14. Etadaggavaggo

(14) 2. Dutiya-etadaggavaggo

C³¼apanthakattheravatthu

198-200. Dutiyassa paµhame manomayanti manena nibbattita½. “Manomayena k±yena, iddhiy± upasaªkam²”ti (therag±. 901) vuttaµµh±nasmiñhi manena katak±yo manomayak±yo n±ma j±to. “Aññatara½ manomaya½ k±ya½ upapajjat²”ti (c³¼ava. 333) vuttaµµh±ne manena nibbattitak±yo manomayak±yo n±ma j±to. Ayamidha adhippeto. Tattha aññe bhikkh³ manomaya½ k±ya½ nibbattent± tayo v± catt±ro v± nibbattenti, na bahuke. Ekasadiseyeva ca katv± nibbattenti ekavidhameva kamma½ kurum±ne. C³¼apanthakatthero pana ek±vajjanena samaºasahassa½ m±pesi. Dvepi ca jane na ekasadise ak±si na ekavidha½ kamma½ kurum±ne. Tasm± manomaya½ k±ya½ abhinimminant±na½ aggo n±ma j±to.
Cetovivaµµakusal±nampi c³¼apanthakova aggo, saññ±vivaµµakusal±na½ pana mah±panthakatthero aggoti vutto. Tattha c³¼apanthakatthero catunna½ r³p±vacarajjh±n±na½ l±bhit±ya “cetovivaµµakusalo”ti vutto, mah±panthakatthero catunna½ ar³p±vacarajjh±n±na½ l±bhit±ya “saññ±vivaµµakusalo”ti vutto. C³¼apanthako ca sam±dhikusalat±ya cetovivaµµakusalo n±ma, mah±panthako vipassan±kusalat±ya saññ±vivaµµakusalo n±ma. Eko cettha sam±dhilakkhaºe cheko, eko vipassan±lakkhaºe. Tath± eko sam±dhig±¼ho, eko vipassan±g±¼ho. Eko cettha aªgasa½khitte cheko, eko ±rammaºasa½khitte. Tath± eko aªgavavatth±ne cheko, eko ±rammaºavavatth±neti evamettha yojan± k±tabb±.
Apica c³¼apanthakatthero r³p±vacarajjh±nal±bh² hutv± jh±naªgehi vuµµh±ya arahatta½ pattoti cetovivaµµakusalo, mah±panthako ar³p±vacarajjh±nal±bh² hutv± jh±naªgehi vuµµh±ya arahatta½ pattoti saññ±vivaµµakusalo. Ubhopi panthe j±tatt± panthak± n±ma j±t±. Tesa½ paµhamaj±to mah±panthako n±ma, pacch±j±to c³¼apanthako n±ma.
Imesa½ pana ubhinnampi pañhakamme ayamanupubbikath±– at²te kira padumuttarabuddhak±le ha½savat²nagarav±sino dve bh±tik± kuµumbik± saddh± pasann± nibaddha½ satthu santika½ gantv± dhamma½ suºanti. Tesu ekadivasa½ kaniµµho satth±ra½ dv²haªgehi samann±gata½ eka½ bhikkhu½ “mama s±sane manomaya½ k±ya½ abhinimminant±na½ cetovivaµµakusal±nañca aya½ bhikkhu aggo”ti etadaggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± cintesi– “mah± vat±ya½ bhikkhu eko hutv± dve aªg±ni parip³retv± carati, may±pi an±gate ekassa buddhassa s±sane aªgadvayap³rakena hutv± vicaritu½ vaµµat²”ti. So purimanayeneva satth±ra½ nimantetv± satt±ha½ mah±d±na½ datv± evam±ha– “ya½, bhante, bhikkhu½ tumhe ito sattadivasamatthake manomayaªgena ca cetovivaµµakusalaªgena ca ‘aya½ mama s±sane aggo’ti etadagge µhapayittha, ahampi imassa adhik±rakammassa phalena so bhikkhu viya aªgadvayap³rako bhaveyyan”ti patthana½ ak±si.
