Mah±kappinattheravatthu

231. Navame bhikkhu-ov±dak±nanti bhikkh³ ovadant±na½ mah±kappinatthero aggoti dasseti. Aya½ kira thero ekasamodh±nasmi½yeva dhammakatha½ kathento bhikkhusahassa½ arahatta½ p±pesi. Tasm± bhikkhu-ov±dak±na½ aggo n±ma j±to.
Tassa pañhakamme ayamanupubbikath±– ayampi hi padumuttarabuddhak±le ha½savatiya½ kulaghare nibbattitv± aparabh±ge satthu dhammakatha½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ bhikkhu-ov±dak±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± adhik±rakamma½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthesi. So y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto kassapasamm±sambuddhak±le b±r±ºasiya½ kulagehe paµisandhi½ gahetv± purisasahassassa gaºajeµµhako hutv± gabbhasahassapaµimaº¹ita½ mah±pariveºa½ k±resi. Te sabbepi jan± y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± kappina-up±saka½ jeµµhaka½ katv± saputtad±r± devaloke nibbatt±. Eka½ buddhantara½ devamanussesu sa½sari½su.
Atha amh±ka½ satthu nibbattito puretarameva aya½ kappino paccantadese kukkuµavat²nagare r±jagehe paµisandhi½ gaºhi, sesapuris± tasmi½yeva nagare amaccakulesu nibbatti½su. Tesu kappinakum±ro pitu accayena chatta½ uss±petv± mah±kappinar±j± n±ma j±to. Pubbe kaly±ºakammakaraºak±le tassa gharas±min² itth² sam±naj±tike r±jakule nibbattitv± mah±kappinarañño aggamahes² j±t±, anoj±pupphasadisavaººat±ya panass± anoj±dev²tveva n±ma½ ahosi. Mah±kappinar±j±pi sutavittako ahosi. So p±tova uµµh±ya cat³hi dv±rehi s²gha½ d³te pesesi– “yattha bahussute sutadhare passatha, tato nivattitv± mayha½ ±roceth±”ti.
Tena kho pana samayena amh±ka½ satth± loke nibbattitv± s±vatthi½ upaniss±ya paµivasati. Tasmi½ k±le s±vatthinagarav±sino v±ºij± s±vatthiya½ uµµh±nakabhaº¹a½ gahetv±, ta½ nagara½ gantv±, bhaº¹a½ paµis±metv±, “r±j±na½ passiss±m±”ti paºº±k±ra½ gahetv±, r±jakuladv±ra½ gantv±, “r±j± uyy±na½ gato”ti sutv±, uyy±na½ gantv±, dv±re µhit± paµih±rakassa ±rocayi½su. Atha rañño nivedi, te r±j± pakkos±petv± niyy±titapaºº±k±re vanditv± µhite, “t±t±, kuto ±gacchath±”ti pucchi. S±vatthito, dev±ti. Kacci vo raµµha½ subhikkha½, dhammiko r±j±ti? ¾ma, dev±ti. Atthi pana tumh±ka½ dese kiñci s±sananti? Atthi deva, na pana sakk± ucchiµµhamukhehi kathetunti. R±j± suvaººabhiªg±rena udaka½ d±pesi. Te mukha½ vikkh±letv± dasabal±bhimukh± añjali½ paggahetv±, “deva, amh±ka½ dese buddharatana½ n±ma uppannan”ti ±ha½su. Rañño “buddho”ti vacane sutamatteyeva sakalasar²ra½ pharam±n± p²ti uppajji. Tato “buddhoti, t±t±, vadath±”ti ±ha. Buddhoti, deva, vad±m±ti. Eva½ tikkhattu½ vad±petv± “buddhotipada½ aparim±ºa½, n±ssa sakk± parim±ºa½ k±tun”ti tasmi½yeva pade pasanno satasahassa½ datv± “apara½ ki½ s±sanan”ti pucchi. Deva dhammaratana½ n±ma uppannanti. Tampi sutv± tatheva tikkhattu½ paµiñña½ gahetv± aparampi satasahassa½ datv± puna “añña½ ki½ s±sanan”ti pucchi. Saªgharatana½ deva uppannanti. Tampi sutv± tatheva paµiñña½ gahetv± aparampi satasahassa½ datv± dinnabh±va½ paººe likhitv±, “t±t±, deviy± santika½ gacchath±”ti pesesi. Tesu gatesu amacce pucchi– “t±t±, buddho loke uppanno, tumhe ki½ karissath±”ti? Deva tumhe ki½ kattuk±m±ti? Aha½ pabbajiss±m²ti. Mayampi pabbajiss±m±ti. Te sabbepi ghara½ v± kuµumba½ v± anapaloketv± ye asse ±ruyha gat± teheva nikkhami½su.
