“Yo akusale sam³lehi,
neti kusale ca kusalam³lehi;
bh³ta½ tatha½ avitatha½,
tipukkhala½ ta½ naya½ ±h³”ti. (Netti. 4 niddesav±ra).
Vuttanayena gahitesu taŗh±vijj±tappakkhiyadhammesu visesato taŗh±diµµh²na½ vasena asubhe “subhan”ti, dukkhe “sukhan”ti ca vipall±s±, avijj±diµµh²na½ vasena anicce “niccan”ti, anattani “att±”ti vipall±s± veditabb±. Tesa½ paµipakkhato kusalacittaggahaŗena siddhehi sativ²riyasam±dhipańńindriyehi catt±ri satipaµµh±n±ni siddh±niyeva honti.
Tattha cat³hi indriyehi catt±ro puggal± niddisitabb±. Katha½? Duvidho hi taŗh±carito mudindriyo tikkhindriyoti, tath± diµµhicarito. Tesu paµhamo asubhe “subhan”ti vipariyesagg±h² satibalena yath±bh³ta½ k±yasabh±va½ sallakkhento bh±van±balena ta½ vipall±sa½ samuggh±tetv± sammattaniy±ma½ okkamati. Dutiyo asukhe “sukhan”ti vipariyesagg±h² “uppanna½ k±mavitakka½ n±dhiv±set²”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.26; a. ni. 4.14; 6.58) vuttena v²riyasa½varabh³tena v²riyabalena paµipakkha½ vinodento bh±van±balena ta½ vipall±sa½ vidhametv± sammattaniy±ma½ okkamati. Tatiyo anicce “niccan”ti vipall±sagg±h² samathabalena sam±hitacitto saŖkh±r±na½ khaŗikabh±va½ sallakkhento bh±van±balena ta½ vipall±sa½ samuggh±tetv± sammattaniy±ma½ okkamati. Catuttho santatisam³hakicc±rammaŗaghanavańcitat±ya phass±didhammapuńjamatte anattani “att±”ti micch±bhinives² catukoµikasuńńat±manasik±rena ta½ micch±bhinivesa½ viddha½sento s±mańńaphala½ sacchikaroti. Subhasańń±d²hi cat³hipi v± vipall±sehi samudayasacca½, tesamadhiµµh±n±rammaŗabh³t± pańcup±d±nakkhandh± dukkhasaccanti-±din± saccayojan± veditabb±. Phala½ panettha catt±ri s±mańńaphal±ni, cat³hi cettha vipall±sehi catur±savoghayogagantha-agatitaŗhup±d±nasallavińń±ŗaµµhiti-aparińń±divasena akusalapakkho netabbo, tath± cat³hi satipaµµh±nehi catubbidhajjh±navih±r±dhiµµh±nasukhabh±giyadhamma-appamańń±sammappadh±na-iddhip±d±divasena vod±napakkho netabboti aya½ s²havikk²¼itassa nayassa bh³mi. Yo hi subhasańń±d²hi vipall±sehi sakalassa sa½kilesapakkhassa saddhindriy±d²hi ca vod±napakkhassa catusaccayojan±vasena nayanalakkhaŗo sa½vaŗŗan±viseso, aya½ s²havikk²¼ito n±ma. Vuttańheta½–
“Yo neti vipall±sehi,
kilese indriyehi saddhamme;
eta½ naya½ nayavid³,
s²havikk²¼ita½ ±h³”ti. (Netti. 4 niddesav±ra).
Asant±sanajavaparakkam±divisesayogena s²ho bhagav±, tassa vikk²¼ita½ desan± vac²kammabh³to vih±roti katv± vipall±satappaµipakkhaparid²panato s²hassa vikk²¼ita½ etth±ti s²havikk²¼ito, nayo. Balavisesayogad²panato v± s²havikk²¼itasadisatt± nayo s²havikk²¼ito. Balaviseso cettha saddh±dibala½, dasabal±ni eva v±.