Satth± an±gata½ oloketv± anantar±yenassa patthan±ya samijjhanabh±va½ disv± “an±gate kappasatasahass±vas±ne gotamo n±ma buddho uppajjissati, so ta½ imasmi½ µh±nadvaye µhapessat²”ti by±karitv± anumodana½ katv± pakk±mi. Bh±t±pissa ekadivasa½ satth±ra½ saññ±vivaµµakusala½ bhikkhu½ etadaggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ disv± tatheva adhik±ra½ katv± patthana½ ak±si, satth±pi ta½ by±k±si.
Te ubhopi jan± satthari dharam±ne kusalakamma½ karitv± satthu parinibbutak±le sar²racetiye suvaººap³ja½ katv± tato cut± devaloke nibbatt±. Tesa½ devamanussesu sa½sarant±na½yeva kappasatasahassa½ atikkanta½. Tattha mah±panthakassa antar± katakaly±ºakamma½ na kathiyati, c³¼apanthako pana kassapabhagavato s±sane pabbajitv± v²sati vassasahass±ni od±takasiºakamma½ katv± devapure nibbatti. Atha amh±ka½ satth± abhisambodhi½ patv± pavattitavaradhammacakko r±jagaha½ upaniss±ya ve¼uvanamah±vih±re paµivasati.
Imasmi½ µh±ne µhatv± imesa½ dvinna½ nibbatti½ kathetu½ vaµµati. R±jagahe kira dhanaseµµhikulassa dh²t± attano d±seneva saddhi½ santhava½ katv± “aññepi me ima½ kamma½ j±neyyun”ti cintetv± evam±ha– “amhehi imasmi½ µh±ne vasitu½ na sakk±, sace me m±t±pitaro ima½ dosa½ j±nissanti, khaº¹±khaº¹a½ karissanti, videsa½ gantv± vasiss±m±”ti hatthas±ra½ gahetv± aggadv±rena nikkhamitv± “yattha v± tattha v± aññehi aj±nanaµµh±na½ gantv± vasiss±m±”ti ubhopi agama½su.
Tesa½ ekasmi½ µh±ne vasant±na½ sa½v±samanv±ya tass± kucchiya½ gabbho patiµµh±si. S± gabbhassa parip±ka½ ±gamma s±mikena saddhi½ mantesi– “gabbho me parip±ka½ gato, ñ±timitt±divirahite µh±ne gabbhavuµµh±na½ n±ma ubhinnampi amh±ka½ dukkhameva, kulagehameva gacch±m±”ti. So “ajja gacch±ma, sve gacch±m±”ti divase atikkam±pesi. S± cintesi– “aya½ b±lo attano dosamahant±ya gantu½ na ussahati, m±t±pitaro ca n±ma ekantahit±, aya½ gacchatu v± m± v±, may± gantu½ vaµµat²”ti. Tasmi½ geh± nikkhante s± gehe parikkh±ra½ paµis±metv± attano kulaghara½ gatabh±va½ anantaragehav±s²na½ ±rocetv± magga½ paµipajji.
Atha so puriso ghara½ ±gato ta½ adisv± paµivissake pucchitv± “kulaghara½ gat±”ti sutv± vegena anubandhitv± antar±magge samp±puºi. Tass±pi tattheva gabbhavuµµh±na½ ahosi. So “ki½ ida½ bhadde”ti pucchi. S±mi eko putto j±toti. Id±ni ki½ kariss±m±ti? Yassa atth±ya maya½ kulaghara½ gacch±ma, ta½ kamma½ antar±va nipphanna½, tattha gantv± ki½ kariss±ma, nivatt±m±ti dvepi ekacitt± hutv± nivatti½su. Tassa d±rakassa ca panthe j±tatt± panthakoti n±ma½ aka½su. Tass± nacirasseva aparopi gabbho patiµµhahi. Sabba½ purimanayeneva vitth±retabba½. Tassapi d±rakassa panthe j±tatt± paµhamaj±tassa mah±panthakoti n±ma½ katv± pacch±j±tassa c³¼apanthakoti n±ma½ aka½su.
