2. N²varaºappah±navaggavaººan±

11. Dutiyassa paµhame ekadhammamp²ti ettha “tasmi½ kho pana samaye dhamm± hont²”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 121) viya nissattaµµhena dhammo veditabbo. Tasm± ekadhammamp²ti nissatta½ ekasabh±vamp²ti ayamettha attho. Anuppannov±ti ettha pana “bh³t±na½ v± satt±na½ µhitiy± sambhaves²na½ v± anuggah±ya (ma. ni. 1.402; sa½. ni. 2.11) y±vat±, bhikkhave, satt± apad± v± dvipad± v±”ti (a. ni. 4.34; itivu. 90) evam±d²su viya samuccayattho v±saddo daµµhabbo, na vikappattho. Ayañhettha attho– yena dhammena anuppanno ca k±macchando uppajjati, uppanno ca k±macchando bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya sa½vattati, tamaha½ yath± subhanimitta½, eva½ añña½ na pass±m²ti. Tattha anuppannoti aj±to asañj±to ap±tubh³to asamud±gato. K±macchandoti “yo k±mesu k±macchando k±mar±go k±manand² k±mataºh±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1156) nayena vitth±rita½ k±macchandan²varaºa½. Uppajjat²ti nibbattati p±tubhavati. So panesa asamud±c±ravasena v± ananubh³t±rammaºavasena v± anuppanno uppajjat²ti veditabbo. Aññath± hi anamatagge sa½s±re anuppanno n±ma natthi.
Tattha ekaccassa vattavasena kileso na samud±carati, ekaccassa ganthadhutaªgasam±dhi- vipassan±navakamm±d²na½ aññataravasena. Katha½? Ekacco hi vattasampanno hoti, tassa dve-as²ti khuddakavatt±ni cuddasa mah±vatt±ni cetiyaªgaºabodhiyaªgaºap±n²yam±¼aka-uposath±g±ra-±gantukagamikavatt±ni ca karontasseva kileso ok±sa½ na labhati. Aparabh±ge panassa vatta½ vissajjetv± bhinnavattassa carato ayonisomanasik±rañceva sativossaggañca ±gamma uppajjati. Evampi asamud±c±ravasena anuppanno uppajjati n±ma.
Ekacco ganthayutto hoti, ekampi nik±ya½ gaºh±ti dvepi tayopi catt±ropi pañcapi. Tassa tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½ atthavasena p±¼ivasena anusandhivasena pubb±paravasena gaºhantassa sajjh±yantassa v±centassa desentassa pak±sentassa kileso ok±sa½ na labhati. Aparabh±ge panassa ganthakamma½ pah±ya kus²tassa carato ayonisomanasik±rasativossagge ±gamma uppajjati. Evampi asamud±c±ravasena anuppanno uppajjati n±ma.
Ekacco pana dhutaªgadharo hoti, terasa dhutaªgaguºe sam±d±ya vattati. Tassa pana dhutaªgaguºe pariharantassa kileso ok±sa½ na labhati. Aparabh±ge panassa dhutaªg±ni vissajjetv± b±hull±ya ±vattassa carato ayonisomanasik±rasativossagge ±gamma uppajjati. Evampi asamud±c±ravasena anuppanno uppajjati n±ma.
Ekacco aµµhasu sam±patt²su ciººavas² hoti, tassa paµhamajjh±n±d²su ±vajjanavasi-±d²na½ vasena viharantassa kileso ok±sa½ na labhati. Aparabh±ge panassa parih²najjh±nassa v± vissaµµhajjh±nassa v± bhass±d²su anuyuttassa viharato ayonisomanasik±rasativossagge ±gamma uppajjati. Evampi asamud±c±ravasena anuppanno uppajjati n±ma.
Ekacco pana vipassako hoti, sattasu v± anupassan±su aµµh±rasasu v± mah±vipassan±su kamma½ karonto viharati. Tasseva½ viharato kileso ok±sa½ na labhati. Aparabh±ge panassa vipassan±kamma½ pah±ya k±yada¼h²bahulassa viharato ayonisomanasik±rasativossagge ±gamma uppajjati. Evampi asamud±c±ravasena anuppanno uppajjati n±ma.
Ekacco navakammiko hoti, uposath±g±rabhojanas±l±d²ni k±reti. Tassa tesa½ upakaraº±ni cintentassa kileso ok±sa½ na labhati. Aparabh±ge panassa navakamme niµµhite v± vissaµµhe v± ayonisomanasik±rasativossagge ±gamma uppajjati. Evampi asamud±c±ravasena anuppanno uppajjati n±ma.
Ekacco pana brahmalok± ±gato suddhasatto hoti, tassa an±sevanat±ya kileso ok±sa½ na labhati. Aparabh±ge panassa laddh±sevanassa ayonisomanasik±rasativossagge ±gamma uppajjati. Evampi asamud±c±ravasena anuppanno uppajjati n±ma. Eva½ t±va asamud±c±ravasena anuppannassa uppannat± veditabb±.
