Khadiravaniyarevatattheravatthu

203. Pañcame ±raññak±nanti araññav±s²na½. Revato khadiravaniyoti dhammasen±patittherassa kaniµµhabh±tiko. So yath± aññe ther± araññe vasam±n± vanasabh±ga½ udakasabh±ga½ bhikkh±c±rasabh±gañca sallakkhetv± araññe vasanti, na eva½ vasi. Et±ni pana sabh±g±ni an±diyitv± ujjaªgalasakkharap±s±ºavisame khadiravane paµivasati. Tasm± ±raññak±na½ aggoti vutto.
Tassa pañhakamme ayamanupubbikath±– aya½ kira at²te padumuttarabuddhak±le ha½savat²nagare nibbatto mah±gaªg±ya pay±gapatiµµh±natitthe n±v±kamma½ karonto paµivasati. Tasmi½ samaye satth± satasahassabhikkhupariv±ro c±rika½ caranto pay±gapatiµµh±natittha½ samp±puºi. So dasabala½ disv± cintesi– “mayha½ k±lena k±la½ buddhadassana½ n±ma natthi, aya½ me kaly±ºakamm±y³hanakkhaºo”ti n±v±saªgh±µa½ bandh±petv± upari celavit±na½ k±retv± gandham±l±d±m±ni os±retv± heµµh± varapotthaka½ cittattharaºa½ atthar±petv± sapariv±ra½ satth±ra½ parat²ra½ t±resi.
Tasmi½ samaye satth± eka½ ±raññaka½ bhikkhu½ etadagge µhapesi. So n±viko ta½ disv± “may±pi evameva½ an±gate ekassa buddhassa s±sane ±raññak±na½ aggena bhavitu½ vaµµat²”ti satth±ra½ nimantetv± satt±ha½ mah±d±na½ datv± satthu p±dam³le nipajjitv±, “bhante, tumhehi etadagge µhapito so bhikkhu viya ahampi an±gate ekassa buddhassa s±sane ±raññak±na½ aggo bhaveyyan”ti patthana½ ak±si. Satth± anantar±ya½ disv± “an±gate gotamabuddhassa s±sane tva½ ±raññak±na½ aggo bhavissas²”ti by±karitv± pakk±mi. Antar± pana añña½ kamma½ na kathiyati.
So y±vaj²va½ kaly±ºakamma½ katv± devamanussesu sa½saranto imasmi½ buddhupp±de magadhakkhette n±lakabr±hmaºag±me s±r²br±hmaºiy± kucchimhi paµisandhi½ gahetv± tiººa½ bh±tik±na½ tissannañca bhagin²na½ sabbakaniµµho hutv± nibbatti, revatotissa n±ma½ aka½su. Athassa m±t±pitaro cintesu½ “va¹¹hitava¹¹hite d±rake samaº± sakyaputtiy± netv± pabb±jenti, amh±ka½ putta½ revata½ daharameva gharabandhanena bandhiss±m±”ti sam±nakulato d±rika½ ±netv± revatassa ayyika½ vand±petv±, “amma, tava ayyik±ya mahallakatar± hoh²”ti ±ha½su. Revato tesa½ katha½ sutv± cintesi– “aya½ d±rik± dahar± paµhamavaye µhit±, imiss± kira eva½vidha½ r³pa½ mama ayyik±ya r³pasadisa½ bhavissati, pucchiss±mi t±va nesa½ adhipp±yan”ti cintetv± ±ha– “tumhe ki½ katheth±”ti? T±ta, “aya½ d±rik± ayyik± viya te jara½ p±puº±t³”ti vad±m±ti. So “imiss± r³pa½ eva½vidha½ bhavissat²”ti pucchi. T±ta, ki½ vadesi, mah±puññ± eva½vidh± hont²ti.