Te dvepi d±rake gahetv± attano vasanaµµh±nameva gat±. Tesa½ tattha vasant±na½ aya½ mah±panthakad±rako aññe d±rakajane “c³¼apit± mah±pit± ayyako ayyik±”ti vadante sutv± m±tara½ paµipucchi– “amma, aññe d±rak± kathenti ‘ayyako ayyik±’ti, ki½ amh±ka½ ñ±tak± natth²”ti? ¾ma, t±ta, tumh±ka½ ettha ñ±tak± natthi, r±jagahanagare pana vo dhanaseµµhi n±ma ayyako, tattha tumh±ka½ bah³ ñ±tak±ti. Kasm± tattha na gacchatha amm±ti? S± attano agamanak±raºa½ puttassa akathetv± puttesu punappuna½ kathentesu s±mikam±ha– “ime d±rak± ativiya ma½ kilamenti, ki½ no m±t±pitaro disv± ma½sa½ kh±dissanti, ehi d±rak±na½ ayyakakula½ dassem±”ti. Aha½ sammukh± bhavitu½ na sakkhiss±mi, ta½ pana nayiss±m²ti. “S±dhu s±mi, yena kenaci up±yena d±rak±na½ ayyakakulameva daµµhu½ vaµµat²”ti dvepi jan± d±rake ±d±ya anupubbena r±jagaha½ patv± nagaradv±re ekiss± s±l±ya niv±sa½ katv± d±rakam±t± dve d±rake gahetv± ±gatabh±va½ m±t±pit³na½ ±roc±pesi.
Te ta½ s±sana½ sutv± sa½s±re sa½sarant±na½ na putto na dh²t± n±ma natthi, te amh±ka½ mah±par±dhik±, na sakk± tehi amh±ka½ cakkhupathe µh±tu½. Ettaka½ pana dhana½ gahetv± dvepi jan± ph±sukaµµh±na½ gantv± j²vantu, d±rake pana idha pesent³ti. Seµµhidh²t± m±t±pit³hi pesita½ dhana½ gahetv± d±rake ±gatad³t±na½ hattheyeva datv± pesesi D±rak± ayyakakule va¹¹hanti. Tesu c³¼apanthako atidaharo, mah±panthako pana ayyakena saddhi½ dasabalassa dhammakatha½ sotu½ gacchati. Tassa nicca½ satthu sammukhe dhamma½ suºantassa pabbajj±ya citta½ nami. So ayyaka½ ±ha– “sace tumhe anuj±neyy±tha, aha½ pabbajjeyyan”ti. “Ki½ vadesi, t±ta, mayha½ sakalalokassapi pabbajjato taveva pabbajj± bhaddik±. Sace sakkosi, pabbaja, t±t±”ti sampaµicchitv± satthu santika½ gato. Satth± “ki½, mah±seµµhi, d±rako te laddho”ti? “¾ma, bhante, aya½ d±rako mayha½ natt±, tumh±ka½ santike pabbaj±m²ti vadat²”ti ±ha.
Satth± aññatara½ piº¹ac±rika½ “ima½ d±raka½ pabb±jeh²”ti ±º±pesi. Thero tassa tacapañcakakammaµµh±na½ ±cikkhitv± pabb±jesi. So bahu½ buddhavacana½ uggaºhitv± paripuººavasso upasampada½ labhi. Upasampanno hutv± yonisomanasik±re kamma½ karonto catunna½ ar³p±vacarajjh±n±na½ l±bh² hutv± jh±naªgehi vuµµh±ya arahatta½ p±puºi. Iti so saññ±vivaµµakusal±na½ aggo j±to. So jh±nasukhena phalasukhena v²tin±mento cintesi– “sakk± nu kho ima½ sukha½ c³¼apanthakassa d±tun”ti. Tato ayyakaseµµhissa santika½ gantv± “mah±seµµhi sace tumhe sampaµicchatha, aha½ c³¼apanthaka½ pabb±jeyyan”ti ±ha. Pabb±jetha, bhanteti Thero c³¼apanthakad±raka½ pabb±jetv± dasasu s²lesu patiµµh±pesi. C³¼apanthakas±maºero bh±tikassa santike.