Katha½ ananubh³t±rammaºavasena? Idhekacco ananubh³tapubba½ man±piya½ r³p±di-±rammaºa½ labhati, tassa tattha ayonisomanasik±rasativossagge ±gamma r±go uppajjati. Eva½ ananubh³t±rammaºavasena anuppanno uppajjati n±ma.
Uppannoti j±to sañj±to nibbatto abhinibbatto p±tubh³to. Bhiyyobh±v±y±ti punappunabh±v±ya. Vepull±y±ti vipulabh±v±ya r±sibh±v±ya. Tattha saki½ uppanno k±macchando na nirujjhissati, saki½ niruddho v± sveva puna uppajjissat²ti aµµh±nameta½. Ekasmi½ pana niruddhe tasmi½ v± ±rammaºe aññasmi½ v± ±rammaºe apar±para½ uppajjam±no bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya sa½vattati n±ma.
Subhanimittanti r±gaµµh±niya½ ±rammaºa½. “Sanimitt±, bhikkhave, uppajjanti p±pak± akusal± dhamm±, no animitt±”ti ettha nimittanti paccayassa n±ma½. “Adhicittamanuyuttena, bhikkhave, bhikkhun± pañca nimitt±ni k±lena k±la½ manasik±tabb±n²”ti (ma. ni. 1.216) ettha k±raºassa. “So ta½ nimitta½ ±sevati bh±vet²”ti (a. ni. 9.35) ettha sam±dhissa. “Ya½ nimitta½ ±gamma ya½ nimitta½ manasikaroto anantar± ±sav±na½ khayo hot²”ti (a. ni. 6.27) ettha vipassan±ya. Idha pana r±gaµµh±niyo iµµh±rammaºadhammo “subhanimittan”ti adhippeto. Ayonisomanasikarototi. “Tattha katamo ayonisomanasik±ro? Anicce niccanti, dukkhe sukhanti, anattani att±ti, asubhe subhanti, ayonisomanasik±ro uppathamanasik±ro, saccavippaµik³lena v± cittassa ±vajjan± anv±vajjan± ±bhogo samann±h±ro manasik±ro. Aya½ vuccati ayonisomanasik±ro”ti (vibha. 936) imassa manasik±rassa vasena anup±yena manasikarontass±ti.
12. Dutiye by±p±doti bhattaby±patti viya cittassa by±pajjana½ pakativijahanabh±vo. “Tattha katama½ by±p±dan²varaºa½? Anattha½ me acar²ti ±gh±to j±yat²”ti (dha. sa. 1160) eva½ vitth±ritassa by±p±dan²varaºasseta½ adhivacana½. Paµighanimittanti aniµµha½ nimitta½. Paµighassapi paµigh±rammaºassapi eta½ adhivacana½. Vuttampi ceta½ aµµhakath±ya½– “paµighampi paµighanimitta½, paµigh±rammaºopi dhammo paµighanimittan”ti. Sesamettha k±macchande vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Yath± cettha, eva½ ito paresupi. Tattha tattha hi visesamattameva vakkh±m±ti.
13. Tatiye thinamiddhanti thinañceva middhañca. Tesu cittassa akammaññat± thina½, ±lasiyabh±vasseta½ adhivacana½. Tiººa½ khandh±na½ akammaññat± middha½, kapimiddhassa pacal±yikabh±vasseta½ adhivacana½. Ubhinnampi “tattha katama½ thina½? Y± cittassa akalyat± akammaññat± ol²yan± sall²yan±. Tattha katama½ middha½? Y± k±yassa akalyat± akammaññat± on±ho pariyon±ho”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1162-1163) nayena vitth±ro veditabbo. Arat²ti-±d²ni vibhaªge vibhattanayeneva veditabb±ni. Vuttañheta½–
“Tattha katam± arati? Pantesu v± sen±sanesu aññataraññataresu v± adhikusalesu dhammesu arati aratit± anabhirati anabhiraman± ukkaºµhit± paritassit±, aya½ vuccati arati. Tattha katam± tand²? Y± tand² tandiyan± tandimanat± ±lassa½ ±lass±yan± ±lass±yitatta½, aya½ vuccati tand². Tattha katam± vijambhit±? Y± k±yassa jambhan± vijambhan± ±naman± vinaman± sannaman± paºaman± by±dhiyaka½, aya½ vuccati vijambhit±. Tattha katamo bhattasammado? Y± bhutt±vissa bhattamucch± bhattakilamatho bhattapari¼±ho k±yaduµµhulla½, aya½ vuccati bhattasammado. Tattha katama½ cetaso ca l²natta½? Y± cittassa akalyat± akammaññat± ol²yan± sall²yan± l²na½ l²yan± l²yitatta½ thina½ thiyan± thiyitatta½ cittassa, ida½ vuccati cetaso ca l²nattan”ti (vibha. 856, 857, 859, 860).
Ettha ca purim± catt±ro dhamm± thinamiddhan²varaºassa sahaj±tavasen±pi upanissayavasen±pi paccay± honti, cetaso ca l²natta½ attanova attan± sahaj±ta½ na hoti, upanissayakoµiy± pana hot²ti.
