Tesu tattheva vasantesu amh±ka½ satth± loke uppajjitv± pavattitavaradhammacakko anupubbena r±jagaha½ p±visi. Satthari tattha vasante aya½ pippalim±ºavo magadharaµµhe mah±titthabr±hmaºag±me kapilabr±hmaºassa aggamahesiy± kucchimhi nibbatto, aya½ bhadd± k±pil±n² maddaraµµhe s±galanagare kosiyagottabr±hmaºassa aggamahesiy± kucchimhi nibbatt±. Tesa½ anukkamena va¹¹ham±n±na½ pippalim±ºavassa v²satime vasse bhadd±ya so¼asame vasse sampatte m±t±pitaro putta½ oloketv±, “t±ta, tva½ vayapatto, kulava½so n±ma patiµµh±petabbo”ti ativiya nipp²¼ayi½su. M±ºavo ±ha– “mayha½ sotapathe evar³pa½ katha½ m± kathetha, aha½ y±va tumhe dharatha, t±va paµijaggiss±mi, tumh±ka½ accayena nikkhamitv± pabbajiss±m²”ti. Te katip±ha½ atikkamitv± puna kathayi½su, sopi tatheva paµikkhipi. Punapi kathayi½su, punapi paµikkhipi. Tato paµµh±ya m±t± nirantara½ kathesiyeva.
M±ºavo “mama m±tara½ saññ±pess±m²”ti rattasuvaººassa nikkhasahassa½ datv± suvaººak±rehi eka½ itthir³pa½ k±r±petv± tassa majjanaghaµµan±dikammapariyos±ne ta½ rattavattha½ niv±s±petv± vaººasampannehi pupphehi ceva n±n±-alaªk±rehi ca alaªk±r±petv± m±tara½ pakkos±petv± ±ha– “amma, evar³pa½ ±rammaºa½ labhanto gehe vasiss±mi, alabhanto na vasiss±m²”ti Paº¹it± br±hmaº² cintesi– “mayha½ putto puññav± dinnad±no kat±bhin²h±ro, puñña½ karonto na ekakova ak±si, addh± etena saha katapuññ± suvaººar³pakapaµibh±g±va bhavissat²”ti aµµha br±hmaºe pakkos±petv± sabbak±mehi santappetv± suvaººar³paka½ ratha½ ±ropetv± “gacchatha, t±t±, yattha amh±ka½ j±tigottabhogehi sam±nakule evar³pa½ d±rika½ passatha, imameva suvaººar³paka½ paºº±k±ra½ katv± deth±”ti uyyojesi.
Te “amh±ka½ n±ma eta½ kamman”ti nikkhamitv± “kattha gamiss±m±”ti cintetv± “maddaraµµha½ n±ma itth±karo, maddaraµµha½ gamiss±m±”ti maddaraµµhe s±galanagara½ agama½su. Tattha ta½ suvaººar³paka½ nh±natitthe µhapetv± ekamante nis²di½su. Atha bhadd±ya dh±t² bhadda½ nh±petv± alaªkaritv± sirigabbhe nis²d±petv± nh±yitu½ ±gacchant² ta½ r³paka½ disv± “ayyadh²t± me idh±gat±”ti saññ±ya santajjetv± “dubbin²te ki½ tva½ idh±gat±”ti talasattika½ uggiritv± “gaccha s²ghan”ti gaº¹apasse pahari. Hattho p±s±ºe paµihato viya kampittha. S± paµikkamitv± “eva½ thaddha½ n±ma mah±g²va½ disv± ‘ayyadh²t± me’ti sañña½ upp±desi½, ayyadh²t±ya hi me niv±sanapaµigg±hik±yapi ayutt±”ti ±ha. Atha na½ te manuss± pariv±retv± “evar³p± te s±midh²t±”ti pucchi½su. Ki½ es±, im±ya sataguºena sahassaguºena mayha½ ayy±dh²t± abhir³patar±, dv±dasahatthe gabbhe nisinn±ya pad²pakicca½ natthi, sar²robh±seneva tama½ vidhamat²ti. “Tena hi ±gacch±”ti khujja½ gahetv± suvaººar³paka½ ratha½ ±ropetv± kosiyagottassa br±hmaºassa gharadv±re µhatv± ±gamana½ nivedayi½su.
