Satth± an±gata½ oloketv± tassa patthan±ya samijjhanabh±va½ disv± by±k±si– “tva½ ito kappasatasahass±dhika½ asaŖkhyeyya½ atikkamitv± gotamabuddhassa dutiyas±vako bhavissas²”ti. Buddh±na½ by±karaŗa½ sutv± siriva¹¹hano haµµhapahaµµho ahosi. Satth±pi bhatt±numodana½ katv± sapariv±ro vih±rameva gato. Siriva¹¹hano tato paµµh±ya y±vaj²va½ kaly±ŗakamma½ katv± dutiyattav±re k±m±vacaradevaloke nibbatto. Saradat±paso catt±ro brahmavih±re bh±vetv± brahmaloke nibbatto.
Tato paµµh±ya imesa½ ubhinnampi antar±kamma½ na kathita½. Amh±ka½ pana buddhassa nibbattito puretarameva saradat±paso r±jagahanagarassa avid³re upatissag±me s±ribr±hmaŗiy± kucchismi½ paµisandhi½ gaŗhi. Ta½divasameva cassa sah±yopi r±jagahasseva avid³re kolitag±me moggallibr±hmaŗiy± kucchiya½ paµisandhi½ gaŗhi. T±ni kira dvepi kul±ni y±va sattam± kulaparivaµµ± ±baddhapaµibaddhasah±yak±neva. Tesa½ dvinnampi ekadivasameva gabbhaparih±ra½ ada½su. Dasam±saccayena j±t±nampi tesa½ chasaµµhi dh±tiyo upaµµhahi½su. N±maggahaŗadivase s±ribr±hmaŗiy± puttassa upatissag±me jeµµhakulassa puttatt± upatissoti n±ma½ aka½su, itarassa kolitag±me jeµµhakulassa puttatt± kolitoti n±ma½ aka½su. Te ubhopi vuddhimanv±ya sabbasipp±na½ p±ra½ agama½su.
Upatissam±ŗavassa k²¼anatth±ya nadi½ v± uyy±na½ v± pabbata½ v± gamanak±le pańca suvaŗŗasivik±sat±ni pariv±r± honti, kolitam±ŗavassa pańca ±jańńarathasat±ni. Dvepi jan± pańcapańcam±ŗavakasatapariv±r± honti. R±jagahe ca anusa½vacchara½ giraggasamajja½ n±ma hoti, tesa½ dvinnampi ekaµµh±neyeva mańca½ bandhanti. Dvepi jan± ekatova nis²ditv± samajja½ passant± hasitabbaµµh±ne hasanti, sa½vegaµµh±ne sa½vijjanti, d±ya½ d±tu½ yuttaµµh±ne d±ya½ denti. Tesa½ imin±va niy±mena ekadivasa½ samajja½ passant±na½ parip±kagatatt± ń±ŗassa purimadivasesu viya hasitabbaµµh±ne h±so v± sa½vegaµµh±ne sa½vejana½ v± d±ya½ d±tu½ yuttaµµh±ne d±yad±na½ v± n±hosi. Dvepi pana jan± eva½ cintayi½su– “ki½ ettha oloketabba½ atthi, sabbepime appatte vassasate apaŗŗattikabh±va½ gamissanti. Amhehi pana eka½ mokkhadhamma½ gavesitu½ vaµµat²”ti ±rammaŗa½ gahetv± nis²di½su.
Tato kolito upatissa½ ±ha– “samma upatissa, na tva½ ańńasu divasesu viya haµµhapahaµµho, anattamanadh±tukosi, ki½ te sallakkhitan”ti? Samma kolita, “etesa½ olokane s±ro natthi, niratthakameta½, attano mokkhadhamma½ gavesitu½ vaµµat²”ti ida½ cintayanto nisinnomh²ti, tva½ pana kasm± anattamanos²ti? Sopi tatheva ±ha. Athassa attan± saddhi½ ekajjh±sayata½ ńatv± upatisso ta½ evam±ha– “amh±ka½ ubhinnampi sucintita½, mokkhadhamma½ gavesantehi pana ek± pabbajj± laddhu½ vaµµati, kassa santike pabbaj±m±”ti.
Tena kho pana samayena sańcayo paribb±jako r±jagahe paµivasati mahatiy± paribb±jakaparis±ya saddhi½. Te “tassa santike pabbajiss±m±”ti pańcahi m±ŗavakasatehi saddhi½ sańcayassa santike pabbaji½su. Tesa½ pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya sańcayo atirekal±bhaggayasaggappatto ahosi. Te katip±heneva sabba½ sańcayassa samaya½ pariggaŗhitv±, “±cariya, tumh±ka½ j±nanasamayo ettakova, ud±hu uttaripi atth²”ti pucchi½su. Sańcayo “ettakova, sabba½ tumhehi ń±tan”ti ±ha. Te tassa katha½ sutv± cintayi½su– “eva½ sati imassa santike brahmacariyav±so niratthako, maya½ mokkhadhamma½ gavesitu½ nikkhant±, so imassa santike upp±detu½ na sakk±. Mah± kho pana jambud²po, g±manigamar±jadh±niyo carant± maya½ avassa½ mokkhadhammadesaka½ eka½ ±cariya½ labhiss±m±”ti. Te tato paµµh±ya yattha yattha paŗ¹it± samaŗabr±hmaŗ± atth²ti suŗanti, tattha tattha gantv± pańhas±kaccha½ karonti. Tehi puµµha½ pańha½ ańńe kathetu½ samatth± natthi, te pana tesa½ pańha½ vissajjenti. Eva½ sakalajambud²pa½ pariggaŗhitv± nivattitv± sakaµµh±nameva ±gantv±, “samma kolita, yo paµhama½ amata½ adhigacchati, so ±rocet³”ti katika½ aka½su.
