14. Etadaggavaggo

(14) 4. Catuttha-etadaggavaggo

¾nandattheravatthu

219-223. Catutthassa paµhame bahussut±nanti-±d²su ańńepi ther± bahussut± satimant± gatimant± dhitimant± upaµµh±k± ca atthi. Aya½ pan±yasm± buddhavacana½ uggaŗhanto dasabalassa s±sane bhaŗ¹±g±rikapariyattiya½ µhatv± gaŗhi. Tasm± bahussut±na½ aggo n±ma j±to. Imasseva ca therassa buddhavacana½ gahetv± dh±raŗakasati ańńehi therehi balavatar± ahosi, tasm± satimant±na½ aggo n±ma j±to. Ayameva c±yasm± ekapade µhatv± saµµhi padasahass±ni gaŗhanto satth±r± kathitaniy±meneva sabbapad±ni j±n±ti, tasm± gatimant±na½ aggo n±ma j±to. Tasseva c±yasmato buddhavacana½ uggaŗhanav²riya½ sajjh±yanav²riyańca dh±raŗav²riyańca satthu upaµµh±nav²riyańca ańńehi asadisa½ ahosi, tasm± dhitimant±na½ aggo n±ma j±to. Tath±gata½ upaµµhahanto cesa na ańńesa½ upaµµh±kabhikkh³na½ upaµµh±n±k±rena upaµµhahi, ańńe hi tath±gata½ upaµµhahant± na cira½ upaµµhahi½su, na ca buddh±na½ mana½ gahetv± upaµµhahi½su. Aya½ thero pana upaµµh±kaµµh±na½ laddhadivasato paµµh±ya ±raddhav²riyo hutv± tath±gatassa mana½ gahetv± upaµµhahi. Tasm± upaµµh±k±na½ aggo n±ma j±to.
Tassa pańhakamme ayamanupubbikath±– ito kira satasahassamatthake kappe padumuttaro n±ma satth± loke uppajji. Tassa ha½savat² n±ma nagara½ ahosi, nando n±ma r±j± pit±, sumedh± n±ma dev² m±t±, bodhisatto uttarakum±ro n±ma ahosi. So puttassa j±tadivase mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamma pabbajitv± padh±namanuyutto anukkamena sabbańńuta½ patv± “anekaj±tisa½s±ran”ti ud±na½ ud±netv± satt±ha½ bodhipallaŖke v²tin±metv± “pathaviya½ µhapess±m²”ti p±da½ abhin²hari. Atha pathavi½ bhinditv± heµµh± vuttappam±ŗa½ paduma½ uµµh±si. Tadup±d±ya bhagav± padumuttaroteva pańń±yittha. Tassa devalo ca suj±to ca dve aggas±vak± ahesu½ amit± ca asam± ca dve aggas±vik±, sumano n±ma upaµµh±ko. Padumuttaro bhagav± pitu saŖgaha½ kurum±no bhikkhusatasahassapariv±ro ha½savatiy± r±jadh±niy± vasati.
Kaniµµhabh±t± panassa sumanakum±ro n±ma. Tassa r±j± ha½savatito v²sayojanasate bhogag±ma½ ad±si. So kad±ci kad±ci ±gantv± pitarańca satth±rańca passati. Athekadivasa½ paccanto kupito sumano rańńo pesesi. R±j± “tva½ may± tattha kasm± µhapito”ti paµipesesi. So core v³pasametv± “upasanto, deva, janapado”ti rańńo pesesi. R±j± tuµµho “s²gha½ mama putto ±gacchat³”ti ±ha. Tassa sahassamatt± amacc± honti. So tehi saddhi½ antar±magge mantesi– “mayha½ pit± tuµµho sace me vara½ deti, ki½ gaŗh±m²”ti? Atha na½ ekacce “hatthi½ gaŗhatha, assa½ gaŗhatha, janapada½ gaŗhatha, satta ratan±ni gaŗhath±”ti ±ha½su. Apare “tumhe pathavissarassa putt±, na tumh±ka½ dhana½ dullabha½, laddhampi ceta½ sabba½ pah±ya gaman²ya½, puńńameva eka½ ±d±ya gaman²ya½. Tasm± deve vara½ dadam±ne tem±sa½ padumuttarabhagavanta½ upaµµh±tu½ vara½ gaŗhath±”ti ±ha½su. So “tumhe mayha½ kaly±ŗamitt±, na meta½ citta½ atthi, tumhehi pana upp±dita½, eva½ kariss±m²”ti gantv± pitara½ vanditv± pitar± ±liŖgetv± matthake cumbetv± “vara½ te putta dem²”ti vutte “icch±maha½, mah±r±ja, bhagavanta½ tem±sa½ cat³hi paccayehi upaµµhahanto j²vita½ avańjha½ k±tu½, ima½ me deva vara½ deh²”ti ±ha. Na sakk±, t±ta, ańńa½ vareh²ti. Deva, khattiy±na½ n±ma dve kath± natthi, etadeva me vara½ dehi, na mama ańńena atthoti. T±ta, buddh±na½ n±ma citta½ dujj±na½, sace bhagav± na icchissati, may± dinnepi ki½ bhavissat²ti? “S±dhu, deva, aha½ bhagavato citta½ j±niss±m²”ti vih±ra½ gato.