Imesa½ pana tiŗŗa½ atthanay±na½ siddhiy± voh±ranayadvaya½ siddhameva hoti. Tath± hi atthanayattayadis±bh±vena kusal±didhamm±na½ ±locana½ dis±locana½. Vuttańheta½–
“Veyy±karaŗesu hi ye,
kusal±kusal± tahi½ tahi½ vutt±;
manas± olokayate,
ta½ khu dis±locana½ ±h³”ti. (Netti. 4 niddesav±ra).
Tath± ±locit±na½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ atthanayattayayojane sam±nayanato aŖkuso viya aŖkuso. Vuttańheta½–
“Oloketv± disalocanena, ukkhipiya ya½ sam±neti;
sabbe kusal±kusale, aya½ nayo aŖkuso n±m±”ti. (Netti. 4 niddesav±ra).
Tasm± manas±va atthanay±na½ dis±bh³tadhamm±na½ locana½ dis±locana½, tesa½ sam±nayana½ aŖkusoti pańcapi nay±ni yutt±ni honti.
Ett±vat± ca–
“Paµhamo nandiy±vaµµo, dutiyo ca tipukkhalo;
s²havikk²¼ito n±ma, tatiyo nayalańjako.
Dis±locanam±ha½su, catuttha½ nayamuttama½;
pańcamo aŖkuso n±ma, sabbe pańca nay± gat±”ti. (Netti. 1 uddesav±ra)–

Eva½ vuttapańcanay±pi ettha dassit±ti veditabb±. Nayati sa½kilesa½ vod±nańca vibh±gato ń±pet²ti nayo, lańjeti pak±seti suttatthanti lańjako, nayo ca so lańjako c±ti nayalańjako. Idańca sutta½ so¼asavidhe suttantapaµµh±ne sa½kilesabh±giya½ byatirekamukhena nibbedh±sekkhabh±giyanti daµµhabba½. Aµµhav²satividhe pana suttantapaµµh±ne lokiyalokuttara½ sattadhamm±dhiµµh±na½ ń±ŗańńeyya½ dassanabh±vana½ sakavacana½ vissajjan²ya½ kusal±kusala½ anuńń±ta½ paµikkhittańc±ti veditabba½.

Tattha so¼asavidhasuttanta½ paµµh±na½ n±ma “sa½kilesabh±giya½ sutta½, v±san±bh±giya½ sutta½, nibbedhabh±giya½ sutta½, asekkhabh±giya½ sutta½, sa½kilesabh±giyańca v±san±bh±giyańca sutta½, sa½kilesabh±giyańca nibbedhabh±giyańca sutta½, sa½kilesabh±giyańca asekkhabh±giyańca sutta½, v±san±bh±giyańca nibbedhabh±giyańca sutta½, v±san±bh±giyańca asekkhabh±giyańca sutta½, nibbedhabh±giyańca asekkhabh±giyańca sutta½, sa½kilesabh±giyańca v±san±bh±giyańca nibbedhabh±giyańca sutta½, sa½kilesabh±giyańca v±san±bh±giyańca asekkhabh±giyańca sutta½, sa½kilesabh±giyańca nibbedhabh±giyańca asekkhabh±giyańca sutta½, v±san±bh±giyańca nibbedhabh±giyańca asekkhabh±giyańca sutta½, sa½kilesabh±giyańca v±san±bh±giyańca nibbedhabh±giyańca asekkhabh±giyańca sutta½, neva sa½kilesabh±giya½ na v±san±bh±giya½ na nibbedhabh±giya½ na asekkhabh±giya½ suttan”ti (netti. 89) eva½ vuttaso¼asas±sanapaµµh±n±ni.
