Kuŗ¹adh±nattheravatthu

211. Tatiye paµhama½ sal±ka½ gaŗhant±nanti sabbapaµhama½ sal±kag±hak±na½ bhikkh³na½ kuŗ¹adh±natthero aggoti dasseti. So kira thero mah±subhadd±ya nimantitadivase tath±gate ugganagara½ gacchante “ajja satth± d³ra½ bhikkh±c±ra½ gamissati, puthujjan± sal±ka½ m± gaŗhantu, pańcasat± kh²ŗ±sav±va gaŗhant³”ti vutte paµhamameva s²han±da½ naditv± sal±ka½ gaŗhi. C³¼asubhadd±ya nimantitadivase tath±gate s±keta½ gacchantepi pańcanna½ bhikkhusat±na½ antare paµhamameva sal±ka½ gaŗhi, sun±parantajanapada½ gacchantepi. Imehi k±raŗehi thero paµhama½ sal±ka½ gaŗhant±na½ aggo n±ma j±to. Kuŗ¹adh±noti panassa n±ma½.
Tassa pańhakamme ayamanupubbikath±– aya½ kira padumuttarabuddhak±le ha½savat²nagare kulagehe nibbatto vuttanayeneva vih±ra½ gantv± dhamma½ suŗanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ paµhama½ sal±ka½ gaŗhant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± buddh±na½ adhik±rakamma½ katv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthetv± satth±r± anantar±ya½ disv± by±kato y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± devesu ca manussesu ca sa½saranto kassapabuddhak±le bh³maµµhakadevat± hutv± nibbatti. D²gh±yukabuddh±nańca n±ma na anvaddham±siko uposatho hoti. Vipass²dasabalassa hi chabbassantare chabbassantare uposatho ahosi, kassapadasabalo pana chaµµhe chaµµhe m±se p±timokkha½ os±resi. Tassa p±timokkha½ os±raŗak±le dis±v±sik± dve sah±yak± bhikkh³ “uposatha½ kariss±m±”ti gacchanti. Aya½ bhummadevat± cintesi– “imesa½ dvinna½ bhikkh³na½ metti ativiya da¼h±, ki½ nu kho bhedake sati bhijjeyya, na bhijjeyy±”ti? Tesa½ ok±sa½ olokayam±n± tesa½ avid³reneva gacchati.
Atheko thero ekassa hatthe pattac²vara½ datv± sar²rava¼ańjanattha½ udakaph±sukaµµh±na½ gantv± dhotahatthap±do hutv± gumbasabh±gato nikkhamati. Bhummadevat± tassa therassa pacchato pacchato uttamar³p± itth² hutv± kese vidhunitv± sa½vidh±ya bandhant² viya piµµhito pa½su½ puńcham±n± viya s±µaka½ sa½vidh±ya niv±sayam±n± viya ca hutv± therassa pad±nupadik± hutv± gumbato nikkhant±. Ekamante µhito sah±yakatthero ima½ k±raŗa½ disv± domanassaj±to “naµµho d±ni me imin± bhikkhun± saddhi½ d²gharatt±nugato sineho. Sac±ha½ eva½vidhabh±va½ j±neyya½, ettaka½ addh±na½ imin± saddhi½ viss±sa½ na kareyyan”ti cintetv± ±gacchantassevassa “hand±vuso, tuyha½ pattac²vara½, t±disena p±pena sah±yena saddhi½ ekamagga½ na gacch±m²”ti ±ha Ta½ katha½ sutv± tassa lajjibhikkhuno hadaya½ tikhiŗasatti½ gahetv± viddha½ viya ahosi. Tato na½ ±ha– “±vuso, ki½ n±meta½ vadasi, aha½ ettaka½ k±la½ dukkaµamattampi ±patti½ na j±n±mi. Tva½ pana ma½ ajja ‘p±po’ti vadasi, ki½ te diµµhan”ti? Ki½ ańńena diµµhena, ki½ tva½ eva½vidhena alaŖkatapaµiyattena m±tug±mena saddhi½ ekaµµh±ne hutv± nikkhantoti? Nattheta½, ±vuso, mayha½, n±ha½ evar³pa½ m±tug±ma½ pass±m²ti. Tassa y±vatatiya½ kathentass±pi itaro thero katha½ asaddahitv± attan± diµµhak±raŗa½yeva attha½ gahetv± tena saddhi½ ekamaggena agantv± ańńena maggena satthu santika½ gato. Itaropi ańńena maggena satthu santika½yeva gato.
