Asah±yoti attabh±vena v± paµividdhadhammehi v± sadiso sah±yo n±ma assa natth²ti asah±yo. “Laddhasah±yo kho pana so bhagav± sekh±nańceva paµipad±nan”ti imin± pana pariy±yena sekh±sekh± buddh±na½ sah±y± n±ma honti. Appaµimoti paµim± vuccati attabh±vo, tassa attabh±vasadis± ańń± paµim± natth²ti appaµimo. Y±pi ca manuss± suvaŗŗarajat±dimay± paµim± karonti, t±su v±laggamattampi ok±sa½ tath±gatassa attabh±vasadisa½ k±tu½ samattho n±ma natth²ti sabbath±pi appaµimo.
Appaµisamoti attabh±venevassa paµisamo n±ma koci natth²ti appaµisamo. Appaµibh±goti ye tath±gatena “catt±ro satipaµµh±n±”ti-±din± nayena dhamm± desit±, tesu “na catt±ro satipaµµh±n±, tayo v± pańca v±”ti-±din± nayena paµibh±ga½ k±tu½ samattho n±ma natth²ti appaµibh±go. Appaµipuggaloti ańńo koci “aha½ buddho”ti eva½ paµińńa½ k±tu½ samattho puggalo natth²ti appaµipuggalo. Asamoti appaµipuggalatt±va sabbasattehi asamo. Asamasamoti asam± vuccanti at²t±n±gat± sabbańńubuddh±, tehi asamehi samoti asamasamo.
Dvipad±na½ aggoti samm±sambuddho apad±na½ dvipad±na½ catuppad±na½ bahuppad±na½ r³p²na½ ar³p²na½ sańń²na½ asańń²na½ nevasańń²n±sańń²na½ satt±na½ aggova. Kasm± idha dvipad±na½ aggoti vutto? Seµµhataravasena. Imasmińhi loke seµµho n±ma uppajjam±no apadacatuppadabahuppadesu na uppajjati, dvipadesuyeva uppajjati. Kataradvipadves³ti? Manussesu ceva devesu ca. Manussesu uppajjam±no tisahassimah±sahassilokadh±tu½ vase vattetu½ samattho buddho hutv± uppajjati. Devesu uppajjam±no dasasahassilokadh±tu½ vasavatt² mah±brahm± hutv± uppajjati. So tassa kappiyak±rako v± ±r±miko v± sampajjati. Iti tatopi seµµhataravasenesa dvipad±na½ aggoti vutto.
175-186. Chaµµh±d²su ekapuggalassa, bhikkhave, p±tubh±v± mahato cakkhussa p±tubh±vo hot²ti, bhikkhave, ekapuggalassa tath±gatassa arahato samm±sambuddhassa p±tubh±vena mahantassa cakkhussa p±tubh±vo hoti. Tasmi½ puggale p±tubh³te ta½ p±tubh³tameva hoti, na vin± tassa p±tubh±vena p±tubhavati. P±tubh±voti uppatti nipphatti. Katamassa cakkhuss±ti? Pańń±cakkhussa. K²var³pass±ti? S±riputtattherassa vipassan±pańń±sadisassa mah±moggall±nattherassa sam±dhipańń±sadisass±ti. ¾lok±d²supi eseva nayo. Ubhinna½ aggas±vak±na½ pańń±-±lokasadisoyeva hi ettha ±loko, pańń±-obh±sasadisoyeva obh±so adhippeto. “Mahato cakkhussa, mahato ±lokassa, mahato obh±sass±”ti im±ni ca pana t²ŗipi lokiyalokuttaramissak±ni kathit±n²ti veditabb±ni.
Channa½ anuttariy±nanti uttaritaravirahit±na½ channa½ uttamadhamm±na½. Tattha dassan±nuttariya½, savan±nuttariya½, l±bh±nuttariya½, sikkh±nuttariya½, p±ricariy±nuttariya½, anussat±nuttariyanti im±ni cha anuttariy±ni. Imesa½ p±tubh±vo hot²ti attho. ¾yasm± hi ±nandatthero s±ya½p±ta½ tath±gata½ cakkhuvińń±ŗena daµµhu½ labhati, ida½ dassan±nuttariya½. Ańńopi sot±panno v± sakad±g±m² v± an±g±m² v± ±nandatthero viya tath±gata½ dassan±ya labhati, idampi dassan±nuttariya½ Aparo pana puthujjanakaly±ŗako ±nandatthero viya dasabala½ dassan±ya labhitv± ta½ dassana½ va¹¹hetv± sot±pattimagga½ p±peti. Ida½ dassanameva n±ma, m³ladassana½ pana dassan±nuttariya½ n±ma.