V±ºij± anoj±deviy± santika½ gantv± paººa½ dassesu½. S± ta½ v±cetv± “raññ± tumh±ka½ bah³ kah±paº± dinn±, ki½ tumhehi kata½, t±t±”ti pucchi. Piyas±sana½, devi, ±n²tanti. Amhepi sakk±, t±t±, suº±petunti? Sakk±, devi, ucchiµµhamukhehi pana vattu½ na sakk±ti. S± suvaººabhiªg±rena udaka½ d±pesi. Te mukha½ vikkh±letv± rañño ±rocitaniy±meneva ±rocesu½. S±pi ta½ sutv± uppannap±mojj± teneva nayena ekekasmi½ pade tikkhattu½ paµiñña½ gahetv± paµiññ±gaºan±ya t²ºi t²ºi katv± nava satasahass±ni ad±si. V±ºij± sabb±nipi dv±dasa satasahass±ni labhi½su. Atha ne “r±j± kaha½, t±t±”ti pucchi. Pabbajiss±m²ti nikkhanto, dev²ti. “Tena hi, t±t±, tumhe gacchath±”ti te uyyojetv± raññ± saddhi½ gat±na½ amacc±na½ m±tug±me pakkos±petv± “tumhe attano s±mik±na½ gataµµh±na½ j±n±tha amm±”ti pucchi. J±n±ma, ayye, raññ± saddhi½ uyy±nak²¼a½ gat±ti. ¾ma, amm± gat±, tattha pana gantv± “buddho uppanno, dhammo uppanno, saªgho uppanno”ti sutv± “dasabalassa santike pabbajiss±m±”ti gat±, tumhe ki½ karissath±ti? Tumhe pana, ayye, ki½ kattuk±m±ti? “Aha½ pabbajiss±mi, na tehi vantavamana½ jivhagge µhapeyyanti. “Yadi eva½, mayampi pabbajiss±m±”ti sabb±pi rathe yojetv± nikkhami½su.
R±j±pi amaccasahassehi saddhi½ gaªg±t²ra½ p±puºi, tasmi½ samaye gaªg± p³r± hoti. Atha na½ disv± “aya½ gaªg± p³r± hoti caº¹amacch±kiºº±, amhehi ca saddhi½ ±gat± d±s± v± manuss± v± natthi, ye no n±va½ v± u¼umpa½ v± katv± dadeyyu½. Etassa pana satthu guº± n±ma heµµh± av²cito upari y±va bhavagg± patthaµ±. Sace esa satth± samm±sambuddho, imesa½ ass±na½ khurapiµµh±ni m± tement³”ti udakapiµµhena asse pakkhand±pesu½. Ekassa assass±pi khurapiµµhamatta½ na temi, r±jamaggena gacchant± viya parat²ra½ patv± parato añña½ mah±nadi½ p±puºi½su. “Dutiy± kinnam±”ti pucchi. N²lav±hin² n±ma gambh²ratopi puthulatopi a¹¹hayojanamatt± dev±ti. Tattha aññ± saccakiriy± natthi, t±ya eva saccakiriy±ya tampi a¹¹hayojanavitth±ra½ nadi½ atikkami½su. Atha tatiya½ candabh±ga½ n±ma mah±nadi½ patv± tampi t±ya eva saccakiriy±ya atikkami½su.
