Tath± hissa “appeva n±ma svepi upasaªkameyy±ma k±lañca samayañca up±d±y±”ti evam±d²su (d². ni. 1.447) samav±yo attho. “Ekova kho, bhikkhave, khaºo ca samayo ca brahmacariyav±s±y±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 8.29) khaºo. “Uºhasamayo pari¼±hasamayo”ti-±d²su (p±ci. 358) k±lo. “Mah±samayo pavanasmin”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.332) sam³ho. “Samayopi kho te bhadd±li appaµividdho ahosi, bhagav± kho s±vatthiya½ viharati, bhagav±pi ma½ j±nissati ‘bhadd±li n±ma bhikkhu satthu s±sane sikkh±ya aparip³rak±r²’ti, ayampi kho te, bhadd±li, samayo appaµividdho ahos²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.135) hetu. “Tena kho pana samayena ugg±ham±no paribb±jako samaºamuº¹ik±putto samayappav±dake tinduk±c²re ekas±lake mallik±ya ±r±me paµivasat²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.260) diµµhi.
“Diµµhe dhamme ca yo attho, yo cattho sampar±yiko;
atth±bhisamay± dh²ro, paº¹itoti pavuccat²”ti.–

¾d²su (sa½. ni. 1.129) paµil±bho. “Samm± m±n±bhisamay± antamak±si dukkhass±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.28) pah±na½. “Dukkhassa p²¼anaµµho saªkhataµµho sant±paµµho vipariº±maµµho abhisamayaµµho”ti-±d²su (paµi. ma. 2.8) paµivedho. Idha panassa k±lo attho. Tena sa½vacchara-utu-m±sa-a¹¹ham±sa-ratti-diva-pubbaºha-majjhanhika-s±yanha-paµhama-majjhima- pacchimay±ma-muhutt±d²su k±lappabhedabh³tesu samayesu eka½ samayanti d²peti.

Tattha kiñc±pi etesu sa½vacchar±d²su ya½ ya½ sutta½ yamhi yamhi sa½vacchare utumhi m±se pakkhe rattibh±ge divasabh±ge v± vutta½, sabba½ ta½ therassa suvidita½ suvavatth±pita½ paññ±ya. Yasm± pana “eva½ me suta½ asukasa½vacchare asuka-utumhi asukam±se asukapakkhe asukarattibh±ge asukadivasabh±ge v±”ti eva½ vutte na sakk± sukhena dh±retu½ v± uddisitu½ v± uddis±petu½ v±, bahu ca vattabba½ hoti, tasm± ekeneva padena tamattha½ samodh±netv± “eka½ samayan”ti ±ha.
Ye v± ime gabbhokkantisamayo j±tisamayo sa½vegasamayo abhinikkhamanasamayo dukkarak±rikasamayo m±ravijayasamayo abhisambodhisamayo diµµhadhammasukhavih±rasamayo desan±samayo parinibb±nasamayoti evam±dayo bhagavato devamanussesu ativiya suppak±s± anekak±lappabhed± eva samay±, tesu samayesu desan±samayasaªkh±ta½ eka½ samayanti d²peti. Yo c±ya½ ñ±ºakaruº±kiccasamayesu karuº±kiccasamayo, attahitaparahita-paµipattisamayesu parahita-paµipattisamayo, sannipatit±na½ karaº²yadvayasamayesu dhammikath±samayo, desan±paµipattisamayesu desan±samayo, tesupi samayesu aññatara½ sandh±ya “eka½ samayan”ti ±ha.
Kasm± panettha yath± abhidhamme “yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacaran”ti ca, ito aññesu ca suttapadesu “yasmi½ samaye, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva k±meh²”ti ca bhummavacanena niddeso kato, vinaye ca “tena samayena buddho bhagav±”ti karaºavacanena niddeso kato, tath± akatv± “eka½ samayan”ti upayogavacanena niddeso katoti. Tattha tath±, idha ca aññath± atthasambhavato. Tattha hi abhidhamme ito aññesu suttapadesu ca adhikaraºattho bh±venabh±valakkhaºattho ca sambhavati. Adhikaraºa½ hi k±lattho sam³hattho ca samayo, tattha vutt±na½ phass±didhamm±na½ khaºasamav±yahetusaªkh±tassa ca samayassa bh±vena tesa½ bh±vo lakkh²yati, tasm± tadatthajotanattha½ tattha bhummavacanena niddeso kato.
