14. Etadaggavaggo

(14) 1. Paµhama-etadaggavaggo

Etadaggapadavaººan±

188. Etadaggesu paµhamavaggassa paµhame etadagganti eta½ agga½. Ettha ca aya½ aggasaddo ±dikoµikoµµh±saseµµhesu dissati. “Ajjatagge, samma dov±rika, ±var±mi dv±ra½ nigaºµh±na½ nigaºµh²nan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.70) hi ±dimhi dissati. “Teneva aªgulaggena ta½ aªgulagga½ par±maseyya (kath±. 441), ucchagga½ ve¼aggan”ti-±d²su koµiya½. “Ambilagga½ v± madhuragga½ v± tittakagga½ v± (sa½. ni. 5.374), anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, vih±raggena v± pariveºaggena v± bh±jetun”ti-±d²su (c³¼ava. 318) koµµh±se. “Y±vat±, bhikkhave, satt± apad± v±…pe… tath±gato tesa½ aggamakkh±yat²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.34; itivu. 90) seµµhe. Sv±yamidha koµiyampi vaµµati seµµhepi. Te hi ther± attano attano µh±ne koµibh³t±tipi agg±, seµµhabh³t±tipi. Tasm± etadagganti es± koµi eso seµµhoti ayamettha attho. Eseva nayo sabbasuttesu.
Ayañca etadaggasannikkhepo n±ma cat³hi k±raºehi labbhati aµµhuppattito ±gamanato ciººavasito guº±tirekatoti. Tattha koci thero ekena k±raºena etadaggaµµh±na½ labhati, koci dv²hi, koci t²hi, koci sabbeheva cat³hipi ±yasm± s±riputtatthero viya. So hi aµµhuppattitopi mah±paññat±ya etadaggaµµh±na½ labhi ±gaman±d²hipi. Katha½? Ekasmi½ hi samaye satth± jetavanamah±vih±re viharanto kaº¹ambarukkham³le titthiyamaddana½ yamakap±µih±riya½ dassetv± “kaha½ nu kho purimabuddh± yamakap±µih±riya½ katv± vassa½ upagacchant²”ti ±vajjento “t±vati½sabhavane”ti ñatv± dve padantar±ni dassetv± tatiyena padena t±vati½sabhavane paccuµµh±si. Sakko devar±j± bhagavanta½ disv± paº¹ukambalasil±to uµµh±ya saddhi½ devagaºena paccuggamana½ agam±si. Dev± cintayi½su– “sakko devar±j± devagaºaparivuto saµµhiyojan±y±m±ya paº¹ukambalasil±ya nis²ditv± sampatti½ anubhavati, buddh±na½ n±ma nisinnak±lato paµµh±ya na sakk± aññena ettha hatthampi µhapetun”ti. Satth±pi tattha nisinno tesa½ citt±c±ra½ ñatv± mah±pa½suk³liko viya muº¹ap²µhaka½ sabbameva paº¹ukambalasila½ avattharitv± nis²di. Eva½ nis²danto pana attano v± sar²ra½ mahanta½ katv± m±pesi, paº¹ukambalasila½ v± khuddaka½ ak±s²ti na sallakkhetabba½. Acinteyyo hi buddhavisayo. Eva½ nisinno pana m±tara½ k±yasakkhi½ katv± dasasahassacakkav±¼adevat±na½ “kusal± dhamm± akusal± dhamm± aby±kat± dhamm±”ti abhidhammapiµaka½ desesi.
P±µih±riyaµµh±nepi sabb±pi dv±dasayojanik± paris± anuruddhatthera½ upasaªkamitv± “kaha½, bhante, dasabalo gato”ti pucchi. T±vati½sabhavane paº¹ukambalasil±ya½ vassa½ upagantv± abhidhammakatha½ desetu½ gatoti. Bhante, na maya½ satth±ra½ adisv± gamiss±ma. Kad± satth± ±gamissat²ti satthu ±gamanak±la½ j±n±th±ti? Mah±moggall±nattherassa bh±ra½ karotha, so buddh±na½ santika½ gantv± s±sana½ ±harissat²ti. Ki½ pana therassa tattha gantu½ bala½ natth²ti? Atthi, visesavant±na½ pana visesa½ passant³ti evam±ha. Mah±jano mah±moggall±natthera½ upasaªkamitv± satthu s±sana½ gahetv± ±gamanatth±ya y±ci. Thero passanteyeva mah±jane pathaviya½ nimujjitv± antosinerun± gantv± satth±ra½ vanditv± ±ha– “bhante, mah±jano tumh±ka½ dassanak±mo, ±gamanadivasa½ vo j±nitu½ icchat²”ti. Tena hi “ito tem±saccayena saªkassanagaradv±re passath±”tissa vadeh²ti. Thero bhagavato s±sana½ ±haritv± mah±janassa kathesi. Mah±jano tattheva tem±sa½ khandh±v±ra½ bandhitv± vasi. C³¼a-an±thapiº¹iko dv±dasayojan±ya paris±ya tem±sa½ y±gubhatta½ ±d±si.
