R³p±divaººan±

Id±ni n±ha½, bhikkhave, añña½ ekar³pampi samanupass±m²ti-±din± nayena bhagavat± nikkhittassa suttassa vaººan±ya ok±so anuppatto, s± panes± suttavaººan± yasm± suttanikkhepa½ vic±retv±va vuccam±n± p±kaµ± hoti, tasm± suttanikkhepavic±raº± t±va veditabb±. Catt±ro hi suttanikkhep± attajjh±sayo parajjh±sayo pucch±vasiko aµµhuppattikoti. Tattha y±ni sutt±ni bhagav± parehi anajjhiµµho kevala½ attano ajjh±sayeneva kathesi, seyyathida½– ±kaªkheyyasutta½ vatthasuttanti evam±d²ni, tesa½ attajjh±sayo nikkhepo. Y±ni pana “paripakk± kho r±hulassa vimuttiparip±can²y± dhamm±, ya½n³n±ha½ r±hula½ uttari ±sav±na½ khaye vineyyan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.121; ma. ni. 3.416) eva½ paresa½ ajjh±saya½ khanti½ mana½ abhin²h±ra½ bujjhanabh±vañca oloketv± parajjh±sayavasena kathit±ni, seyyathida½– r±hulov±dasutta½ dhammacakkappavattananti evam±d²ni, tesa½ parajjh±sayo nikkhepo. Bhagavanta½ pana upasaªkamitv± te te devamanuss± tath± tath± pañha½ pucchanti. Eva½ puµµhena bhagavat± y±ni kathit±ni devat±sa½yuttabojjhaªgasa½yutt±d²ni, tesa½ pucch±vasiko nikkhepo. Y±ni pana uppanna½ k±raºa½ paµicca kathit±ni dhammad±y±dasuttaputtama½s³pam±d²ni, tesa½ aµµhuppattiko nikkhepo. Evamimesu cat³su nikkhepesu imassa suttassa parajjh±sayo nikkhepo. Parajjh±sayavasena heta½ nikkhitta½. Kesa½ ajjh±sayen±ti? R³pagaruk±na½ puris±na½.
Tattha n±ha½, bhikkhaveti-±d²su nak±ro paµisedhattho. Ahanti att±na½ niddisati. Bhikkhaveti bhikkh³ ±lapati. Aññanti id±ni vattabb± itthir³pato añña½. Ekar³pamp²ti ekampi r³pa½. Samanupass±m²ti dve samanupassan± ñ±ºasamanupassan± ca diµµhisamanupassan± ca. Tattha “aniccato samanupassati, no niccato”ti (paµi. ma. 3.35) aya½ ñ±ºasamanupassan± n±ma. “R³pa½ attato samanupassat²”ti-±dik± (paµi. ma. 1.130) pana diµµhisamanupassan± n±ma. T±su idha ñ±ºasamanupassan± adhippet±. Imassa pana padassa nak±rena sambandho veditabbo. Ida½ hi vutta½ hoti– aha½, bhikkhave, sabbaññutaññ±ºena olokentopi añña½ ekar³pampi na samanupass±m²ti. Ya½ eva½ purisassa citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhat²ti ya½ r³pa½ r³pagarukassa purisassa catubh³makakusalacitta½ pariy±diyitv± gaºhitv± khepetv± tiµµhati. “Sabba½ hatthik±ya½ pariy±diyitv±”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.126) hi gahaºa½ pariy±d±na½ n±ma. “Aniccasaññ±, bhikkhave, bh±vit± bahul²kat± sabba½ k±mar±ga½ pariy±diyat²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 3.102) khepana½. Idha ubhayampi vaµµati. Tattha ida½ r³pa½ catubh³makakusalacitta½ gaºhanta½ na n²luppalakal±pa½ puriso viya hatthena gaºh±ti, n±pi khepayam±na½ aggi viya uddhane udaka½ sant±petv± khepeti. Uppattiñcassa niv±rayam±nameva catubh³makampi kusalacitta½ gaºh±ti ceva khepeti c±ti veditabba½. Tena vutta½– “purisassa citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhat²”ti.
