Vis±kh±vatthu

259. Dutiye d±yik±nanti d±n±bhirat±na½ up±sik±na½, vis±kh± mig±ram±t±, agg±ti dasseti. S± kira padumuttarabuddhak±le ha½savatiya½ kulagehe nibbatt± aparabh±ge satthu dhammadesana½ suŗant² satth±ra½ eka½ up±sika½ d±yik±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± adhik±rakamma½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthesi. S± kappasatasahassa½ devamanussesu sa½saritv± kassapabuddhak±le kikissa k±sirańńo gehe sattanna½ bhagin²na½ sabbakaniµµh± hutv± nibbatti. Tad± kira–
“Samaŗ² samaŗagutt± ca, bhikkhun² bhikkhud±yik±;
dhamm± ceva sudhamm± ca, saŖghad±s² ca sattam±”ti.
Im± satta bhaginiyo ahesu½. T± etarahi–
“Khem± uppalavaŗŗ± ca, paµ±c±r± ca gotam²;
dhammadinn± mah±m±y±, vis±kh± ceva sattam²”ti.–

Eva½n±m± hutv± nibbatt±. Tatr±ya½ saŖghad±s² eka½ buddhantara½ devamanussesu sa½saritv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de aŖgaraµµhe bhaddiyanagare meŗ¹akaseµµhiputtassa dhanańcayaseµµhino aggamahesiy± sumanadeviy± n±ma kucchismi½ nibbatti, vis±kh±tiss± n±ma½ aka½su. Tass± sattavassikak±le dasabalo selabr±hmaŗassa ca ańńesańca bodhaneyyabandhav±na½ upanissayasampatti½ disv± mah±bhikkhusaŖghapariv±ro c±rika½ caram±no tasmi½ raµµhe ta½ nagara½ p±puŗi.

Tasmińca samaye meŗ¹ako gahapati tasmi½ nagare pańcanna½ mah±puńń±na½ jeµµhako hutv± seµµhiµµh±na½ k±resi. Pańca mah±puńń± n±ma meŗ¹ako seµµhi, candapadum± n±ma tasseva aggamahes², tassa ca putto dhanańcayo n±ma, tassa bhariy± sumanadev² n±ma, meŗ¹akaseµµhissa d±so puŗŗo n±m±ti. Na kevalańca meŗ¹akaseµµhiyeva, bimbis±ramah±r±jassa pana ±ŗ±pavattiµµh±ne pańca amitabhog± n±ma ahesu½ jotiko jaµilo meŗ¹ako puŗŗo k±kavaliyoti. Tesu aya½ meŗ¹akaseµµhi dasabalassa attano nagara½ sampattabh±va½ sutv± puttassa dhanańcayaseµµhino dh²tara½ vis±kh±d±rika½ pakkositv± evam±ha– “amma, tuyhampi maŖgala½ amh±kampi maŖgala½, tava paric±rik±hi pańcad±rik±satehi saddhi½ pańca rathasat±ni ±ruyha pańcahi d±sisatehi parivut± dasabalassa paccuggamana½ karoh²”ti. S± pit±mahassa vacana½ sutv± tath± ak±si. K±raŗ±k±raŗesu pana kusalatt± y±vatik± y±nassa bh³mi, y±nena gantv± y±n± paccorohitv± pattik±va satth±ra½ upasaŖkamitv± vanditv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Athass± caritavasena satth± dhamma½ desesi. Desan±pariyos±ne pańcahi d±rik±satehi saddhi½ sot±pattiphale patiµµh±si. Meŗ¹akaseµµhipi kho satthu santika½ gantv± satth±ra½ vanditv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Atha satth± tassapi caritavasena dhamma½ desesi. So desan±pariyos±ne sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ya satth±ra½ sv±tan±ya nimantetv± punadivase attano nivesane paŗ²tena kh±dan²yena bhojan²yena buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaŖgha½ parivisitv± etenup±yena a¹¹ham±sa½ mah±d±na½ ad±si. Satth± bhaddiyanagare yath±bhiranta½ viharitv± pakk±mi.
