Mant±ºiputtapuººattheravatthu

196. Navame puººo mant±ºiputtoti n±mena puººo, mant±ºibr±hmaºiy± pana so puttoti mant±ºiputto. Tassa pañhakamme ayamanupubbikath±– aya½ kira padumuttaradasabalassa uppattito puretarameva ha½savat²nagare br±hmaºamah±s±lakule nibbatti. Tassa n±maggahaºadivase gotamoti n±ma½ aka½su. So vayappatto tayo vede uggaºhitv± sabbasippesu kovido hutv± pañcam±ºavakasatapariv±ro vicaranto tayopi vede oloketv± mokkhadhamma½ adisv± “ida½ vedattaya½ n±ma kadalikkhandho viya bahi maµµha½ anto niss±ra½, ima½ gahetv± vicaraºa½ thusakoµµanasadisa½ hoti. Ki½ me imin±”ti isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± brahmavih±re nibbattetv± “aparih²najjh±no brahmalokok³papanno bhaviss±m²”ti pañcahi m±ºavakasatehi saddhi½ pabbatap±da½ gantv± isipabbajja½ pabbaji. Tassa pariv±r±ni aµµh±rassa jaµilasahass±ni ahesu½. So pañca abhiññ± aµµha sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± tesampi kasiºaparikamma½ ±cikkhi. Te tassa ov±de µhatv± sabbepi pañca abhiññ± aµµha sam±pattiyo nibbattesu½.
Addh±ne atikkante tassa gotamat±pasassa mahallakak±le padumuttaradasabalo paµham±bhisambodhi½ patv± pavattitavaradhammacakko bhikkhusatasahassapariv±ro ha½savat²nagara½ upaniss±ya vih±si. So ekadivasa½ pacc³sasamaye loka½ olokento gotamat±pasassa paris±ya arahatt³panissaya½ gotamat±pasassa ca “aha½ an±gate uppajjam±nakabuddhassa s±sane dhammakathikabhikkh³na½ aggo bhaveyyan”ti patthanabh±vañca disv± p±tova sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± attano pattac²vara½ sayameva gahetv± aññ±takavesena gotamat±pasassa antev±sikesu vanam³laphal±phalatth±ya gatesu gantv± gotamassa paººas±l±dv±re aµµh±si. Gotamo buddh±na½ uppannabh±va½ aj±nantopi d³ratova dasabala½ disv± “aya½ puriso lokato mutto hutv± paññ±yati, yath± assa sar²ranipphatti yehi ca lakkhaºehi samann±gato ag±ramajjhe v± tiµµhanto cakkavatt² r±j± hoti, pabbajanto v± vivaµµacchado sabbaññubuddho hot²”ti ñatv± paµhamadassaneneva dasabala½ abhiv±detv± “ito etha bhagav±”ti buddh±sana½ paññ±petv± ad±si. Tath±gato t±pasassa dhamma½ desayam±no nis²di.
Tasmi½ samaye te jaµil± “paº²tapaº²ta½ vanam³laphal±phala½ ±cariyassa datv± sesaka½ paribhuñjiss±m±”ti ±gacchant± dasabala½ ucc±sane, ±cariya½ pana n²c±sane nisinna½ disv± “passatha, maya½ ‘imasmi½ loke amh±ka½ ±cariyena uttaritaro natth²’ti vicar±ma. Id±ni pana no ±cariya½ n²c±sane nis²d±petv± ucc±sane nisinnako eko paññ±yati, mahanto vat±ya½ puriso bhavissat²”ti piµak±ni gahetv± ±gacchanti. Gotamat±paso “ime ma½ dasabalassa santike vandeyyun”ti bh²to d³rato ±ha– “t±t±, m± ma½ vandittha, sadevake loke aggapuggalo sabbesa½ vandan±raho puriso idha nisinno, eta½ vandath±”ti. T±pas± “na aj±nitv± ±cariyo kathessat²”ti sabbeva tath±gatassa p±de vandi½su. “T±t±, amh±ka½ añña½ dasabalassa d±tabbayuttaka½ bhojana½ natthi, ima½ vanam³laphal±phala½ dass±m±”ti paº²tapaº²ta½ buddh±na½ patte patiµµh±pesi. Satth± vanam³laphal±phala½ paribhuñji. Tadanantara½ t±pasopi saddhi½ antev±sikehi paribhuñji. Satth± bhattakicca½ katv± “dve aggas±vak± bhikkhusatasahassa½ gahetv± ±gacchant³”ti cintesi. Tasmi½ khaºe aggas±vako mah±devalatthero “kaha½ nu kho satth± gato”ti ±vajjento “satth± amh±ka½ ±gamana½ pacc±s²sat²”ti bhikkhusatasahassa½ gahetv± satthu santika½ gantv± vanditv± namassam±no aµµh±si.