Tattha sa½kilissanti eten±ti sa½kileso, sa½kilesabh±ge sa½kilesakoµµh±se pavatta½ sa½kilesabh±giya½. V±san± puńńabh±van±, v±san±bh±ge pavatta½ v±san±bh±giya½, v±sana½ bhaj±pet²ti v± v±san±bh±giya½. Nibbijjhana½ lobhakkhandh±d²na½ pad±lana½ nibbedho, nibbedhabh±ge pavatta½, nibbedha½ bhaj±pet²ti v± nibbedhabh±giya½. Pariniµµhitasikkh± dhamm± asekkh±, asekkhabh±ge pavatta½, asekkhe bhaj±pet²ti v± asekkhabh±giya½. Tesu yattha taŗh±disa½kileso vibhatto, ida½ sa½kilesabh±giya½. Yattha d±n±dipuńńakiriyavatthu vibhatta½, ida½ v±san±bh±giya½. Yattha sekkh± s²lakkhandh±dayo vibhatt±, ida½ nibbedhabh±giya½. Yattha pana asekkh± s²lakkhandh±dayo vibhatt±, ida½ asekkhabh±giya½. Itar±ni tesa½ vomissakanayavasena vutt±ni. Sabb±savasa½varapariy±y±d²na½ vasena sabbabh±giya½ veditabba½. Tattha hi sa½kilesadhamm± lokiyasucaritadhamm± sekkh± dhamm± asekkh± dhamm± ca vibhatt±. Sabbabh±giya½ pana “passa½ na passat²”ti-±dika½ udak±di-anuv±davacana½ veditabba½.
Aµµhav²satividha½ suttantapaµµh±na½ pana “lokiya½, lokuttara½, lokiyańca lokuttarańca, satt±dhiµµh±na½, dhamm±dhiµµh±na½, satt±dhiµµh±nańca dhamm±dhiµµh±nańca, ń±ŗa½, ńeyya½, ń±ŗańca ńeyyańca, dassana½, bh±van±, dassanańca bh±van± ca, sakavacana½, paravacana½, sakavacanańca paravacanańca, vissajjan²ya½, avissajjan²ya½, vissajjan²yańca avissajjan²yańca, kamma½, vip±ko, kammańca vip±ko ca kusala½, akusala½, kusalańca akusalańca anuńń±ta½, paµikkhitta½, anuńń±tańca paµikkhittańca, thavo”ti (netti. 112) evam±gat±ni aµµhav²sati s±sanapaµµh±n±ni. Tattha lokiyanti loke niyutto, loke v± vidito lokiyo. Idha pana lokiyo attho yasmi½ sutte vutto, ta½ sutta½ lokiya½. Tath± lokuttara½. Yasmi½ pana sutte padesena lokiya½, padesena lokuttara½ vutta½, ta½ lokiyańca lokuttarańca. Satta-adhipp±yasattapańńattimukhena desita½ satt±dhiµµh±na½. Dhammavasena desita½ dhamm±dhiµµh±na½. Ubhayavasena desita½ satt±dhiµµh±nańca dhamm±dhiµµh±nańca. Imin± nayena sabbapadesu attho veditabbo. Buddh±d²na½ pana guŗ±bhitthavanavasena pavatta½ sutta½ thavo n±ma–
“Magg±naµµhaŖgiko seµµho, sacc±na½ caturo pad±;
vir±go seµµho dhamm±na½, dvipad±nańca cakkhum±”ti. (Dha. pa. 273; netti. 170; peµako. 30) ±dika½ viya–

Nettinayavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

2. Saddagaruk±d²nanti ±disaddena gandharasaphoµµhabbagaruke saŖgaŗh±ti. ¾sayavasen±ti ajjh±sayavasena. Utusamuµµh±nopi itthisant±nagato saddo labbhati, so idha n±dhippetoti “cittasamuµµh±no”ti vutta½. Kathitasaddo ±l±p±disaddo. G²tasaddo sarena g±yanasaddo. Itthiy± hasanasaddopettha saŖgahetabbo tassapi purisena ass±detabbato. Ten±ha– “apica kho m±tug±massa sadda½ suŗ±ti tirokuµµ± v± tirop±k±r± v± hasantiy± v± bhaŗantiy± v± g±yantiy± v±, so tadass±det²”ti-±di. Nivatthaniv±sanass±ti khalitthaddhassa niv±sanassa. AlaŖk±rass±ti n³pur±dikassa alaŖk±rassa. Itthisaddotveva veditabboti itthipaµibaddhabh±vato vutta½. Ten±ha– “sabbop²”ti-±di. Avid³raµµh±neti tassa hatthikulassa vasanaµµh±nato avid³raµµh±ne. K±y³papannoti sampannak±yo thirakathinamah±k±yo. Mah±hatth²ti mah±nubh±vo hatth². Jeµµhaka½ katv±ti y³thapati½ katv±.