¾nandattheroyeva ca abhikkhaŗa½ dasabalassa vacana½ sotavińń±ŗena sotu½ labhati, ida½ savan±nuttariya½. Ańńepi sot±pann±dayo ±nandatthero viya tath±gatassa vacana½ savan±ya labhanti, idampi savan±nuttariya½. Aparo pana puthujjanakaly±ŗako ±nandatthero viya tath±gatassa vacana½ sotu½ labhitv± ta½ savana½ va¹¹hetv± sot±pattimagga½ p±peti. Ida½ savanameva n±ma, m³lasavana½ pana savan±nuttariya½ n±ma.
¾nandattheroyeva ca dasabale saddha½ paµilabhati, ida½ l±bh±nuttariya½. Ańńepi sot±pann±dayo ±nandatthero viya dasabale saddh±paµil±bha½ labhanti, idampi l±bh±nuttariya½. Aparo pana puthujjanakaly±ŗako ±nandatthero viya dasabale saddh±paµil±bha½ labhitv± ta½ l±bha½ va¹¹hetv± sot±pattimagga½ p±peti, aya½ l±bhoyeva n±ma, m³lal±bho pana l±bh±nuttariya½ n±ma.
¾nandattheroyeva ca dasabalassa s±sane tisso sikkh± sikkhati, ida½ sikkh±nuttariya½. Ańńepi sot±pann±dayo ±nandatthero viya dasabalassa s±sane tisso sikkh± sikkhanti, idampi sikkh±nuttariya½. Aparo pana puthujjanakaly±ŗako ±nandatthero viya dasabalassa s±sane tisso sikkh± sikkhitv± t± sikkh± va¹¹hetv± sot±pattimagga½ p±peti. Aya½ sikkh±yeva n±ma, m³lasikkh± pana sikkh±nuttariya½ n±ma.
¾nandattheroyeva ca abhiŗha½ dasabala½ paricarati, ida½ p±ricariy±nuttariya½. Ańńepi sot±pann±dayo ±nandatthero viya abhiŗha½ dasabala½ paricaranti, idampi p±ricariy±nuttariya½. Aparo pana puthujjanakaly±ŗako ±nandatthero viya dasabala½ paricaritv± ta½ p±ricariya½ va¹¹hetv± sot±pattimagga½ p±peti, aya½ p±ricariy±yeva n±ma, m³lap±ricariy± pana p±ricariy±nuttariya½ n±ma.
¾nandattheroyeva ca dasabalassa lokiyalokuttare guŗe anussarati, ida½ anussat±nuttariya½. Ańńepi sot±pann±dayo ±nandatthero viya dasabalassa lokiyalokuttare guŗe anussaranti, idampi anussat±nuttariya½. Aparo pana puthujjanakaly±ŗako ±nandatthero viya dasabalassa lokiyalokuttare guŗe anussaritv± ta½ anussati½ va¹¹hetv± sot±pattimagga½ p±peti, aya½ anussatiyeva n±ma, m³l±nussati pana anussat±nuttariya½ n±ma. Im±ni cha anuttariy±ni, imesa½ p±tubh±vo hoti. Im±ni ca pana cha anuttariy±ni lokiyalokuttaramissak±ni kathit±n²ti veditabb±ni.
Catunna½ paµisambhid±na½ sacchikiriy± hot²ti catasso hi paµisambhid±yo atthapaµisambhid±, dhammapaµisambhid±, niruttipaµisambhid±, paµibh±napaµisambhid±ti. Tattha atthesu ń±ŗa½ atthapaµisambhid±, dhammesu ń±ŗa½ dhammapaµisambhid±, atthadhammanirutt±bhil±pe ń±ŗa½ niruttipaµisambhid± ń±ŗesu ń±ŗa½ paµibh±napaµisambhid±. Ayamettha saŖkhepo, vitth±ro panet±sa½ abhidhamme (vibha. 718 ±dayo) ±gatoyeva. Im±sa½ catassanna½ paµisambhid±na½ buddhupp±de paccakkhakiriy± hoti, na vin± buddhupp±d±. Et±sa½ sacchikiriy±ti attho. Im±pi lokiyalokuttar±va kathit±ti veditabb±.