Br±hmaºo paµisanth±ra½ katv± “kuto ±gatatth±”ti pucchi. Magadharaµµhe mah±titthag±me kapilabr±hmaºassa gharatoti. Ki½ k±raº± ±gat±ti? Imin± n±ma k±raºen±ti. “Kaly±ºa½, t±t±, samaj±tigottavibhavo amh±ka½ br±hmaºo, dass±mi d±rikan”ti paºº±k±ra½ gaºhi. Te kapilabr±hmaºassa s±sana½ pahiºi½su “laddh± d±rik±, kattabba½ karoth±”ti. Ta½ s±sana½ sutv± pippalim±ºavassa ±rocayi½su “laddh± kira d±rik±”ti. M±ºavo “aha½ ‘na labhissant²’ti cintesi½, ‘ime laddh±ti vadanti’, anatthiko hutv± paººa½ pesess±m²”ti rahogato paººa½ likhi “bhadd± attano j±tigottabhog±nur³pa½ ghar±v±sa½ labhatu, aha½ nikkhamitv± pabbajiss±mi, m± pacch± vippaµis±rin² ahos²”ti. Bhadd±pi “asukassa kira ma½ d±tuk±mo”ti sutv± rahogat± paººa½ likhi “ayyaputto attano j±tigottabhog±nur³pa½ ghar±v±sa½ labhatu, aha½ nikkhamitv± pabbajiss±mi, m± pacch± vippaµis±r² ahos²”ti. Dve paºº±ni antar±magge sam±gacchi½su. Ida½ kassa paººanti? Pippalim±ºavena bhadd±ya pahitanti. Ida½ kass±ti? Bhadd±ya pippalim±ºavassa pahitanti ca vutte dvepi v±cetv± “passatha d±rak±na½ kamman”ti ph±letv± araññe cha¹¹etv± sam±napaººa½ likhitv± ito ca etto ca pesesu½. Iti tesa½ aniccham±n±na½yeva sam±gamo ahosi.
Ta½divasameva m±ºavo eka½ pupphad±ma½ gahetv± µhapesi. Bhadd±pi, t±ni sayanamajjhe µhapesi. Bhuttas±yam±s± ubhopi “sayana½ abhiruhiss±m±”ti sam±gantv± m±ºavo dakkhiºapassena sayana½ abhiruhi. Bhadd± v±mapassena abhiruhitv± ±ha– “yassa passe pupph±ni mil±yanti, tassa r±gacitta½ uppannanti vij±niss±ma, ima½ pupphad±ma½ na all²yitabban”ti. Te pana aññamañña½ sar²rasamphassabhayena tiy±maratti½ nidda½ anokkamant±va v²tin±menti, div± pana h±samattampi n±hosi. Te lok±misena asa½saµµh± y±va m±t±pitaro dharanti, t±va kuµumba½ avic±retv± tesu k±laªkatesu vic±rayi½su. Mahat² m±ºavassa sampatti satt±s²tikoµidhana½, ekadivasa½ sar²ra½ ubbaµµetv± cha¹¹etabba½ suvaººacuººameva magadhan±¼iy± dv±dasan±¼imatta½ laddhu½ vaµµati. Yantabaddh±ni saµµhi mah±ta¼±k±ni, kammanto dv±dasayojaniko, anur±dhapurappam±º± cuddasa g±m±, cuddasa hatth±n²k±, cuddasa ass±n²k±, cuddasa rath±n²k±.
