Vaªg²sattheravatthu

212. Catutthe paµibh±navant±nanti sampannapaµibh±n±na½ vaªg²satthero aggoti dasseti. Aya½ kira thero dasabalassa santika½ upasaªkamanto cakkhupathato paµµh±ya candena saddhi½ upametv±, s³riyena, ±k±sena, mah±samuddena, hatthin±gena, s²hena migaraññ± saddhi½ upametv±pi anekehi padasatehi padasahassehi satthu vaººa½ vadantoyeva upasaªkamati. Tasm± paµibh±navant±na½ aggo n±ma j±to.
Tassa pañhakamme ayamanupubbikath±– ayampi kira padumuttarabuddhak±le ha½savat²nagare mah±bhogakule paµisandhi½ gaºhitv± purimanayeneva vih±ra½ gantv± dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ paµibh±navant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± satthu adhik±rakamma½ katv± “ahampi an±gate paµibh±navant±na½ aggo bhaveyyan”ti patthana½ katv± satth±r± by±kato y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de s±vatthiya½ br±hmaºakule nibbatti. Vaªg²sam±ºavotissa n±ma½ aka½su. So vayappatto tayo vede uggaºhanto ±cariya½ ±r±dhetv± chavas²samanta½ n±ma sikkhitv± chavas²sa½ nakhena ±koµetv± “aya½ satto asukayoniya½ n±ma nibbatto”ti j±n±ti.
Br±hmaº± “aya½ amh±ka½ j²vikamaggo”ti ñatv± vaªg²sam±ºava½ paµicchannay±ne nis²d±petv± g±manigamar±jadh±niyo carant± nagaradv±re v± nigamadv±re v± µhapetv± mah±janassa r±sibh³tabh±va½ ñatv± “yo vaªg²sa½ passati, so dhana½ v± labhati, yasa½ v± labhati, sagga½ v± gacchat²”ti vadanti. Tesa½ katha½ sutv± bah³ jan± lañja½ datv± passituk±m± honti. R±jar±jamah±matt± tesa½ santika½ gantv± “ko ±cariyassa j±naviseso”ti pucchanti. Tumhe na j±n±tha, sakalajambud²pe amh±ka½ ±cariyasadiso añño paº¹ito n±ma natthi, tivassamatthake matak±na½ s²sa½ ±har±petv± nakhena ±koµetv± “aya½ satto asukayoniya½ nibbatto”ti j±n±ti. Vaªg²sopi mah±janassa kaªkhachedanattha½ te te jane ±v±hetv± attano attano gati½ kath±peti. Ta½ niss±ya mah±janassa hatthato satampi sahassampi labhati.
Br±hmaº± vaªg²sam±ºava½ ±d±ya yath±ruci½ vicaritv± puna s±vatthi½ ±gama½su. Vaªg²so jetavanamah±vih±rassa avid³raµµh±ne µhito cintesi– “samaºo gotamo paº¹itoti vadanti, na kho pana sabbak±la½ may± imesa½yeva vacana½ karontena caritu½ vaµµati, paº¹it±nampi santika½ gantu½ vaµµat²”ti. So br±hmaºe ±ha– “tumhe gacchatha, aha½ na bahukehi saddhi½ gantv± samaºa½ gotama½ passiss±m²”ti. Te ±ha½su– “vaªg²sa, m± te rucci samaºa½ gotama½ passitu½ Yo hi na½ passati, ta½ so m±y±ya ±vaµµet²”ti. Vaªg²so tesa½ katha½ an±diyitv± satthu santika½ gantv± madhurapaµisanth±ra½ katv± ekamanta½ nis²di.
