Moghar±jattheravatthu

234. Dv±dasame l³khac²varadhar±nanti l³khac²vara½ dh±rent±na½ moghar±j± aggoti dasseti. Aya½ hi thero satthal³kha½ suttal³kha½ rajanal³khanti tividhenapi l³khena samann±gata½ pa½suk³la½ dh±resi. Tasm± l³khac²varadhar±na½ aggo n±ma j±to.
Tassa pañhakamme ayamanupubbikath±– ayampi hi padumuttarabuddhak±le ha½savatiya½ kulagehe paµisandhi½ gahetv± nibbatti, tato aparabh±ge satthu dhammakatha½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ l³khac²varadhar±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± adhik±rakamma½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthesi. So y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto kassapadasabalassa nibbattito puretarameva kaµµhav±hananagare amaccagehe paµisandhi½ gaºhi. Aparabh±ge vayappatto kaµµhav±hanar±j±na½ upaµµhahanto amaccaµµh±na½ labhi.
Tasmi½ k±le kassapadasabalo loke uppajji. Kaµµhav±hanar±j± “buddho kira loke uppanno”ti sutv± ta½ pakkos±petv± ±ha– “t±ta, buddho kira loke uppanno, ima½ paccantanagara½ ekappah±reneva ubhohi amhehi tuccha½ k±tu½ na sakk±, tva½ t±va majjhimadesa½ gantv± buddhassa uppannabh±va½ ñatv± dasabala½ ima½ nagara½ ±neh²”ti purisasahassena saddhi½ pesesi. So anupubbena satthu santika½ gantv± dhammakatha½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho tattheva pabbajitv± v²sati vassasahass±ni samaºadhamma½ ak±si. Tena saddhi½ gatapuris± pana sabbepi nivattitv± puna rañño santika½ ±gat±.
Aya½ thero paripuººas²lo k±la½ katv± eka½ buddhantara½ devamanussesu sa½saranto amh±ka½ dasabalassa nibbattito puretarameva s±vatthiya½ br±hmaºakule paµisandhi½ gaºhi, moghar±jam±ºavotissa n±ma½ aka½su. Kaµµhav±hanar±j±pi kassapassa bhagavato adhik±rakamma½ katv± eka½ buddhantara½ sapariv±ro devamanussesu sa½saritv± amh±ka½ dasabalassa nibbattito puretarameva s±vatthiya½ purohitagehe paµisandhi½ gaºhi, b±varim±ºavotissa n±ma½ aka½su. So aparena samayena tayo vede uggaºhitv± so¼asanna½ m±ºavakasahass±na½ sippa½ v±cento carati. Athassa pasenadikosalarañño k±le pitu accayena purohitaµµh±na½ ada½su. Tad± ayampi moghar±jam±ºavo b±varibr±hmaºassa santike sippa½ gaºh±ti.
Athekadivasa½ b±varibr±hmaºo rahogato attano sippe s±ra½ olokento sampar±yika½ s±ra½ adisv± “eka½ pabbajja½ pabbajitv± sampar±yika½ gavesess±m²”ti kosalar±j±na½ upasaªkamitv± attano pabbajja½ anuj±n±pesi. So tena anuññ±to so¼asahi m±ºavakasahassehi parivuto pabbajjatth±ya nikkhami. Kosalar±j±pi tena saddhi½yeva eka½ amacca½ kah±paºasahassa½ datv± pesesi– “yasmi½ µh±ne ±cariyo pabbajati, tatrassa vasanaµµh±na½ gahetv± deth±”ti. B±varibr±hmaºo ph±sukaµµh±na½ olokento majjhimadesato paµikkamma assakarañño ca mu¼hakarañño ca s²mantare godh±varit²re attano vasanaµµh±na½ k±resi.
