Kuº¹alakes±ther²vatthu

243. Navame khipp±bhiññ±nanti khipp±bhiññ±na½ bhikkhun²na½, bhadd± kuº¹alakes±, agg±ti dasseti. Ayampi hi padumuttarabuddhak±le ha½savatiya½ kulagehe nibbatt± satthu dhammakatha½ sutv± satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhuni½ khipp±bhiññ±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± adhik±rakamma½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthesi. S± kappasatasahassa½ devamanussesu sa½saritv± kassapabuddhak±le kikissa k±sirañño gehe sattanna½ bhagin²na½ abbhantar± hutv± v²sati vassasahass±ni dasa s²l±ni sam±d±ya kom±rikabrahmacariya½ carant² saªghassa vasanapariveºa½ k±retv± eka½ buddhantara½ devamanussesu sa½saritv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de r±jagahanagare seµµhikule paµisandhi½ gaºhi, bhadd±tiss± n±ma½ aka½su.
Ta½divasa½yeva ca tasmi½ nagare purohitaputto j±to. Tassa j±tavel±ya r±janivesana½ ±di½ katv± sakalanagare ±vudh±ni pajjali½su. Purohito p±tova r±jakula½ gantv± r±j±na½ sukhaseyya½ pucchi. R±j± “kuto me, ±cariya, sukhaseyy±, ajja sabbaratti½ r±janivesane ±vudh±ni pajjalit±ni disv± bhayappatt± ahumh±”ti ±ha. Mah±r±ja, tappaccay± m± cintayittha, na tumh±ka½yeva gehe ±vudh±ni pajjali½su, sakalanagare eva½ ahos²ti. Ki½ k±raº±, ±cariy±ti? Amh±ka½ gehe coranakkhattena d±rako j±to, so sakalanagarassa sattu hutv± uppanno, tasseta½ pubbanimitta½. Tumh±ka½ upaddavo natthi, sace pana icchatha, h±rema nanti. Amh±ka½ p²¼±ya asatiy± h±raºakamma½ natth²ti. Purohito “mama putto attano n±ma½ gahetv±va ±gato”ti sattukotevassa n±ma½ ak±si. Seµµhigehepi bhadd± va¹¹hati, purohitagehepi sattuko va¹¹hati. So attano ±dh±vanavidh±vanena k²¼itu½ samatthak±lato paµµh±ya attano vicaraºaµµh±ne ya½ ya½ passati, ta½ ta½ sabba½ ±haritv± m±t±pit³na½ geha½ p³reti. Pit± na½ k±raºasahassampi vatv± v±retu½ n±sakkhi.
Aparabh±ge panassa vayappattassa sabb±k±ren±pi v±retu½ asakkuºeyyabh±va½ ñatv± dve n²las±µake datv± sandhicchedana-upakaraºañca siªgh±µakayantañca hatthe datv± “tva½ imin±va kammena j²v±h²”ti na½ vissajjesi. So ta½divasato paµµh±ya siªgh±µakayanta½ khipitv± kul±na½ p±s±de ±ruyha sandhi½ chinditv± parakulesu nikkhittabhaº¹a½ attan± µhapita½ viya gahetv± gacchati. Sakalanagare tena aviluttageha½ n±ma n±hosi. Ekadivasa½ r±j± rathena nagare vicaranto s±rathi½ pucchi– “ki½ nu kho imasmi½ nagare tasmi½ tasmi½ ghare chiddameva paññ±yat²”ti. Deva imasmi½ nagare sattuko n±ma coro bhitti½ chinditv± kul±na½ santaka½ harat²ti. R±j± nagaraguttika½ pakkos±petv± “imasmi½ kira nagare evar³po n±ma coro atthi, kasm± na½ na gaºhas²”ti ±ha. Maya½, deva, ta½ cora½ saho¹¹ha½ passitu½ na sakkom±ti. Sace ajja na½ cora½ gaºhasi, j²vasi. Sace na gaºhasi, r±j±ºa½ te kariss±m²ti. Eva½ dev±ti nagaraguttiko sakalanagare manusse c±retv± ta½ bhitti½ chinditv± parabhaº¹a½ avaharanta½ saho¹¹hameva gahetv± rañño dassesi. R±j± “ima½ cora½ dakkhiºadv±rena n²haritv± gh±teth±”ti ±ha. Nagaraguttiko rañño paµissuºitv± ta½ cora½ catukke catukke pah±rasahassena t±¼ento g±h±petv± dakkhiºadv±ra½ gacchati.
