B±hiyad±ruc²riyattheravatthu

216. Aµµhame khipp±bhińń±nanti khippa½ adhigata-abhińń±na½ d±ruc²riyatthero aggoti dasseti. Ayańhi thero sa½khittadhammadesan±pariyos±ne arahatta½ p±puŗi, maggaphal±na½ parikammakicca½ n±hosi. Tasm± khipp±bhińń±na½ aggo n±ma j±to. B±hiyaraµµhe pana j±tatt± b±hiyotissa n±ma½ ahosi. So aparabh±ge d±ruc²ra½ niv±sesi. Tasm± d±ruc²riyo n±ma j±to.
Tassa pańhakamme ayamanupubbikath±– ayampi hi padumuttarabuddhak±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbatto dasabalassa dhammadesana½ suŗanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ khipp±bhińń±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± adhik±rakamma½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthetv± y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto kassapadasabalassa s±sanassa osakkanak±le heµµh± vuttehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ samaŗadhamma½ katv± paripuŗŗas²lo j²vitakkhaya½ patv± devaloke nibbatti.
So eka½ buddhantara½ devaloke vasitv± imasmi½ buddhupp±de b±hiyaraµµhe kulagehe nibbatto. Vaya½ ±gamma ghar±v±sa½ vasanto “voh±ra½ kariss±m²”ti suvaŗŗabh³migaman²ya½ n±va½ abhiruhi. N±v± icchita½ desa½ appatv±va samuddamajjhe bhinn±, mah±jano macchakacchapabhakkho ahosi. Aya½ pana eka½ d±rukhaŗ¹a½ gahetv± sattame divase supp±rakapaµµane uttiŗŗo manuss±v±sa½ patv± “acelakaniy±mena manusse upasaŖkamitu½ ayuttan”ti avid³re µh±ne eka½ mah±ta¼±k± sev±la½ gahetv± sar²ra½ veµhetv± ekasmi½ µh±ne patita½ eka½ kap±la½ ±d±ya bhikkh±ya p±visi.
Manuss± ta½ disv± cintesu½– “sace loke arahant± n±ma atthi, eva½vidhehi bhavitabba½. Ki½ nu kho ayyo ukkaµµhabh±vena vattha½ na gaŗh±ti, ud±hu diyyam±na½ gaŗheyy±”ti v²ma½sant± n±n±dis±hi vatth±ni ±hari½su. So cintesi– “sac±ha½ na imin± niy±mena ±gamissa½, na me ete pas²deyyu½, ya½kińci katv± ime vańcetv± j²vikup±ya½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti vatth±ni na paµiggaŗhi. Manuss± bhiyyosomatt±ya pasann± mah±sakk±ra½ kari½su. Sopi bhattakicca½ katv± avid³raµµh±ne devakula½ gato. Mah±jano tena saddhi½yeva gantv± devakula½ paµijaggitv± ad±si. So cintesi– “ime mayha½ sev±le niv±sanamatte pas²ditv± eva½vidha½ sakk±ra½ karonti, etesa½ may± ukkaµµheneva bhavitu½ vaµµat²”ti sallahuk±ni rukkhaphalak±ni gahetv± tacchetv± v±kesu ±vuŗitv± c²ra½ katv± niv±setv± p±rupitv± j²vika½ kappento vasi.
Atha yo so kassapabuddhak±le sattasu janesu samaŗadhamma½ karontesu eko bhikkhu suddh±v±sabrahmaloke nibbatto. So nibbattasamanantarameva attano brahmasampatti½ oloketv± ±gataµµh±na½ ±vajjento sattanna½ jan±na½ pabbata½ ±ruyha samaŗadhammakaraŗaµµh±na½ disv± ses±na½ channa½ nibbattaµµh±na½ ±vajjento ekassa parinibbutabh±va½ itaresa½ pańcanna½ k±m±vacaradevaloke nibbattabh±va½ ńatv± k±l±nuk±la½ te pańca jane ±vajjeti Imasmi½ pana k±le “kaha½ nu kho”ti ±vajjento d±ruc²riya½ supp±rakapaµµana½ upaniss±ya kuhanakammena j²vika½ kappenta½ disv± “naµµho vat±ya½ b±lo, pubbe samaŗadhamma½ karonto ati-ukkaµµhabh±vena arahat±pi ±bhata½ piŗ¹ap±ta½ aparibhuńjitv± id±ni udaratth±ya anarah±va arahatta½ paµij±nitv± loka½ vańcento vicarati, dasabalassa ca nibbattabh±va½ na j±n±ti, gacch±mi na½ sa½vejetv± dasabalassa nibbattabh±va½ j±n±pem²”ti ta½khaŗa½yeva brahmalokato supp±rakapaµµane rattibh±gasamanantare d±ruc²riyassa sammukhe p±turahosi.