14. Catutthe uddhaccakukkuccanti uddhaccañceva kukkuccañca. Tattha uddhacca½ n±ma cittassa uddhat±k±ro. Kukkucca½ n±ma akatakaly±ºassa katap±passa tappaccay± vippaµis±ro. Cetaso av³pasamoti uddhaccakukkuccasseveta½ n±ma½. Av³pasantacittass±ti jh±nena v± vipassan±ya v± av³pasamitacittassa. Aya½ pana av³pasamo uddhaccakukkuccassa upanissayakoµiy± paccayo hot²ti.
15. Pañcame vicikicch±ti “satthari kaªkhat²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1167) nayena vitth±rita½ vicikicch±n²varaºa½. Ayonisomanasik±ro vuttalakkhaºoyev±ti.
16. Chaµµhe anuppanno v± k±macchando nuppajjat²ti asamud±c±ravasena v± ananubh³t±rammaºavasena v±ti dv²heva k±raºehi anuppanno na uppajjati, tath± vikkhambhitova hoti, puna hetu½ v± paccaya½ v± na labhati. Idh±pi vatt±d²na½yeva vasena asamud±c±ro veditabbo. Ekaccassa hi vuttanayeneva vatte yuttassa vatta½ karontasseva kileso ok±sa½ na labhati, vattavasena vikkhambhito hoti. So ta½ tath±vikkhambhitameva katv± vivaµµetv± arahatta½ gaºh±ti milakkhatissatthero viya.
So kir±yasm± rohaºajanapade g±meº¹av±lamah±vih±rassa bhikkh±c±re nes±dakule nibbatto. Vaya½ ±gamma kataghar±v±so “puttad±ra½ posess±m²”ti ad³halasata½ saºµhapetv± p±sasata½ yojetv± s³lasata½ ropetv± bahu½ p±pa½ ±y³hanto ekadivasa½ gehato aggiñca loºañca gahetv± arañña½ gato. P±se baddhamiga½ vadhitv± aªg±rapakkama½sa½ kh±ditv± pip±sito hutv± g±meº¹av±lamah±vih±ra½ paviµµho p±n²yam±¼ake dasamattesu p±n²yaghaµesu pip±s±vinodanamattampi p±n²ya½ alabhanto, “ki½ n±meta½ ettak±na½ bhikkh³na½ vasanaµµh±ne pip±s±ya ±gat±na½ pip±s±vinodanamatta½ p±n²ya½ natth²”ti ujjh±yitu½ ±raddho. C³¼apiº¹ap±tikatissatthero tassa katha½ sutv± tassa santika½ gacchanto p±n²yam±¼ake dasamatte p±n²yaghaµe p³re disv± “j²vam±napetakasatto aya½ bhavissat²”ti cintetv±, “up±saka, sace pip±sitosi, piva p±n²yan”ti vatv± kuµa½ ukkhipitv± tassa hatthesu ±siñci. Tassa kamma½ paµicca p²tap²ta½ p±n²ya½ tattakap±le pakkhittamiva nassati, sakalepi ghaµe pivato pip±s± na pacchijji. Atha na½ thero ±ha– “y±va d±ruºañca te, up±saka, kamma½ kata½, id±neva peto j±to, vip±ko k²diso bhavissat²”ti?
So tassa katha½ sutv± laddhasa½vego thera½ vanditv± t±ni ad³hal±d²ni visaªkharitv± vegena ghara½ gantv± puttad±ra½ oloketv± satth±ni bhinditv± d²pakamigapakkhino araññe vissajjetv± thera½ paccupasaªkamitv± pabbajja½ y±ci. Dukkar±, ±vuso, pabbajj±, katha½ tva½ pabbajissas²ti? Bhante, evar³pa½ paccakkhak±raºa½ disv± katha½ na pabbajiss±m²ti? Thero tacapañcakakammaµµh±na½ datv± pabb±jesi. So vatt±rabhito hutv± buddhavacana½ uggaºhanto ekadivasa½ devad³tasutte “tamena½, bhikkhave, nirayap±l± puna mah±niraye pakkhipant²”ti (ma. ni. 3.270; a. ni. 3.36) ima½ µh±na½ sutv± “ettaka½ dukkhar±si½ anubhavitasatta½ puna mah±niraye pakkhipanti, aho bh±riyo, bhante, mah±nirayo”ti ±ha. ¾m±vuso, bh±riyoti. Sakk±, bhante, passitunti? “Na sakk± passitu½, diµµhasadisa½ k±tu½ eka½ k±raºa½ dassess±m²”ti s±maºere sam±dapetv± p±s±ºapiµµhe allad±rur±si½ k±reh²ti. So tath± k±resi. Thero yath±nisinnova iddhiy± abhisaªkharitv± mah±nirayato khajjopanakamatta½ aggipapaµika½ n²haritv± passantasseva tassa therassa d±rur±simhi pakkhipi. Tassa tattha nip±to ca d±rur±sino jh±yitv± ch±rikabh±v³pagamanañca apacch± apurima½ ahosi.