Tasmi½ samaye aya½ bhadd± n±ma seµµhidh²t± mah±janassa kol±halasaddena s²hapañjara½ uggh±µetv± olokent² ta½ sattuka½ cora½ tath± n²yam±na½ disv± ubhohi hatthehi hadaya½ sandh±rent² gantv± sirisayane adhomukh± nipajji S± ca tassa kulassa ekadh²t±, tenass± ñ±tak± appamattakampi mukhavik±ra½ sahitu½ na sakkonti. Atha na½ m±t± sayane nipanna½ disv± “ki½ karosi, amm±”ti pucchi. Eta½ vajjha½ katv± n²yam±na½ cora½ addasa, amm±ti? ¾ma, amm±ti. Eta½ labham±n± j²viss±mi, alabham±n±ya me maraºamev±ti. Te ta½ n±nappak±renapi saññ±petu½ asakkont± “maraº± j²vita½ seyyo”ti sallakkhesu½. Athass± pit± nagaraguttikassa santika½ gantv± sahassa½ lañja½ datv± “mayha½ dh²t± core paµibaddhacitt±, yena kenaci up±yena ima½ muñc±”ti ±ha. So “s±dh³”ti seµµhissa paµissuºitv± cora½ gahetv± y±va s³riyassa atthaªgaman± ito cito ca papañc±petv± s³riye atthaªgate c±rakato eka½ manussa½ n²har±petv± sattukassa bandhana½ mocetv± sattuka½ seµµhigeha½ pesetv± tena bandhanena itara½ bandhitv± dakkhiºadv±rena n²haritv± gh±tesi. Seµµhid±s±pi sattuka½ gahetv± seµµhino nivesana½ ±gama½su. Ta½ disv± seµµhi “dh²tu mana½ p³ress±m²”ti sattuka½ gandhodakena nh±petv± sabb±laªk±rapaµimaº¹ita½ k±retv± p±s±da½ pesesi. Bhadd±pi “paripuººo me saªkappo”ti anek±laªk±rena alaªkaritv± ta½ paricarati.
Sattuko katip±ha½ v²tin±metv± cintesi– “imiss± pas±dhanabhaº¹aka½ mayha½ bhavissati, kenaci up±yena ima½ ±bharaºa½ gahetu½ vaµµat²”ti sam²pe sukhena nisinnak±le bhadda½ ±ha– “mayha½ eka½ vacana½ vattabba½ atth²”ti. Seµµhidh²t± sahassal±bha½ labhitv± viya tuµµham±nas± “vissattha½ vadehi, ayy±”ti ±ha. Tva½ cintesi– “ma½ niss±ya imin± j²vita½ laddhan”ti, aha½ pana gahitamattova corapap±tapabbate adhivatth±ya devat±ya “sac±ha½ j²vita½ labhiss±mi, balikamma½ te dass±m²”ti ±y±ci½. Ta½ niss±ya may± j²vita½ laddha½ s²gha½ balikamma½ sajj±peh²ti. Bhadd±, “aha½ tassa mana½ p³ress±m²”ti balikamma½ sajj±petv± sabba½ pas±dhana½ pas±dhetv± ekay±ne ±ruyha s±mikena saddhi½ corapap±tapabbata½ gantv± “pabbatadevat±ya balikamma½ kariss±m²”ti abhiruhitu½ ±raddh±. Sattuko cintesi– “sabbesu abhiruhantesu mama imiss± ±bharaºa½ gahetu½ na ok±so bhavissat²”ti tameva balibh±jana½ g±h±petv± pabbata½ abhiruhi.
So bhadd±ya saddhi½ kathento piyakatha½ na katheti. S± iªgiteneva tassa adhipp±ya½ aññ±si. Atha na½ so ±ha– “bhadde, tava uttaris±µaka½ omuñcitv± k±y±ru¼ha½ te pas±dhana½ ettha bhaº¹ika½ karoh²”ti. S±mi mayha½ ko apar±dhoti? Ki½ pan±ha½, b±le, balikammattha½ ±gatoti sañña½ karosi? Ahañhi imiss± devat±ya yakana½ ubbaµµhetv± dadeyya½, balikamm±padesena pana tava ±bharaºa½ gaºhituk±mo hutv± ±gatomh²ti. Kassa pana, ayya, pas±dhana½, kassa ahanti? Maya½ evar³pa½ na j±n±ma, añña½ tava santaka½, añña½ mama santakanti. S±dhu, ayya, eka½ pana me adhipp±ya½ p³retha, alaªkataniy±meneva me purato ca pacchato ca ±liªgitu½ deth±ti. So “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchi. S± tena sampaµicchitabh±va½ ñatv± purato ±liªgitv± pacchato ±liªgant² viya hutv± pabbatapap±te p±tesi. So patanto ±k±seyeva cuººavicuººo ahosi. T±ya kata½ vicitrabh±va½ disv± pabbate adhivatth± devat± guºakittanavasena im± g±th± ±ha–
“Na so sabbesu µh±nesu, puriso hoti paº¹ito;
itth²pi paº¹it± hoti, tattha tattha vicakkhaº±.
“Na so sabbesu µh±nesu, puriso hoti paº¹ito;
itth²pi paº¹it± hoti, muhuttamapi cintaye”ti. (Apa. ther² 2.3.31-32).