So cintesi– “ida½ kira r³pa½ imin± niy±mena valittaca½ bhavissati palitakesa½ khaº¹adanta½, aha½ evar³pe r³pe rajjitv± ki½ kariss±mi, mama bh±tik±na½ gatamaggameva gamiss±m²”ti k²¼anto viya hutv± samavaye taruºad±rake ±ha– “etha, bho, vidh±vanika½ kariss±m±”ti nikkhami. T±ta, maªgaladivase m± bahi gacch±ti. So d±rakehi saddhi½ k²¼anto viya attano dh±vanav±re sampatte thoka½ gantv± papañcetv± ±gacchati Puna dutiyav±re sampatte tato turita½ viya gantv± ±gato, tatiyav±re sampatte “aya½ me k±lo”ti ñatv± sammukhaµµh±neneva pal±yitv± pa½suk³likabhikkh³na½ niv±saµµh±na½ arañña½ gantv± there abhiv±detv± pabbajja½ y±ci. Sappurisa maya½ ta½ na j±n±ma “kass±si putto”ti, tvañca alaªkataniy±meneva ±gato, ko ta½ pabb±jetu½ ussahissat²ti. So ubho b±h± paggayha “vilumpanti ma½ vilumpanti man”ti mah±rava½ viravi. Ito cito ca bhikkh³ sannipatitv± “sappurisa, imasmi½ µh±ne tava vattha½ v± pi¼andhana½ v± koci gaºhanto n±ma natthi, tvañca ‘vilumpant²’ti vadasi, ki½ sandh±ya vadas²”ti? Bhante, n±ha½ vatth±laªk±ra½ sandh±ya vad±mi, tissanna½ pana me sampatt²na½ vilopo vattati, ta½ sandh±ya vad±mi. Ma½ t±va tumhe m± pabb±jayittha, bh±tara½ pana me j±n±th±ti. Kon±mo pana te bh±t±ti? Gihik±le upatisso n±ma, id±ni pana s±riputto n±ma j±toti vadant²ti. “¾vuso, eva½ sante aya½ kulaputto amh±ka½ kaniµµhabh±tiko n±ma hoti, jeµµhabh±tiko no dhammasen±pati puretara½yeva ±ha– ‘amh±ka½ ñ±tak± sabbeva micch±diµµhik±, yo koci amh±ka½ ñ±t²ti ±gacchati, ta½ yena tenup±yena pabb±jeyyath±’ti. Aya½ pana therassa ajjhattabh±tiko, pabb±jetha nan”ti vatv± tacapañcakakammaµµh±na½ ±cikkhitv± pabb±jayi½su. Atha na½ paripuººavassa½ upasamp±detv± kammaµµh±ne yojayi½su.
Thero kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± ±cariyupajjh±y±na½ avid³re µh±ne vuttappak±ra½ khadiravana½ pavisitv± samaºadhamma½ karoti. Tassa “arahatta½ appatv± dasabala½ v± bh±tikatthera½ v± na passiss±m²”ti v±yamantasseva tayo m±s± atikkant±, sukhum±lakulaputtassa l³khabhojana½ bhuñjantassa citta½ val²ta½ n±ma hoti, kammaµµh±na½ vimokkha½ na gata½. So tem±saccayena pav±retv± vutthavasso hutv± tasmi½yeva µh±ne samaºadhamma½ karoti. Tassa samaºadhamma½ karontassa citta½ ekagga½ ahosi, so vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi.
Ath±yasm± s±riputto satth±ra½ ±ha– “bhante, mayha½ kira kaniµµhabh±t± revato pabbajito, so abhirameyya v± na v±, gantv± na½ passiss±m²”ti. Bhagav± revatassa ±raddhavipassakabh±va½ ñatv± dve v±re paµikkhipitv± tatiyav±re y±cito arahatta½ pattabh±va½ ñatv±, “s±riputta, ahampi gamiss±mi, bhikkh³na½ ±roceh²”ti. Thero bhikkhusaªgha½ sannip±tetv±, “±vuso, satth± c±rika½ carituk±mo, gantuk±m± ±gacchant³”ti sabbesa½yeva ±rocesi. Dasabalassa c±rikatth±ya gamanak±le oh²nakabhikkh³ n±ma appak± honti, “satthu suvaººavaººa½ sar²ra½ passiss±ma, madhuradhammakatha½ v± suºiss±m±”ti yebhuyyena gantuk±m±va bahuk± honti. Iti satth± mah±bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro “revata½ passiss±m²”ti nikkhanto.
Athekasmi½ padese ±nandatthero dvedh±patha½ patv± bhagavanta½ pucchi– “bhante, imasmi½ µh±ne dve magg±, kataramaggena saªgho gacchat³”ti. Kataramaggo, ±nanda, ujukoti? Bhante, ujumaggo ti½sayojano amanussapatho, parih±ramaggo pana saµµhiyojaniko khemo subhikkhoti. ¾nanda s²vali amhehi saddhi½ ±gatoti? ¾ma, bhante, ±gatoti. Tena hi saªgho ujumaggameva gaºhatu, s²valissa puñña½ v²ma½siss±m±ti. Satth± bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro s²valittherassa puññav²ma½sanattha½ aµavimagga½ abhiruhi. Magga½ abhiruhanaµµh±nato paµµh±ya devasaªgho yojane yojane µh±ne nagara½ m±petv± buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa vasanatth±ya vih±re paµiy±desi. Devaputt± raññ± pesitakammak±r± viya hutv± y±gukhajjak±d²ni gahetv± “kaha½ ayyo s²vali, kaha½ ayyo s²val²”ti pucchant± gacchanti. Thero ta½ sakk±rasamm±na½ gaºh±petv± satthu santika½ gacchati. Satth± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ paribhuñji.
