Soºakuµikaººattheravatthu

206. Aµµhame kaly±ºav±kkaraº±nanti v±kkaraºa½ vuccati vacanakiriy±, madhuravacan±nanti attho. Ayañhi thero dasabalena saddhi½ ekagandhakuµiy± tath±gatassa madhurena sarena dhammakatha½ kathesi. Athassa satth± s±dhuk±ra½ ad±si. Tasm± so kaly±ºav±kkaraº±na½ aggo n±ma j±to. Soºoti tassa n±ma½, koµi-agghanaka½ pana kaººapi¼andhana½ dh±resi. Tasm± kuµikaººoti vuccati, koµikaººoti attho.
Tassa pañhakamme ayamanupubbikath±– ayampi padumuttarabuddhak±le purimanayeneva mah±janena saddhi½ vih±ra½ gantv± parisapariyante µhatv± satthu dhamma½ suºanto satth±ra½ eka½ bhikkhu½ kaly±ºav±kkaraº±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± “may±pi an±gate ekassa buddhassa s±sane kaly±ºav±kkaraº±na½ aggena bhavitu½ vaµµat²”ti cintetv± dasabala½ nimantetv± satt±ha½ mah±d±na½ datv±, “bhante, ya½ bhikkhu½ tumhe ito sattadivasamatthake kaly±ºav±kkaraº±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapayittha, ahampi imassa adhik±rakammassa phalena an±gate ekassa buddhassa s±sane tath±r³po bhaveyyan”ti patthana½ ak±si. Satth± tassa anantar±ya½ disv± “an±gate gotamabuddhassa s±sane kaly±ºav±kkaraº±na½ aggo bhavissas²”ti by±karitv± pakk±mi.
Sopi y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± kappasatasahassa½ devesu ca manussesu ca sa½saranto amh±ka½ dasabalassa uppattito puretarameva devalok± cavitv± k±¼iy± n±ma kuraragharik±ya up±sik±ya kucchismi½ paµisandhi½ gaºhi. S± paripakke gabbhe r±jagahanagare attano kulanivesana½ ±gat±.
Tasmi½ samaye amh±ka½ satth± sabbaññuta½ patto isipatane dhammacakka½ pavattesi. Dhammacakkappavattane dasasahassacakkav±¼adevat± sannipati½su. Tattha eko aµµhav²satiy± yakkhasen±pat²na½ abbhantare s±t±giro n±ma yakkho dasabalassa dhammakatha½ sutv± sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ya cintesi– “ki½ nu kho aya½ eva½ madhuradhammakath± mama sah±yena hemavatena sut± na sut±”ti? So devasaªghassa antare olokento ta½ apassitv± “addh± mama sah±yo tiººa½ ratan±na½ uppannabh±va½ na j±n±ti, gacch±mi dasabalassa ceva vaººa½ kathess±mi, paµividdhadhammañca ±rocess±m²”ti attano paris±ya saddhi½ r±jagahamatthakena tassa santika½ p±y±si.