Tato bhadd± cintesi– “na sakk± may± imin± niy±mena puna geha½ gantu½, itova gantv± eka½ pabbajja½ pabbajiss±m²”ti, nigaºµh±r±ma½ gantv± nigaºµhe pabbajja½ y±ci. Atha na½ te ±ha½su– “kena niy±mena pabbajj± hot³”ti? Ya½ tumh±ka½ pabbajj±ya uttama½, tadeva karoth±ti. Te “s±dh³”ti tass± t±laµµhin± kese luñcitv± pabb±jesu½. Kes± puna va¹¹hant± r±sir±sivasena kuº¹al±vatt± hutv± va¹¹hi½su. S± teneva k±raºena kuº¹alakes± n±ma j±t±. S± attano pabbajitaµµh±ne sabbasippa½ uggaºhitv± “etesa½ ito uttari viseso natth²”ti ñatv± g±manigamar±jadh±niyo vicarant² yattha yattha paº¹it± atthi tattha tattha gantv± tesa½ j±nanasippa½ sabbameva uggaºh±ti. Athass± bah³su µh±nesu sikkhitabh±vena paµiv±da½ d±tu½ samatth± na honti. S± attan± saddhi½ kathetu½ samattha½ adisv± ya½ g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± pavisati, tassa dv±re v±lukar±si½ katv± tattha jambus±kha½ µhapeti. “Yo mama v±da½ ±ropetu½ sakkoti, so ima½ s±kha½ maddat³”ti sam²pe µhit±na½ d±rak±na½ sañña½ deti. Ta½ satt±hampi maddant± na honti. Atha na½ gahetv± pakkamati.
Tasmi½ samaye amh±ka½ bhagav± loke nibbattitv± s±vatthi½ upaniss±ya jetavane viharati. Kuº¹alakes±pi kho anupubbena s±vatthi½ patv± antonagara½ pavisam±n± por±ºakaniy±meneva v±luk±r±simhi s±kha½ µhapetv± d±rak±na½ sañña½ datv± p±visi. Tasmi½ samaye dhammasen±pati bhikkhusaªghe paviµµhe ekakova nagara½ pavisanto v±luk±th³pe jambus±kha½ disv± “kasm± aya½ µhapit±”ti pucchi. D±rak± ta½ k±raºa½ aparih±petv± kathesu½. Eva½ sante ima½ gahetv± maddatha, d±rak±ti. Tesu therassa vacana½ sutv± ekacce madditu½ na visahi½su, ekacce ta½khaºeyeva madditv± cuººavicuººa½ aka½su. Kuº¹alakes± bhattakicca½ katv± nikkhamant² ta½ s±kha½ maddita½ disv± “kasseta½ kamman”ti pucchi. Athass± dhammasen±patin± k±r±pitabh±va½ kathayi½su. S± “attano th±ma½ aj±nanto ima½ s±kha½ madd±petu½ no visahissati, addh± mahanto eso bhavissati Ahampi pana khuddik± bhavant² na sobhiss±mi, antog±mameva pavisitv± paris±ya sañña½ d±tu½ vaµµat²”ti cintetv± tath± ak±si. As²tikulasahassaniv±se nagare sabh±gasabh±gavasena sabbeva sañj±ni½s³ti veditabba½.
Theropi bhattakicca½ katv± aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nis²di. Ath±ya½ kuº¹alakes± mah±janaparivut± therassa santika½ gantv± paµisanth±ra½ katv± ekamanta½ µhatv±, “bhante, tumhehi s±kh± madd±pit±”ti pucchi. ¾ma, may± madd±pit±ti. Eva½ sante tumhehi saddhi½ amh±ka½ v±do hotu, bhanteti Hotu, bhaddeti. Kassa pucch± hotu, kassa vissajjananti? Pucch± n±ma amh±ka½ patt±, tva½ pana tuyha½ j±nanaka½ pucch±ti. S± therena dinna-anumatiy± sabbameva attano j±nanaka½ v±da½ pucchi, thero sabba½ vissajjesi. S± sabba½ pucchitv± tuºh² ahosi. Atha na½ thero ±ha– “tay± bahu½ pucchita½, mayampi eka½ pañha½ pucch±m±”ti. Pucchatha, bhanteti. Eka½ n±ma kinti? Kuº¹alakes± “na j±n±mi, bhante”ti ±ha. Tva½ ettakampi na j±n±si, añña½ ki½ j±nissas²ti? S± therassa p±desu patitv± “tumh±ka½ saraºa½ gacch±mi, bhante”ti ±ha. Mama saraºagamanakamma½ natthi, sadevake loke aggapuggalo dhuravih±re vasati, ta½ saraºa½ gacch±h²ti. S± “eva½ kariss±mi, bhante”ti s±yanhasamaye satthu dhammadesan±vel±ya satthu santika½ gantv± pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Satth± tass± madditasaªkh±r±ya cariy±vasena dhammapade ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Sahassamapi ce g±th±, anatthapadasa½hit±;
eka½ g±th±pada½ seyyo, ya½ sutv± upasammat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 101).
S± g±th±pariyos±ne yath±µhit±va saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ patv± pabbajja½ y±ci. Satth± tass± pabbajja½ sampaµicchi. S± bhikkhunupassaya½ gantv± pabbaji. Aparabh±ge catuparisamajjhe kath± udap±di– “mahant± vat±ya½ bhadd± kuº¹alakes±, y± catuppadikag±th±vas±ne arahatta½ patt±”ti. Satth± ta½ k±raºa½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± theri½ khipp±bhiññ±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapes²ti.