Tato bhikkhusaŖghassa uposath±g±ra½ pavisanavel±ya so bhikkhu ta½ bhikkhu½ uposathagge sańj±nitv± “imasmi½ uposathagge evar³po n±ma p±pabhikkhu atthi, n±ha½ tena saddhi½ uposatha½ kariss±m²”ti nikkhamitv± bahi aµµh±si. Bhummadevat± “bh±riya½ may± kamma½ katan”ti mahallaka-up±sakavaŗŗena tassa santika½ gantv± “kasm±, bhante, ayyo imasmi½ µh±ne µhito”ti ±ha. Up±saka, ima½ uposathagga½ eko p±pabhikkhu paviµµho, aha½ tena saddhi½ uposatha½ na karom²ti vatv± nikkhamitv± bahi µhitomh²ti. Bhante, m± eva½ gaŗhatha, parisuddhas²lo esa bhikkhu. Tumhehi diµµham±tug±mo n±ma aha½, may± tumh±ka½ v²ma½sanatth±ya “da¼h± nu kho imesa½ ther±na½ metti, no da¼h±”ti lajji-alajjibh±va½ olokentena ta½ kamma½ katanti. Ko pana tva½ sappuris±ti? Aha½ ek± bhummadevat±, bhanteti. Devaputto kathentova dibb±nubh±vena µhatv± therassa p±desu patitv± “mayha½, bhante, khamatha, eta½ dosa½ thero na j±n±ti, uposatha½ karoth±”ti thera½ y±citv± uposathagga½ pavesesi. So thero uposatha½ t±va ekaµµh±ne ak±si, mittasanthavavasena na puna tena saddhi½ ekaµµh±ne ahos²ti. Imassa therassa kamma½ na kathiyati, cuditakatthero pana apar±para½ vipassan±ya kamma½ karonto arahatta½ p±puŗi.
Bhummadevat± tassa kammassa nissandena eka½ buddhantara½ ap±yato na muccittha. Sace pana k±lena k±la½ manussatta½ ±gacchati, ańńena yena kenaci kato doso tasseva upari patati. So amh±ka½ bhagavato k±le s±vatthiya½ br±hmaŗakule nibbatti, dh±nam±ŗavotissa n±ma½ aka½su. So vayappatto tayo vede uggaŗhitv± mahallakak±le satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbaji, tassa upasampannadivasato paµµh±ya ek± alaŖkatapaµiyatt± itth² tasmi½ g±ma½ pavisante saddhi½yeva g±ma½ pavisati, nikkhamante nikkhamati. Vih±ra½ pavisantepi pavisati, tiµµhantepi tiµµhat²ti eva½ nicc±nubandh± pańń±yati. Thero ta½ na passati, tassa pana purimassa kammassa nissandena s± ańńesa½ upaµµh±ti.
G±me y±gubhikkha½ dadam±n± itthiyo, “bhante, aya½ eko y±gu-u¼uŖko tumh±ka½, eko imiss± amh±ka½ sah±yik±y±”ti parih±sa½ karonti. Therassa mahat² vihes± hoti. Vih±ra½ gatampi na½ s±maŗer± ceva daharabhikkh³ ca pariv±retv± “dh±no koŗ¹o j±to”ti parih±sa½ karonti. Athassa teneva k±raŗena kuŗ¹adh±nattheroti n±ma½ j±ta½ So uµµh±ya samuµµh±ya tehi kayiram±na½ ke¼i½ sahitu½ asakkonto umm±da½ gahetv± “tumhe koŗ¹±, tumh±ka½ upajjh±y± koŗ¹± ±cariy± koŗ¹±”ti vadati. Atha na½ satthu ±rocesu½– “kuŗ¹adh±no daharas±maŗerehi saddhi½ eva½ pharusav±ca½ vadat²”ti. Satth± ta½ pakkos±petv± “sacca½ bhikkh³”ti pucchitv± “sacca½ bhagav±”ti vutte “kasm± eva½ vades²”ti ±ha. Bhante, nibaddha½ vihesa½ asahanto eva½ kathem²ti. “Tva½ pubbe katakamma½ y±vajjadivas± j²r±petu½ na sakkosi, puna evar³pa½ pharusa½ m± vada bhikkh³”ti vatv± ±ha–
“M±voca pharusa½ kańci, vutt± paµivadeyyu ta½;
dukkh± hi s±rambhakath±, paµidaŗ¹± phuseyyu ta½.