Vinaye ca hetu-attho karaºattho ca sambhavati. Yo hi so sikkh±padapaññattisamayo s±riputt±d²hipi dubbiññeyyo, tena samayena hetubh³tena karaºabh³tena ca sikkh±pad±ni paññ±payanto sikkh±padapaññattihetuñca apekkham±no bhagav± tattha tattha vih±si. Tasm± tadatthajotanattha½ tattha karaºavacanena niddeso kato.
Idha pana aññasmiñca eva½j±tike accantasa½yogattho sambhavati. Yañhi samaya½ bhagav± ima½ añña½ v± suttanta½ desesi, accantameva ta½ samaya½ karuº±vih±rena vih±si. Tasm± tadatthajotanattha½ idha upayogavacananiddeso katoti. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Ta½ ta½ atthamapekkhitv±, bhummena karaºena ca;
aññatra samayo vutto, upayogena so idh±”ti.
Por±º± pana vaººayanti– “tasmi½ samaye”ti v± “tena samayen±”ti v± “eka½ samayan”ti v± abhil±pamattabhedo esa, sabbattha bhummamevatthoti. Tasm± “eka½ samayan”ti vuttepi “ekasmi½ samaye”ti attho veditabbo.
Bhagav±ti garu. Garuñhi loke “bhagav±”ti vadanti. Ayañca sabbaguºavisiµµhat±ya sabbasatt±na½ garu, tasm± “bhagav±”ti veditabbo. Por±ºehipi vutta½–
“Bhagav±ti vacana½ seµµha½, bhagav±ti vacanamuttama½;
garu g±ravayutto so, bhagav± tena vuccat²”ti.
Apica
“Bh±gyav± bhaggav± yutto, bhagehi ca vibhattav±;
bhattav± vantagamano, bhavesu bhagav± tato”ti.–

Imiss±pi g±th±ya vasenassa padassa vitth±rato attho veditabbo. So ca visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.142, 144) buddh±nussatiniddese vuttoyeva.

Ett±vat± cettha eva½ me sutanti vacanena yath±suta½ dhamma½ dassento bhagavato dhammasar²ra½ paccakkha½ karoti. Tena “na ida½ atikkantasatthuka½ p±vacana½, aya½ vo satth±”ti satthu adassanena ukkaºµhita½ jana½ samass±seti. Eka½ samaya½ bhagav±ti vacanena tasmi½ samaye bhagavato avijjam±nabh±va½ dassento r³pak±yaparinibb±na½ s±dheti. Tena “eva½vidhassa n±ma ariyadhammassa desako dasabaladharo vajirasaªgh±tasam±nak±yo sopi bhagav± parinibbuto, kena aññena j²vite ±s± janetabb±”ti j²vitamadamatta½ jana½ sa½vejeti, saddhamme cassa uss±ha½ janeti. Evanti ca bhaºanto desan±sampatti½ niddisati. Me sutanti s±vakasampatti½. Eka½ samayanti k±lasampatti½. Bhagav±ti desakasampatti½.
S±vatthiyanti eva½n±make nagare. Sam²patthe ceta½ bhummavacana½. Viharat²ti avisesena iriy±pathadibbabrahma-ariyavih±resu aññataravih±rasamaªgiparid²panameta½. Idha pana µh±nagamananisajj±sayanappabhedesu iriy±pathesu aññatara-iriy±pathasam±yogaparid²pana½, tena µhitopi gacchantopi nisinnopi say±nopi bhagav± viharaticceva veditabbo. So hi eka½ iriy±pathab±dhana½ aññena iriy±pathena vicchinditv± aparipatanta½ attabh±va½ harati pavatteti, tasm± “viharat²”ti vuccati.