Gotamo antev±sike ±ha– “t±t±, amh±ka½ añño sakk±ro natthi, bhikkhusaªgho dukkhena µhito. Buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa pupph±sana½ paññ±pess±ma, jalajathalajapupph±ni ±harath±”ti. Te t±vadeva pabbatap±dato vaººagandhasampann±ni pupph±ni iddhiy± ±haritv± s±riputtattherassa vatthumhi vuttanayeneva ±san±ni paññ±payi½su. Nirodhasam±pattisam±pajjanampi chattadh±raºampi sabba½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½.
Satth± sattame divase nirodhato vuµµh±ya pariv±retv± µhite t±pase disv± dhammakathikabh±ve etadaggappatta½ s±vaka½ ±mantesi– “imin± bhikkhu isigaºena mah±sakk±ro kato, etesa½ pupph±san±numodana½ karoh²”ti. So satthu vacana½ sampaµicchitv± t²ºi piµak±ni sammasitv± anumodana½ ak±si. Tassa desan±pariyos±ne satth± saya½ brahmaghosa½ nicch±retv± dhamma½ desesi. Desan±pariyos±ne µhapetv± gotamat±pasa½ ses± aµµh±rasa sahassajaµil± arahatta½ p±puºi½su.
Gotamo pana tenattabh±vena paµivedha½ k±tu½ asakkonto bhagavanta½ ±ha– “bhagav± yena bhikkhun± paµhama½ dhammo desito, ko n±ma aya½ tumh±ka½ s±sane”ti? Aya½ gotama mayha½ s±sane dhammakathik±na½ aggoti. “Ahampi, bhante, imassa satta divas±ni katassa adhik±rassa phalena aya½ bhikkhu viya an±gate ekassa buddhassa s±sane dhammakathik±na½ aggo bhaveyyan”ti patthana½ katv± p±dam³le nipajji.
Satth± an±gata½ oloketv± anantar±yenassa patthan±ya samijjhanabh±va½ ñatv± “an±gate kappasatasahass±vas±ne gotamo n±ma buddho uppajjissati, tva½ tassa s±sane dhammakathik±na½ aggo bhavissas²”ti by±karitv± te arahattappatte t±pase “etha bhikkhavo”ti ±ha. Sabbe antarahitakesamass³ iddhimayapattac²varadhar± vassasaµµhikattherasadis± ahesu½. Satth± bhikkhusaªgham±d±ya vih±ra½ gato.
Gotamopi y±vaj²va½ tath±gata½ paricaritv± yath±bala½ kaly±ºakamma½ katv± kappasatasahassa½ devesu ca manussesu ca sa½saritv± amh±ka½ bhagavato k±le kapilavatthunagarassa avid³re doºavatthubr±hmaºag±me br±hmaºamah±s±lakule nibbatti. Tassa n±maggahaºadivase puººam±ºavoti n±ma½ aka½su. Satthari abhisambodhi½ patv± pavattitavaradhammacakke anupubbena ±gantv± r±jagaha½ upaniss±ya viharante aññ±sikoº¹aññatthero kapilavatthu½ gantv± attano bh±gineyya½ puººam±ºava½ pabb±jetv± punadivase dasabalassa santika½ ±gantv± bhagavanta½ vanditv± ±pucchitv± niv±satth±ya chaddantadaha½ gato. Puººopi mant±ºiputto m±tulena aññ±sikoº¹aññattherena saddhi½ dasabalassa santika½ agantv± “mayha½ pabbajitakicca½ matthaka½ p±petv±va dasabalassa santika½ gamiss±m²”ti kapilavatthusmi½yeva oh²no yonisomanasik±re kamma½ karonto nacirasseva arahatta½ p±puºi. Tassa santike pabbajitakulaputt±pi pañcasat± ahesu½. Thero saya½ dasakath±vatthul±bhit±ya tepi dasahi kath±vatth³hi ovadati. Te tassa ov±de µhatv± sabbeva arahatta½ patt±.