Tena ca samayena bhattakicca½ niµµh±petv± bhagav± gandhakuµi½ paviµµho hoti, so maŗ¹alam±¼e sannipatit±na½ bhikkh³na½ santika½ agam±si. Te na½ ±ha½su– “r±japutta, kasm± ±gatos²”ti? Bhagavanta½ dassan±ya, dassetha me bhagavantanti. Na maya½, r±japutta, icchiticchitakkhaŗe satth±ra½ daµµhu½ labh±m±ti. Ko pana, bhante, labhat²ti? Sumanatthero n±ma r±japutt±ti. So “kuhi½, bhante, thero”ti? Therassa nisinnaµµh±na½ pucchitv± gantv± vanditv± “icch±maha½, bhante, bhagavanta½ passitu½, dassetha me bhagavantan”ti ±ha. Thero passantasseva r±jakum±rassa ±pokasiŗajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± mah±pathavi½ udaka½ adhiµµh±ya pathaviya½ nimujjitv± satthu gandhakuµiya½yeva p±turahosi. Atha na½ bhagav± “sumana kasm± ±gatos²”ti ±ha. R±japutto, bhante, bhagavanta½ dassan±ya ±gatoti. Tena hi bhikkhu ±sana½ pańń±peh²ti. Puna thero passantasseva r±jakum±rassa buddh±sana½ gahetv± antogandhakuµiya½ nimujjitv± bahipariveŗe p±tubhavitv± pariveŗe ±sana½ pańń±pesi. R±jakum±ro im±ni dve acchariy±k±r±ni disv± “mahanto vat±ya½ bhikkh³”ti cintesi.
Bhagav±pi gandhakuµito nikkhamitv± pańńatte ±sane nis²di. R±japutto bhagavanta½ vanditv± paµisanth±ra½ ak±si. “Kad± ±gatosi r±japutt±”ti vutte, “bhante, tumhesu gandhakuµi½ paviµµhesu, bhikkh³ pana ‘na maya½ icchiticchitakkhaŗe bhagavanta½ daµµhu½ labh±m±’ti ma½ therassa santika½ p±hesu½. Thero pana ekavacaneneva dasseti, thero, bhante, tumh±ka½ s±sane vallabho mańńe”ti. ¾ma r±jakum±ra, vallabho esa bhikkhu mayha½ s±saneti. Bhante, buddh±na½ s±sane ki½ katv± vallabh± hont²ti? D±na½ datv± s²la½ sam±diyitv± uposathakamma½ katv± kum±r±ti. Bhagav± aha½ thero viya buddhas±sane vallabho hotuk±mo, sve mayha½ bhikkha½ adhiv±seth±ti. Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuŗh²bh±vena R±jakum±ro attano vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± sabbaratti½ mah±sakk±ra½ sajjetv± satta divas±ni khandh±v±rabhatta½ n±ma ad±si.
Sattame divase satth±ra½ vanditv±, bhante, may± pitu santik± tem±sa½ antovassa½ tumh±ka½ paµijagganavaro laddho, tem±sa½ me vass±v±sa½ adhiv±seth±ti. Bhagav± “atthi nu kho tattha gatena attho”ti oloketv± “atth²”ti disv± “suńń±g±re kho, r±jakum±ra, tath±gat± abhiramant²”ti ±ha. Kum±ro “ańń±ta½ bhagav± ańń±ta½ sugat±”ti vatv± “aha½, bhante, purimatara½ gantv± vih±ra½ k±remi, may± pesite bhikkhusatasahassena saddhi½ ±gacchath±”ti bhagavanta½ paµińńa½ g±h±petv± pitu santika½ gantv± “dinn± me, deva, bhagavat± paµińń±, may± pahite bhagavanta½ peseyyath±”ti vatv± pitara½ vanditv± nikkhamitv± yojane yojane vih±ra½ k±rento v²sayojanasata½ addh±na½ gato. Gantv± ca attano nagare vih±raµµh±na½ vicinanto sobhanan±massa kuµumbikassa uyy±na½ disv± satasahassena kiŗitv± satasahassa½ vissajjetv± vih±ra½ k±resi. Tattha bhagavato gandhakuµi½ sesabhikkh³nańca rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±natth±ya kuµileŗamaŗ¹ape k±retv± p±k±raparikkhepa½ dv±rakoµµhakańca niµµh±petv± pitu santika½ pesesi– “niµµhita½ mayha½ kicca½, satth±ra½ pahiŗath±”ti.
