Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±

1. Sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattaya½ namassituk±mo tassa visiµµhaguºayogasandassanattha½ “karuº±s²talahadayan”ti-±dim±ha. Visiµµhaguºayogena hi vandan±rahabh±vo, vandan±rahe ca kat± vandan± yath±dhippetamattha½ s±dheti. Ettha ca sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayappaº±makaraºappayojana½ tattha tattha bahudh± papañcenti ±cariy±, maya½ pana idh±dhippetameva payojana½ dassayiss±ma, tasm± sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayappaº±makaraºa½ yath±paµiññ±tasa½vaººan±ya anantar±yena parisam±panatthanti veditabba½. Idameva hi payojana½ ±cariyena idh±dhippeta½. Tath± hi vakkhati–
“Iti me pasannamatino, ratanattayavandan±maya½ puñña½;
ya½ suvihatantar±yo, hutv± tass±nubh±ven±”ti.
Ratanattayappaº±makaraºena cettha yath±paµiññ±tasa½vaººan±ya anantar±yena parisam±pana½ ratanattayap³j±ya paññ±p±µavato, t±ya paññ±p±µavañca r±g±dimalavidhamanato. Vuttañheta½–
“Yasmi½, mah±n±ma, samaye ariyas±vako tath±gata½ anussarati, nevassa tasmi½ samaye r±gapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na dosapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na mohapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, ujugatamevassa tasmi½ samaye citta½ hot²”ti-±di (a. ni. 6.10; 11.11).
Tasm± ratanattayap³janena vikkh±litamal±ya paññ±ya p±µavasiddhi.
Atha v± ratanattayap³janassa paññ±padaµµh±nasam±dhihetutt± paññ±p±µava½. Vuttañhi tassa sam±dhihetutta½–
“Ujugatacitto kho pana, mah±n±ma, ariyas±vako labhati atthaveda½, labhati dhammaveda½, labhati dhamm³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½, pamuditassa p²ti j±yati, p²timanassa k±yo passambhati, passaddhak±yo sukha½ vediyati, sukhino citta½ sam±dhiyat²”ti (a. ni. 6.10; 11.11).
Sam±dhissa ca paññ±ya padaµµh±nabh±vo vuttoyeva– “sam±hito yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.5; 4.99; 5.1071). Tato eva½ paµubh³t±ya paññ±ya paµiññ±mahattakata½ khedamabhibhuyya anantar±yena sa½vaººana½ sam±payissati.
Atha v± ratanattayap³j±ya ±yuvaººasukhabalava¹¹hanato anantar±yena parisam±pana½ veditabba½. Ratanattayappaº±mena hi ±yuvaººasukhabal±ni va¹¹hanti. Vuttañheta½–
“Abhiv±danas²lissa, nicca½ vu¹¹h±pac±yino;
catt±ro dhamm± va¹¹hanti, ±yu vaººo sukha½ balan”ti. (Dha. pa. 109)–

Tato ±yuvaººasukhabalavuddhiy± hoteva k±riyaniµµh±na½.

Atha v± ratanattayag±ravassa paµibh±n±parih±n±vahatt±. Aparih±n±vahañhi t²supi ratanesu g±rava½. Vuttañheta½–
“Sattime, bhikkhave, aparih±n²y± dhamm±. Katame satta? Satthug±ravat±, dhammag±ravat±, saªghag±ravat±, sikkh±g±ravat±, sam±dhig±ravat±, sovacassat±, kaly±ºamittat±”ti (a. ni. 7.34).
Hoteva ca tato paµibh±n±parih±nena yath±paµiññ±taparisam±pana½.
Atha v± pas±davatth³su p³j±ya puññ±tisayabh±vato. Vuttañhi tass± puññ±tisayatta½–
“P³j±rahe p³jayato, buddhe yadi va s±vake;
papañcasamatikkante, tiººasokapariddave.
