Ańń±sikoŗ¹ańńattheravatthu

Tattha etadagganti pada½ vuttatthameva. Rattańń³nanti rattiyo j±nant±na½. Żhapetv± hi samm±sambuddha½ ańńo s±vako ańń±sikoŗ¹ańńattherato paµhamatara½ pabbajito n±ma natth²ti pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya thero cirak±la½ rattiyo j±n±t²ti rattańń³. Sabbapaµhama½ dhammassa paµividdhatt± yad± tena dhammo paµividdho, cirak±lato paµµh±ya ta½ ratti½ j±n±t²tipi rattańń³. Apica kh²ŗ±sav±na½ rattidivasaparicchedo p±kaµova hoti, ayańca paµhamakh²ŗ±savoti evampi rattańń³na½ s±vak±na½ ayameva aggo purimakoµibh³to seµµho. Tena vutta½– “rattańń³na½ yadida½ ańń±sikoŗ¹ańńo”ti.
Ettha ca yadidanti nip±to, tassa thera½ avekkhitv± yo esoti, aggasadda½ avekkhitv± ya½ etanti attho. Ańń±sikoŗ¹ańńoti ń±takoŗ¹ańńo paµividdhakoŗ¹ańńo. Tenev±ha– “ańń±si vata, bho, koŗ¹ańńo, ańń±si vata, bho, koŗ¹ańńoti. Iti hida½ ±yasmato koŗ¹ańńassa ańń±sikoŗ¹ańńo tveva n±ma½ ahos²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 17).
Aya½ pana thero katarabuddhak±le pubbapatthana½ abhin²h±ra½ ak±si, kad± pabbajito, kad±nena paµhama½ dhammo adhigato, kad± µh±nantare µhapitoti imin± nayena sabbesupi etadaggesu pańhakamma½ veditabba½.
Tattha imassa t±va therassa pańhakamme ayamanupubbikath±– ito kappasatasahassamatthake padumuttaro n±ma buddho loke udap±di, tassa paµividdhasabbańńutańń±ŗassa mah±bodhipallaŖkato uµµhahantassa mah±pathaviya½ µhapetu½ p±de ukkhittamatte p±dasampaµicchanattha½ mahanta½ padumapuppha½ uggańchi, tassa dhurapatt±ni navutihatth±ni honti, kesara½ ti½sahattha½, kaŗŗik± dv±dasahatth±, p±dena patiµµhitaµµh±na½ ek±dasahattha½. Tassa pana bhagavato sar²ra½ aµµhapaŗŗ±sahatthubbedha½ ahosi. Tassa padumakaŗŗik±ya dakkhiŗap±de patiµµhahante mah±tumbamatt± reŗu uggantv± sar²ra½ okiram±n± otari, v±map±dassa µhapanak±lepi tath±r³pa½yeva paduma½ uggantv± p±da½ sampaµicchi. Tatopi uggantv± vuttappam±ŗ±va reŗu sar²ra½ okiri. Ta½ pana reŗu½ abhibhavam±n± tassa bhagavato sar²rappabh± nikkhamitv± yantan±¼ik±ya vissaµµhasuvaŗŗarasadh±r± viya samant± dv±dasayojanaµµh±na½ ekobh±sa½ ak±si. Tatiyap±duddharaŗak±le pathamuggata½ paduma½ antaradh±yi, p±dasampaµicchanattha½ ańńa½ nava½ paduma½ uggańchi. Imin±va niy±mena yattha yattha gantuk±mo hoti, tattha tatth±pi mah±paduma½ uggacchati. Tenevassa “padumuttarasamm±sambuddho”ti n±ma½ ahosi.
Eva½ so bhagav± loke uppajjitv± bhikkhusatasahassapariv±ro mah±janassa saŖgahatth±ya g±manigamar±jadh±n²su bhikkh±ya caranto ha½savat²nagara½ samp±puŗi Tassa ±gatabh±va½ sutv± pit± mah±r±j± paccuggamana½ ak±si. Satth± tassa dhammakatha½ kathesi. Desan±pariyos±ne keci sot±pann± keci sakad±g±m² keci an±g±m² keci arahatta½ p±puŗi½su. R±j± sv±tan±ya dasabala½ nimantetv± punadivase k±la½ ±roc±petv± bhikkhusatasahassapariv±rassa bhagavato sakanivesane mah±d±na½ ad±si. Satth± bhatt±numodana½ katv± vih±rameva gato. Teneva niy±mena punadivase n±gar±, punadivase r±j±ti d²ghamaddh±na½ d±na½ ada½su.