Hemavatopi tiyojanasahassa½ himavanta½ ak±lapupphita½ disv± “mama sah±yena s±t±girena saddhi½ himavantak²¼ita½ k²¼iss±m²”ti attano paris±ya saddhi½ r±jagahamatthakeneva p±y±si. Tesa½ dvinnampi aggabalak±y± kulagharik±ya k±¼i-up±sik±ya nivesanamatthake sam±gantv± “tumhe kassa paris±, maya½ s±t±girassa. Tumhe kassa paris±, maya½ hemavatass±”ti ±ha½su. Te haµµhatuµµh±va gantv± tesa½ yakkhasen±pat²na½ ±rocayi½su. Tepi ta½khaºaññeva up±sik±ya nivesanamatthake sam±gacchi½su. S±t±giro hemavata½ ±ha– “kaha½, samma, gacchas²”ti? Tava santika½ samm±ti. Ki½k±raº±ti? Himavanta½ pupphita½ disv± tay± saddhi½ tattha k²¼iss±m²ti. Tva½ pana, samma, kaha½ gacchas²ti? Tava santika½, samm±ti. Ki½k±raº±ti? Tva½ himavantassa kena pupphitabh±va½ j±n±s²ti? Na j±n±mi, samm±ti. Suddhodanamah±r±jassa putto siddhatthakum±ro dasasahassilokadh±tu½ kampetv± paµividdhasabbaññutaññ±ºo dasasahassacakkav±¼adevat±na½ majjhe anuttara½ dhammacakka½ pavattesi. Tassa pavattitabh±va½ na j±n±s²ti? Na j±n±mi, samm±ti. Tva½ ettakameva µh±na½ pupphitanti aññ±si, tassa pana purisassa sakk±ratth±ya sakaladasasahassacakkav±¼a½ ekam±l±gu¼asadisa½ ajja j±ta½ samm±ti. M±l± t±va pupphantu, tay± so satth± akkh²ni p³retv± diµµhoti. ¾ma, samma, satth± ca me diµµho, dhammo ca suto, amatañca p²ta½. Aha½ “eta½ amatadhamma½ tampi j±n±pess±m²”ti tava santika½ ±gatosmi, samm±ti. Tesa½ aññamañña½ kathent±na½yeva up±sik± sirisayanato uµµh±ya nisinn± ta½ kath±sall±pa½ sutv± sadde nimitta½ gaºhi. “Aya½ saddo uddha½, na heµµh±, amanussabh±sito, no manussabh±sito”ti sallakkhetv± ohitasot± paggahitam±nas± hutv± nis²di. Tato–
“Ajja pannaraso uposatho (iti s±t±giro yakkho),
dibb± ratti upaµµhit±;
anoman±ma½ satth±ra½,
handa pass±ma gotaman”ti. (Su. ni. 153)–

Eva½ s±t±girena vutte–

“Kacci mano supaºihito (iti hemavato yakkho),
sabbabh³tesu t±dino;
kacci iµµhe aniµµhe ca,
saªkappassa vas²kat±”ti. (Su. ni. 154).
Eva½ hemavato satthu k±yasam±c±rañca ±j²vañca manosam±c±rañca pucchi. Pucchita½ pucchita½ s±t±giro vissajjesi. Eva½ satthu sar²ravaººaguºavaººakathanavasena hemavatasuttante niµµhite hemavato sah±yakassa dhammadesan±nus±rena ñ±ºa½ pesetv± sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi.
Atha, k±¼² up±sik±, parassa dhamme des²yam±ne tath±gata½ adiµµhapubb±va hutv± anussavappas±da½ upp±detv± parassa va¹¹hita½ bhojana½ bhuñjam±n± viya sot±pattiphale patiµµh±si. S± sabbam±tug±m±na½ antare paµhamakasot±pann± sabbajeµµhik± ahosi. Tass± saha sot±pattibh±vena tameva ratti½ gabbhavuµµh±na½ j±ta½, paµiladdhad±rakassa n±maggahaºadivase soºoti n±ma½ ak±si. S± yath±ruciy± kulagehe vasitv± kulagharameva agam±si.
Tasmi½ samaye mah±kacc±natthero ta½ nagara½ upaniss±ya upavatte pabbate paµivasati. Up±sik± thera½ upaµµh±ti. Thero nibaddha½ tass± nivesana½ gacchati. Soºad±rakopi nibaddha½ therassa santike vicaranto viss±siko ahosi. So aparena samayena therassa santike pabbaji. Thero ta½ upasamp±detuk±mo t²ºi vass±ni gaºa½ pariyesitv± upasamp±desi. So upasampanno kammaµµh±na½ kath±petv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ patv± therasseva santike suttanip±ta½ uggaºhitv± vutthavasso pav±retv± satth±ra½ passituk±mo hutv± upajjh±ya½ ±pucchi. Thero ±ha– “soºa, tayi gate satth± ta½ ekagandhakuµiya½ vas±petv± dhamma½ ajjhesissati, tva½ dhamma½ kathessasi. Satth± tava dhammakath±ya pas²ditv± tuyha½ vara½ dassati. Tva½ vara½ gaºhanto imañca imañca gaºh±hi, mama vacanena dasabalassa p±de vand±h²”ti. So upajjh±yena anuññ±to m±tu-up±sik±ya geha½ gantv± ±rocesi. S±pi “s±dhu t±ta, tva½ dasabala½ passitu½ gacchanto ima½ kambala½ ±haritv± satthu vasanagandhakuµiy± bh³mattharaºa½ katv± atthar±h²”ti kambala½ ad±si. Soºatthero ta½ ±d±ya sen±sana½ sa½s±metv± anupubbena satthu vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± dasabalassa buddh±sane nisinnavel±yameva upasaªkamitv± abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Satth± tena saddhi½ paµisanth±ra½ katv± ±nandatthera½ ±mantesi– “±nanda, imassa bhikkhussa sen±sana½ j±n±h²”ti. Thero satthu adhipp±ya½ ñatv± antogandhakuµiya½yeva bh³mattharaºa½ uss±rento viya atthari.