Ito para½ ańńa½ kath±magga½ vissajjetv± vis±kh±ya uppattikath±va kathetabb±. S±vatthiyańhi kosalar±j± bimbis±rassa santika½ pesesi– “mama ±ŗ±pavattiµµh±ne amitabhogavindanakula½ n±ma natthi, amh±ka½ amitabhogavindanakula½ peset³”ti. R±j± amaccehi saddhi½ mantesi. Amacc± “mah±kula½ pesetu½ na sakk±, eka½ pana seµµhiputta½ pesess±m±”ti meŗ¹akaseµµhino putta½ dhanańcayaseµµhi½ ±y±ci½su. R±j± tesa½ vacana½ sutv± ta½ pesesi. Atha na½ kosalar±j± s±vatthito sattayojanamatthake s±ketanagare seµµhiµµh±na½ datv± v±sesi.
S±vatthiyańca mig±raseµµhino putto puŗŗava¹¹hanakum±ro n±ma vayappatto ahosi. Athassa pit± “putto me vayappatto, ghar±v±senassa ±bandhanasamayo”ti ńatv± “amh±ka½ sam±naj±tike kule d±rika½ pariyesath±”ti k±raŗ±k±raŗakusale purise pesesi. Te s±vatthiya½ attano rucita½ d±rika½ adisv± s±keta½ agama½su. Ta½divasańca, vis±kh±, attano sam±navayehi pańcahi kum±rik±satehi pariv±rit± nakkhattak²¼anatth±ya eka½ mah±g±ma½ agam±si Tepi puris± antonagare caritv± attano rucita½ d±rika½ adisv± bahinagaradv±re aµµha½su. Tasmi½ samaye devo vassitu½ ±rabhi. Atha t± vis±kh±ya saddhi½ nikkhant± d±rik± temanabhayena vegena s±la½ pavisi½su. Te puris± t±sampi antare yath±rucita½ d±rika½ na passi½su. T±sa½ pana sabbapacchato, vis±kh±, deva½ vassantampi agaŗetv± aturitagamanena temayam±n±va s±la½ p±visi. Te puris± ta½ disv± cintayi½su– “r³pavat² t±va kańń± etaparam± bhaveyya, r³pa½ paneta½ ekacc±ya k±ritapatta½ viya hoti, katha½ samuµµh±petv± kathent± j±niss±ma madhuravacan± v± no v±”ti. Tato na½ ±ha½su– “ativiya pariŗatavay± itth² viya y±si, amm±”ti. Ki½ disv± kathetha, t±t±ti? Ańń± tay± saddhi½ k²¼anakum±riyo temanabhayena vegena ±gantv± s±la½ paviµµh±, tva½ pana mahallik± viya padav±ra½ atikkamma n±gacchasi, s±µakassa temanabh±vampi na gaŗesi. Sace ta½ hatth² v± asso v± anubandheyya, ki½ evameva½ kareyy±s²ti? T±t±, s±µak± n±ma na dullabh±, sulabh± mayha½ kule s±µak±. Vayappatt± m±tug±m± pana paŗiyabhaŗ¹asadis±, hatthe v± p±de v± bhagge aŖgavikala½ m±tug±ma½ jigucchant± niµµhubhitv± gacchanti, tasm± saŗika½ ±gat±mh²ti.
Te cintayi½su– “im±ya sadis± imasmi½ jambud²pe itth² n±ma natthi, y±dis± r³pena, kath±yapi t±dis±va. K±raŗ±k±raŗa½ ńatv± kathet²”ti tass± upari m±l±gu¼a½ khipi½su. Atha, vis±kh±, cintesi– “aha½ pubbe apariggahit±, id±ni pana pariggahit±mh²”ti vin²ten±k±rena bh³miya½ nis²di. Atha na½ tattheva s±ŗiy± parikkhipi½su. S± paµicchannabh±va½ ńatv± d±sigaŗaparivut± geha½ agam±si. Tepi mig±raseµµhino puris± t±ya saddhi½yeva dhanańcayaseµµhissa santika½ agama½su. “Katarag±mav±sino t±t±, tumhe”ti pucchit± “s±vatthinagare mig±raseµµhino purisamh±”ti vatv± “maya½ amh±ka½ seµµhin± tumh±ka½ gehe vayappatt± d±rik± atth²ti sutv± pesit±”ti. S±dhu, t±t±, tumh±ka½ seµµhi kińc±pi bhogena amhehi asadiso, j±tiy± pana sadiso. Sabb±k±rasampanno n±ma dullabho gacchatha tumhe seµµhissa amhehi sampaµicchitabh±va½ ±roceth±ti.