Yathayidanti yath± ida½. Itthir³panti itthiy± r³pa½. Tattha “kiñca, bhikkhave, r³pa½ vadetha? Ruppat²ti kho, bhikkhave, tasm± r³panti vuccati. Kena ruppati? S²tenapi ruppati uºhenapi ruppat²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.79) sutt±nus±rena r³passa vacanattho ceva s±maññalakkhaºañca veditabba½. Aya½ pana r³pasaddo khandhabhavanimittapaccayasar²ravaººasaºµh±n±d²su anekesu atthesu vattati. Ayañhi “ya½ kiñci r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppannan”ti (vibha. 2; mah±va. 22) ettha r³pakkhandhe vattati. “R³p³papattiy± magga½ bh±vet²”ti (dha. sa. 161; vibha. 624) ettha r³pabhave. “Ajjhatta½ ar³pasaññ² bahiddh± r³p±ni passat²”ti (dha. sa. 204-232 ±dayo) ettha kasiºanimitte. “Sar³p±, bhikkhave, uppajjanti p±pak± akusal± dhamm± no ar³p±”ti (a. ni. 2.83) ettha paccaye. “¾k±so pariv±rito r³panteva saªkha½ gacchat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.306) ettha sar²re. “Cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºan”ti (ma. ni. 1.400; 3.421) ettha vaººe. “R³pappam±ºo r³pappasanno”ti (a. ni. 4.65) ettha saºµh±ne. ¾disaddena “piyar³pa½ s±tar³pa½, arasar³po”ti-±d²nipi saªgaºhitabb±ni. Idha panesa itthiy± catusamuµµh±ne r³p±yatanasaªkh±te vaººe vattati. Apica yo koci itthiy± nivatthaniv±sanassa v± alaªk±rassa v± gandhavaººak±d²na½ v± pi¼andhanam±l±d²na½ v±ti k±yappaµibaddho ca vaººo purisassa cakkhuviññ±ºassa ±rammaºa½ hutv± upakappati, sabbameta½ itthir³panteva veditabba½. Itthir³pa½, bhikkhave, purisassa citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhat²ti ida½ purimasseva da¼h²karaºattha½ vutta½. Purima½ v± “yathayida½, bhikkhave, itthir³pan”ti eva½ opammavasena vutta½, ida½ pariy±d±n±nubh±vadassanavasena.
Tatrida½ itthir³passa pariy±d±n±nubh±ve vatthu– mah±d±µhikan±gar±j± kira cetiyagirimhi ambatthale mah±th³pa½ k±r±petv± giribhaº¹ap³ja½ n±ma katv± k±lena k±la½ orodhagaºaparivuto cetiyagiri½ gantv± bhikkhusaªghassa mah±d±na½ deti. Bah³na½ sannip±taµµh±ne n±ma na sabbesa½ sati s³paµµhit± hoti, rañño ca dami¼adev² n±ma mahes² paµhamavaye µhit± dassan²y± p±s±dik±. Atheko cittatthero n±ma vu¹¹hapabbajito asa½varaniy±mena olokento tass± r³p±rammaºe nimitta½ gahetv± umm±dappatto viya µhitanisinnaµµh±nesu “handa dami¼adev², handa dami¼adev²”ti vadanto vicarati. Tato paµµh±ya cassa daharas±maºer± ummattakacittattherotveva n±ma½ katv± vohari½su. Atha s± dev² nacirasseva k±lamak±si. Bhikkhusaªghe sivathikadassana½ gantv± ±gate daharas±maºer± tassa santika½ gantv± evam±ha½su– “bhante cittatthera, yassatth±ya tva½ vilapasi, maya½ tass± deviy± sivathikadassana½ gantv± ±gat±”ti. Eva½ vuttepi assaddahanto “yass± v± tass± v± tumhe sivathikadassanatth±ya gat±, mukha½ tumh±ka½ dh³maººan”ti Ummattakavacanameva avoca. Eva½ ummattakacittattherassa citta½ pariy±d±ya aµµh±si ida½ itthir³pa½.
Aparampi vatthu– saddh±tissamah±r±j± kira ekadivasa½ orodhagaºaparivuto vih±ra½ ±gato Eko daharo lohap±s±dadv±rakoµµhake µhatv± asa½vare µhito eka½ itthi½ olokesi. S±pi gamana½ pacchinditv± ta½ olokesi. Ubhopi abbhantare uµµhitena r±gaggin± ¹ayhitv± k±lamaka½su. Eva½ itthir³pa½ daharassa citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhati.