Jetavaneti jetassa r±jakum±rassa vane. Tañhi tena ropita½ sa½va¹¹hita½ parip±lita½, so cassa s±m² ahosi, tasm± jetavananti saªkha½ gata½, tasmi½ jetavane. An±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±meti an±thapiº¹ikena gahapatin± catupaññ±sahiraññakoµiparicc±gena buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa niyy±titatt± an±thapiº¹ikass±ti saªkha½ gate ±r±me Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana papañcas³daniy± majjhimaµµhakath±ya sabb±savasuttavaººan±ya½ (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.14 ±dayo) vutto.
Tattha siy±– yadi t±va bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati, “jetavane”ti na vattabba½. Atha tattha viharati, “s±vatthiyan”ti na vattabba½. Na hi sakk± ubhayattha eka½ samaya½ viharitunti. Na kho paneta½ eva½ daµµhabba½. Nanu avocumha “sam²patthe bhummavacanan”ti. Tasm± yath± gaªg±yamun±d²na½ sam²pe goy³th±ni carant±ni “gaªg±ya caranti, yamun±ya carant²”ti vuccanti, evamidh±pi yadida½ s±vatthiy± sam²pe jetavana½, tattha viharanto vuccati “s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane”ti. Gocarag±manidassanattha½ hissa s±vatthivacana½, pabbajit±nur³paniv±sanaµµh±nanidassanattha½ sesavacana½.
Tattha s±vatthivacanena ±yasm± ±nando bhagavato gahaµµh±nuggahakaraºa½ dasseti, jetavan±dikittanena pabbajit±nuggahakaraºa½. Tath± purimena paccayaggahaºato attakilamath±nuyogavivajjana½, pacchimena vatthuk±mappah±nato k±masukhallik±nuyogavivajjan³p±yadassana½. Purimena ca dhammadesan±bhiyoga½, pacchimena vivek±dhimutti½. Purimena karuº±ya upagamana½, pacchimena paññ±ya apagamana½. Purimena satt±na½ hitasukhanipph±dan±dhimuttita½, pacchimena parahitasukhakaraºe nirupalepata½. Purimena dhammikasukh±paricc±ganimittaph±suvih±ra½, pacchimena uttarimanussadhamm±nuyoganimitta½. Purimena manuss±na½ upak±rabahulata½, pacchimena devat±na½. Purimena loke j±tassa loke sa½va¹¹habh±va½, pacchimena lokena anupalittata½. Purimena “ekapuggalo, bhikkhave, loke uppajjam±no uppajjati bahujanahit±ya bahujanasukh±ya lok±nukamp±ya atth±ya hit±ya sukh±ya devamanuss±na½. Katamo ekapuggalo? Tath±gato araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti (a. ni. 1.170) vacanato yadattha½ bhagav± uppanno, tadatthaparinipph±dana½, pacchimena yattha uppanno, tadanur³pavih±ra½. Bhagav± hi paµhama½ lumbinivane, dutiya½ bodhimaº¹eti lokiyalokuttar±ya uppattiy± vaneyeva uppanno. Tenassa vaneyeva vih±ra½ dasset²ti evam±din± nayenettha atthayojan± veditabb±.
Tatr±ti desak±laparid²pana½. Tañhi ya½ samaya½ viharati, tatra samaye. Yasmiñca ±r±me viharati, tatra ±r±meti d²peti. Bh±sitabbayutte v± desak±le d²peti. Na hi bhagav± ayutte dese v± k±le v± dhamma½ bh±sati. “Ak±lo kho t±va, b±hiy±”ti-±di (ud±. 10) cettha s±dhaka½. Khoti padap³raºamatte avadh±raºe ±dik±latthe v± nip±to. Bhagav±ti lokagarud²pana½. Bhikkh³ti kath±savanayuttapuggalavacana½. Api cettha “bhikkhakoti bhikkhu, bhikkh±cariya½ ajjhupagatoti bhikkh³”ti-±din± (p±r±. 45; vibha. 511) nayena vacanattho veditabbo. ¾mantes²ti ±lapi abh±si sambodhes²ti ayamettha attho. Aññatra pana ñ±panepi hoti. Yath±ha– “±mantay±mi vo, bhikkhave, paµiveday±mi vo, bhikkhave”ti. Pakkosanepi. Yath±ha– “ehi tva½, bhikkhu, mama vacanena s±riputta½ ±manteh²”ti (a. ni. 9.11; sa½. ni. 2.32).