Anekadh±tupaµivedhoti “cakkhudh±tu r³padh±t³”ti-±d²na½ aµµh±rasanna½ dh±t³na½ buddhupp±deyeva paµivedho hoti, na vin± buddhupp±den±ti attho. N±n±dh±tupaµivedhoti ettha im±va aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo n±n±sabh±vato n±n±dh±tuyoti veditabb±. Yo panet±sa½ “n±n±sabh±v± et±”ti eva½ n±n±karaŗato paµivedho, aya½ n±n±dh±tupaµivedho n±ma. Vijj±vimuttiphalasacchikiriy±ti ettha vijj±ti phale ń±ŗa½, vimutt²ti tadavases± phalasampayutt± dhamm±. Sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ti sototi paµhamamaggo, tena sotena pattabba½ phalanti sot±pattiphala½. Sakad±g±miphal±d²ni p±kaµ±neva.
187. Anuttaranti niruttara½. Dhammacakkanti seµµhacakka½. Cakkasaddo hesa–
“Catubbhi aµµhajjhagam±, aµµh±hipi ca so¼asa;
so¼as±hi ca b±tti½sa, atriccha½ cakkam±sado;
icch±hatassa posassa, cakka½ bhamati matthake”ti. (J±. 1.1.104; 1.5.103)–

Ettha uracakke ±gato. “Cakkasam±ru¼h± j±napad± pariy±yant²”ti (a. ni. 3.63; 5.54) ettha iriy±pathacakke. “Atha kho so, bhikkhave, rathak±ro ya½ ta½ cakka½ chahi m±sehi niµµhita½, ta½ pavattes²”ti (a. ni. 3.15) ettha d±rucakke. “Addas± kho doŗo br±hmaŗo bhagavato p±desu cakk±ni sahass±r±n²”ti (a. ni. 4.36) ettha lakkhaŗacakke. “Catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, cakk±ni, yehi samann±gat±na½ devamanuss±na½ catucakka½ vattat²”ti (a. ni. 4.31) ettha sampatticakke. “Dibba½ cakkaratana½ p±tubhavat²”ti (d². ni. 2.243; ma. ni. 3.256) ettha ratanacakke. Idha pana dhammacakke ±gato.

Pavattitanti ettha dhammacakka½ abhin²harati n±ma, abhin²haµa½ n±ma, upp±deti n±ma, upp±dita½ n±ma, pavatteti n±ma, pavattita½ n±m±ti aya½ pabhedo veditabbo. Kuto paµµh±ya dhammacakka½ abhin²harati n±m±ti? Yad± sumedhabr±hmaŗo hutv± k±mesu ±d²nava½ nekkhamme ca ±nisa½sa½ disv± sattasatakamah±d±na½ datv± isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± pańca abhińń± aµµha sam±pattiyo nibbatteti, tato paµµh±ya dhammacakka½ abhin²harati n±ma.
Kuto paµµh±ya abhin²haµa½ n±m±ti? Yad± aµµha dhamme samodh±netv± d²paŖkarap±dam³le mah±bodhimaŗ¹atth±ya m±nasa½ bandhitv± “by±karaŗa½ aladdh± na vuµµhahiss±m²”ti v²riy±dhiµµh±na½ adhiµµh±ya nipanno dasabalassa santik± by±karaŗa½ labhi, tato paµµh±ya dhammacakka½ abhin²haµa½ n±ma.
Kuto paµµh±ya upp±deti n±m±ti? Tato paµµh±ya d±nap±rami½ p³rentopi dhammacakka½ upp±deti n±ma. S²lap±rami½ p³rentopi…pe… upekkh±p±rami½ p³rentopi dhammacakka½ upp±deti n±ma. Dasa p±ramiyo dasa upap±ramiyo dasa paramatthap±ramiyo p³rentopi, pańca mah±paricc±ge pariccajantopi, ń±tatthacariya½ p³rentopi dhammacakka½ upp±deti n±ma. Vessantarattabh±ve µhatv± sattasatakamah±d±na½ datv± puttad±ra½ d±namukhe niyy±tetv± p±ramik³µa½ gahetv± tusitapure nibbattitv± tattha y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± devat±hi ±y±cito paµińńa½ datv± pańcamah±vilokana½ vilokentopi dhammacakka½ upp±detiyeva n±ma. M±tukucchiya½ paµisandhi½ gaŗhantopi, paµisandhikkhaŗe dasasahassacakkav±¼a½ kampentopi, m±tukucchito nikkhantadivase tatheva loka½ kampentopi, sampatij±to satta pad±ni gantv± “aggomahasm²”ti s²han±da½ nadantopi, ek³nati½sa sa½vacchar±ni ag±ramajjhe vasantopi, mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamantopi, anom±nad²t²re pabbajantopi, mah±padh±ne chabbass±ni v²riya½ karontopi, suj±t±ya dinna½ madhup±y±sa½ bhuńjitv± suvaŗŗap±ti½ nadiy± pav±hetv± s±yanhasamaye bodhimaŗ¹avaragato puratthima½ lokadh±tu½ olokento nis²ditv± s³riye dharam±neyeva m±rabala½ vidhametv± paµhamay±me pubbeniv±sa½ anussarantopi, majjhimay±me dibbacakkhu½ visodhentopi, pacc³sak±lasamanantare paccay±k±ra½ sammasitv± sot±pattimagga½ paµivijjhantopi, sot±pattiphala½ sacchikarontopi, sakad±g±mimagga½ sakad±g±miphala½ an±g±mimagga½ an±g±miphala½ sacchikarontopi, arahattamagga½ paµivijjhantopi dhammacakka½ upp±detiyeva n±ma.