So ekadivasa½ alaªkata-assa½ ±ruyha mah±janaparivuto kammanta½ gantv± khettakoµiya½ µhito naªgalehi bhinnaµµh±nato k±k±dayo sakuºe gaº¹upp±d±dip±ºake uddharitv± kh±dante disv±, “t±t±, ime ki½ kh±dant²”ti pucchi. Gaº¹upp±de, ayy±ti. Etehi kata½ p±pa½ kassa hot²ti? Tumh±ka½, ayy±ti. So cintesi– “sace etehi kata½ p±pa½ mayha½ hoti, ki½ me karissati satt±s²tikoµidhana½, ki½ dv±dasayojaniko kammanto, ki½ saµµhiyantabaddh±ni ta¼±k±ni, ki½ cuddasa g±m±? Sabbameta½ bhadd±ya k±pil±niy± niyy±tetv± nikkhamma pabbajiss±m²”ti.
Bhadd±pi k±pil±n² tasmi½ khaºe antaravatthumhi tayo tilakumbhe patthar±petv± dh±t²hi parivut± nisinn± k±ke tilap±ºake kh±dante disv±, “amm±, ki½ ime kh±dant²”ti pucchi. P±ºake, ayyeti. Akusala½ kassa hot²ti? Tumh±ka½, ayyeti. S± cintesi– “mayha½ catuhatthavattha½ n±¼ikodanamattañca laddhu½ vaµµati, yadi paneta½ ettakena janena kata½ akusala½ mayha½ hoti, addh± bhavasahassenapi vaµµato s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ na sakk±, ayyaputte ±gatamatteyeva sabba½ tassa niyy±tetv± nikkhamma pabbajiss±m²”ti.
M±ºavo ±gantv± nh±yitv± p±s±da½ ±ruyha mah±rahe pallaªke nis²di. Athassa cakkavattino anucchavika½ bhojana½ sajjayi½su. Dvepi bhuñjitv± parijane nikkhante rahogat± ph±sukaµµh±ne nis²di½su. Tato m±ºavo bhadda½ ±ha– “bhadde ima½ ghara½ ±gacchant² kittaka½ dhana½ ±har²”ti? Pañcapaºº±sa sakaµasahass±ni, ayy±ti. Eta½ sabba½, y± ca imasmi½ ghare satt±s²ti koµiyo yantabaddh± saµµhita¼±k±dibhed± sampatti atthi, sabba½ tuyha½yeva niyy±tem²ti. Tumhe pana kaha½ gacchatha, ayy±ti? Aha½ pabbajiss±m²ti. Ayya, ahampi tumh±ka½yeva ±gamana½ olokayam±n± nisinn±, ahampi pabbajiss±m²ti. Tesa½ ±dittapaººakuµi viya tayo bhav± upaµµhahi½su. Te antar±paºato kas±varasap²t±ni vatth±ni mattik±patte ca ±har±petv± aññamañña½ kese oh±r±petv± “ye loke arahanto, te uddissa amh±ka½ pabbajj±”ti vatv± thavik±ya patte os±retv± a½se laggetv± p±s±dato otari½su. Gehe d±sesu v± kammak±resu v± na koci sañj±ni.
Atha ne br±hmaºag±mato nikkhamma d±sag±madv±rena gacchante ±kappakuttavasena d±sag±mav±sino sañj±ni½su. Te rodant± p±desu nipatitv± “ki½ amhe an±the karotha, ayy±”ti ±ha½su. “Maya½ bhaºe ±dittapaººas±l± viya tayo bhav±ti pabbajimh±, sace tumhesu ekeka½ bhujissa½ karoma, vassasatampi nappahoti. Tumheva tumh±ka½ s²sa½ dhovitv± bhujiss± hutv± j²vath±”ti vatv± tesa½ rodant±na½yeva pakkami½su. Thero purato gacchanto nivattitv± olokento cintesi– “aya½ bhadd± k±pil±n² sakalajambud²pagghanik± itth² mayha½ pacchato ±gacchati. Ýh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, ya½ kocideva eva½ cinteyya ‘ime pabbajitv±pi vin± bhavitu½ na sakkonti, ananucchavika½ karont²’ti. Koci v± pana amhesu mana½ pad³setv± ap±yap³rako bhaveyya. Ima½ pah±ya may± gantu½ vaµµat²”ti citta½ upp±desi.
