita½. Thinamiddhak±raº±nañhi r±g±dikiles±na½ vasena n±mak±yassa ±lasiya½, tadeva r³pak±yass±p²ti daµµhabba½. Jambhan±ti phandan±. Punappuna½ jambhan± vijambhan±. ¾naman±ti purato naman±. Vinaman±ti pacchato naman±. Sannaman±ti samantato naman±. Paºaman±ti yath± tantato uµµhitapesak±ro kismiñcideva gahetv± uju½ k±ya½ uss±peti, eva½ k±yassa uddha½ µhapan±. By±dhiyakanti uppannaby±dhit±. Iti sabbehipi imehi padehi thinamiddhak±raº±na½ r±g±dikiles±na½ vasena k±yabaddhanameva kathita½. Bhutt±viss±ti bhuttavato. Bhattamucch±ti bhattagelañña½. Balavabhattena hi mucch±patto viya hoti. Bhattakilamathoti bhattena kilantabh±vo. Bhattapari¼±hoti bhattadaratho. Tasmiñhi samaye pari¼±huppattiy± upahatindriyo hoti, k±yo j²rat²ti. K±yaduµµhullanti bhatta½ niss±ya k±yassa akammaññata½. Akalyat±ti-±di heµµh± vuttanayameva. L²nanti avipph±rikat±ya paµikuµita½. Itare dve ±k±rabh±vaniddes±. Thinanti sappipiº¹o viya avipph±rikat±ya ghanabh±vena µhita½. Thiyan±ti ±k±raniddeso. Thiyibh±vo thiyitatta½ avipph±ravaseneva baddhat±ti attho. Imehi pana sabbehipi padehi thinamiddhak±raº±na½ r±g±dikiles±na½ vasena cittassa gil±n±k±ro kathitoti veditabbo. Purim± catt±ro dhamm±ti arati, tand², vijambhit±, bhattasammadoti ete catt±ro dhamm±. Yad± thinamiddha½ uppanna½ hoti, tad± arati-±d²nampi sambhavato “upanissayakoµiy± pana hot²”ti vutta½, upanissayakoµiy± paccayo hot²ti attho.