Tena samayena amh±ka½ satth± paµham±bhisambodhi½ patv± pavattitavaradhammacakko anupubbena r±jagaha½ sampatto hoti. Atha “ekasaµµhi arahanto loke uppann± hont²”ti vuttak±le “caratha, bhikkhave, c±rika½ bahujanahit±y±”ti ratanattayaguŗappak±sanattha½ uyyojit±na½ bhikkh³na½ antare pańcavaggiyabbhantaro assajitthero paµinivattitv± r±jagahameva ±gato. Punadivase p±tova pattac²vara½ ±d±ya r±jagaha½ piŗ¹±ya p±visi.
Tasmi½ samaye upatissaparibb±jako p±tova bhattakicca½ katv± paribb±jak±r±ma½ gacchanto thera½ disv± cintesi– “may± evar³po pabbajito n±ma na diµµhapubbo. Ye vata loke arahanto v± arahattamagga½ v± sam±pann±, aya½ tesa½ bhikkh³na½ ańńataro, ya½n³n±ha½ ima½ bhikkhu½ upasaŖkamitv± pańha½ puccheyya½– ‘ka½si tva½, ±vuso uddissa, pabbajito, ko v± te satth±, kassa v± tva½ dhamma½ roces²”’ti. Athassa etadahosi– “ak±lo kho ima½ bhikkhu½ pańha½ pucchitu½, antaraghara½ paviµµho piŗ¹±ya carati, ya½n³n±ha½ ima½ bhikkhu½ piµµhito piµµhito anubandheyya½ atthikehi upańń±ta½ maggan”ti. So thera½ laddhapiŗ¹ap±ta½ ańńatara½ ok±sa½ gacchanta½ disv± nis²dituk±matańcassa ńatv± attano paribb±jakap²µhaka½ pańń±petv± ad±si. Bhattakiccapariyos±nepissa attano kuŗ¹ik±ya udaka½ ad±si.
Eva½ ±cariyavatta½ katv± katabhattakiccena therena saddhi½ madhurapaµisanth±ra½ katv± “vippasann±ni kho te, ±vuso, indriy±ni, parisuddho chavivaŗŗo pariyod±to, ka½si tva½, ±vuso uddissa, pabbajito, ko v± te satth±, kassa v± tva½ dhamma½ roces²”ti pucchi. Thero “atth±vuso, mah±samaŗo sakyaputto sakyakul± pabbajito, t±ha½ bhagavanta½ uddissa pabbajito, so ca me bhagav± satth±, tassev±ha½ bhagavato dhamma½ rocem²”ti ±ha. Atha na½ “ki½v±d² pan±yasmato satth±, kimakkh±y²”ti pucchi. Thero cintesi– “ime paribb±jak± n±ma s±sanassa paµipakkhabh³t±, imassa s±sanassa gambh²rata½ dassess±m²”ti. Attano navakabh±va½ dassento ±ha– “aha½ kho, ±vuso, navo acirapabbajito, adhun±gato ima½ dhammavinaya½, na t±v±ha½ sakkomi vitth±rena dhamma½ desetun”ti. Paribb±jako “aha½ upatisso n±ma, tva½ yath±sattiy± appa½ v± bahu½ v± vada, eta½ nayasatena nayasahassena paµivijjhitu½ mayha½ bh±ro”ti cintetv± ±ha–
“Appa½ v± bahu½ v± bh±sassu, attha½yeva me br³hi;
attheneva me attho, ki½ k±hasi byańjana½ bahun”ti. (Mah±va. 60).
Eva½ vutte thero “ye dhamm± hetuppabhav±”ti (mah±va. 60; apa. thera. 1.1.286) g±tha½ ±ha. Paribb±jako paµhamapadadvayameva sutv± sahassanayasampanne sot±pattimagge patiµµhahi. Itara½ padadvaya½ sot±pannak±le niµµh±si.
So sot±panno hutv± uparivisese appavattante “bhavissati ettha k±raŗan”ti sallakkhetv± thera½ ±ha– “bhante, m± upari dhammadesana½ va¹¹hayittha, ettakameva hotu, kaha½ amh±ka½ satth± vasat²”ti? Ve¼uvane paribb±jak±ti. Bhante, tumhe purato y±tha, mayha½ eko sah±yako atthi. Amhehi ca ańńamańńa½ katik± kat± “yo paµhama½ amata½ adhigacchati, so ±rocet³”ti. Aha½ ta½ paµińńa½ mocetv± sah±yaka½ gahetv± tumh±ka½ gatamaggeneva satthu santika½ ±gamiss±m²ti pańcapatiµµhitena therassa p±desu nipatitv± tikkhattu½ padakkhiŗa½ katv± thera½ uyyojetv± paribb±jak±r±m±bhimukho agam±si.