Imin±va niy±mena satth± sakk±rasamm±na½ anubhavanto devasika½ yojanaparama½ gantv± ti½sayojanika½ kant±ra½ atikkamma khadiravaniyattherassa sabh±gaµµh±na½ patto. Thero satthu ±gamana½ ñatv± attano vasanaµµh±ne buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa pahonakavih±re dasabalassa gandhakuµi½ rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±n±d²ni ca iddhiy± m±petv± tath±gatassa paccuggamana½ gato. Satth± alaªkatapaµiyattena maggena vih±ra½ p±visi. Atha tath±gate gandhakuµi½ paviµµhe bhikkh³ vassaggena pattasen±san±ni pavisi½su. Devat± “ak±lo ±h±rass±”ti aµµhavidha½ p±naka½ ±hari½su. Satth± saªghena saddhi½ p±naka½ pivi. Imin±va niy±mena tath±gatassa sakk±rasamm±na½ anubhavantasseva addham±so atikkanto.
Athekacce ukkaºµhitabhikkh³ ekasmi½ µh±ne nis²ditv± katha½ upp±dayi½su “satth± dasabalo ‘mayha½ aggas±vakassa kaniµµhabh±t±’ti vatv± evar³pa½ navakammikabhikkhu½ passitu½ ±gato, imassa vih±rassa santike jetavanamah±vih±ro v± ve¼uvanavih±r±dayo v± ki½ karissanti. Ayampi bhikkhu evar³passa navakammassa k±rako, ki½ n±ma samaºadhamma½ karissat²”ti? Atha satth± cintesi– “mayi cira½ vasante ida½ µh±na½ ±kiººa½ bhavissati, ±raññak± bhikkh³ n±ma pavivekatthik± honti, revatassa aph±suvih±ro bhavissat²”ti tato revatassa div±µµh±na½ gato. Thero ekakova caªkamanakoµiya½ ±lambanaphalaka½ niss±ya p±s±ºaphalake nisinno satth±ra½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½ disv± paccuggantv± vandi.
Atha na½ satth± pucchi– “revata, ima½ v±¼amigaµµh±na½ caº¹±na½ hatthi-ass±d²na½ sadda½ sutv± kinti karos²”ti? Tesa½ me, bhante, sadda½ suºato araññarati n±ma uppajjat²ti. Satth± tasmi½ µh±ne revatattherassa pañcahi g±th±satehi araññe niv±s±nisa½sa½ n±ma kathetv± punadivase avid³re µh±ne piº¹±ya caritv± revatatthera½ nivattetv± yehi bhikkh³hi therassa avaººo kathito, tesa½ kattarayaµµhi-up±han±telan±¼ichatt±na½ pamussanabh±va½ ak±si. Te attano parikkh±ratth±ya nivatt± ±gatamaggeneva gacchant±pi ta½ µh±na½ sallakkhetu½ na sakkonti. Paµhama½ hi te alaªkatapaµiyattena maggena gantv± ta½divasa½ pana visamamaggena gacchant± tasmi½ tasmi½ µh±ne ukkuµika½ nis²danti, j±ºukena gacchanti. Te gumbe ca gacche ca kaºµake ca maddant± attano vasitasabh±gaµµh±na½ gantv± tasmi½ tasmi½ khadirakh±ºuke attano chatta½ sañj±nanti, up±hana½ kattarayaµµhi½ telan±¼i½ sañj±nanti. Te tasmi½ samaye “iddhim± aya½ bhikkh³”ti ñatv± attano parikkh±re ±d±ya “dasabalassa paµiyattasakk±ro n±ma evar³po hot²”ti vadant± ±gama½su.
Purato gatabhikkh³, vis±kh± up±sik±, attano gehe nisinnak±le pucchati– “man±pa½ nu kho, bhante, revatattherassa vasanaµµh±nan”ti? Man±pa½ up±sike nandanavanacittalat±dipaµibh±ga½ ta½ sen±sananti. Atha nesa½ sabbapacchato ±gatabhikkh³ pucchi– “man±pa½, ayy±, revatattherassa vasanaµµh±nan”ti. M± puccha up±sike, kathetu½ ayuttaµµh±nameta½, ujjaªgala½ sakkharap±s±ºavisama½ khadiravana½ eta½, tattha so bhikkhu viharat²ti. Vis±kh±, purim±nañca pacchim±nañca bhikkh³na½ katha½ sutv± “kesa½ nu kho kath± sacc±”ti pacch±bhatte gandham±la½ ±d±ya dasabalassa upaµµh±na½ gantv±, vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinn± satth±ra½ pucchi– “bhante, revatattherassa vasanaµµh±na½ ekacce, ayy±, vaººenti, ekacce nindanti, ki½ n±meta½, bhante”ti? Vis±khe ramaº²ya½ v± hotu m± v±, yasmi½ µh±ne ariy±na½ citta½ ramati, tadeva µh±na½ ramaº²ya½ n±m±ti vatv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
“G±me v± yadi v±raññe, ninne v± yadi v± thale;
yattha arahanto viharanti, ta½ bh³mir±maºeyyakan”ti. (Dha. pa. 98; sa½. ni. 1.261).
Atha satth± aparabh±ge jetavanamah±vih±re ariyagaºamajjhe nisinno thera½ ±raññak±na½ bhikkh³na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapes²ti.