Atheko puriso jaµil±na½ dassan±ya gato tesa½ santake bh³miµµh±ne tehi anuññ±to attano vasanaµµh±na½ ak±si. Tena kata½ disv± apara½ kulasata½ gehasata½ k±resi. Te sabbepi sannipatitv± “maya½ ayy±na½ santake bh³mibh±ge vas±ma, mudh± vasitu½ na k±raºa½, sukhav±sa½ vo dass±m±”ti ekeko ekeka½ kah±paºa½ b±varibr±hmaºassa vasanaµµh±ne µhapesi. Sabbehipi ±bhatakah±paº± satasahassamatt± ahesu½. B±varibr±hmaºo “kimattha½ ete ±bhat±”ti ±ha. Sukhav±sad±natth±ya, bhanteti. Sac±ha½ hiraññasuvaººena atthiko assa½, aha½ mahanta½ dhanar±si½ pah±ya na pabbajeyya½. Tumh±ka½ kah±paºe gaºhitv± gacchath±ti. Amhehi ayyassa pariccatta½ na puna gaºh±ma, anusa½vacchara½ pana eteneva niy±mena ±hariss±ma, ime gahetv± ayyo d±na½ det³ti. Br±hmaºo adhiv±setv± kapaºaddhikavaºibbakay±cak±na½ d±namukhe niyy±tesi. Tassa apar±para½ d±yakabh±vo sakalajambud²pe paññ±yittha.
Tato k±liªgaraµµhe dunniviµµhe n±ma g±me j³jakabr±hmaºassa va½se j±tabr±hmaºassa br±hmaº² uµµh±ya samuµµh±ya br±hmaºa½ codeti– “b±var², kira d±na½ deti, gantv± tato hiraññasuvaººa½ ±har±”ti. So t±ya codiyam±no saºµh±tu½ asakkonto b±varissa santika½ gaccham±no b±varimhi d±na½ datv± paººas±la½ pavisitv± nipajjitv± d±na½ anussaram±ne gato. Gantv± ca “d±na½ me, br±hmaºa, dehi, d±na½ me, br±hmaºa, deh²”ti ±ha. Ak±le tva½, br±hmaºa, ±gato, sampattay±cak±na½ me dinna½, id±ni kah±paºa½ natth²ti. Na mayha½, br±hmaºa, bah³hi kah±paºehi attho, tava ettaka½ d±na½ dadantassa na sakk± kah±paºehi vin± bhavitu½, mayha½ pañca kah±paºasat±ni deh²ti. Br±hmaºa, pañcapi sat±ni natthi, puna d±nak±le sampatte labhissas²ti. Ki½ pan±ha½ tava d±nak±le ±gamiss±m²ti? B±varibr±hmaºassa paººas±ladv±re v±luka½ th³pa½ katv± samantato rattavaºº±ni pupph±ni vikiritv± manta½ jappento viya oµµhe c±letv± c±letv± “muddh± phalatu sattadh±”ti vadati.
B±varibr±hmaºo cintesi– “aya½ mah±tapo tapac±ra½ gaºhitv± caraºabr±hmaºako mayha½ sattadivasamatthake ‘sattadh± muddh± ph±lat³’ti vadati, mayhañca imassa d±tabb±ni pañca kah±paºasat±ni natthi, eka½sena ma½ esa gh±tessat²”ti. Eva½ tasmi½ sokasallasamappite nipanne rattibh±gasamanantare anantarattabh±ve b±varissa m±t± devat± hutv± nibbatti. S± puttassa sokasallasamappitabh±va½ disv± ±gantv± ±ha– “t±ta esa muddha½ v± muddhaph±lana½ v± na j±n±ti, tvampi loke buddh±na½ uppannabh±va½ na j±n±si. Sace te sa½sayo atthi, satthu santika½ gantv± puccha, so te eta½ k±raºa½ kathessat²”ti. Br±hmaºo devat±ya katha½ sutak±lato paµµh±ya ass±sa½ labhitv± punadivase uµµhite aruºe sabbeva antev±sike pakkositv±, “t±t±, buddho kira loke uppanno, tumhe s²gha½ gantv± ‘buddho v± no v±’ti ñatv± ±gantv± mayha½ ±rocetha, aha½ satthu santika½ gamiss±mi. Apica kho pana mayha½ mahallakabh±vena j²vitantar±yo dujj±no, tumhe tassa santika½ gantv± imin± ca imin± ca niy±mena pañhe pucchath±”ti muddhaph±lanapañha½ n±ma abhisaªkharitv± ad±si.