Aparampi vatthu– kaly±ºiyamah±vih±rato kireko daharo uddesatth±ya k±¼ad²ghav±pig±madv±ravih±ra½ gantv± niµµhituddesakicco atthak±m±na½ vacana½ aggahetv± “gataµµh±ne daharas±maºerehi puµµhena g±massa niviµµh±k±ro kathetabbo bhavissat²”ti g±me piº¹±ya caranto visabh±g±rammaºe nimitta½ gahetv± attano vasanaµµh±na½ gato t±ya nivatthavattha½ sañj±nitv± “kaha½, bhante, ida½ laddhan”ti pucchanto tass± matabh±va½ ñatv± “evar³p± n±ma itth² ma½ niss±ya mat±”ti cintento anto-uµµhitena r±gaggin± ¹ayhitv± j²vitakkhaya½ p±puºi. Evampi ida½ itthir³pa½ purisassa citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhat²ti veditabba½.
2. Dutiy±d²ni saddagaruk±d²na½ ±sayavasena vutt±ni. Tesu itthisaddoti itthiy± cittasamuµµh±no kathitag²tav±ditasaddo. Apica itthiy± nivatthaniv±sanass±pi alaªkat±laªk±rass±pi itthipayoganipph±dito v²º±saªkhapaºav±disaddopi itthisaddotveva veditabbo. Sabbopi heso purisassa citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhati.
Tattha suvaººakakkaµakasuvaººamoradaharabhikkhu-±d²na½ vatth³ni veditabb±ni. Pabbatantara½ kira niss±ya mahanta½ hatthin±gakula½ vasati. Avid³raµµh±ne cassa mah±paribhogasaro atthi, tasmi½ k±y³papanno suvaººakakkaµako atthi. So ta½ sara½ otiººotiººe saº¹±sena viya a¼ehi p±de gahetv± attano vasa½ netv± m±reti. Tassa ot±r±pekkh± hatthin±g± eka½ mah±hatthi½ jeµµhaka½ katv± vicaranti. So ekadivasa½ ta½ hatthin±ga½ gaºhi. Th±masatisampanno hatthin±go cintesi– “sac±ha½ bh²tarava½ raviss±mi, sabbe yath±ruciy± ak²¼itv± pal±yissant²”ti niccalova aµµh±si. Atha sabbesa½ uttiººabh±va½ ñatv± tena gahitabh±va½ attano bhariya½ j±n±petu½ viravitv± evam±ha–
“Siªg²migo ±yatacakkhunetto,
aµµhittaco v±risayo alomo;
ten±bhibh³to kapaºa½ rud±mi,
m± heva ma½ p±ºasama½ jaheyy±”ti. (J±. 1.3.49).
S± ta½ sutv± s±mikassa gahitabh±va½ ñatv± ta½ tamh± bhay± mocetu½ hatthin± ca ku¼²rena ca saddhi½ sallapant² evam±ha–
“Ayya na ta½ jahiss±mi, kuñjara½ saµµhih±yana½;
pathaby± c±turant±ya, suppiyo hosi me tuva½.
“Ye ku¼²r± samuddasmi½, gaªg±ya yamun±ya ca;
tesa½ tva½ v±rijo seµµho, muñca rodantiy± patin”ti. (J±. 1.3.50-51).
Ku¼²ro saha itthisaddassavanena gahaºa½ sithilamak±si. Atha hatthin±go “ayamevetassa ok±so”ti eka½ p±da½ gahit±k±reneva µhapetv± dutiya½ ukkhipitv± ta½ piµµhikap±le akkamitv± vicuººika½ katv± thoka½ ±ka¹¹hitv± t²re khipi. Atha na½ sabbahatthino sannipatitv± “amh±ka½ ver²”ti vicuººayi½su. Eva½ t±va itthisaddo suvaººakakkaµakassa citta½ pariy±diyitv± tiµµhati.
Suvaººamoropi himavanta½ anupavisitv± mahanta½ pabbatagahana½ niss±ya vasanto niccak±la½ s³riyassa udayak±le s³riyamaº¹ala½ ulloketv± attano rakkha½ karonto eva½ vadati–
“Udetaya½ cakkhum± ekar±j±,
harissavaººo pathavippabh±so;
ta½ ta½ namass±mi harissavaººa½ pathavippabh±sa½,
tay±jja gutt± viharemu divasa½.