Te t±dise p³jayato, nibbute akutobhaye;
na sakk± puñña½ saªkh±tu½, imettamapi kenac²”ti. (Dha. pa. 195-196; apa. thera 1.10.1-2).
Puññ±tisayo ca yath±dhippetaparisam±pan³p±yo. Yath±ha–
“Esa devamanuss±na½, sabbak±madado nidhi;
ya½ yadev±bhipatthenti, sabbametena labbhat²”ti. (Khu. p±. 8.10).
Up±yesu ca paµipannassa hoteva k±riyaniµµh±na½. Ratanattayap³j± hi niratisayapuññakkhettasambuddhiy± aparimeyyappabh±vo puññ±tisayoti bahuvidhantar±yepi lokasanniv±se antar±yanibandhanasakalasa½kilesaviddha½san±ya pahoti, bhay±di-upaddavañca niv±reti. Tasm± vutta½– “sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayappaº±makaraºa½ yath±paµiññ±tasa½vaººan±ya anantar±yena parisam±panatthan”ti.
Evañca sappayojana½ ratanattayavandana½ kattuk±mo paµhama½ t±va bhagavato vandana½ k±tu½ tamm³lakatt± sesaratan±na½ “karuº±s²talahadaya½…pe… gativimuttan”ti ±ha. Tattha yass± desan±ya sa½vaººana½ kattuk±mo, s± na vinayadesan± viya karuº±padh±n±, n±pi abhidhammadesan± viya paññ±padh±n±, atha kho karuº±paññ±padh±n±ti tadubhayappadh±nameva t±va samm±sambuddhassa thomana½ k±tu½ “karuº±s²talahadaya½, paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti vutta½. Tattha kirat²ti karuº±, paradukkha½ vikkhipati apanet²ti attho. Atha v± kiº±t²ti karuº±, paradukkhe sati k±ruºika½ hi½sati vib±dhat²ti attho. Paradukkhe sati s±dh³na½ kampana½ hadayakheda½ karot²ti v± karuº±. Atha v± kamiti sukha½, ta½ rundhat²ti karuº±. Es± hi paradukkh±panayanak±mat±lakkhaº± attasukhanirapekkhat±ya k±ruºik±na½ sukha½ rundhati vibandhat²ti attho. Karuº±ya s²tala½ karuº±s²tala½, karuº±s²tala½ hadaya½ ass±ti karuº±s²talahadayo, ta½ karuº±s²talahadaya½.
Tattha kiñc±pi paresa½ hitopasa½h±rasukh±di-aparih±nicchanasabh±vat±ya, by±p±d±rat²na½ ujuvipaccan²kat±ya ca sattasant±nagatasant±pavicchedan±k±rappavattiy± mett±mudit±nampi cittas²talabh±vak±raºat± upalabbhati, tath±pi dukkh±panayan±k±rappavattiy± par³pat±p±sahanaras± avihi½sabh³t± karuº± visesena bhagavato cittassa cittappassaddhi viya s²tibh±vanimittanti vutta½– “karuº±s²talahadayan”ti. Karuº±mukhena v± mett±mudit±nampi hadayas²talabh±vak±raºat± vutt±ti daµµhabba½. Atha v± as±dh±raºañ±ºavisesanibandhanabh³t± s±tisaya½ niravasesañca sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ viya savisayaby±pit±ya mah±karuº±bh±va½ upagat± karuº±va bhagavato atisayena hadayas²talabh±vahet³ti ±ha– “karuº±s²talahadayan”ti. Atha v± satipi mett±mudit±na½ s±tisaye hadayas²tibh±vanibandhanatte sakalabuddhaguºavisesak±raºat±ya t±sampi k±raºanti karuº±va bhagavato “hadayas²talabh±vak±raºan”ti vutt±. Karuº±nid±n± hi sabbepi buddhaguº±. Karuº±nubh±vanibb±piyam±nasa½s±radukkhasant±passa hi bhagavato paradukkh±panayanak±mat±ya anek±nipi asaªkhyeyy±ni kapp±na½ akilantar³passeva niravasesabuddhakaradhammasambharaºaniratassa samadhigatadhamm±dhipateyyassa ca sannihitesupi sattasaªkh±rasamupan²tahaday³pat±panimittesu na ²sakampi cittas²tibh±vassa aññathattamahos²ti. Etasmiñca atthavikappe t²supi avatth±su bhagavato karuº± saªgahit±ti daµµhabba½.