Arahattaphalakkhaŗe pana tena dhammacakka½ upp±dita½ n±ma. Buddh±nańhi sakalalokiyalokuttaraguŗar±si arahattaphaleneva saddhi½ ijjhati. Tasm± tena tasmi½ khaŗe dhammacakka½ upp±dita½ n±ma hoti.
Kad± pavatteti n±ma? Bodhimaŗ¹e sattasatt±ha½ v²tin±metv± isipatane migad±ye ańń±koŗ¹ańńatthera½ k±yasakkhi½ katv± dhammacakkappavattanasuttanta½ desento dhammacakka½ pavatteti n±ma.
Yad± pana ańń±koŗ¹ańńattherena dasabalassa desan±ń±ŗ±nubh±vanibbatta½ savana½ labhitv± sabbapaµhama½ dhammo adhigato, tato paµµh±ya dhammacakka½ pavattita½ n±ma hot²ti veditabba½. Dhammacakkanti ceta½ desan±ń±ŗassapi n±ma½ paµivedhań±ŗassapi. Tesu desan±ń±ŗa½ lokiya½, paµivedhań±ŗa½ lokuttara½. Kassa desan±paµivedhań±ŗanti? Na ańńassa kassaci, samm±sambuddhasseva desan±ń±ŗańca paµivedhań±ŗańc±ti veditabba½.
Sammadev±ti hetun± nayena k±raŗeneva. Anuppavattet²ti yath± purato gacchantassa pacchato gacchanto ta½ anugacchati n±ma, eva½ paµhamatara½ satth±r± pavattita½ thero anuppavatteti n±ma. Katha½? Satth± hi “catt±rome, bhikkhave, satipaµµh±n±. Katame catt±ro”ti kathento dhammacakka½ pavatteti n±ma, dhammasen±pati s±riputtattheropi “catt±rome, ±vuso, satipaµµh±n±”ti kathento dhammacakka½ anuppavatteti n±ma. Sammappadh±n±d²supi eseva nayo. Na kevalańca bodhipakkhiyadhammesu, “catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, ariyasacc±ni. Catt±rome, bhikkhave, ariyava½s±”ti-±d²supi aya½ nayo netabbova. Eva½ samm±sambuddho dhammacakka½ pavatteti n±ma, thero dasabalena pavattita½ dhammacakka½ anuppavatteti n±ma.
Eva½ dhammacakka½ anuppavattentena pana therena dhammo desitopi pak±sitopi satth±r±va desito pak±sito hoti. Yo hi koci bhikkhu v± bhikkhun² v± up±sako v± up±sik± v± devo v± sakko v± m±ro v± brahm± v± dhamma½ desetu pak±setu, sabbo so satth±r± desito pak±sitova n±ma hoti, sesajano pana lekhah±rakapakkhe µhitova n±ma hoti. Katha½? Yath± hi rańń± dinna½ paŗŗa½ v±cetv± ya½ ya½ kamma½ karonti, ta½ ta½ kamma½ yena kenaci katampi k±ritampi rańń± k±ritanteva vuccati. Mah±r±j± viya hi samm±sambuddho. R±japaŗŗa½ viya tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½. Paŗŗad±na½ viya tepiµake nayamukhad±na½ paŗŗa½ v±cetv± ta½ta½kamm±na½ karaŗa½ viya catunna½ paris±na½ attano balena buddhavacana½ uggaŗhitv± paresa½ desan± pak±san±. Tattha yath± paŗŗa½ v±cetv± yena kenaci katampi k±ritampi ta½ kamma½ rańń± k±ritameva hoti, evameva yena kenaci desitopi pak±sitopi dhammo satth±r± desito pak±sitova n±ma hot²ti veditabbo. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±natthamev±ti.

Ekapuggalavaggavaŗŗan±.