Mah±kacc±nattheravatthu

197. Dasame sa½khittena bh±sitass±ti sa½khittena kathitadhammassa. Vitth±rena attha½ vibhajant±nanti ta½ desana½ vitth±retv± attha½ vibhajam±n±na½. Ańńe kira tath±gatassa saŖkhepavacana½ atthavasena v± p³retu½ sakkonti byańjanavasena v±, aya½ pana thero ubhayavasenapi sakkoti. Tasm± aggoti vutto. Pubbapatthan±pi cassa evar³p±va.
Aya½ panassa pańhakamme anupubbikath±– aya½ kira padumuttarasamm±sambuddhak±le gahapatimah±s±lakule nibbattitv± vuddhippatto ekadivasa½ vuttanayeneva vih±ra½ gantv± parisapariyante µhito dhamma½ suŗanto satth±ra½ attan± sa½khittena bh±sitassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapenta½ eka½ bhikkhu½ disv± “mahanto vat±ya½ bhikkhu, ya½ satth± eva½ vaŗŗeti, may±pi an±gate ekassa buddhassa s±sane evar³pena bhavitu½ vaµµat²”ti satth±ra½ nimantetv± vuttanayeneva satt±ha½ mah±d±na½ datv±, “bhante, aha½ imassa sakk±rassa phalena na ańńa½ sampatti½ patthemi, an±gate pana ekassa buddhassa s±sane ito sattadivasamatthake tumhehi µh±nantare µhapitabhikkhu viya ahampi ta½ µh±nantara½ labheyyan”ti patthana½ katv± p±dam³le nipajji. Satth± an±gata½ olokento “samijjhissati imassa kulaputtassa patthan±”ti disv± “ambho, kulaputta, an±gate kappasatasahass±vas±ne gotamo n±ma buddho uppajjissati, tva½ tassa s±sane sa½khittena bh±sitassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajant±na½ aggo bhavissas²”ti by±karitv± anumodana½ katv± pakk±mi.
Sopi kulaputto y±vaj²va½ kusala½ katv± kappasatasahassa½ devamanussesu sa½saritv± kassapabuddhak±le b±r±ŗasiya½ kulagehe paµisandhi½ gahetv± satthari parinibbute suvaŗŗacetiyakaraŗaµµh±na½ gantv± satasahassagghanik±ya suvaŗŗiµµhak±ya p³ja½ katv± “bhagav± mayha½ nibbattanibbattaµµh±ne sar²ra½ suvaŗŗavaŗŗa½ hot³”ti patthana½ ak±si. Tato y±vaj²va½ kusalakamma½ katv± eka½ buddhantara½ devamanussesu sa½saritv± amh±ka½ dasabalassa uppattik±le ujjeninagare purohitassa gehe nibbatti. Tassa n±maggahaŗadivase “mayha½ putto suvaŗŗavaŗŗasar²ro attan±va attano n±ma½ gahetv± ±gato”ti kańcanam±ŗavotevassa n±ma½ aka½su So vuddhimanv±ya tayo vede uggaŗhitv± pitu accayena purohitaµµh±na½ labhi. So gottavasena kacc±no n±ma j±to.
Caŗ¹apajjotar±j± amacce sannip±tetv± ±ha– “buddho loke nibbatto, ta½ ±netu½ samatth± gantv± ±netha t±t±”ti. Deva, ańńo dasabala½ ±netu½ samattho n±ma natthi, ±cariyo kacc±nabr±hmaŗova samattho, ta½ pahiŗath±ti. R±j± ta½ pakkos±petv±, “t±ta, dasabalassa santika½ gacch±h²”ti ±ha. Gantv± pabbajitu½ labhanto gamiss±mi, mah±r±j±ti. Ya½kińci katv± tath±gata½ ±nehi, t±t±ti. So “buddh±na½ santika½ gacchantassa mah±paris±ya kamma½ natth²”ti attaµµhamo agam±si. Athassa satth± dhamma½ desesi. Desan±pariyos±ne saddhi½ sattahi janehi saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puŗi. Satth± “etha bhikkhavo”ti hattha½ pas±resi. Ta½khaŗa½yeva sabbeva antarahitakesamass³ iddhimayapattac²varadhar± vassasaµµhikatther± viya j±t±.
Thero attano kicce matthaka½ patte tuŗh²bh±vena anis²ditv± k±¼ud±yitthero viya satthu ujjenigamanatth±ya gamanavaŗŗa½ kathesi. Satth± tassa vacana½ sutv± “kacc±no attano j±tibh³miya½ mama gamana½ pacc±s²sat²”ti ańń±si. Buddh± ca n±ma eka½ k±raŗa½ paµicca gantu½ ayuttaµµh±na½ na gacchanti. Tasm± thera½ ±ha– “tva½yeva bhikkhu gaccha, tayi gatepi r±j± pas²dissat²”ti. Thero “buddh±na½ dve kath± n±ma natth²”ti tath±gata½ vanditv± attan± saddhi½ ±gatehi sattahi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ ujjeni½ gacchanto antar±magge telapan±¼i n±ma nigamo, tattha piŗ¹±ya cari. Tasmi½ ca nigame dve seµµhidh²taro. T±su ek± parijiŗŗakule nibbatt± duggat± m±t±pit³na½ accayena dh±ti½ niss±ya j²vati. Attabh±vo panass± samiddho, kes± ańń±hi ativiya d²gh±. Tasmi½yeva nigame ańń± issaraseµµhikulassa dh²t± nikkesik±. S± tato pubbe tass± sam²pa½ pesetv± “sata½ v± sahassa½ v± dass±m²”ti vatv±pi kese ±har±petu½ n±sakkhi.