“Sace neresi att±na½, ka½so upahato yath±;
esa pattosi nibb±na½, s±rambho te na vijjat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 133-134).
Imańca pana tassa therassa m±tug±mena saddhi½ vicaraŗabh±va½ kosalarańńopi kathayi½su. R±j± “gacchatha, bhaŗe, v²ma½sath±”ti pesetv± sayampi mandeneva pariv±rena saddhi½ therassa vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± ekamante olokento aµµh±si. Tasmi½ khaŗe thero s³cikamma½ karonto nisinno hoti, s±pissa itth² avid³re µh±ne µhit± viya pańń±yati.
R±j± ta½ disv± “atthida½ k±raŗan”ti tass± µhitaµµh±na½ agam±si. S± tasmi½ ±gacchante therassa vasanapaŗŗas±la½ paviµµh± viya ahosi. R±j±pi t±ya saddhi½yeva paŗŗas±la½ pavisitv± sabbattha olokento adisv± “n±ya½ m±tug±mo, therassa eko kammavip±ko”ti sańńa½ katv± paµhama½ therassa sam²pena gacchantopi thera½ avanditv± tassa k±raŗassa abh³tabh±va½ ńatv± ±gamma thera½ vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinno “kacci, bhante, piŗ¹akena na kilamath±”ti pucchi. Thero “vaµµati mah±r±j±”ti ±ha. “J±n±mi, bhante, ayyassa katha½, evar³pena ca parikkilesena saddhi½ carant±na½ tumh±ka½ ke n±ma pas²dissanti, ito paµµh±ya vo katthaci gamanakicca½ natthi, aha½ cat³hi paccayehi upaµµhahiss±mi, tumhe yonisomanasik±re m± pamajjitth±”ti nibaddha½ bhikkha½ paµµhapesi. Thero r±j±na½ upatthambhaka½ labhitv± bhojanasapp±yena ekaggacitto hutv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puŗi. Tato paµµh±ya s± itth² antaradh±yi.
Mah±subhadd± ugganagare micch±diµµhikule vasam±n± “satth± ma½ anukampat³”ti uposatha½ adhiµµh±ya nir±magandh± hutv± uparip±s±datale µhit± “im±ni pupph±ni antare aµµhatv± dasabalassa matthake vit±na½ hutv± tiµµhantu, dasabalo im±ya sańń±ya sve pańcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ mayha½ bhikkha½ gaŗhat³”ti saccakiriya½ katv± aµµha sumanapupphamuµµhiyo vissajjesi. Pupph±ni gantv± dhammadesan±vel±ya satthu matthake vit±na½ hutv± aµµha½su. Satth± ta½ sumanapupphavit±na½ disv± citteneva subhadd±ya bhikkha½ adhiv±setv± punadivase aruŗe uµµhite ±nandatthera½ ±ha– “±nanda, maya½ ajja d³ra½ bhikkh±c±ra½ gamiss±ma, puthujjan±na½ adatv± ariy±na½yeva sal±ka½ deh²”ti. Thero bhikkh³na½ ±rocesi– “±vuso, satth± ajja d³ra½ bhikkh±c±ra½ gamissati, puthujjan± m± gaŗhantu, ariy±va sal±ka½ gaŗhant³”ti. Kuŗ¹adh±natthero “±har±vuso, sal±kan”ti paµhama½yeva hattha½ pas±resi. ¾nand± “satth± t±dis±na½ bhikkh³na½ sal±ka½ na d±peti, ariy±na½yeva d±pet²”ti vitakka½ upp±detv± gantv± satthu ±rocesi. Satth± “±har±pentassa sal±ka½ deh²”ti ±ha. Thero cintesi– “sace kuŗ¹adh±nassa sal±k± d±tu½ na yutt± assa, atha satth± paµib±heyya, bhavissati eka½ k±raŗan”ti. “Kuŗ¹adh±nassa sal±ka½ dass±m²”ti gamana½ abhin²hari. Kuŗ¹adh±natthero tassa pure ±gaman±va abhińń±p±daka½ catutthajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± iddhiy± ±k±se µhatv± “±har±vuso ±nanda, satth± ma½ j±n±ti, m±disa½ bhikkhu½ paµhama½ sal±ka½ gaŗhanta½ na satth± v±ret²”ti hattha½ pas±retv± sal±ka½ gaŗhi. Satth± ta½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± thera½ imasmi½ s±sane paµhama½ sal±ka½ gaŗhant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapes²ti.