Kolitaparibb±jako ta½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½ disv± “ajja mayha½ sah±yakassa mukhavaŗŗo na ańńesu divasesu viya, addh± tena amata½ adhigata½ bhavissat²”ti amat±dhigama½ pucchi. Sopissa “±ma ±vuso, amata½ adhigatan”ti paµij±nitv± tameva g±tha½ abh±si. G±th±pariyos±ne kolito sot±pattiphale patiµµhahitv± ±ha– “kaha½ kira, samma, satth± vasat²”ti? “Ve¼uvane kira, samma, vasat²”ti eva½ no ±cariyena assajittherena kathitanti. Tena hi samma ±y±ma, satth±ra½ passiss±m±ti. S±riputtatthero ca n±mesa sad±pi ±cariyap³jakova, tasm± sah±ya½ kolitam±ŗava½ evam±ha– “samma, amhehi adhigata½ amata½ amh±ka½ ±cariyassa sańcayaparibb±jakass±pi kathess±ma. Bujjham±no paµivijjhissati, appaµivijjhanto amh±ka½ saddahitv± satthu santika½ gamissati, buddh±na½ desana½ sutv± maggaphalapaµivedha½ karissat²”ti.
Tato dvepi jan± sańcayassa santika½ gantv±, “±cariya, tva½ ki½ karosi, buddho loke uppanno, sv±kkh±to dhammo, suppaµipanno saŖgho. ¾y±ma, dasabala½ passiss±m±”ti. So “ki½ vadetha, t±t±”ti tepi v±retv± l±bhaggayasaggappattimeva tesa½ d²pesi. Te “amh±ka½ evar³po antev±sikav±so niccameva hotu, tumh±ka½ pana gamana½ v± agamana½ v± j±n±th±”ti ±ha½su. Sańcayo “ime ettaka½ j±nant± mama vacana½ na karissant²”ti ńatv± “gacchatha tumhe, t±t±, aha½ mahallakak±le antev±sikav±sa½ vasitu½ na sakkom²”ti ±ha. Te anekehipi k±raŗehi ta½ bodhetu½ asakkont± attano ov±de vattam±na½ jana½ ±d±ya ve¼uvana½ agama½su. Atha tesa½ pańcasu antev±sikasatesu a¹¹hateyyasat± nivatti½su, a¹¹hateyyasat± tehi saddhi½ agama½su.
Satth± catuparisamajjhe dhamma½ desento te d³ratova disv± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “ete, bhikkhave, dve sah±y± ±gacchanti kolito ca upatisso ca, eta½ me s±vakayuga½ bhavissati agga½ bhaddayugan”ti. Atha tesa½ paris±ya cariyavasena dhammadesana½ va¹¹hesi. Żhapetv± dve aggas±vake sabbepi te a¹¹hateyyasat± paribb±jak± arahatta½ p±puŗi½su Satth± “etha bhikkhavo”ti hattha½ pas±resi. Sabbesa½ kesamassu antaradh±yi, iddhimaya½ pattac²vara½ k±yappaµibaddha½ ahosi. Dvinna½ aggas±vak±nampi iddhimayapattac²vara½ ±gata½, uparimaggattayakicca½ pana na niµµh±si. Kasm±? S±vakap±ramiń±ŗassa mahantat±ya.
Ath±yasm± mah±moggall±no pabbajitadivasato sattame divase magadharaµµhe kallav±lag±maka½ upaniss±ya samaŗadhamma½ karonto thinamiddhe okkante satth±r± sa½vejito thinamiddha½ vinodetv± tath±gatena dinna½ dh±tukammaµµh±na½ suŗantova uparimaggattayakicca½ niµµh±petv± s±vakap±ramiń±ŗassa matthaka½ patto. S±riputtattheropi pabbajitadivasato addham±sa½ atikkamitv± satth±r± saddhi½ tameva r±jagaha½ upaniss±ya s³karakhataleŗe viharanto attano bh±gineyyassa d²ghanakhaparibb±jakassa vedan±pariggahasuttante (ma. ni. 2.205-206) desiyam±ne sutt±nus±rena ń±ŗa½ pesetv± parassa va¹¹hitabhatta½ bhuńjanto viya s±vakap±ramiń±ŗassa matthaka½ patto. Bh±gineyyo panassa desan±pariyos±ne sot±pattiphale patiµµhito. Iti dvinnampi mah±s±vak±na½ tath±gate r±jagahe viharanteyeva s±vakap±ramiń±ŗakicca½ matthaka½ patta½. Aparabh±ge pana satth± jetavane viharanto “mah±pańń±na½ yadida½ s±riputto, iddhimant±na½ yadida½ mah±moggall±no”ti dvepi mah±s±vake µh±nantare µhapes²ti.