R±j± bhagavanta½ bhojetv± “bhagav± sumanassa kicca½ niµµhita½, tumh±ka½ gamana½ pacc±s²sat²”ti ±ha. Bhagav± bhikkhusatasahassaparivuto yojane yojane vih±resu vasam±no agam±si. Kum±ro “satth± ±gacchat²”ti sutv± yojana½ paccuggantv± gandham±l±d²hi p³jayam±no vih±ra½ pavesetv±–
“Satasahassena me k²ta½, satasahassena m±pita½;
sobhana½ n±ma uyy±na½, paµiggaŗha mah±mun²”ti.–

Vih±ra½ niyy±desi. So vass³pan±yik±divase d±na½ datv± attano puttad±re ca amacce ca pakkos±petv± ±ha– “satth± amh±ka½ santika½ d³ratova ±gato, buddh± ca n±ma dhammagaruk± na ±misacakkhuk± Tasm± aha½ ima½ tem±sa½ dve s±µake niv±setv± dasa s²l±ni sam±diyitv± idheva vasiss±mi, tumhe kh²ŗ±savasatasahassassa imin±va n²h±rena tem±sa½ d±na½ dadeyy±th±”ti.

So sumanattherassa vasanaµµh±nasabh±geyeva µh±ne vasanto ya½ thero bhagavato vatta½ karoti, ta½ sabba½ disv± “imasmi½ µh±ne ekantavallabho esa thero, etasseva me µh±nantara½ patthetu½ vaµµat²”ti cintetv± upakaµµh±ya pav±raŗ±ya g±ma½ pavisitv± satt±ha½ mah±d±na½ datv± sattame divase bhikkhusatasahassassa p±dam³le tic²vara½ µhapetv± bhagavanta½ vanditv±, “bhante, yadeta½ may± satt±ha½ khandh±v±rad±nato paµµh±ya puńńa½ kata½, ta½ neva sakkasampatti½, na m±rabrahmasampatti½ patthayantena, buddhassa pana upaµµh±kabh±va½ patthentena kata½. Tasm± ahampi bhagav± an±gate sumanatthero viya ekassa buddhassa upaµµh±ko hom²”ti pańcapatiµµhitena patiµµhahitv± vandi. Satth± tassa anantar±ya½ disv± by±karitv± pakk±mi. Kum±ro ta½ sutv± “buddh± ca n±ma advejjhakath± hont²”ti dutiyadivase gotamabuddhassa pattac²vara½ gahetv± piµµhito piµµhito gacchanto viya ahosi.
So tasmi½ buddhupp±de vassasatasahassa½ d±na½ datv± sagge nibbattitv± kassapabuddhak±le piŗ¹±ya carato therassa pattaggahaŗattha½ uttaris±µaka½ datv± p³ja½ ak±si. Puna sagge nibbattitv± tato cuto b±r±ŗasir±j± hutv± uparip±s±davaragato gandham±danato ±k±sena ±gacchante aµµha paccekabuddhe disv± nimant±petv± bhojetv± attano maŖgala-uyy±ne tesa½ aµµha paŗŗas±l±yo k±retv± tesa½ nis²danatth±ya attano nivesane aµµha sabbaratanamay±ni p²µh±ni ceva maŗi-±dh±rake ca paµiy±detv± dasa vassasahass±ni upaµµh±na½ ak±si. Et±ni p±kaµaµµh±n±ni.
Kappasatasahassa½ pana d±na½ dadam±nova amh±ka½ bodhisattena saddhi½ tusitapure nibbattitv± tato cuto amitodanasakkassa gehe nibbatti. Athassa sabbeva ń±take ±nandite pamudite karonto j±toti ±nandotveva n±ma½ aka½su. So anupubbena kat±bhinikkhamane samm±sambodhi½ patv± paµhamagamanena kapilavatthu½ ±gantv± tato nikkhante bhagavati bhagavato pariv±rattha½ r±jakum±resu pabbajantesu bhaddiy±d²hi saddhi½ nikkhamitv± bhagavato santike pabbajitv± nacirasseva ±yasmato puŗŗassa mant±ŗiputtassa santike dhammakatha½ sutv± sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi.