“Ye br±hmaº± vedag³ sabbadhamme,
te me namo te ca ma½ p±layantu;
namatthu buddh±na½ namatthu bodhiy±,
namo vimutt±na½ namo vimuttiy±;
ima½ so paritta½ katv±,
moro carati esan±”ti. (J±. 1.2.17).
So divasa½ gocara½ gahetv± s±yanhasamaye vasanaµµh±na½ pavisanto atthaªgata½ s³riyamaº¹ala½ oloketv±pi ima½ g±tha½ vadati–
“Apetaya½ cakkhum± ekar±j±,
harissavaººo pathavippabh±so;
ta½ ta½ namass±mi harissavaººa½ pathavippabh±sa½,
tay±jja gutt± viharemu ratti½.
“Ye br±hmaº± vedag³ sabbadhamme,
te me namo te ca ma½ p±layantu;
namatthu buddh±na½ namatthu bodhiy±,
namo vimutt±na½ namo vimuttiy±;
ima½ so paritta½ katv±,
moro v±samakappay²”ti. (J±. 1.2.18).
Imin± niy±mena satta vassasat±ni v²tin±metv± ekadivasa½ parittakammato puretarameva morakukkuµik±ya sadda½ sutv± parittakamma½ asaritv± raññ± pesitassa luddakassa vasa½ upagato. Eva½ itthisaddo suvaººamorassa citta½ pariy±diyitv± tiµµhat²ti. Ch±tapabbatav±s² daharo pana sudh±muº¹akav±s² daharo ca itthisadda½ sutv± anayabyasana½ patt±ti.
3. Tatiye itthigandhoti itthiy± catusamuµµh±nika½ gandh±yatana½. Sv±ya½ itthiy± sar²ragandho duggandho hoti, k±y±ru¼ho pana ±gantuka-anulepan±digandho idha adhippeto. Ekacc± hi itth² assagandhin² hoti, ekacc± meº¹akagandhin², ekacc± sedagandhin², ekacc± soºitagandhin² Ekacco andhab±lo evar³p±yapi itthiy± rajjateva. Cakkavattino pana itthiratanassa k±yato candanagandho v±yati, mukhato ca uppalagandho. Aya½ na sabb±sa½ hoti, ±gantuka-anulepan±digandhova idha adhippeto. Tiracch±nagat± pana hatthi-assagoº±dayo tiracch±nagat±na½ saj±ti-itth²na½ utugandhena yojanadviyojanatiyojanacatuyojanampi gacchanti. Itthik±ye gandho v± hotu itthiy± nivatthaniv±sana-anulitt±lepanapi¼andham±l±digandho v±, sabbopi itthigandhotveva veditabbo.
4. Catutthe itthirasoti itthiy± catusamuµµh±nika½ ras±yatana½. Tipiµakac³¼an±gac³¼±bhayatther± pana “sv±ya½ itthiy± ki½k±rapaµiss±vit±divasena savanaraso ceva paribhogaraso ca, aya½ itthiraso”ti vadanti. Ki½ tena? Yo pan±ya½ itthiy± oµµhama½sasammakkhanakhe¼±dirasopi s±mikassa dinnay±gubhatt±d²na½ rasopi, sabbo so itthirasotveva veditabbo. Aneke hi satt± attano m±tug±mena ya½kiñci sahatth± dinnameva madhuranti gahetv± anayabyasana½ patt±ti.
5. Pañcame itthiphoµµhabboti itthiy± k±yasamphasso, itthisar²r±ru¼h±na½ vatth±laªk±ram±l±d²nampi phasso itthiphoµµhabbotveva veditabbo. Sabbopesa purisassa citta½ pariy±diyati mah±cetiyaªgaºe gaºasajjh±ya½ gaºhantassa daharabhikkhuno visabh±g±rammaºaphasso viy±ti.
Iti satth± satt±na½ ±say±nusayavasena r³p±d²su ekeka½ gahetv± añña½ ²disa½ na pass±m²ti ±ha. Yath± hi r³pagarukassa purisassa itthir³pa½ cittupp±da½ gameti palibundhati bajjh±peti baddh±peti moheti sa½moheti, na tath± ses± sadd±dayo. Yath± ca sadd±digaruk±na½ sadd±dayo, na tath± r³p±d²ni ±rammaº±ni. Ekaccassa ca r³p±d²su ekamev±rammaºa½ citta½ pariy±diyati, ekaccassa dvepi t²ºipi catt±ripi pañcapi. Iti ime pañca suttant± pañcagarukavasena kathit±, na pañcagarukaj±takavasena. Pañcagarukaj±taka½ pana sakkhibh±vatth±ya ±haritv± kathetabba½. Tatra hi amanussehi kant±ramajjhe kat±ya ±paº±divic±raº±ya mah±purisassa pañcasu sah±yesu r³pagaruko r³p±rammaºe bajjhitv± anayabyasana½ patto, sadd±digaruk± sadd±rammaº±d²su. Iti ta½ sakkhibh±vatth±ya ±haritv± kathetabba½. Ime pana pañca suttant± pañcagarukavaseneva kathit±.