Tasmi½ k±le aya½ thero ha½savat²nagare gahapatimah±s±lakule nibbatto. Ekadivasa½ buddh±na½ dhammadesan±k±le ha½savat²nagarav±sino gandham±l±dihatthe yena buddho, yena dhammo, yena saŖgho, tanninne tappoŗe tappabbh±re gacchante disv± tena mah±janena saddhi½ dhammadesanaµµh±na½ agam±si. Tasmińca samaye padumuttaro bhagav± attano s±sane paµhama½ paµividdhadhamma½ eka½ bhikkhu½ etadaggaµµh±ne µhapesi. So kulaputto ta½ k±raŗa½ sutv± “mah± vat±ya½ bhikkhu, µhapetv± kira buddha½ ańńo imin± paµhamatara½ paµividdhadhammo n±ma natthi. Aho vat±hampi an±gate ekassa buddhassa s±sane paµhama½ dhamma½ paµivijjhanasamattho bhaveyyan”ti cintetv± desan±pariyos±ne bhagavanta½ upasaŖkamitv± “sve mayha½ bhikkha½ gaŗhath±”ti nimantesi. Satth± adhiv±sesi.
So bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± padakkhiŗa½ katv± sakanivesana½ gantv± sabbaratti½ buddh±na½ nisajjanaµµh±na½ gandhad±mam±l±d±m±d²hi alaŖkaritv± paŗ²ta½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ paµiy±d±petv± tass± rattiy± accayena sakanivesane bhikkhusatasahassapariv±rassa bhagavato vicitray±gukhajjakapariv±ra½ n±n±rasas³pabyańjana½ gandhas±libhojana½ datv± bhattakiccapariyos±ne tic²varapahonake vaŖgapaµµe tath±gatassa p±dam³le µhapetv± cintesi– “n±ha½ parittakassa µh±nassatth±ya car±mi, mahanta½ µh±na½ patthento car±mi, na kho pana sakk± ekameva divasa½ d±na½ datv± ta½ µh±nantara½ patthetun”ti “anupaµip±µiy± satta divas±ni mah±d±na½ datv± patthess±m²”ti. So teneva niy±mena satta divas±ni mah±d±na½ datv± bhattakiccapariyos±ne dussakoµµh±g±ra½ vivar±petv± uttamasukhumavattha½ buddh±na½ p±dam³le µhapetv± bhikkhusatasahassa½ tic²varena acch±detv± tath±gata½ upasaŖkamitv±, “bhante, yo tumhehi ito sattadivasamatthake bhikkhu etadagge µhapito, ahampi so bhikkhu viya an±gate uppajjanakabuddhassa s±sane pabbajitv± paµhama½ dhamma½ paµivijjhitu½ samattho bhaveyyan”ti vatv± satthu p±dam³le s²sa½ katv± nipajji.
Satth± tassa vacana½ sutv± “imin± kulaputtena mah±-adhik±ro kato, samijjhissati nu kho etassa aya½ patthan± no”ti an±gata½sań±ŗa½ pesetv± ±vajjento “samijjhissat²”ti passi. Buddh±nańhi at²ta½ v± an±gata½ v± paccuppanna½ v± ±rabbha ±vajjent±na½ ±varaŗa½ n±ma natthi, anekakappakoµisatasahassantarampi ca at²ta½ v± an±gata½ v± cakkav±¼asahassantarampi ca paccuppanna½ v± ±vajjanapaµibaddhameva manasik±rapaµibaddhameva hoti. Eva½ appaµivattiyena ń±ŗena so bhagav± ida½ addasa– “an±gate satasahassakappapariyos±ne gotamo n±ma buddho loke uppajjissati, tad± imassa patthan± samijjhissat²”ti. Atha na½ evam±ha– “ambho, kulaputta, an±gate satasahassakappapariyos±ne gotamo n±ma buddho loke uppajjissati tva½ tassa paµhamakadhammadesan±ya teparivaµµadhammacakkappavattanasuttantapariyos±ne aµµh±rasahi brahmakoµ²hi saddhi½ sahassanayasampanne sot±pattiphale patiµµhahissas²”ti.