Satth±pi ta½divasa½ pacc³sasamaye mah±karuº±sam±pattito vuµµh±ya loka½ olokento “ajja mah±kappino tiyojanasatika½ rajja½ pah±ya amaccasahassapariv±ro mama santike pabbajitu½ ±gacchat²”ti disv± “may± tesa½ paccuggamana½ k±tu½ yuttan”ti p±tova sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro s±vatthiya½ piº¹±ya caritv± pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto sayameva pattac²vara½ gahetv± ±k±se uppatitv± candabh±g±ya t²re tesa½ uttaraºatittha-abhimukhaµµh±ne mah±nigrodharukkho atthi, tattha pallaªkena nis²ditv± parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv± chabbaººabuddharasmiyo vissajjesi. Te tena titthena uttarant± buddharasmiyo ito cito ca dh±vantiyo oloketv± dasabalassa puººacandasassirika½ mukha½ disv± “ya½ satth±ra½ uddissa maya½ pabbajit±, addh± so eso”ti dassaneneva niµµha½ gantv± diµµhaµµh±nato paµµh±ya oºamitv± vandam±n± ±gamma satth±ra½ vandi½su. R±j± gopphakesu gahetv± satth±ra½ vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di saddhi½ amaccasahassena. Satth± tesa½ dhammakatha½ kathesi. Desan±pariyos±ne sabbeva arahatte patiµµh±ya satth±ra½ pabbajja½ y±ci½su. Satth± “pubbe ime c²varad±nassa dinnatt± attano pattac²var±ni gahetv±va ±gat±”ti suvaººavaººa½ hattha½ pas±retv± “etha bhikkhavo, sv±kkh±to dhammo, caratha brahmacariya½ samm± dukkhassa antakiriy±y±”ti ±ha. S±va tesa½ ±yasmant±na½ pabbajj± ca upasampad± ca ahosi, vassasaµµhikatther± viya satth±ra½ pariv±rayi½su.
Anoj±pi dev² rathasahassapariv±r± gaªg±t²ra½ patv± rañño atth±ya ±bhata½ n±va½ v± u¼umpa½ v± adisv± attano byattat±ya cintesi– “r±j± saccakiriya½ katv± gato bhavissati, so pana satth± na kevala½ tesa½yeva atth±ya nibbatto, sace so satth± samm±sambuddho, amh±ka½ rath± m± udake nimujji½s³”ti udakapiµµhena rathe pakkhand±pesi. Rath±na½ nemivaµµimattampi na temi. Dutiyanadimpi tatiyanadimpi teneva saccak±rena uttari. Uttaram±n± eva ca nigrodharukkham³le satth±ra½ addasa. Satth±pi “im±sa½ attano s±mike passant²na½ chandar±go uppajjitv± maggaphal±na½ antar±ya½ kareyya, dhamma½ sotu½ ca na sakkhissant²”ti. Yath± aññamañña½ na passanti, tath± ak±si. T± sabb±pi titthato uttaritv± dasabala½ vanditv± nis²di½su. Satth± t±sa½ dhammakatha½ kathesi. Desan±pariyos±ne sabb± sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ya aññamañña½ passi½su. Satth± “uppalavaºº± ±gacchat³”ti cintesi. Ther² ±gantv± sabb± pabb±jetv± ±d±ya bhikkhuni-upassaya½ gat±, satth± bhikkhusahassa½ gahetv± ±k±sena jetavana½ agam±si.
Ath±ya½ mah±kappinatthero attano kicca½ matthakappatta½ ñatv± appossukko hutv± phalasam±pattisukhena v²tin±mento araññagatopi rukkham³lagatopi suññ±g±ragatopi “aho sukha½ aho sukhan”ti abhiºha½ ud±na½ ud±nesi. Bhikkh³ katha½ upp±desu½ “kappinatthero rajjasukha½ anussaranto ud±na½ ud±net²”ti. Te tath±gatassa ±rocesu½. Bhagav± “mama putto maggasukha½ phalasukha½ ±rabbha ud±na½ ud±nes²”ti vatv± dhammapade ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Dhammap²ti sukha½ seti, vippasannena cetas±;
ariyappavedite dhamme, sad± ramati paº¹ito”ti. (Dha. pa. 79).
Athekadivasa½ satth± tassa antev±sikabhikkhusahassa½ ±mantetv± ±ha– “kacci vo, bhikkhave, ±cariyo dhamma½ deset²”ti. Na bhagav± deseti, appossukko diµµhadhammasukhavih±ra½ anuyutto viharati, kassaci ov±damattampi na det²ti. Satth± ta½ pakkos±petv± “sacca½ kira tva½, kappina, antev±sik±na½ ov±damattampi na des²”ti? Sacca½ bhagav±ti. Br±hmaºa, m± eva½ kari, ajja paµµh±ya antev±sik±na½ dhamma½ deseh²ti. “S±dhu, bhante”ti thero satthu katha½ siravarena sampaµicchitv± ekasamodh±neyeva samaºasahassassa dhamma½ desetv± sabbe arahatta½ p±pesi. Aparabh±ge satth± saªghamajjhe nisinno paµip±µiy± there µh±nantaresu µhapento mah±kappinatthera½ bhikkhu-ov±dak±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapes²ti.