Satth±pi sattappakaraº±ni desetv± manussaloka½ ±gamanatth±ya ±kappa½ dassesi. Sakko devar±j± vissakamma½ ±mantetv± tath±gatassa otaraºatth±ya sop±na½ m±petu½ ±º±pesi. So ekato sovaººamaya½ ekato rajatamaya½ sop±na½ m±petv± majjhe maºimaya½ m±pesi. Satth± maºimaye sop±ne µhatv± “mah±jano ma½ passat³”ti adhiµµh±si. Attano ±nubh±veneva “mah±jano av²cimah±niraya½ passat³”tipi adhiµµh±si. Nirayadassanena cassa uppannasa½vegata½ ñatv± devaloka½ dassesi. Athassa otarantassa mah±brahm± chatta½ dh±resi, sakko devar±j± patta½ gaºhi, suy±mo devar±j± dibba½ v±¼ab²jani½ b²ji, pañcasikho gandhabbadevaputto beluvapaº¹uv²ºa½ samapaññ±s±ya mucchan±hi mucchitv± v±dento purato otari. Buddh±na½ pathaviya½ patiµµhitak±le “aha½ paµhama½ vandiss±mi, aha½ paµhama½ vandiss±m²”ti mah±jano aµµh±si. Saha mah±pathav²-akkamanena pana bhagavato neva mah±jano na as²timah±s±vak± paµhamakavandana½ samp±puºi½su, dhammasen±pati s±riputtattheroyeva pana samp±puºi.
Atha satth± dv±dasayojan±ya paris±ya antare “therassa paññ±nubh±va½ j±nant³”ti puthujjanapañcaka½ pañha½ ±rabhi. Paµhama½ lokiyamah±jano sallakkhessat²ti puthujjanapañha½ pucchi. Ye ye sallakkhi½su, te te kathayi½su. Dutiya½ puthujjanavisaya½ atikkamitv± sot±pattimagge pañha½ pucchi. Puthujjan± tuºh² ahesu½, sot±pann±va kathayi½su. Tato sot±pann±na½ visaya½ atikkamitv± sakad±g±mimagge pañha½ pucchi. Sot±pann± tuºh² ahesu½, sakad±g±minova kathayi½su. Tesampi visaya½ atikkamitv± an±g±mimagge pañha½ pucchi. Sakad±g±mino tuºh² ahesu½, an±g±minova kathayi½su. Tesampi visaya½ atikkamitv± arahattamagge pañha½ pucchi. An±g±mino tuºh² ahesu½, arahant±va kathayi½su. Tato heµµhimakoµito paµµh±ya abhiññ±te abhiññ±te s±vake pucchi, te attano attano paµisambhid±visaye µhatv± kathayi½su. Atha mah±moggall±na½ pucchi sesas±vak± tuºh² ahesu½, therova kathesi. Tass±pi visaya½ atikkamitv± s±riputtattherassa visaye pañha½ pucchi. Mah±moggall±no tuºh² ahosi, s±riputtattherova kathesi. Therass±pi visaya½ atikkamitv± buddhavisaye pañha½ pucchi. Dhammasen±pati ±vajjentopi passitu½ na sakkoti, puratthimapacchimuttaradakkhiº± catasso dis± catasso anudis±ti ito cito ca olokento pañhuppattiµµh±na½ sallakkhetu½ n±sakkhi.
Satth± therassa kilamanabh±va½ j±nitv± “s±riputto kilamati, nayamukhamassa dassess±m²”ti “±gamehi tva½, s±riputt±”ti vatv± “n±ya½ tuyha½ visayo pañho, buddh±na½ esa visayo sabbaññ³na½ yasass²nan”ti buddhavisayabh±va½ ±cikkhitv± “bh³tamidanti, s±riputta, samanupassas²”ti ±ha. Thero “catumah±bh³tikak±yapariggaha½ me bhagav± ±cikkhat²”ti ñatv± “aññ±ta½ bhagav±, aññ±ta½ sugat±”ti ±ha. Etasmi½ µh±ne aya½ kath± udap±di– mah±pañño vata, bho, s±riputtatthero, yatra hi n±ma sabbehi anaññ±ta½ pañha½ kathesi, buddhehi ca dinnanaye µhatv± buddhavisaye pañha½ kathesi, iti therassa paññ±nubh±vo yattaka½ µh±na½ buddh±na½ kittisaddena otthaµa½, sabba½ ajjhottharitv± gatoti eva½ t±va thero aµµhuppattito mah±paññat±ya etadaggaµµh±na½ labhi.