Kathinatikkhabh±vena siŖgasadisatt± a¼asaŖkh±t±ni siŖg±ni etassa atth²ti siŖg², suvaŗŗavaŗŗat±ya mah±balat±ya ca s²hahatthi-±dimigasadisatt± migo viy±ti migo. Tattha tattha kicca½ netubh±vena cakkhuyeva netta½, ta½ uggataµµhena ±yata½ etass±ti ±yatacakkhunetto. Aµµhi eva taco etass±ti aµµhittaco. Ten±bhibh³toti tena migena abhibh³to ajjhotthaµo niccalaggahito hutv±. Karuŗa½ rud±m²ti k±ruńńapatto hutv± rod±mi virav±mi. Paccatthikabhayato mutti n±ma yath± tath± sah±yavato hoti, na ek±kinoti ±ha– “m± heva ma½ p±ŗasama½ jaheyy±”ti. Tattha m± heva manti ma½ evar³pa½ byasana½ patta½ attano p±ŗasama½ piyas±mika½ tva½ m±heva jahi.
Kuńce girik³µe ramati abhiramati, tattha v± vicarati, końjan±da½ nadanto v± vicarati, ku v± pathav², tadabhigh±tena j²rat²ti kuńjaro. Saµµhih±yananti j±tiy± saµµhivassak±lasmi½ kuńjar± th±mena parih±yanti, ta½ sandh±ya evam±ha. Pathaby± c±turant±y±ti cat³su dis±su samudda½ patv± µhit±ya c±turant±ya pathaviy±. Suppiyoti suµµhu piyo. Tesa½ tva½ v±rijo seµµhoti ye samudde v± gaŖg±ya v± yamun±ya v± nammad±nadiy± v± ku¼²r±, tesa½ sabbesa½ vaŗŗasampattiy± mahantattena ca v±rimhi j±tatt± v±rijo tvameva seµµho pasatthataro. Muńca rodantiy± patinti sabbesa½ seµµhatt± tameva y±c±mi, rodam±n±ya mayha½ s±mika½ muńca. Ath±ti gahaŗassa sithilakaraŗasamanantarameva. Etass±ti paµisattumaddanassa.
Pabbatagahana½ niss±y±ti tisso pabbatar±jiyo atikkamitv± catutth±ya pabbatar±jiya½ pabbatagahana½ upaniss±ya. Eva½ vadat²ti “udetaya½ cakkhum±”ti-±din± (j±. 1.2.17) ima½ buddhamanta½ mantento vadati.
Tattha udet²ti p±c²nalokadh±tuto uggacchati. Cakkhum±ti sakalacakkav±¼av±s²na½ andhak±ra½ vidhamitv± cakkhuppaµil±bhakaraŗena yantena tesa½ dinna½ cakkhu, tena cakkhun± cakkhum±. Ekar±j±ti sakalacakkav±¼e ±lokakar±na½ antare seµµhaµµhena rańjanaµµhena ca ekar±j±. Harissavaŗŗoti harisam±navaŗŗo, suvaŗŗavaŗŗoti attho. Pathavi½ pabh±set²ti pathavippabh±so. Ta½ ta½ namass±m²ti tasm± ta½ evar³pa½ bhavanta½ namass±mi vand±mi. Tay±jja gutt± viharemha divasanti tay± ajja rakkhit± hutv± ima½ divasa½ catu-iriy±pathavih±rena sukha½ vihareyy±ma.