So purato gacchanto dvedh±patha½ disv± tassa matthake aµµh±si. Bhadd±pi ±gantv± vanditv± aµµh±si. Atha na½ ±ha– “bhadde t±disi½ itthi½ mama pacchato ±gacchanti½ disv± ‘ime pabbajitv±pi vin± bhavitu½ na sakkont²’ti cintetv± amhesu paduµµhacitto mah±jano ap±yap³rako bhaveyya. Imasmi½ dvedh±pathe tva½ eka½ gaºha, aha½ ekena gamiss±m²”ti. “¾ma, ayya, pabbajit±na½ m±tug±mo n±ma mala½, ‘pabbajitv±pi vin± na bhavant²’ti amh±ka½ dosa½ dassanti, tumhe eka½ magga½ gaºhatha, aha½ eka½ gaºhitv± vin± bhaviss±m±”ti tikkhattu½ padakkhiºa½ katv± cat³su µh±nesu pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv± dasanakhasamodh±nasamujjala½ añjali½ paggayha “satasahassakappappam±ºe addh±ne kato mittasanthavo ajja bhijjat²”ti vatv± “tumhe dakkhiºaj±tik± n±ma, tumh±ka½ dakkhiºamaggo vaµµati. Maya½ m±tug±m± n±ma v±maj±tik±, amh±ka½ v±mamaggo vaµµat²”ti vanditv± magga½ paµipann±. Tesa½ dvedh±bh³tak±le aya½ mah±pathav² “aha½ cakkav±¼agirisinerupabbate dh±retu½ sakkont²pi tumh±ka½ guºe dh±retu½ na sakkom²”ti vadant² viya viravam±n± akampi, ±k±se asanisaddo viya pavatti, cakkav±¼apabbato unnadi.
Samm±sambuddho ve¼uvanamah±vih±re gandhakuµiya½ nisinno pathav²kampanasadda½ sutv± “kassa nu kho pathav² kampat²”ti ±vajjento “pippalim±ºavo ca bhadd± ca k±pil±n² ma½ uddissa appameyya½ sampatti½ pah±ya pabbajit±, tesa½ viyogaµµh±ne ubhinnampi guºabalena aya½ pathav²kampo j±to, may±pi etesa½ saªgaha½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti gandhakuµito nikkhamma sayameva pattac²varam±d±ya as²timah±theresu kañci an±mantetv± tig±vuta½ magga½ paccuggamana½ katv± r±jagahassa ca n±land±ya ca antare bahuputtakanigrodharukkham³le pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± nis²di. Nis²danto pana aññatarapa½suk³liko viya anis²ditv± buddhavesa½ gahetv± as²tihatth± ghanabuddharasmiyo vissajjento nis²di. Iti tasmi½ khaºe paººacchattasakaµacakkak³µ±g±r±dippam±º± buddharasmiyo ito cito ca vipphandantiyo vidh±vantiyo candasahassa-s³riyasahassa-uggamanak±lo viya kurum±n± ta½ vananta½ ekobh±sa½ aka½su. Dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºasiriy± samujjalat±r±gaºa½ viya gagana½, supupphitakamalakuvalaya½ viya salila½ vananta½ virocittha. Nigrodharukkhassa khandho n±ma seto hoti, patt±ni n±ma n²l±ni, pakk±ni ratt±ni. Tasmi½ pana divase satas±kho nigrodho suvaººavaººova ahosi.