Katha½ ±gamanato? Imiss±yeva hi aµµhuppattiy± satth± ±ha– s±riputto na id±neva paññav±, at²te pañca j±tisat±ni isipabbajja½ pabbajitv±pi mah±paññova ahosi–
“Yo pabbaj² j±tisat±ni pañca,
pah±ya k±m±ni manoram±ni;
ta½ v²tar±ga½ susam±hitindriya½,
parinibbuta½ vandatha s±riputtan”ti.
Eva½ pabbajja½ upabr³hayam±no ekasmi½ samaye b±r±ºasiya½ br±hmaºakule nibbatto. Tayo vede uggaºhitv± tattha s±ra½ apassanto “pabbajitv± eka½ mokkhadhamma½ gavesitu½ vaµµat²”ti citta½ upp±desi. Tasmi½ k±le bodhisattopi k±siraµµhe udiccabr±hmaºamah±s±lakule nibbatto vuddhimanv±ya uggahitasippo k±mesu ±d²nava½ nekkhamme ca ±nisa½sa½ disv± ghar±v±sa½ pah±ya himavanta½ pavisitv± kasiºaparikamma½ katv± pañca abhiññ± aµµha sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± vanam³laphal±h±ro himavantappadese vasati. Sopi m±ºavo nikkhamitv± tasseva santike pabbaji. Pariv±ro mah± ahosi pañcasatamatt± isayo.
Athassa so jeµµhantev±siko ekadesa½ parisa½ gahetv± loºambilasevanattha½ manussapatha½ agam±si. Tasmi½ samaye bodhisatto tasmi½yeva himavantappadese k±la½ ak±si. K±lakiriyasamayeva na½ antev±sik± sannipatitv± pucchi½su– “atthi tumhehi koci viseso adhigato”ti. Bodhisatto “natthi kiñc²”ti vatv± aparih²najjh±no ±bhassarabrahmaloke nibbatto. So kiñc±pi ±kiñcaññ±yatanassa l±bh², bodhisatt±na½ pana ar³p±vacare paµisandhi n±ma na hoti. Kasm±? Abhabbaµµh±natt±. Iti so ar³pasam±pattil±bh² sam±nopi r³p±vacare nibbatti. Antev±sik±pissa “±cariyo ‘natthi kiñc²’ti ±ha, mogh± tassa k±lakiriy±”ti na kiñci sakk±rasamm±na½ aka½su. Atha so jeµµhantev±siko atikkante vass±v±se ±gantv± “kaha½ ±cariyo”ti pucchi. K±la½ katoti. Api nu ±cariyena laddhaguºa½ pucchitth±ti? ¾ma pucchimh±ti. Ki½ vadet²ti? Natthi kiñc²ti. Mayampi “±cariyena laddhaguºo n±ma natth²”ti n±ssa sakk±rasamm±na½ karimh±ti. Tumhe bh±sitassa attha½ na j±nittha, ±cariyo ±kiñcaññ±yatanassa l±bh²ti.
Atha te jeµµhantev±sikassa katha½ na saddahi½su. So punappuna½ kathentopi saddah±petu½ n±sakkhi Atha bodhisatto ±vajjam±no “andhab±lo mah±jano mayha½ jeµµhantev±sikassa katha½ na gaºh±ti, ima½ k±raºa½ p±kaµa½ kariss±m²”ti brahmalokato otaritv± assamapadamatthake µhito ±k±sagatova jeµµhantev±sikassa paññ±nubh±va½ vaººetv± ima½ g±tha½ abh±si–
“Parosahassampi sam±gat±na½,
kandeyyu½ te vassasata½ apaññ±;
ekova seyyo puriso sapañño,
yo bh±sitassa vij±n±ti atthan”ti. (J±. 1.1.101).
Eva½ isigaºa½ saññ±petv± bodhisatto brahmalokameva gato. Sesa-isigaºopi aparih²najjh±no hutv± k±la½ katv± brahmalokapar±yaºo j±to. Tattha bodhisatto sabbaññuta½ patto, jeµµhantev±siko s±riputtatthero j±to, ses± isayo buddhaparis± j±t±ti eva½ at²tepi s±riputto mah±paññova sa½khittena bh±sitassa vitth±rena attha½ j±nitu½ samatthoti veditabbo.
Idameva ca puthujjanapañcaka½ aµµhuppatti½ katv±–
“Parosatañcepi sam±gat±na½,
jh±yeyyu½ te vassasata½ apaññ±;
ekova seyyo puriso sapañño,
so bh±sitassa vij±n±ti atthan”ti. (J±. 1.1.101)–