Atha kho bhagav± bahudevaratti½ ajjhok±se v²tin±metv± vih±ra½ p±visi, ±yasm±pi kho soºo bahudevaratti½ ajjhok±se v²tin±metv± vih±ra½ p±visi. Satth± pacchimay±me s²haseyya½ kappetv± pacc³sasamaye vuµµh±ya nis²ditv± “ettakena k±lena soºassa k±yadaratho paµippassaddho bhavissat²”ti ñatv± ±yasmanta½ soºa½ ajjhesi– “paµibh±tu ta½ bhikkhu dhammo bh±situn”ti. Soºatthero madhurassarena ekabyañjanampi avin±sento aµµhakavaggiy±ni sutt±ni (su. ni. 772 ±dayo) abh±si. Kath±pariyos±ne bhagav± s±dhuk±ra½ datv± “suggahito te bhikkhu dhammo, may± desitak±le ca ajja ca ekasadis±va desan±, kiñci ³na½ v± adhika½ v± natth²”ti pasannabh±va½ pak±sesi. Soºattheropi “aya½ ok±so”ti sallakkhetv± upajjh±yassa vacanena dasabala½ vanditv± vinayadharapañcamena gaºena upasampada½ ±di½ katv± sabbe vare y±ci, satth± ad±si. Puna thero m±tu-up±sik±ya vacanena vanditv± “aya½, bhante, up±sik±ya tumh±ka½ vasanagandhakuµiya½ bh³mattharaºattha½ kambalo pahito”ti kambala½ datv± uµµh±y±san± satth±ra½ vanditv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±rato pana therassa pabbajja½ ±di½ katv± sabba½ sutte ±gatameva.
Iti thero satthu santik± aµµha vare labhitv± upajjh±yassa santika½ gantv± sabba½ ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesi. Punadivase m±tu-up±sik±ya nivesanadv±ra½ gantv± bhikkh±ya aµµh±si. Up±sik± “putto kira me dv±re µhito”ti sutv± vegena ±gantv± abhiv±detv± hatthato patta½ gahetv± antonivesane nis²d±petv± bhojana½ ad±si. Atha na½ bhattakiccapariyos±ne ±ha– “diµµho te, t±ta, dasabalo”ti? ¾ma up±siketi. Vandito te mama vacanen±ti? ¾ma vandito, sopi ca me kambalo tath±gatassa vasanaµµh±ne bh³mattharaºa½ katv± atthatoti. Ki½, t±ta, tay± kira satthu dhammakath± kathit±, satth±r± ca te s±dhuk±ro dinnoti? Tay± katha½ ñ±ta½ up±siketi? T±ta, mayha½ gehe adhivatth± devat± dasabalena tuyha½ s±dhuk±ra½ dinnadivase “sakaladasasahassacakkav±¼e devat± s±dhuk±ra½ ada½s³”ti ±ha– t±ta, tay± kathitadhammakatha½ buddh±na½ kathitaniy±meneva mayhampi kathetu½ pacc±s²s±m²ti. Thero m±tu katha½ sampaµicchi. S± tassa adhiv±sana½ viditv± dv±re maº¹apa½ k±retv± dasabalassa kathitaniy±meneva attano dhammakatha½ kath±pes²ti vatthu ettha samuµµhita½. Satth± aparabh±ge ariyagaºamajjhe nisinno thera½ kaly±ºav±kkaraº±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapes²ti.