Tena kho pana samayena bhagavato paµhamabodhiya½ v²sati vass±ni anibaddh± upaµµh±k± ahesu½. Ekad± n±gasam±lo pattac²vara½ gahetv± vicari ekad± n±gito, ekad± upav±no, ekad± sunakkhatto, ekad± cundo samaŗuddeso ekad± s±gato, ekad± r±dho, ekad± meghiyo. Tattha ekad± bhagav± n±gasam±lattherena saddhi½ addh±namaggappaµipanno dvedh±patha½ patto. Thero magg± okkamma “bhagav± aha½ imin± maggena gacch±m²”ti ±ha. Atha na½ bhagav± “ehi bhikkhu, imin± maggena gacch±m±”ti ±ha. So “handa bhagav± tumh±ka½ pattac²vara½ gaŗhatha, aha½ imin± maggena gacch±m²”ti vatv± pattac²vara½ bh³miya½ µhapetu½ ±raddho. Atha na½ bhagav± “±hara bhikkh³”ti vatv± pattac²vara½ gahetv± gato. Tassapi bhikkhuno itarena maggena gacchato cor± pattac²varańceva hari½su, s²sańca bhindi½su. So “bhagav± id±ni me paµisaraŗa½, na ańńo”ti cintetv± lohitena galantena bhagavato santika½ ±gami. “Kimida½ bhikkh³”ti ca vutte ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesi. Atha na½ bhagav± “m± cinteyi bhikkhu, etassa k±raŗ±yeva ta½ niv±rayimh±”ti vatv± samass±sesi.
Ekad± pana bhagav± meghiyattherena saddhi½ p±c²nava½se migad±ye jantug±ma½ agam±si. Tatr±pi meghiyo jantug±me piŗ¹±ya caritv± nad²t²re p±s±dika½ ambavana½ disv± “bhagav± tumh±ka½ pattac²vara½ gaŗhatha, aha½ tasmi½ ambavane samaŗadhamma½ karom²”ti vatv± bhagavat± tikkhattu½ niv±riyam±nopi gantv± akusalavitakkehi anv±satto pacc±gantv± ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesi. Tampi bhagav± “imameva te k±raŗa½ sallakkhetv± niv±rayimh±”ti vatv± anupubbena s±vatthi½ agam±si. Tattha gandhakuµipariveŗe pańńattavarabuddh±sane nisinno bhikkhusaŖghaparivuto bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “bhikkhave, id±nimhi mahallako, ‘ekacce bhikkh³ imin± maggena gacch±m±’ti vutte ańńena gacchanti, ekacce mayha½ pattac²vara½ bh³miya½ nikkhipanti, mayha½ nibaddhupaµµh±ka½ eka½ bhikkhu½ j±n±th±”ti Bhikkh³na½ dhammasa½vego udap±di. Ath±yasm± s±riputto uµµh±y±san± bhagavanta½ vanditv± “aha½, bhante, tumheyeva patthayam±no satasahassakapp±dhika½ asaŖkhyeyya½ p±ramiyo p³rayi½, nanu m±diso mah±pańńo upaµµh±ko n±ma vaµµati, aha½ upaµµhahiss±m²”ti ±ha. Ta½ bhagav± “ala½, s±riputta, yassa½ dis±ya½ tva½ viharasi, asuńń± ve s± dis±, tava hi ov±do buddh±na½ ov±dasadiso, tena me tay± upaµµh±kakicca½ atth²”ti paµikkhipi. Eteneva up±yena mah±moggall±na½ ±di½ katv± as²ti mah±s±vak± uµµhahi½su. Te sabbe bhagav± paµikkhipi.
¾nandatthero pana tuŗh²yeva nis²di. Atha na½ bhikkh³ ±ha½su– “±vuso ±nanda, bhikkhusaŖgho upaµµh±kaµµh±na½ y±cati, tvampi y±c±h²”ti. Y±citv± laddhaµµh±na½ n±ma, ±vuso, k²disa½ hoti, ki½ ma½ satth± na passati? Sace satth± rocissati, “±nando ma½ upaµµhahat³”ti vakkhat²ti. Atha bhagav± “na, bhikkhave, ±nando ańńehi uss±hetabbo, sayameva j±nitv± ma½ upaµµhahissat²”ti ±ha. Tato bhikkh³ “uµµhehi, ±vuso ±nanda, uµµhehi, ±vuso ±nanda, dasabala½ upaµµh±kaµµh±na½ y±c±h²”ti ±ha½su. Thero uµµhahitv± catt±ro paµikkhep± catasso ca ±y±can±ti aµµha vare y±ci.