Imampi j±taka½ kathesi. Tassa purimaj±take vuttanayeneva attho veditabbo.

Aparampi idameva puthujjanapañcaka½ aµµhuppatti½ katv±–
“Ye saññino tepi duggat±, yepi asaññino tepi duggat±;
eta½ ubhaya½ vivajjaya, ta½ sam±pattisukha½ anaªgaºan”ti. (J±. 1.1.134)–

Ima½ anaªgaºaj±taka½ kathesi. Ettha ca ±cariyo k±la½ karonto antev±sikehi pucchito “nevasaññ² n±saññ²”ti ±ha. Sesa½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½.

Aparampi idameva puthujjanapañcaka½ aµµhuppatti½ katv±–
“Cand±bha½ s³riy±bhañca, yodha paññ±ya g±dhati;
avitakkena jh±nena, hoti ±bhassar³pago”ti. (J±. 1.1.135)–

Ida½ cand±bhaj±taka½ kathesi. Etth±pi ±cariyo k±la½ karonto antev±sikehi pucchito “od±takasiºa½ cand±bha½ n±ma, p²takasiºa½ s³riy±bha½ n±m±ti ta½ ubhaya½ yo paññ±ya g±dhati pavisati pakkhandati, so avitakkena dutiyajjh±nena ±bhassar³pago hoti, t±diso ahan”ti sandh±ya– “cand±bha½ s³riy±bhan”ti ±ha. Sesa½ purimanayeneva veditabba½.

Idameva ca puthujjanapañcaka½ aµµhuppatti½ katv±–
“¾s²setheva puriso, na nibbindeyya paº¹ito;
pass±mi voha½ att±na½, yath± icchi½ tath± ahu.
“¾s²setheva puriso, na nibbindeyya paº¹ito;
pass±mi voha½ att±na½, udak± thalamubbhata½.
“V±yametheva puriso, na nibbindeyya paº¹ito;
pass±mi voha½ att±na½, yath± icchi½ tath± ahu.
“V±yametheva puriso, na nibbindeyya paº¹ito;
pass±mi voha½ att±na½, udak± thalamubbhata½.
“Dukkh³pan²topi naro sapañño,
±sa½ na chindeyya sukh±gam±ya;
bah³ hi phass± ahit± hit± ca,
avitakkit± maccamupabbajanti.
“Acintitampi bhavati, cintitampi vinassati;
na hi cint±may± bhog±, itthiy± purisassa v±.
“Sarabha½ giriduggasmi½, ya½ tva½ anusar² pure;
al²nacittassa tuva½, vikkantamanuj²vasi.
“Yo ta½ vidugg± narak± samuddhari,
sil±ya yogga½ sarabho karitv±;
dukkh³pan²ta½ maccumukh± pamocayi,
al²nacitta½ ta miga½ vadesi.
“Ki½ tva½ nu tattheva tad± ahosi,
ud±hu te koci na½ etadakkh±;
vivaµµacchaddo nusi sabbadass²,
ñ±ºa½ nu te br±hmaºa bhi½sar³pa½.
“Na cevaha½ tattha tad± ahosi½,
na c±pi me koci na½ etadakkh±;
g±th±pad±nañca subh±sit±na½,
attha½ tad±nenti janinda dh²r±”ti. (J±. 1.13.134-143)–

Ima½ terasanip±te sarabhaj±takañca kathesi. Im±ni pana pañcapi j±tak±ni at²tepi sa½khittena bh±sitassa vitth±rena attha½ mayha½ putto j±n±t²ti satth±r± dhammasen±patis±riputtattherassa paññ±nubh±vappak±sanatthameva kathit±n²ti eva½ ±gamanatopi thero mah±paññat±ya etadaggaµµh±na½ labhi.