Iti satth± ta½ kulaputta½ by±karitv± catur±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±ni desetv± anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi. Tassa parinibbutassa sar²ra½ suvaŗŗakkhandho viya ekagghana½ ahosi, sar²racetiya½ panassubbedhena sattayojanika½ aka½su. Iµµhak± suvaŗŗamay± ahesu½, harit±lamanosil±ya mattik±kicca½, telena udakakicca½ s±dhayi½su. Buddh±na½ dharam±nak±le sar²rappabh± dv±dasayojanika½ phari, parinibbut±na½ pana tesa½ rasmi nikkhamitv± samant± yojanasata½ avatthari.
Aya½ seµµhi buddh±na½ sar²racetiya½ pariv±retv± sahassaratanagghiy±ni k±resi. Cetiyapatiµµh±panadivase antocetiye ratanaghara½ k±resi. So vassasatasahassa½ mahanta½ d±n±dimaya½ kaly±ŗakamma½ katv± tato cuto devapure nibbatti. Tassa devesu ca manussesu ca sa½sarantasseva navanavuti kappasahass±ni nava kappasat±ni nava ca kapp± samatikkant±. Ettakassa k±lassa accayena ito ekanavutikappamatthake aya½ kulaputto bandhumat²nagarassa dv±rasam²pe g±me kuµumbiyagehe nibbatto. Tassa mah±k±loti n±ma½ ahosi, kaniµµhabh±t± panassa c³¼ak±lo n±ma.
Tasmi½ samaye vipass² bodhisatto tusitapur± cavitv± bandhumat²nagare bandhumassa rańńo aggamahesiy± kucchismi½ nibbatto. Anukkamena sabbańńuta½ patv± dhammadesanatth±ya mah±brahmun± ±y±cito “kassa nu kho paµhama½ dhamma½ desess±m²”ti cintetv± attano kaniµµha½ khaŗ¹a½ n±ma r±jakum±ra½ tissańca purohitaputta½ “paµhama½ dhamma½ paµivijjhitu½ samatth±”ti disv± “tesańca dhamma½ desess±mi, pitu ca saŖgaha½ kariss±m²”ti bodhimaŗ¹ato ±k±seneva ±gantv± kheme migad±ye otiŗŗo te pakkos±petv± dhamma½ desesi. Desan±pariyos±ne te dvepi jan± catur±s²tiy± p±ŗasahassehi saddhi½ arahattaphale patiµµhahi½su.
Ath±parepi bodhisattak±le anupabbajit± catur±s²tisahass± kulaputt± ta½ pavatti½ sutv± satthu santika½ ±gantv± dhammadesana½ sutv± arahattaphale patiµµhahi½su. Satth± ta½ tattheva khaŗ¹atthera½ aggas±vakaµµh±ne, tissatthera½ dutiyas±vakaµµh±ne µhapesi. R±j±pi ta½ pavatti½ sutv± “putta½ passiss±m²”ti uyy±na½ gantv± dhammadesana½ sutv± t²su saraŗesu patiµµh±ya satth±ra½ sv±tan±ya nimantetv± abhiv±detv± padakkhiŗa½ katv± pakk±mi.
So p±s±davaragato nis²ditv± cintesi– “mayha½ jeµµhaputto nikkhamitv± buddho j±to, dutiyaputto me aggas±vako, purohitaputto dutiyas±vako. Ime ca avasesabhikkh³ gihik±lepi mayha½ puttameva pariv±retv± vicari½su, ime pubbepi d±nipi mayhameva bh±r±, ahameva te cat³hi paccayehi upaµµhahiss±mi, ańńesa½ ok±sa½ na dass±m²”ti. Vih±radv±rakoµµhakato paµµh±ya y±va r±jagehadv±r± ubhosu passesu khadirap±k±ra½ k±retv± vatthehi paµicch±d±petv± upari suvaŗŗat±rakavicitta½ samolambitat±lakkhandhamattavividhapupphad±mavit±na½ k±retv± heµµh±bh³mi½ vicittattharaŗehi santhar±petv± anto ubhosu passesu m±l±gacchakesu puŗŗaghaµe sakalamaggav±satth±ya ca gandhantaresu pupph±ni pupphantaresu gandhe ca µhap±petv± bhagavato k±la½ ±roc±pesi. Bhagav± bhikkhusaŖghaparivuto antos±ŗiy±va r±jageha½ gantv± bhattakicca½ katv± vih±ra½ pacc±gacchati. Ańńo koci daµµhumpi na labhati, kuto pana bhikkha½ v± d±tu½ p³ja½ v± k±tu½.