“Paduma½ yath± kokanada½ sugandha½,
p±to siy± phullamav²tagandha½;
aªg²rasa½ passa virocam±na½,
tapantam±diccamivantalikkhe”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.123; a. ni. 5.195)–

Ima½ g±tha½ gaºh±ti. Gahitagahitapada½ upar³paripada½ gaºhantassa nassati. Tassa ima½ g±tha½ gahetu½ v±yamantasseva catt±ro m±s± atikkant±. Atha na½ mah±panthako ±ha– “c³¼apanthaka, tva½ imasmi½ s±sane abhabbo, cat³hi m±sehi ekag±thampi gahetu½ na sakkosi, pabbajitakicca½ pana tva½ katha½ matthaka½ p±pessasi, nikkhama ito”ti. So therena paº±mito vih±rapaccante rodam±no aµµh±si.

Tena samayena satth± r±jagaha½ upaniss±ya j²vakambavane viharati. Tasmi½ samaye j²vako purisa½ pesesi “pañcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ satth±ra½ nimanteh²”ti. Tena kho pana samayena mah±panthako bhattuddesako hoti. So “pañcanna½ bhikkhusat±na½ bhikkha½ sampaµicchatha, bhante”ti vutto “c³¼apanthaka½ µhapetv± ses±na½ sampaµicch±m²”ti ±ha. C³¼apanthako ta½ katha½ sutv± bhiyyosomatt±ya domanassappatto ahosi. Satth± c³¼apanthakassa kheda½ disv± “c³¼apanthako mayi gate bujjhissat²”ti gantv± avid³re µh±ne att±na½ dassetv± “ki½ tva½, panthaka, rodas²”ti ±ha. Bh±t± ma½, bhante, paº±met²ti. Panthaka, tuyha½ bh±tikassa parapuggal±na½ ±say±nusayañ±ºa½ natthi, tva½ buddhaveneyyapuggalo n±m±ti iddhiy± abhisaªkharitv± suddha½ co¼akhaº¹a½ ad±si “ima½ gahetv± ‘rajoharaºa½ rajoharaºan’ti vatv± bh±vehi panthak±”ti.
So satth±r± dinna½ co¼akhaº¹a½ “rajoharaºa½ rajoharaºan”ti hatthena parimajjanto nis²di. Tassa parimajjantassa lom±ni kiliµµhadh±tuk±ni j±t±ni. Puna parimajjantassa ukkhaliparipuñchanasadisa½ j±ta½. So ñ±ºaparip±ka½ ±gamma tattha khayavaya½ paµµhapetv± cintesi– “ida½ co¼akhaº¹a½ pakatiy± paº¹ara½ parisuddha½, up±dinnakasar²ra½ niss±ya kiliµµha½ j±ta½, ida½ cittampi eva½gatikamev±”ti. Sam±dhi½ bh±vetv± catt±ri r³p±vacarajjh±n±ni p±dak±ni katv± saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puºi. So manomayajjh±nal±bh² hutv± eko hutv± bahudh±, bahudh± hutv± eko bhavitu½ samattho ahosi. Arahattamaggeneva cassa tepiµakañca cha abhiññ± ca ±gami½su.