Paj±n±t²ti paññ±, yath±sabh±va½ pak±rehi paµivijjhat²ti attho. Paññ±va ñeyy±varaºappah±nato pak±rehi dhammasabh±v±vajotanaµµhena pajjototi paññ±pajjoto. Sav±sanappah±nato visesena hata½ samuggh±tita½ vihata½. Paññ±pajjotena vihata½ paññ±pajjotavihata½ muyhanti tena, saya½ v± muyhati, mohanamattameva v± tanti moho, avijj±. Sveva visayasabh±vappaµicch±danato andhak±rasarikkhat±ya tamo viy±ti mohatamo, paññ±pajjotavihato mohatamo etass±ti paññ±pajjotavihatamohatamo, ta½ paññ±pajjotavihatamohatama½. Sabbesampi hi kh²º±sav±na½ satipi paññ±pajjotena avijjandhak±rassa vihatabh±ve saddh±dhimuttehi viya diµµhippatt±na½ s±vakehi paccekasambuddhehi ca sav±sanappah±nena samm±sambuddh±na½ kilesappah±nassa viseso vijjat²ti s±tisayena avijj±pah±nena bhagavanta½ thomento ±ha– “paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti.
Atha v± antarena paropadesa½ attano sant±ne accanta½ avijjandhak±ravigamassa nibbattitatt±, tattha ca sabbaññut±ya balesu ca vas²bh±vassa samadhigatatt±, parasantatiyañca dhammadesan±tisay±nubh±vena sammadeva tassa pavattitatt± bhagav±va visesato mohatamavigamena thometabboti ±ha– “paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti. Imasmiñca atthavikappe “paññ±pajjoto”ti padena bhagavato paµivedhapaññ± viya desan±paññ±pi s±maññaniddesena, ekasesanayena v± saªgahit±ti daµµhabba½.
Atha v± bhagavato ñ±ºassa ñeyyapariyantikatt± sakalañeyyadhammasabh±v±vabodhanasamatthena an±varaºañ±ºasaªkh±tena paññ±pajjotena sabbañeyyadhammasabh±vacch±dakassa mohandhak±rassa vidhamitatt± anaññas±dh±raºo bhagavato mohatamavin±soti katv± vutta½– “paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti. Ettha ca mohatamavidhamanante adhigatatt± an±varaºañ±ºa½ k±raºopac±rena sasant±namohatamavidhamana½ daµµhabba½. Abhin²h±rasampattiy± sav±sanappah±nameva hi kiles±na½ ñeyy±varaºappah±nanti, parasant±ne pana mohatamavidhamanassa k±raºabh±vato an±varaºañ±ºa½ “mohatamavidhamanan”ti vuccat²ti.
Ki½ pana k±raºa½ avijj±samuggh±toyeveko pah±nasampattivasena bhagavato thoman±nimitta½ gayhati, na pana s±tisayaniravasesakilesappah±nanti? Tappah±navacaneneva tadekaµµhat±ya sakalasa½kilesagaºasamuggh±tassa vuttatt±. Na hi so t±diso kileso atthi, yo niravasesa-avijj±pah±nena na pah²yat²ti.
Atha v± vijj± viya sakalakusaladhammasamuppattiy±, niravases±kusaladhammanibbattiy± sa½s±rappavattiy± ca avijj± padh±nak±raºanti tabbigh±tavacanena sakalasa½kilesagaºasamuggh±to vutto eva hot²ti vutta½– “paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti.