Tato cintesi– “sabbe ime m±ºav± paº¹it±, satthu dhammakatha½ sutv± attano kicce matthaka½ patte puna mayha½ santika½ ±gaccheyyu½ v± no v±”ti. Atha attano bh±gineyyassa ajitam±ºavassa n±ma sañña½ ad±si– “tva½ pana ekanteneva mama santika½ ±gantu½ arahasi, tay± paµiladdhaguºa½ ±gantv± mayha½ katheyy±s²”ti. Atha te so¼asasahassajaµil± ajitam±ºava½ jeµµhaka½ katv± so¼asahi jeµµhantev±sikehi saddhi½ “satth±ra½ pañha½ pucchiss±m±”ti c±rika½ carant± gatagataµµh±ne, “ayy±, kaha½ gacchatha, kaha½ gacchath±”ti pucchit± “dasabalassa santika½ pañha½ pucchitu½ gacch±m±”ti koµito paµµh±ya parisa½ sa½ka¹¹hant± anekayojanasata½ magga½ gat±. Satth± “tesa½ ±gamanadivase aññassa ok±so na bhavissati, ida½ imiss± paris±ya anucchavikaµµh±nan”ti gantv± p±s±ºacetiye piµµhip±s±ºe nis²di. So ajitam±ºavopi sapariso ta½ piµµhip±s±ºa½ ±ruyha satthu sar²rasampatti½ disv± “aya½ puriso imasmi½ loke vivaµacchado buddho bhavissat²”ti attano ±cariyena pahite pañhe manas± pucchantova gato.
Ta½divasa½ tasmi½ µh±ne sampattaparis± dv±dasayojanik± ahosi. Tesa½ so¼asanna½ antev±sik±na½ antare moghar±jam±ºavo “aha½ sabbehi paº¹itataro”ti m±natthaddho, tassa etadahosi– “aya½ ajitam±ºavo sabbesa½ jeµµhako, etassa paµhamatara½ mama pañha½ pucchitu½ na yuttan”ti Tassa lajj±yanto paµhamatara½ pañha½ apucchitv± tena pucchite dutiyo hutv± satth±ra½ pañha½ pucchi. Satth± “m±natthaddho moghar±jam±ºav±, na t±vassa ñ±ºa½ parip±ka½ gacchati, assa m±na½ niv±ritu½ vaµµat²”ti cintetv± ±ha– “tiµµha tva½, moghar±ja, aññe t±va pañhe pucchant³”ti. So satthu santik± apas±da½ labhitv± cintesi– “aha½ ettaka½ k±la½ may± paº¹itataro n±ma natth²ti vicar±mi, buddh± ca n±ma aj±nitv± na kathenti. Satth±r± mama pucch±ya doso diµµho bhavissat²”ti tuºh² ahosi. So aµµhahi janehi paµip±µiy± pañhe pucchite adhiv±setu½ asakkonto navamo hutv± puna uµµh±si. Punapi na½ satth± apas±desi.
So punapi tuºh² hutv± “saªghanavako d±ni bhavitu½ na sakkhiss±m²”ti pañcadasamo hutv± pañha½ pucchi. Atha satth± ñ±ºassa parip±kabh±va½ ñatv± pañha½ kathesi. So desan±pariyos±ne attano pariv±rena jaµilasahassena saddhi½ arahatta½ p±puºi. Imin±va niy±mena ses±nipi pannarasa jaµilasahass±ni arahatta½ p±puºi½su. Sabbepi iddhimayapattac²varadhar± ehibhikkh³va ahesu½. Sesajan± pana na kathiyanti. Aya½ moghar±jatthero tato paµµh±ya t²hi l³khehi samann±gata½ c²vara½ dh±reti. Eva½ p±r±yane (su. ni. 982 ±dayo) vatthu samuµµhita½. Satth± pana aparabh±ge jetavane nisinno there paµip±µiy± µh±nantaresu µhapento moghar±jatthera½ imasmi½ s±sane l³khac²varadhar±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapento “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ l³khac²varadhar±na½ yadida½ moghar±j±”ti ±ha.

Catutthavaggavaººan±.

Ekacatt±l²sasuttamatt±ya therap±¼iy± vaººan± niµµhit±.