Atha na½ satth± pucchi– “vaªg²sa, kiñci sippa½ j±n±s²”ti. ¾ma, bho gotama, chavas²samanta½ n±meka½ j±n±m²ti. Ki½ so manto karot²ti? Tivassamatthake mat±nampi ta½ manta½ jappitv± s²sa½ nakhena ±koµetv± nibbattaµµh±na½ j±n±m²ti. Satth± tassa eka½ niraye uppannassa s²sa½ dassesi, eka½ manussesu uppannassa, eka½ devesu, eka½ parinibbutassa s²sa½ dassesi. So paµhama½ s²sa½ ±koµetv±, “bho gotama, aya½ satto niraya½ gato”ti ±ha. S±dhu s±dhu, vaªg²sa, sudiµµha½ tay±, aya½ satto kaha½ gatoti pucchi. Manussaloka½, bho gotam±ti. Aya½ satto kaha½ gatoti? Devaloka½, bho gotam±ti tiººampi gataµµh±na½ kathesi. Parinibbutassa pana s²sa½ nakhena ±koµento neva anta½ na koµi½ passati. Atha na½ satth± “na sakkosi tva½, vaªg²s±”ti pucchi. “Passatha, bho gotama, upaparikkh±mi t±v±”ti punappuna½ parivatteti. B±hirakamantena kh²º±savassa gati½ katha½ j±nissati, athassa matthakato sedo mucci. So lajjitv± tuºh²bh³to aµµh±si. Atha na½ satth± “kilamasi, vaªg²s±”ti ±ha. ¾ma, bho gotama, imassa sattassa gataµµh±na½ j±nitu½ na sakkomi. Sace tumhe j±n±tha, katheth±ti. “Vaªg²sa, aha½ etampi j±n±mi ito uttaritaramp²”ti vatv± dhammapade im± dve g±th± abh±si–
“Cuti½ yo vedi satt±na½, upapatti½ ca sabbaso;
asatta½ sugata½ buddha½, tamaha½ br³mi br±hmaºa½.
“Yassa gati½ na j±nanti, dev± gandhabbam±nus±;
kh²º±sava½ arahanta½, tamaha½ br³mi br±hmaºan”ti. (Dha. pa. 419-420).
Tato vaªg²so ±ha– “bho gotama, vijj±ya vijja½ dentassa n±ma parih±ni natthi, aha½ attan± j±nanaka½ manta½ tumh±ka½ dass±mi, tumhe eta½ manta½ mayha½ deth±”ti. Vaªg²sa, na maya½ mantena manta½ dema, evameva dem±ti. “S±dhu, bho gotama, detha me mantan”ti apaciti½ dassetv± hatthakacchapaka½ katv± nis²di. Ki½, vaªg²sa, tumh±ka½ samaye mahagghamanta½ v± kiñci v± gaºhant±na½ pariv±so n±ma na hot²ti? Hoti, bho gotam±ti. Amh±ka½ pana manto nippariv±soti sañña½ karos²ti? Br±hmaº± n±ma mantehi atitt± honti, tasm± so bhagavanta½ ±ha– “bho gotama, tumhehi kathitaniy±ma½ kariss±m²”ti. Bhagav± ±ha– “vaªg²sa, maya½ ima½ manta½ dent± amhehi sam±naliªgassa dem±”ti. Vaªg²so “ya½kiñci katv± may± ima½ manta½ gaºhitv± gantu½ vaµµat²”ti br±hmaºe ±ha. Tumhe mayi pabbajante m± cintayittha, aha½ ima½ manta½ gaºhitv± sakalajambud²pe jeµµhako bhaviss±mi. Eva½ sante tumh±kampi bhaddaka½ bhavissat²”ti mantatth±ya satthu santike pabbaji. Satth± “mantapariv±sa½ t±va vas±h²”ti dvatti½s±k±ra½ ±cikkhi. Paññav± satto dvatti½s±k±ra½ sajjh±yantova tattha khayavaya½ paµµhapetv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi
Tasmi½ arahatta½ patte br±hmaº± “k± nu kho vaªg²sassa pavatti, passiss±ma nan”ti tassa santika½ gantv± “ki½, bho vaªg²sa, samaºassa gotamassa santike sippa½ sikkhitan”ti pucchi½su. ¾ma, sikkhitanti. Tena hi ehi gamiss±m±ti. Gacchatha tumhe, tumhehi saddhi½ gantabbakicca½ mayha½ niµµhitanti. Paµhamameva amhehi tuyha½ kathita½ “samaºo gotamo att±na½ passitu½ ±gate m±y±ya ±vaµµet²”ti. Tva½ hi id±ni samaºassa gotamassa vasa½ ±panno, ki½ maya½ tava santike kariss±m±ti ±gatamaggeneva pakkami½su. Vaªg²sattheropi ya½ ya½ vela½ dasabala½ passitu½ gacchati, eka½ thuti½ karontova gacchati. Tena ta½ satth± saªghamajjhe nisinno paµibh±navant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapes²ti.