6. Yasm± ca na kevala½ puris±yeva pañcagaruk± honti, itthiyopi hontiyeva, tasm± t±sampi vasena puna pañca suttante kathesi. Tesampi attho vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Vatth³supi paµhamasutte lohap±s±dadv±re µhita½ dahara½ oloketv± mat±ya r±jorodh±ya vatthu veditabba½. Ta½ heµµh± vitth±ritameva.
7. Dutiyasutte b±r±ºasiya½ r³p³paj²vino m±tug±massa vatthu veditabba½. Guttilav²º±v±dako kirekiss± itthiy± sahassa½ pahiºi, s± ta½ uppaº¹etv± gaºhitu½ na icchi. So “kariss±mettha kattabban”ti s±yanhak±lasamanantare alaªkatapaµiyatto tass± gehassa abhimukhaµµh±ne aññasmi½ gehadv±re nisinno v²º±ya tantiyo same guºe patiµµh±petv± tantissarena g²tassara½ anatikkamanto g±yi. S± itth² tassa g²tasadda½ sutv± dv±ranti saññ±ya “vivaµav±tap±nena tassa santika½ gamiss±m²”ti ±k±seyeva j²vitakkhaya½ patt±.
8. Tatiyasutte cakkavattirañño k±yato candanagandho v±yati, mukhato ca uppalagandhoti ida½ ±haritabba½. Ida½ cettha vatthu veditabba½. S±vatthiya½ kirekiss± kuµumbikadh²t±ya s±miko satthu dhammadesana½ sutv±, “na sakk± may± aya½ dhammo gihibh³tena p³retun”ti aññatarassa piº¹ap±tikattherassa santike pabbaji. Athassa bhariya½ “ass±mik± ayan”ti ñatv± r±j± pasenadikosalo antepura½ ±har±petv± ekadivasa½ eka½ n²luppalakal±pa½ ±d±ya antepura½ paviµµho ekekiss± ekeka½ n²luppala½ d±pesi. Pupphesu bh±jiyam±nesu tass± itthiy± dve hattha½ patt±ni. S± pahaµµh±k±ra½ dassetv± upasiªghitv± parodi. R±j± tass± ubhay±k±ra½ disv± ta½ pakkos±petv± pucchi. S± attano pahaµµhak±raºañca rodanak±raºañca kathesi. Y±vatatiya½ kathitepi r±j± assaddahanto punadivase sakalar±janivesane sabbam±l±vilepan±disugandhagandha½ har±petv± buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa ±san±ni paññ±petv± buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa mah±d±na½ datv± bhattakiccapariyos±ne ta½ itthi½ “kataro te thero”ti pucchitv±, “ayan”ti vutte ñatv± satth±ra½ vanditv±, “bhante, tumhehi saddhi½ bhikkhusaªgho gacchatu, amh±ka½ asukatthero anumodana½ karissat²”ti ±ha. Satth± ta½ bhikkhu½ µhapetv± vih±ra½ gato. There anumodana½ vattu½ ±raddhamatte sakala½ r±janivesana½ gandhap³ra½ viya j±ta½. R±j± “saccameves± ±h±”ti pas²ditv± punadivase satth±ra½ ta½ k±raºa½ pucchi. Satth± “aya½ at²te dhammakatha½ suºanto ‘s±dhu s±dh³’ti s±dhuk±ra½ pavattento sakkacca½ assosi, tamm³lako tena mah±r±ja ayam±nisa½so laddho”ti ±cikkhi.
“Saddhammadesan±k±le, s±dhu s±dh³ti bh±sato;
mukhato j±yate gandho, uppala½va yathodake”ti.
Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti. Imasmi½ vagge vaµµameva kathita½.

R³p±divaggavaººan±.