Eva½ bodhisatto im±ya g±th±ya s³riya½ namassitv± dutiyag±th±ya at²te parinibbute buddhe ceva buddhaguŗe ca namassati “ye br±hmaŗ±”ti-±din±. Tattha ye br±hmaŗ±ti ye b±hitap±p± parisuddh± br±hmaŗ±. Vedag³ti ved±na½ p±ra½ gat±, vedehi p±ra½ gat±ti v± vedag³. Idha pana sabbe saŖkhatadhamme vidite p±kaµe katv± kat±ti vedag³. Tenev±ha– “sabbadhamme”ti. Sabbe khandh±yatanadh±tudhamme salakkhaŗas±mańńalakkhaŗavasena attano ń±ŗassa vidite p±kaµe katv± tiŗŗa½ m±r±na½ matthaka½ madditv± samm±sambodhi½ patt±, sa½s±ra½ v± atikkant±ti attho. Te me namoti te mama ima½ namakk±ra½ paµicchantu. Te ca ma½ p±layant³ti eva½ may± namassit± ca te bhagavanto ma½ p±layantu rakkhantu. Namattu buddh±na½…pe… vimuttiy±ti aya½ mama namakk±ro at²t±na½ parinibbut±na½ buddh±na½ atthu, tesa½yeva cat³su phalesu ń±ŗasaŖkh±t±ya bodhiy± atthu, tath± tesańńeva arahattaphalavimuttiy± vimutt±na½ atthu, y± ca nesa½ tadaŖgavikkhambhanasamucchedappaµippassaddhinissaraŗasaŖkh±t± pańcavidh± vimutti, t±ya vimuttiy±pi aya½ mayha½ namakk±ro atth³ti attho. Ima½ so paritta½ katv±, moro carati esan±ti ida½ pana padadvaya½ satth± abhisambuddho hutv± ±ha. Tassattho– bhikkhave, so moro ima½ paritta½ ima½ rakkha½ katv± attano gocarabh³miya½ pupphaphal±d²na½ atth±ya n±nappak±r±ya esan±ya carat²ti.
Eva½ divasa½ caritv± s±ya½ pabbatamatthake nis²ditv± attha½ gacchanta½ s³riya½ olokento buddhaguŗe ±vajjetv± niv±saµµh±ne rakkh±varaŗatth±ya puna brahmamanta½ vadanto “apetayan”ti-±dim±ha. Tenev±ha– “divasa½ gocara½ gahetv±”ti-±di. Tattha apet²ti apay±ti attha½ gacchati. Ima½ so paritta½ katv± moro v±samakappay²ti idampi abhisambuddho hutv± ±ha. Tassattho– bhikkhave, so moro ima½ paritta½ ima½ rakkha½ katv± attano niv±saµµh±ne v±sa½ sa½kappayitth±ti. Parittakammato puretaramev±ti parittakammakaraŗato puretarameva. Morakukkuµik±y±ti kukkuµik±sadis±ya moracch±pik±ya.
3. Tatiye r³p±yatanassa viya gandh±yatanassapi samuµµh±pakapaccayavasena viseso natth²ti ±ha– “catusamuµµh±nikan”ti. Itthiy± sar²ragandhassa k±y±ru¼ha-anulepan±digandhassa ca tappaµibaddhabh±vato avisesena gahaŗappasaŖge idh±dhippetagandha½ niddh±rento “sv±yan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha itthiy±ti p±katik±ya itthiy±. Duggandhoti p±katik±ya itthiy± sar²ragandhabh±vato duggandho hoti. Idh±dhippetoti iµµhabh±vato ass±detabbatt± vutta½. Katha½ pana itthiy± sar²ragandhassa duggandhabh±voti ±ha– “ekacc± h²”ti-±di. Tattha assassa viya gandho ass± atth²ti assagandhin². Meŗ¹akassa viya gandho ass± atth²ti meŗ¹akagandhin². Sedassa viya gandho ass± atth²ti sedagandhin². Soŗitassa viya gandho ass± atth²ti soŗitagandhin². Rajjatev±ti an±dimati sa½s±re avijj±dikilesav±san±ya parika¹¹hitahadayatt± phoµµhabbass±dagadhitacittat±ya ca andhab±lo evar³p±yapi duggandhasar²r±ya itthiy± rajjatiyeva. P±katik±ya itthiy± sar²ragandhassa duggandhabh±va½ dassetv± id±ni visiµµh±ya ekacc±ya itthiy± tadabh±va½ dassetu½– “cakkavattino pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Yadi eva½ ²dis±ya itthiy± sar²ragandhopi idha kasm± n±dhippetoti ±ha– “aya½ na sabb±sa½ hot²”ti-±di. Tiracch±nagat±ya itthiy± ekacc±ya ca manussitthiy± sar²ragandhassa ativiya ass±detabbabh±vadassanato puna tampi avisesena anuj±nanto “itthik±ye gandho v± hot³”ti-±dim±ha. Itthigandhotveva veditabboti tappaµibaddhabh±vato vutta½.