Katha½ ciººavasitoti? Ciººa½ kireta½ therassa catuparisamajjhe dhamma½ kathento catt±ri sacc±ni amuñcitv± kathet²ti eva½ ciººavasitopi thero mah±paññat±ya etadaggaµµh±na½ labhi.
Katha½ guº±tirekatoti? Ýhapetv± hi dasabala½ añño koci ekas±vakopi mah±paññat±ya dhammasen±patin± sadiso n±ma natth²ti eva½ guº±tirekatopi thero mah±paññat±ya etadaggaµµh±na½ labhi.
Yath± ca s±riputtatthero, eva½ mah±moggall±nattheropi sabbeheva cat³hipi imehi k±raºehi etadaggaµµh±na½ labhi. Katha½? Thero hi mahiddhiko mah±nubh±vo nandopanandasadisampi n±gar±j±na½ dames²ti eva½ t±va aµµhuppattito labhi. Na panesa id±neva mahiddhiko mah±nubh±vo, at²te pañca j±tisat±ni isipabbajja½ pabbajitopi mahiddhiko mah±nubh±vo ahos²ti.
“Yo pabbaj² j±tisat±ni pañca,
pah±ya k±m±ni manoram±ni;
ta½ v²tar±ga½ susam±hitindriya½,
parinibbuta½ vandatha moggall±nan”ti.–

Eva½ ±gamanatopi labhi. Ciººa½ ceta½ therassa niraya½ gantv± attano iddhibalena nirayasatt±na½ ass±sajananattha½ s²ta½ adhiµµh±ya cakkamatta½ paduma½ m±petv± padumakaººik±ya½ nis²ditv± dhammakatha½ katheti, devaloka½ gantv± devasaªgha½ kammagati½ j±n±petv± saccakatha½ kathet²ti eva½ ciººavasito labhi. Ýhapetv± ca samm±sambuddha½ añño s±vako mah±moggall±no viya mahiddhiko mah±nubh±vo natth²ti eva½ guº±tirekato labhi.

Yath± cesa, eva½ mah±kassapattheropi sabbehevimehi k±raºehi etadaggaµµh±na½ labhi. Katha½? Samm±sambuddho hi therassa tig±vuta½ magga½ paccuggamana½ katv± t²hi ov±dehi upasamp±detv± c²vara½ parivattetv± ad±si. Tasmi½ samaye mah±pathav² udakapariyanta½ katv± kampi, mah±janassa abbhantare therassa kittisaddo ajjhottharitv± gato. Eva½ aµµhuppattito labhi. Na cesa id±neva dhutadharo, at²te pañca j±tisat±ni isipabbajja½ pabbajitopi dhutadharova ahosi.
“Yo pabbaj² j±tisat±ni pañca,
pah±ya k±m±ni manoram±ni;
ta½ v²tar±ga½ susam±hitindriya½,
parinibbuta½ vandatha mah±kassapan”ti.–

Eva½ ±gamanatopi labhi. Ciººa½ ceta½ therassa catuparisamajjhagato dhamma½ kathento dasa kath±vatth³ni avijahitv±va kathet²ti eva½ ciººavasito labhi. Ýhapetv± ca samm±sambuddha½ añño s±vako terasahi dhutaguºehi mah±kassapasadiso natth²ti eva½ guº±tirekato labhi Imin±va niy±mena tesa½ tesa½ ther±na½ yath±l±bhato guºe kittetu½ vaµµati.

Guºavaseneva hi samm±sambuddho yath± n±ma r±j± cakkavatt² cakkaratan±nubh±vena cakkav±¼agabbhe rajjasiri½ patv± “pattabba½ me patta½, ki½ me id±ni mah±janena olokiten±”ti na appossukko hutv± rajjasiri½yeva anubhoti, k±lena pana k±la½ vinicchayaµµh±ne nis²ditv± niggahetabbe niggaºh±ti, paggahetabbe paggaºh±ti, µh±nantaresu ca µhapetabbayuttake µh±nantaresu µhapeti, evameva½ mah±bodhimaº¹e adhigatassa sabbaññutaññ±ºassa ±nubh±vena anuppattadhammarajjo dhammar±j±pi “ki½ me id±ni lokena olokitena, anuttara½ phalasam±pattisukha½ anubhaviss±m²”ti appossukkata½ an±pajjitv± catuparisamajjhe paññattavarabuddh±sane nisinno aµµhaªgasamann±gata½ brahmassara½ nicch±retv± dhamma½ desayam±no niggahetabbayutte kaºhadhamme puggale sinerup±de pakkhipanto viya ap±yabhayasantajjanena niggahetv± paggahetabbayutte kaly±ºadhamme puggale ukkhipitv± bhavagge nis²d±pento viya paggaºhitv± µh±nantaresu µhapetabbayuttake aññ±sikoº¹aññatther±dayo s±vake y±th±vasarasaguºavaseneva µh±nantaresu µhapento etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ rattaññ³na½, yadida½ aññ±sikoº¹aññoti-±dim±ha.