Te tassa vacana½ sutv± s±vatthi½ gantv± mig±raseµµhissa tuµµhi½ va¹¹hi½ ca pavedetv± “laddh± no s±mi s±kete dhanańcayaseµµhissa gehe d±rik±”ti ±ha½su. Ta½ sutv± mig±raseµµhi “mah±kulagehe kira no d±rik± laddh±”ti tuµµham±naso hutv± t±vadeva dhanańcayaseµµhissa s±sana½ pahiŗi “id±neva d±rika½ ±nayiss±ma, kattabbakicca½ karont³”ti. Sopissa paµis±sana½ pesesi– “nayida½ amh±ka½ bh±riya½, seµµhi pana attano kattabbakicca½ karot³”ti. So kosalarańńo santika½ gantv± ±rocesi– “deva, ek± me maŖgalakiriy± atthi, d±sassa te puŗŗava¹¹hanassa dhanańcayaseµµhino dh²tara½ vis±kha½ n±ma d±rika½ ±ness±mi, s±ketagamana½ me anuj±n±th±”ti. S±dhu, mah±seµµhi, ki½ pana amhehipi ±gantabbanti? Deva tumh±dis±na½ gamana½ laddhu½ sakk±ti? R±j± mah±kulassa saŖgaha½ k±tuk±mo “hotu seµµhi, ±gamiss±m²”ti sampaµicchitv± mig±raseµµhin± saddhi½ s±ketanagara½ agam±si. Dhanańcayaseµµhi “mig±raseµµhi kira kosalar±j±na½ gahetv± ±gato”ti sutv± paccuggamana½ katv± r±j±na½ gahetv± attano nivesana½ agam±si. T±vadeva rańńo ca r±jabalassa ca mig±raseµµhino ca vasanaµµh±na½ ceva m±l±gandhabhatt±d²ni ca sabb±ni paµiy±desi. “Ida½ imassa laddhu½ vaµµati, ida½ imass±”ti sabba½ attan±va j±n±ti. Te te jan± cintayi½su– “seµµhi amh±kameva sakk±ra½ karot²”ti.
Athekadivasa½ r±j± dhanańcayaseµµhissa s±sana½ pahiŗi “na sakk± seµµhin± cirak±la½ amh±ka½ bharaŗaposana½ k±tu½, d±rik±ya gamanak±la½ j±n±t³”ti. Sopi rańńo s±sana½ pesesi– “id±ni vassak±lo ±gato, na sakk± catum±sa½ vicaritu½, tumh±ka½ balak±yassa ya½ ya½ laddhu½ vaµµati, sabba½ ta½ mama bh±ro. Kevala½ devo may± pesitak±le gacchat³”ti. Tato paµµh±ya s±ketanagara½ niccanakkhattag±mo viya ahosi. Eva½ tayo m±s± atikkant±. Dhanańcayaseµµhino pana dh²t±ya mah±lat±pas±dhana½ na t±va niµµha½ gacchati. Athassa kammant±dhiµµh±yak± ±gantv± ±rocayi½su– “sesa½ asanta½ n±ma natthi, balak±yassa pana bhattapacanad±r³ni nappahont²”ti. “Gacchatha, t±t±, hatthis±l± assas±l± viyojetv± bhatta½ pacath±”ti. Eva½ pacant±nampi a¹¹ham±so atikkanto. Tato puna ±rocayi½su– “d±r³ni s±mi nappahont²”ti. “T±t±, imasmi½ k±le d±r³ni laddhu½ na sakk±, dussakoµµh±g±ra½ pana vivaritv± th³las±µake gahetv± vaµµiyo katv± telac±µiya½ temetv± bhatta½ pacath±”ti. Imin± niy±mena pacant±na½ catt±ro m±s± p³rayi½su.