4. Catutth±d²su ki½ ten±ti jivh±vińńeyyarase idh±dhippete ki½ tena avayavaras±din± vuttena payojana½. Oµµhama½sa½ sammakkhet²ti oµµhama½sasammakkhano, khe¼±d²ni. ¾disaddena oµµhama½samakkhano tambulamukhav±s±diraso gayhati. Sabbo so itthirasoti itthiy±vassa gahetabbatt±.
5. Itthiphoµµhabboti etth±pi eseva nayo. Yadi panettha itthigat±ni r³p±rammaŗ±d²ni avisesato purisassa citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhanti, atha kasm± bhagavat± t±ni visu½ visu½ gahetv± desit±n²ti ±ha– “iti satth±”ti-±di. Yath± h²ti-±din± tamevattha½ samattheti. Gamet²ti vikkhepa½ gameti, ayameva v± p±µho. Gamet²ti ca saŖgameti. Na tath± ses± sadd±dayo, na tath± r³p±d²ni ±rammaŗ±n²ti etena sattesu r³p±digarukat± asa½kiŗŗ± viya dassit±, na kho paneta½ eva½ daµµhabba½ anekavidhatt± satt±na½ ajjh±sayass±ti dassetu½– “ekaccassa c±”ti-±di vutta½. Pańcagarukavasen±ti pańc±rammaŗagarukavasena. Ekaccassa hi purisassa yath±vuttesu pańcasupi ±rammaŗesu garukat± hoti, ekaccassa tattha katipayesu, ekasmi½ eva v±, te sabbepi pańcagaruk±tveva veditabb± yath± “sattisayo aµµhavimokkh±”ti. Na pańcagarukaj±takavasena ekek±rammaŗe garukasseva n±dhippetatt±. Ekek±rammaŗagaruk±nańhi pańcanna½ puggal±na½ tattha ±gatatt± ta½ j±taka½ “pańcagarukaj±takan”ti vutta½. Yadi eva½ tena idha payojana½ natth²ti ±ha– “sakkhibh±vatth±y±”ti. ¾haritv± kathetabbanti r³p±digarukat±ya ete anayabyasana½ patt±ti dassetu½ kathetabba½.
6-8. Tesanti sutt±na½. Uppaŗ¹etv± gaŗhitu½ na icch²ti tassa thoka½ vir³padh±tukatt± na icchi. Anatikkamantoti sa½sandento. Dve hattha½ patt±n²ti dve uppal±ni hattha½ gat±ni. Pahaµµh±k±ra½ dassetv±ti apar±hi itth²hi ekeka½ laddha½, may± dve laddh±n²ti santuµµh±k±ra½ dassetv±. Parod²ti tass± pubbas±mikassa mukhagandha½ saritv±. Tassa hi mukhato uppalagandho v±yati. H±retv±ti tasm± µh±n± apanetv±, “har±petv±”ti v± p±µho, ayamevattho.
S±dhu s±dh³ti bh±satoti dhammakath±ya anumodanavasena “s±dhu s±dh³”ti bh±sato. Uppala½va yathodaketi yath± uppala½ uppalagandho mukhato nibbattoti. Vaµµameva kathitanti yath±rutavasena vutta½. Yadipi eva½ vutta½, tath±pi yath±rutamatthe avatv± vivaµµa½ n²haritv± kathetabba½ vimuttirasatt± bhagavato desan±ya.

R³p±divaggavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

Iti manorathap³raŗiy± aŖguttaranik±ya-aµµhakath±ya

Paµhamavaggavaŗŗan±ya anutt±natthad²pan± niµµhit±.