Punadivase satth± ek³nehi pañcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ gantv± j²vakassa nivesane nis²di. C³¼apanthako pana attano bhikkh±ya asampaµicchitatt±yeva na gato. J²vako y±gu½ d±tu½ ±rabhi, satth± hatthena patta½ pidahi. Kasm±, bhante, na gaºhath±ti? Vih±re eko bhikkhu atthi j²vak±ti So purisa½ pahiºi “gaccha, bhaºe, vih±re nisinna½ ayya½ gahetv± eh²”ti. C³¼apanthakattheropi tassa purisassa pure ±gaman±yeva bhikkhusahassa½ nimminitv± ekampi ekena asadisa½, ekassapi ca c²varavic±raº±disamaºakamma½ aññena asadisa½ ak±si. So puriso vih±re bhikkh³na½ bahubh±va½ disv± gantv± j²vakassa kathesi– “bhante, imasmi½ vih±re bhikkhusaªgho bahutaro, tato pakkositabba½ bhadanta½ na j±n±m²”ti. J²vako satth±ra½ paµipucchi– “kon±mo, bhante, vih±re nisinnabhikkh³”ti? C³¼apanthako n±ma j²vak±ti. Gaccha bho “c³¼apanthako n±ma kataro”ti pucchitv± ±neh²ti. So vih±ra½ gantv± “c³¼apanthako n±ma, bhante, kataro”ti pucchi. “Aha½ c³¼apanthako aha½ c³¼apanthako”ti bhikkhusahassampi kathesi. So pun±gantv± j²vakassa kathesi “sahassamatt± bhikkh³ sabbepi ‘aha½ c³¼apanthako aha½ c³¼apanthako’ti kathenti, aha½ ‘asuko n±ma pakkositabbo’ti na j±n±m²”ti. J²vakopi paµividdhasaccat±ya “iddhim± bhikkh³”ti nayato ñatv± “paµhama½ kathanabhikkhumeva ‘tumhe satth± pakkosat²’ti vatv± c²varakaººe gaºha t±t±”ti ±ha. So vih±ra½ gantv± tath± ak±si, t±vadeva sahassamatt± bhikkh³ antaradh±yi½su. So thera½ gahetv± agam±si. Satth± tasmi½ khaºe y±gu½ gaºhi.
Dasabale bhattakicca½ katv± vih±ra½ gate dhammasabh±ya½ kath± udap±di “y±va mahant± vata buddh± n±ma catt±ro m±se ekag±tha½ gaºhitu½ asakkonta½ bhikkhu½ eva½mahiddhika½ aka½s³”ti. Satth± tesa½ bhikkh³na½ citt±c±ra½ ñatv± gantv± paññatt±sane nisajja “ki½ vadetha, bhikkhave”ti pucchi. Na bhagav± añña½ kiñci kathema, c³¼apanthakena tumh±ka½ santik± mah±l±bho laddhoti tumh±ka½yeva guºa½ kathem±ti. Anacchariya½, bhikkhave, id±ni mayha½ ov±da½ katv± lokuttarad±yajjal±bho, aya½ at²tepi aparipakkañ±ºe µhitassa mayha½ ov±da½ katv± lokiyad±yajja½ labh²ti. Bhikkh³ “kad±, bhante”ti ±y±ci½su. Satth± tesa½ bhikkh³na½ at²ta½ ±haritv± dassesi.
Bhikkhave, at²te b±r±ºas²nagare brahmadatto n±ma r±j± rajja½ k±resi. Tasmi½ samaye c³¼akaseµµhi n±ma paº¹ito byatto sabbanimitt±ni j±n±ti. So ekadivasa½ r±j³paµµh±na½ gacchanto antarav²thiya½ matam³sika½ disv± tasmi½ khaºe nakkhatta½ sam±netv± idam±ha– “sakk± cakkhumat± kulaputtena ima½ und³ra½ gahetv± d±rabharaºañca k±tu½ kammante ca payojetun”ti. Aññataro duggatakulaputto ta½ seµµhissa vacana½ sutv± “n±ya½ aj±nitv± kathessat²”ti m³sika½ gahetv± ekasmi½ ±paºe bi¼±rassatth±ya datv± k±kaºika½ labhi. T±ya k±kaºik±ya ph±ºita½ kiºitv± ekena kuµena p±n²ya½ gaºhitv± araññato ±gacchante m±l±k±re disv± thoka½ thoka½ ph±ºitakhaº¹a½ datv± u¼uªkena p±n²ya½ ad±si. Te tassa ekeka½ pupphamuµµhi½ ada½su. So tena puppham³lena punadivasepi ph±ºitañca p±n²yaghaµañca gahetv± pupph±r±mameva gato. Tassa ta½divasa½ m±l±k±r± a¹¹ha-ocitake pupphagacche datv± agama½su. So nacirasseva imin± up±yena aµµha kah±paºe labhi.