Catt±ro paµikkhep± n±ma– “sace me, bhante, bhagav± attan± laddha½ paŗ²ta½ c²vara½ na dassati, piŗ¹ap±ta½ na dassati, ekagandhakuµiya½ vasitu½ na dassati, nimantana½ gahetv± na gamissati, ev±ha½ bhagavanta½ upaµµhahiss±m²”ti vatv± “ka½ panettha, ±nanda, ±d²nava½ addas±”ti vutte ±ha– “sac±ha½, bhante, im±ni vatth³ni labhiss±mi, bhavissanti vatt±ro ‘±nando dasabalena laddha½ paŗ²ta½ c²vara½ paribhuńjati, piŗ¹ap±ta½ paribhuńjati, ekagandhakuµiya½ vasati ekato nimantana½ gacchati. Eta½ l±bha½ labhanto tath±gata½ upaµµh±ti, ko eva½ upaµµhahato bh±ro”’ti? Ime catt±ro paµikkhepe y±ci.
Catasso ±y±can± n±ma– “sace, bhante, bhagav± may± gahitanimantana½ gamissati, sac±ha½ tiroraµµh± tirojanapad± bhagavanta½ daµµhu½ ±gata½ parisa½ ±gatakkhaŗeyeva bhagavanta½ dassetu½ lacch±mi, yad± me kaŖkh± uppajjati, tasmi½yeva khaŗe bhagavanta½ upasaŖkamitu½ lacch±mi, tath± ya½ bhagav± mayha½ parammukhe dhamma½ deseti, ta½ ±gantv± mayha½ kathessati, ev±ha½ bhagavanta½ upaµµhahiss±m²”ti vatv± “ka½ panettha, ±nanda, ±nisa½sa½ passas²”ti vutte ±ha– “idha, bhante, saddh± kulaputt± bhagavato ok±sa½ alabhant± ma½ eva½ vadanti ‘sve, bhante ±nanda, bhagavat± saddhi½ amh±ka½ ghare bhikkha½ gaŗheyy±th±’ti. Sace bhagav± tattha na gamissati, icchiticchitakkhaŗeyeva parisa½ dassetu½, kaŖkhańca vinodetu½ ok±sa½ na lacch±mi, bhavissanti vatt±ro ‘ki½ ±nando dasabala½ upaµµh±ti Ettakampissa bhagav± anuggaha½ na karot²’ti. Bhagavato ca parammukh± ma½ pucchissanti ‘aya½, ±vuso ±nanda, g±th±, ida½ sutta½, ida½ j±taka½ kattha desitan’ti. Sac±ha½ ta½ na samp±dayiss±mi, bhavissanti vatt±ro– ‘ettakampi, ±vuso, na j±n±si, kasm± tva½ ch±y± viya bhagavanta½ avijahanto d²gharatta½ vicaras²’ti. Ten±ha½ parammukh± desitassapi dhammassa puna kathana½ icch±m²”ti. Im± catasso ±y±can± y±ci. Bhagav±pissa ad±si.
Eva½ ime aµµha vare gahetv± nibaddhupaµµh±ko ahosi. Tasseva µh±nantarassa atth±ya kappasatasahassa½ p³rit±na½ p±ram²na½ phala½ p±puŗi. So upaµµh±kaµµh±na½ laddhadivasato paµµh±ya dasabalassa duvidhena udakena tividhena dantakaµµhena hatthap±daparikammena piµµhiparikammena gandhakuµipariveŗa½ sammajjanen±ti evam±d²hi kiccehi upaµµhahanto “im±ya n±ma vel±ya satthu ima½ n±ma laddhu½ vaµµati, ida½ n±ma k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti divasabh±ga½ santik±vacaro hutv± rattibh±gasamanantare daŗ¹ad²pika½ gahetv± ekaratti½ gandhakuµipariveŗa½ nava v±re anupariy±yati. Evańhissa ahosi– “sace me thinamiddha½ okkameyya, dasabale pakkosante paµivacana½ d±tu½ na sakkuŗeyyan”ti. Tasm± sabbaratti½ daŗ¹ad²pika½ hatthena na muńcati. Idamettaka½ vatthu. Aparabh±ge pana satth± jetavane viharanto anekapariy±yena dhammabhaŗ¹±g±rika-±nandattherassa vaŗŗa½ kathetv± thera½ imasmi½ s±sane bahussut±na½ satimant±na½ gatimant±na½ dhitimant±na½ upaµµh±k±nańca bhikkh³na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapes²ti.