Bhikkhavoti ±mantan±k±raparid²pana½. Tañca bhikkhanas²lat±diguºayogasiddhatt± vutta½. Bhikkhanas²lat±guºayuttopi hi bhikkhu, bhikkhanadhammat±guºayuttopi bhikkhu, bhikkhane s±dhuk±rit±guºayuttop²ti saddavid³ maññanti. Tena ca nesa½ bhikkhanas²lat±diguºayogasiddhena vacanena h²n±dhikajanasevita½ vutti½ pak±sento uddhatad²nabh±vaniggaha½ karoti. Bhikkhavoti imin± karuº±vipph±rasommahadayanayananip±tapubbaªgamena vacanena te attano mukh±bhimukhe karoti. Teneva ca kathetukamyat±d²pakena vacanena tesa½ sotukamyata½ janeti. Teneva ca sambodhanatthena s±dhuka½ savanamanasik±repi te niyojeti. S±dhuka½ savanamanasik±r±yatt± hi s±sanasampatti.
Aparesupi devamanussesu vijjam±nesu kasm± bhikkh³yeva ±mantes²ti ce? Jeµµhaseµµh±sannasad±sannihitabh±vato. Sabbaparisas±dh±raº± hi bhagavato dhammadesan±. Paris±ya ca jeµµh± bhikkh³ paµhamuppannatt±, seµµh± anag±riyabh±va½ ±di½ katv± satthucariy±nuvidh±yakatt± sakalas±sanapaµigg±hakatt± ca. ¾sann± te tattha nisinnesu satthusantikatt±. Sad±sannihit± satthusantik±vacaratt±ti. Apica te dhammadesan±ya bh±jana½ yath±nusiµµha½ paµipattisabbh±vatotipi te eva ±mantesi.
Kimattha½ pana bhagav± dhamma½ desento paµhama½ bhikkh³ ±mantesi, na dhammameva deses²ti? Satijananattha½. Bhikkh³ hi añña½ cintent±pi vikkhittacitt±pi dhamma½ paccavekkhant±pi kammaµµh±na½ manasikaront±pi nisinn± honti, te an±mantetv± dhamme desiyam±ne “aya½ desan± ki½nid±n± ki½paccay± katam±ya aµµhuppattiy± desit±”ti sallakkhetu½ asakkont± duggahita½ v± gaºheyyu½, na v± gaºheyyu½. Tena nesa½ satijananattha½ bhagav± paµhama½ ±mantetv± pacch± dhamma½ deseti.
Bhadanteti g±ravavacanameta½, satthu paµivacanad±na½ v±. Api cettha “bhikkhavo”ti vadam±no bhagav± te bhikkh³ ±lapati. “Bhadante”ti vadam±n± te bhagavanta½ pacc±lapanti. Tath± “bhikkhavo”ti bhagav± ±dimhi bh±sati, “bhadante”ti te pacc±bh±santi. “Bhikkhavo”ti paµivacana½ d±peti, “bhadante”ti paµivacana½ denti. Te bhikkh³ti ye bhagav± ±mantesi, te. Bhagavato paccassosunti bhagavato ±mantana½ paµi-assosu½, abhimukh± hutv± suºi½su sampaµicchi½su paµiggahesunti attho. Bhagav± etadavoc±ti bhagav± eta½ id±ni vattabba½ sakala½ sutta½ avoca. Ett±vat± ca ya½ ±yasmat± ±nandena imassa suttassa sukh±vag±haºattha½ k±ladesadesakaparis±padesapaµimaº¹ita½ nid±na½ bh±sita½, tassa atthavaººan± samatt±ti.