Tasmi½ pana divase s± seµµhidh²t± mah±kacc±natthera½ sattahi bhikkh³hi parivuta½ tucchapatta½ ±gacchanta½ disv± “aya½ suvaŗŗavaŗŗo eko brahmabandhubhikkhu yath±dhoteneva pattena ±gacchati, mayhańca ańńa½ dhana½ natthi. Asukaseµµhidh²t± pana imesa½ kes±na½ atth±ya pesesi. Id±ni ito laddha-upp±dena sakk± therassa deyyadhamma½ d±tun”ti dh±ti½ pesetv± there nimantetv± antogehe nis²d±pesi. Ther±na½ nisinnak±le gabbha½ pavisitv± dh±tiy± attano kese kapp±petv±, “amma ime kese asuk±ya n±ma seµµhidh²t±ya datv± ya½ s± deti, ta½ ±hara, ayy±na½ piŗ¹ap±ta½ dass±m±”ti. Dh±ti piµµhihatthena ass³ni puńchitv± ekena hatthena hadayama½sa½ sandh±retv± ther±na½ santike paµicch±detv± te kese ±d±ya tass± seµµhidh²t±ya santika½ gat±.
Paŗiya½ n±ma s±ravantampi saya½ upan²ta½ g±rava½ na janeti, tasm± s± seµµhidh²t± cintesi– “aha½ pubbe bahun±pi dhanena ime kese ±har±petu½ n±sakkhi½, id±ni pana chinnak±lato paµµh±ya na yath±m³lameva labhissat²”ti Dh±ti½ ±ha– “aha½ pubbe tava s±mini½ bahun±pi dhanena kese ±har±petu½ n±sakkhi½, yattha katthaci vinip±t± pana nijj²vakes± n±ma aµµha kah±paŗe agghant²”ti aµµheva kah±paŗe ad±si. Dh±ti kah±paŗe ±haritv± seµµhidh²t±ya ad±si. Seµµhidh²t± ekeka½ piŗ¹ap±ta½ ekekakah±paŗagghanaka½ katv± ther±na½ d±pesi. Thero ±vajjitv± seµµhidh²t±ya upanissaya½ disv± “kaha½ seµµhidh²t±”ti pucchi. Gabbhe, ayy±ti. Pakkosatha nanti. S± ca theresu g±ravena ekavacaneneva ±gantv± there vanditv± balavasaddha½ upp±desi. Sukhette patiµµhitapiŗ¹ap±to diµµheva dhamme vip±ka½ det²ti saha ther±na½ vandanena kes± pakatibh±veyeva aµµha½su. Ther±pi ta½ piŗ¹ap±ta½ gahetv± passantiy±yeva seµµhidh²t±ya veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± kańcanavanuyy±ne otari½su.
Uyy±nap±lo thera½ disv± rańńo santika½ gantv± “deva, me ayyo purohito kacc±no pabbajitv± uyy±nam±gato”ti ±ha. R±j± caŗ¹apajjoto uyy±na½ gantv± katabhattakicca½ thera½ pańcapatiµµhitena vanditv± ekamanta½ nisinno “kaha½, bhante, bhagav±”ti pucchi. Satth± saya½ an±gantv± ma½ pesesi mah±r±j±ti. Kaha½, bhante, ajja bhikkha½ alatth±ti? Thero rańńo pucch±sabh±gena sabba½ seµµhidh²t±ya kata½ dukkara½ ±rocesi. R±j± therassa vasanaµµh±na½ paµiy±detv± thera½ nimantetv± nivesana½ gantv± seµµhidh²tara½ ±ŗ±petv± aggamahesiµµh±ne µhapesi. Imiss± itthiy± diµµhadhammikova yasapaµil±bho ahosi.
Tato paµµh±ya r±j± therassa mah±sakk±ra½ karoti. Therassa dhammakath±ya pas²ditv± mah±jano therassa santike pabbaji. Tato paµµh±ya sakalanagara½ ekak±s±vapajjota½ isiv±tapaµiv±ta½ ahosi. S±pi dev² gabbha½ labhitv± dasam±saccayena putta½ vij±yi. Tassa n±maggahaŗadivase gop±lakum±roti m±t±mahaseµµhino n±ma½ aka½su. S± puttassa n±mavasena gop±lam±t± n±ma dev² j±t±. S± dev² there ativiya pas²ditv± r±j±na½ sampaµicch±petv± kańcanavanuyy±ne therassa vih±ra½ k±resi. Thero ujjeninagara½ pas±detv± puna satthu santika½ gato. Atha satth± aparabh±ge jetavane viharanto madhupiŗ¹ikasutta½ (ma. ni. 1.199 ±dayo) kacc±napeyy±la½ (ma. ni. 3.279 ±dayo) p±r±yanasuttanti ime tayo suttante aµµhuppatti½ katv± thera½ sa½khittena bh±sitassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajant±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapes²ti.

Paµhamavaggavaŗŗan±.