So attano vasanaµµh±ne obh±sa½ disv± bahi nikkhamitv± µhito mah±brahma½ oloketv± ańjali½ paggayha “ke tumhe”ti pucchi. Aha½ tuyha½ por±ŗakasah±yo an±g±miphala½ patv± brahmaloke nibbatto. Amh±ka½ pana sabbajeµµhako arahatta½ patv± parinibbuto, tumhe pańca jan± devaloke nibbatt±. Sv±ha½ ta½ imasmi½ µh±ne kuhanakammena j²vanta½ disv± dametu½ ±gatoti vatv± ida½ k±raŗam±ha– “na kho tva½, b±hiya arah±, napi arahattamagga½ sam±panno, s±pi te paµipad± natthi, y±ya tva½ arah± v± assa arahattamagga½ v± sam±panno”ti. Athassa satthu uppannabh±va½ s±vatthiya½ vasanabh±vańca ±cikkhitv± “satthu santika½ gacch±h²”ti ta½ uyyojetv± brahmalokameva agam±si.
D±ruc²riyo mah±brahmun± sa½vejito “mokkhamagga½ gavesiss±m²”ti v²sayojanasata½ magga½ ekarattiv±sena gantv± satth±ra½ piŗ¹±ya paviµµha½ antaraghare samp±puŗitv± satthu p±desu nipatitv± “desetu me, bhante, bhagav± dhamma½, desetu sugato dhamman”ti y±vatatiya½ y±ci. Satth± “ett±vat± b±hiyassa ń±ŗa½ parip±ka½ gatan”ti ńatv± “tasm±tiha te, b±hiya, eva½ sikkhitabba½ diµµhe diµµhamatta½ bhavissat²”ti (ud±. 10) imin± ov±dena ovadi Sopi desan±pariyos±ne antarav²thiya½ µhitova desan±nus±rena ń±ŗa½ pesetv± saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puŗi.
So attano kicca½ matthakappatta½ ńatv± bhagavanta½ pabbajja½ y±citv± aparipuŗŗapattac²varat±ya pattac²vara½ pariyesanto saŖk±raµµh±nato co¼akkhaŗ¹±ni sa½ka¹¹hati. Atha na½ pubbaveriko amanusso ekiss± taruŗavacch±ya g±viy± sar²re adhimuccitv± j²vitakkhaya½ p±pesi. Satth± s±vatthito nikkhamanto antarav²thiya½ b±hiya½ saŖk±raµµh±ne patita½ disv± “gaŗhatha, bhikkhave, b±hiyassa d±ruc²riyassa sar²ran”ti n²har±petv± sar²rakicca½ k±retv± c±tumah±pathe cetiya½ k±r±pesi. Tato saŖghamajjhe kath± udap±di– “tath±gato bhikkhusaŖghena b±hiyassa sar²rajjh±panakicca½ k±resi, dh±tuyo gahetv± cetiya½ k±resi, kataramaggo nu kho tena sacchikato, s±maŗero nu kho so, bhikkhu nu kho”ti citta½ upp±dayi½su Satth± ta½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± “paŗ¹ito, bhikkhave, b±hiyo”ti upari dhammadesana½ va¹¹hetv± tassa parinibbutabh±va½ pak±sesi. Puna saŖghamajjhe kath± udap±di “na ca satth±r± b±hiyassa bahu dhammo desito, arahatta½ pattoti ca vadeti. Ki½ n±metan”ti? Satth± “dhammo mando bah³ti ak±raŗa½, visap²takassa agado viya ceso”ti vatv± dhammapade g±tham±ha–
“Sahassamapi ce g±th±, anatthapadasa½hit±;
eka½ g±th±pada½ seyyo, ya½ sutv± upasammat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 100).
Desan±pariyos±ne catur±s²ti p±ŗasahass±ni amatap±na½ pivi½su. Idańca pana b±hiyattherassa vatthu sutte (ud±. 10) ±gatatt± vitth±rena na kathita½. Aparabh±ge pana satth± saŖghamajjhe nisinno b±hiyatthera½ khipp±bhińń±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapes²ti.