Mah±kassapatthero “aya½ mayha½ satth± bhavissati, im±ha½ uddissa pabbajito”ti diµµhaµµh±nato paµµh±ya oºatoºato gantv± t²su µh±nesu vanditv± “satth± me, bhante bhagav±, s±vakohamasmi, satth± me, bhante bhagav±, s±vakohamasm²”ti ±ha. Atha na½ bhagav± avoca– “kassapa, sace tva½ ima½ nipaccak±ra½ mah±pathaviy± kareyy±si, s±pi dh±retu½ na sakkuºeyya. Tath±gatassa eva½ guºamahantata½ j±nat± tay± kato nipaccak±ro mayha½ lomampi c±letu½ na sakkoti. Nis²da, kassapa, d±yajja½ te dass±m²”ti. Athassa bhagav± t²hi ov±dehi upasampada½ ad±si. Datv± bahuputtakanigrodham³lato nikkhamitv± thera½ pacch±samaºa½ katv± magga½ paµipajji. Satthu sar²ra½ dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºavicitta½, mah±kassapassa sattamah±purisalakkhaºapaµimaº¹ita½. So kañcanamah±n±v±ya pacch±bandho viya satthu pad±nupadika½ anugañchi. Satth± thoka½ magga½ gantv± magg± okkamma aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nisajj±k±ra½ dassesi, thero “nis²dituk±mo satth±”ti ñatv± attano p±rupanapilotikasaªgh±µi½ catugguºa½ katv± paññ±pesi.
Satth± tasmi½ nis²ditv± hatthena c²vara½ par±masitv± “muduk± kho ty±ya½, kassapa, pilotikasaªgh±µ²”ti ±ha. Thero “satth± me saªgh±µiy± mudukabh±va½ katheti, p±rupituk±mo bhavissat²”ti ñatv± “p±rupatu, bhante, bhagav± saªgh±µin”ti ±ha. Ki½ tva½ p±rupissasi kassap±ti? Tumh±ka½ niv±sana½ labhanto p±rupiss±mi, bhanteti. “Ki½ pana tva½, kassapa, ima½ paribhogajiººa½ pa½suk³la½ dh±retu½ sakkhissasi? May± hi imassa pa½suk³lassa gahitadivase udakapariyanta½ katv± mah±pathav² kampi, ima½ buddh±na½ paribhogajiººa½ c²vara½ n±ma na sakk± parittaguºena dh±retu½, paµibalenevida½ paµipattip³raºasamatthena j±tipa½suk³likena gahetu½ vaµµat²”ti vatv± therena saddhi½ c²vara½ parivattesi.
Eva½ pana c²varaparivatta½ katv± therena p±rutac²vara½ bhagav± p±rupi, satthu c²vara½ thero p±rupi. Tasmi½ samaye acetan±pi aya½ mah±pathav² “dukkara½, bhante, akattha, attan± p±rutac²vara½ s±vakassa dinnapubba½ n±ma natthi, aha½ tumh±ka½ guºa½ dh±retu½ na sakkom²”ti vadant² viya udakapariyanta½ katv± kampi. Theropi “laddha½ d±ni may± buddh±na½ paribhogac²vara½, ki½ me id±ni uttari kattabba½ atth²”ti unnati½ akatv± buddh±na½ santikeyeva terasa dhutaguºe sam±d±ya sattadivasamatta½ puthujjano hutv± aµµhame aruºe saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puºi. Satth±pi “kassapo, bhikkhave, cand³pamo kul±ni upasaªkamati, apakasseva k±ya½ apakassa citta½ niccanavako kulesu appagabbho”ti (sa½. ni. 2.146) evam±d²hi suttehi thera½ thometv± aparabh±ge etadeva kassapasa½yutta½ aµµhuppatti½ katv± “mama s±sane dhutav±d±na½ bhikkh³na½ mah±kassapo aggo”ti thera½ µh±nantare µhapes²ti.