Te attano pabbajitakicca½ matthaka½ patta½ ñatv± upajjh±ya½ upasaªkamitv± ±ha½su– “bhante, amh±ka½ kicca½ matthaka½ patta½, dasannañca mah±kath±vatth³na½ l±bhino, samayo no dasabala½ passitun”ti. Thero tesa½ katha½ sutv± cintesi– “mama dasakath±vatthul±bhita½ satth± j±n±ti, aha½ dhamma½ desento dasa kath±vatth³ni amuñcantova desemi. Mayi gacchante sabbepime bhikkh³ pariv±retv± gacchissanti, eva½ gaºasaªgaºik±ya gantv± pana ayutta½ mayha½ dasabala½ passitu½, ime t±va gantv± passant³”ti te bhikkh³ ±ha– “±vuso, tumhe purato gantv± tath±gata½ passatha, mama vacanena dasabalassa p±de vandatha, ahampi tumh±ka½ gatamaggena gamiss±m²”ti.
Te ther± sabbepi dasabalassa j±tibh³miraµµhav±sino sabbe kh²º±sav± sabbe dasakath±vatthul±bhino attano upajjh±yassa ov±da½ abhinditv± anupubbena c±rika½ carant± saµµhiyojanamagga½ atikkamma r±jagahe ve¼uvanamah±vih±ra½ gantv± dasabalassa p±de vanditv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. ¾ciººa½ kho paneta½ buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ ±gantukehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ paµisammoditunti bhagav± tehi saddhi½ “kacci, bhikkhave, khaman²yan”ti-±din± nayena madhurapaµisanth±ra½ katv± “kuto ca tumhe, bhikkhave, ±gacchath±”ti pucchi. Tehi “j±tibh³mito”ti vutte “ko nu kho, bhikkhave, j±tibh³miya½ j±tibh³mak±na½ bhikkh³na½ sabrahmac±r²hi eva½ sambh±vito attan± ca appiccho appicchakathañca bhikkh³na½ katt±”ti dasakath±vatthul±bhi½ bhikkhu½ pucchi. Tepi “puººo n±ma, bhante, ±yasm± mant±ºiputto”ti ±rocayi½su. Ta½ katha½ sutv± ±yasm± s±riputto therassa dassanak±mo ahosi.
Atha satth± r±jagahato s±vatthi½ agam±si. Puººatthero dasabalassa tattha ±gatabh±va½ sutv± “satth±ra½ passiss±m²”ti gantv± antogandhakuµiya½yeva tath±gata½ samp±puºi. Satth± tassa dhamma½ desesi. Thero dhamma½ sutv± dasabala½ vanditv± paµisall±natth±ya andhavana½ gantv± aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le div±vih±ra½ nis²di. S±riputtattheropi tassa gamana½ sutv± s²s±nulokiko gantv± ok±sa½ sallakkhetv± ta½ rukkham³la½ upasaªkamitv± therena saddhi½ sammoditv± sattavisuddhikkama½ pucchi. Theropissa pucchita½ pucchita½ by±k±si. Te aññamaññassa subh±sita½ samanumodi½su. Atha satth± aparabh±ge bhikkhusaªghamajjhe nisinno thera½ dhammakathik±na½ aggaµµh±ne µhapes²ti.