Tato dhanańcayaseµµhi dh²tuy± mah±lat±pas±dhanassa niµµhitabh±va½ ńatv± “sve d±rika½ pesess±m²”ti dh²tara½ sam²pe nis²d±petv± “amma patikule vasantiy± n±ma imańcimańca ±c±ra½ sikkhitu½ vaµµat²”ti ov±da½ ad±si. Aya½ mig±raseµµhi anantaragabbhe nisinno dhanańcayaseµµhino ov±da½ assosi. Sopi seµµhi dh²tara½ eva½ ovadi–
“Amma sasurakule vasantiy± n±ma anto-aggi bahi na n²haritabbo, bahi-aggi anto na pavesetabbo, dadantasseva d±tabba½, adadantassa na d±tabba½, dadantassapi adadantassapi d±tabba½, sukha½ nis²ditabba½, sukha½ paribhuńjitabba½, sukha½ nipajjitabba½, aggi paricaritabbo, antodevat± namassitabb±”ti.
Ima½ dasavidha½ ov±da½ datv± punadivase sabb± seniyo sannip±tetv± r±jasen±ya majjhe aµµha kuµumbike p±µibhoge gahetv± “sace me dh²tu gataµµh±ne doso uppajjati, tumhehi sodhetabbo”ti vatv± navakoµi-agghanakena mah±lat±pas±dhanena dh²tara½ pas±dhetv± nh±nacuŗŗam³la½ catupaŗŗ±sasakaµasata½ dhana½ datv± dh²t±ya saddhi½ nibaddha½ gamanac±riniyo pańcasat± d±siyo pańca ±jańńarathasat±ni sabb³pak±rańca sata½ sata½ datv± kosalar±j±nańca mig±raseµµhińca, vissajjetv± dh²tu gamanavel±ya½ vaj±dhiµµh±yake purise pakkos±petv±, “t±t±, mama dh²t±ya gataµµh±ne kh²rap±nattha½ dhen³hi, y±nayojanattha½ usabhehi ca attho hoti, tasm± mama dh²tu gamanamagge vajadv±ra½ vivaritv± puthulato aµµha usabh±ni gogaŗena p³retv± tig±vutamatthake asuk± n±ma kandar± atthi, aggagoy³the ta½ µh±na½ patte bherisańń±ya vajadv±ra½ pidaheyy±th±”ti. Te “s±dh³”ti seµµhissa vacana½ sampaµicchitv± tath± aka½su Vajadv±re vivaµe u¼±ru¼±r±yeva g±viyo nikkhami½su. Dv±re pidahite pana vis±kh±ya puńńabalena balavag±vo ca dammag±vo ca bahi laŖghitv± magga½ paµipajji½su. Atha, vis±kh±, s±vatthinagaradv±ra½ pattak±le cintesi– “paµicchannay±nasmi½ nu kho nis²ditv± pavis±mi, ud±hu rathe µhatv±”ti. Athass± etadahosi– “paµicchannay±nena me pavisantiy± mah±lat±pas±dhanassa viseso na pańń±yissat²”ti. S± sakalanagarassa att±na½ dassent² rathe µhatv± nagara½ p±visi. S±vatthiv±sino vis±kh±ya sampatti½ disv± “es± kira, vis±kh±, n±ma evar³p±, ayańca sampatti etiss±va anucchavik±”ti ±ha½su. Iti s± mah±sampattiy± mig±raseµµhino geha½ p±visi. ¾gatadivase cass± sakalanagarav±sino “amh±ka½, dhanańcayaseµµhi, attano nagara½ sampatt±na½ mah±sakk±ra½ ak±s²”ti yath±bala½ paŗŗ±k±ra½ pahiŗi½su. Vis±kh±, pahitapahita½ paŗŗ±k±ra½ tasmi½yeva nagare ańńamańńesu kulesu sabbatthakameva d±pesi. Athass± rattibh±gasamanantare ekiss± ±jańńava¼av±ya gabbhavuµµh±na½ ahosi. S± d±s²hi daŗ¹ad²pik± g±h±petv± tattha gantv± va¼ava½ uŗhodakena nh±petv± telena makkh±petv± attano vasanaµµh±nameva agam±si.