Puna ekasmi½ v±tavuµµhidivase cha¹¹ita-uyy±na½ gantv± patitad±r³na½ r±si½ katv± nisinno r±jakumbhak±rassa santik± so¼asa kah±paºe labhi. So catuv²satiy± kah±paºesu j±tesu “atthi aya½ up±yo mayhan”ti nagaradv±rato avid³re µh±ne eka½ p±n²yac±µi½ µhapetv± pañcasate tiºah±rake p±n²yena upaµµhahi. Te ±ha½su– “tva½, samma, amh±ka½ bahupak±ro, ki½ te karom±”ti? Sopi “mayha½ kicce uppanne karissath±”ti vatv± ito cito ca vicaranto thalapathakammikena ca jalapathakammikena ca saddhi½ mittasanthava½ ak±si. Tassa thalapathakammiko “sve ima½ nagara½ assav±ºijako pañca assasat±ni gahetv± ±gamissat²”ti ±cikkhi. So tassa vacana½ sutv± tiºah±rak±na½ sañña½ datv± ekeka½ tiºakal±pa½ diguºa½ katv± ±har±pesi. Atha so ass±na½ nagara½ paviµµhavel±ya tiºakal±pasahassa½ antaradv±re r±si½ katv± nis²di. Assav±ºijo sakalanagare ass±na½ c±ri½ alabhitv± tassa sahassa½ datv± ta½ tiºa½ gaºhi.
Tato katip±haccayenassa samuddakammikasah±yako ±rocesi “paµµana½ mah±n±v± ±gat±”ti. So “atthi aya½ up±yo”ti aµµhahi kah±paºehi sabbapariv±rasampanna½ t±vak±lika½ ratha½ gahetv± n±v±paµµana½ gantv± eka½ aªgulimuddika½ n±vikassa saccak±ra½ datv± avid³re µh±ne s±ºi½ parikkhip±petv± tattha nisinno purise ±º±pesi “b±hirakesu v±ºijesu ±gatesu tatiyena paµih±rena ±roceth±”ti. “N±v± ±gat±”ti sutv± b±r±ºasito satamatt± v±ºij± “bhaº¹a½ gaºh±m±”ti ±gama½su. Bhaº¹a½ tumhe na labhissatha, asukaµµh±ne n±ma mah±v±ºijena saccak±ro dinnoti. Te tesa½ sutv± tassa santika½ ±gat±, p±dam³likapuris± purimasaññ±vasena tatiyena p±µih±rena tesa½ ±gatabh±va½ ±rocesu½. Te satamatt±pi v±ºij± ekeka½ sahassa½ datv± tena saddhi½ n±v±ya pattik± hutv± puna ekeka½ sahassa½ datv± patti½ vissajj±petv± bhaº¹a½ attano santaka½ aka½su. So puriso dve satasahass±ni gahetv± b±r±ºasi½ ±gantv± “kataññun± bhavitu½ vaµµat²”ti eka½ satasahassa½ gahetv± c³¼aseµµhissa santika½ gato.
Atha ta½ c³¼aseµµhi “ki½ te, t±ta, katv± ida½ dhana½ laddhan”ti pucchi. So “tumhehi kathita-up±ye µhatv± catum±sabbhantareyeva laddhan”ti ±ha. Seµµhi tassa vacana½ sutv± “id±ni evar³pa½ d±raka½ parasantaka½ k±tu½ na vaµµat²”ti vayappatta½ dh²tara½ datv± sakalakuµumbassa s±mika½ ak±si. Sopi kulaputto seµµhino accayena tasmi½ nagare seµµhiµµh±na½ gahetv± y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± yath±kamma½ gato. Satth± dve vatth³ni kathetv± anusandhi½ ghaµetv± abhisambuddhak±le ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Appakenapi medh±v², p±bhatena vicakkhaºo;
samuµµh±peti att±na½, aºu½ aggi½va sandhaman”ti. (J±. 1.1.4).
Iti satth± dhammasabh±ya½ sannisinn±na½ ima½ k±raºa½ dassesi. Aya½ dvinnampi mah±s±vak±na½ pubbapatthanato paµµh±ya anupubbikath±. Aparabh±ge pana satth± ariyagaºaparivuto dhamm±sane nisinno manomaya½ k±ya½ abhinimminant±na½ cetovivaµµakusal±nañca c³¼apanthakatthera½ aggaµµh±ne µhapesi, saññ±vivaµµakusal±na½ mah±panthakanti.