N±gar± cintesu½– “ajja satthu loke uppannassa sattam±s±dhik±ni satta sa½vacchar±ni, mayańca daµµhumpi na labh±ma, pageva bhikkha½ v± d±tu½ p³ja½ v± k±tu½ dhamma½ v± sotu½. R±j± ‘mayha½ eva buddho, mayha½ dhammo, mayha½ saŖgho’ti mam±yitv± sayameva upaµµhahati. Satth± ca uppajjam±no sadevakassa lokassa atth±ya uppanno, na rańńoyeva atth±ya. Na hi rańńoyeva nirayo uŗho, ańńesa½ n²luppalavanasadiso. Tasm± r±j±na½ eva½ vad±ma ‘sace no satth±ra½ deti, icceta½ kusala½. No ce deti, rańń± saddhi½ yujjhitv± saŖgha½ gahetv± d±n±d²ni puńń±ni karoma. Na sakk± kho pana suddhan±gareheva eva½ k±tu½, eka½ jeµµhakapurisampi gaŗh±m±”’ti sen±pati½ upasaŖkamitv± tassa tamattha½ ±rocetv± “s±mi ki½ amh±ka½ pakkho hohisi, ud±hu rańńo”ti ±ha½su. So ±ha– “tumh±ka½ pakkho homi, apica kho pana paµhamadivaso mayha½ d±tabbo”ti. Te sampaµicchi½su.
So r±j±na½ upasaŖkamitv± “n±gar±, deva, tumh±ka½ kupit±”ti ±ha. Kimattha½ t±t±ti? Satth±ra½ kira tumheva upaµµhahatha, amhe na labh±m±ti. Sace id±nipi labhanti, na kuppanti. Alabhant± tumhehi saddhi½ yujjhituk±m±, dev±ti. Yujjh±mi, t±ta, na bhikkhusaŖgha½ dem²ti. Deva, tumh±ka½ d±s± tumhehi saddhi½ yujjh±m±ti vadanti, tumhe ka½ gaŗhitv± yujjhissath±ti? Nanu tva½ sen±pat²ti? N±garehi vin± asamattho aha½, dev±ti. Tato r±j± “balavanto n±gar±, sen±patipi tesa½yeva pakkho”ti ńatv± “ańń±ni sattam±s±dhik±ni satta sa½vacchar±ni mayha½ bhikkhusaŖgha½ dent³”ti ±ha. N±gar± na sampaµicchi½su. R±j± “chabbass±ni pańcavass±n²”ti eva½ h±petv± ańńe satta divase y±ci N±gar± “atikakkha¼a½ d±ni rańń± saddhi½ k±tu½ na vaµµat²”ti anuj±ni½su. R±j± sattam±s±dhik±na½ sattanna½ sa½vacchar±na½ sajjita½ d±namukha½ sattannameva divas±na½ sajjetv± cha divase kesańci apassant±na½yeva d±na½ datv± sattame divase n±gare pakkos±petv± “sakkhissatha, t±t±, evar³pa½ d±na½ d±tun”ti ±ha. Tepi “nanu amheyeva niss±yeta½ devassa uppannan”ti vatv± “sakkhiss±m±”ti ±ha½su. R±j± piµµhihatthena ass³ni puńcham±no bhagavanta½ vanditv±, “bhante, aµµhasaµµhibhikkhusatasahassa½ ańńassu bh±ra½ akatv± y±vaj²va½ cat³hi paccayehi upaµµhahiss±m²ti cintesi½, n±gar±na½ d±ni me anuńń±ta½, n±gar± hi ‘maya½ d±na½ d±tu½ na labh±m±’ti bhagav± kuppanti. Sveva paµµh±ya tesa½ anuggaha½ karoth±”ti ±ha.