Nar± ca amar± ca nar±mar±, saha nar±mareh²ti sanar±maro, sanar±maro ca so loko c±ti sanar±maraloko, tassa gar³ti sanar±maralokagaru, ta½ sanar±maralokagaru½. Etena devamanuss±na½ viya tadavasiµµhasatt±nampi yath±raha½ guºavises±vahat±ya bhagavato upak±rata½ dasseti. Na cettha padh±nappadh±nabh±vo codetabbo. Añño hi saddakkamo, añño atthakkamo. ¿disesu hi sam±sapadesu padh±nampi appadh±na½ viya niddis²yati yath± “sar±jik±ya paris±y±”ti (c³¼ava. 336). K±mañcettha sattasaªkh±rabh±janavasena tividho loko, garubh±vassa pana adhippetatt± garukaraºasamatthasseva yujjanato sattalokassa vasena attho gahetabbo. So hi lok²yanti ettha puññap±p±ni tabbip±ko c±ti “loko”ti vuccati. Amaraggahaºena cettha upapattidev± adhippet±.
Atha v± sam³hattho lokasaddo samud±yavasena lok²yati paññ±p²yat²ti. Saha nareh²ti sanar±, sanar± ca te amar± c±ti sanar±mar±, tesa½ lokoti sanar±maralokoti purimanayeneva yojetabba½. Amarasaddena cettha visuddhidev±pi saªgayhanti. Tepi hi maraº±bh±vato paramatthato amar±. Nar±mar±na½yeva ca gahaºa½ ukkaµµhaniddesavasena yath± “satth± devamanuss±nan”ti (d². ni. 1.157). Tath± hi sabb±natthapariharaºapubbaªgam±ya niravasesahitasukhavidh±natappar±ya niratisay±ya payogasampattiy± sadevamanuss±ya paj±ya accant³pak±rit±ya aparimitanirupamappabh±vaguºavisesasamaªgit±ya ca sabbasattuttamo bhagav± aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ uttamag±ravaµµh±na½. Tena vutta½– “sanar±maralokagarun”ti.
Sobhana½ gata½ gamana½ etass±ti sugato. Bhagavato hi veneyyajan³pasaªkamana½ ekantena tesa½ hitasukhanipph±danato sobhana½, tath± lakkhaº±nubyañjanappaµimaº¹itar³pak±yat±ya dutavilambitakhalit±nuka¹¹hananipp²¼anukkuµikakuµil±kuµilat±di- dosarahitamavahasitar±jaha½savasabhav±raºamigar±jagamana½ k±yagamana½ ñ±ºagamanañca vipulanimmalakaruº±sativ²riy±diguºavisesasahitamabhin²h±rato y±va mah±bodhi anavajjat±ya sobhanamev±ti. Atha v± sayambhuñ±ºena sakalampi loka½ pariññ±bhisamayavasena parij±nanto ñ±ºena samm± gato avagatoti sugato, tath± lokasamudaya½ pah±n±bhisamayavasena pajahanto anuppattidhammata½ ±p±dento samm± gato at²toti sugato, lokanirodha½ nibb±na½ sacchikiriy±bhisamayavasena samm± gato adhigatoti sugato, lokanirodhag±minipaµipada½ bh±van±bhisamayavasena samm± gato paµipannoti sugato. “Sot±pattimaggena ye kiles± pah²n±, te kilese na puneti na pacceti na pacc±gacchat²ti sugato”ti-±din± (c³¼ani. mettag³m±ºavapucch±niddeso 27) nayena ayamattho vibh±vetabbo. Atha v± sundara½ µh±na½ samm±sambodhi½, nibb±nameva v± gato adhigatoti sugato, yasm± v± bh³ta½ taccha½ atthasa½hita½ veneyy±na½ yath±raha½ k±layuttameva ca dhamma½ bh±sati, tasm± samm± gadat²ti sugato, da-k±rassa ta-k±ra½ katv±. Iti sobhanagamanat±d²hi sugato, ta½ sugata½.