Katha½ tathadhamme y±th±vato abhisambuddhoti tath±gato? Tathadhamm± n±ma catt±ri ariyasacc±ni. Yath±ha– “catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, tath±ni avitath±ni anaññath±ni. Katam±ni catt±ri? ‘Ida½ dukkhan’ti, bhikkhave, tathameta½ avitathameta½ anaññathametan”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1090) vitth±ro. T±ni ca bhagav± abhisambuddho, tasm± tath±na½ abhisambuddhatt± tath±gatoti vuccati. Abhisambodhattho hi ettha gatasaddo.
Apica jar±maraºassa j±tipaccayasambh³tasamud±gataµµho tatho avitatho anaññatho…pe… saªkh±r±na½ avijj±paccayasambh³tasamud±gataµµho tatho avitatho anaññatho. Tath± avijj±ya saªkh±r±na½ paccayaµµho, saªkh±r±na½ viññ±ºassa paccayaµµho…pe… j±tiy± jar±maraºassa paccayaµµho tatho avitatho anaññatho. Ta½ sabba½ bhagav± abhisambuddho. Tasm±pi tath±na½ dhamm±na½ abhisambuddhatt± tath±gatoti vuccati. Eva½ tathadhamme y±th±vato abhisambuddhoti tath±gato.
Katha½ tathadassit±ya tath±gato? Bhagav± ya½ sadevake loke…pe… sadevamanuss±ya aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ cakkhudv±re ±p±tha½ ±gacchanta½ r³p±rammaºa½ n±ma atthi, ta½ sabb±k±rato j±n±ti passati. Eva½ j±nat± passat± ca tena ta½ iµµh±niµµh±divasena v± diµµhasutamutaviññ±tesu labbham±nakapadavasena v± “katama½ ta½ r³pa½ r³p±yatana½? Ya½ r³pa½ catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya vaººanibh± sanidassana½ sappaµigha½ n²la½ p²takan”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 616) nayena anekehi n±mehi terasahi v±rehi dvepaññ±s±ya nayehi vibhajjam±na½ tathameva hoti, vitatha½ natthi. Esa nayo sotadv±r±d²supi ±p±tham±gacchantesu sadd±d²su. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– “ya½, bhikkhave, sadevakassa lokassa…pe… sadevamanuss±ya diµµha½ suta½ muta½ viññ±ta½ patta½ pariyesita½ anuvicarita½ manas±, tamaha½ j±n±mi, tamaha½ abbhaññ±si½, ta½ tath±gatassa vidita½, ta½ tath±gato na upaµµh±s²”ti (a. ni. 4.24). Eva½ tathadassit±ya tath±gato. Tattha tathadass²-atthe tath±gatoti padasambhavo veditabbo.
Katha½ tathav±dit±ya tath±gato? Ya½ ratti½ bhagav± bodhimaº¹e apar±jitapallaªke nisinno tiººa½ m±r±na½ matthaka½ madditv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho, yañca ratti½ yamakas±l±na½ antare anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi, etthantare pañcacatt±l²savassaparim±ºe k±le paµhamabodhiy±pi majjhimabodhiy±pi pacchimabodhiy±pi ya½ bhagavat± bh±sita½ sutta½ geyya½…pe… vedalla½, sabba½ ta½ atthato ca byañjanato ca anupavajja½ an³na½ anadhika½ sabb±k±raparipuººa½ r±gamadanimmadana½ dosamohamadanimmadana½, natthi tattha v±laggamattampi avakkhalita½, sabba½ ta½ ekamuddik±ya lañchita½ viya ekan±¼ik±ya mita½ viya ekatul±ya tulita½ viya ca tathameva hoti avitatha½. Ten±ha– “yañca, cunda, ratti½ tath±gato anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjhati, yañca ratti½ anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yati, ya½ etasmi½ antare bh±sati lapati niddisati, sabba½ ta½ tatheva hoti no aññath±. Tasm± tath±gatoti vuccat²”ti (d². ni. 3.188). Gadattho hi ettha gatasaddo. Eva½ tathav±dit±ya tath±gato.
Apica ±gadana½ ±gado, vacananti attho. Tatho avipar²to ±gado ass±ti dak±rassa tak±ra½ katv± tath±gatoti evampetasmi½ atthe padasiddhi veditabb±.
Katha½ tath±k±rit±ya tath±gato? Bhagavato hi v±c±ya k±yo anulometi k±yassapi v±c±, tasm± yath±v±d² tath±k±r² yath±k±r² tath±v±d² ca hoti. Eva½ bh³tassa cassa yath± v±c±, k±yopi tath± gato, pavattoti attho. Yath± ca k±yo, v±c±pi tath± gat±ti tath±gato. Tenev±ha– “yath±v±d², bhikkhave, tath±gato tath±k±r², yath±k±r² tath±v±d². Iti yath±v±d² tath±k±r², yath±k±r² tath±v±d². Tasm± ‘tath±gato’ti vuccat²”ti (a. ni. 4.23). Eva½ tath±k±rit±ya tath±gato.
Katha½ abhibhavanaµµhena tath±gato? Upari bhavagga½ heµµh± av²ci½ pariyanta½ katv± tiriya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su sabbasatte abhibhavati s²lenapi sam±dhin±pi paññ±yapi vimuttiy±pi, na tassa tul± v± pam±ºa½ v± atthi, atulo appameyyo anuttaro r±jar±jo devadevo sakk±namatisakko brahm±namatibrahm±. Ten±ha– “sadevake loke, bhikkhave…pe… sadevamanuss±ya tath±gato abhibh³ anabhibh³to aññadatthu daso vasavatt². Tasm± ‘tath±gato’ti vuccat²”ti (a. ni. 4.23).
Tatreva½ padasiddhi veditabb±– agado viya agado. Ko panesa? Desan±vil±so ceva puññussayo ca. Tena hesa mah±nubh±vo bhisakko dibb±gadena sappe viya sabbaparappav±dino sadevakañca loka½ abhibhavati. Iti sabbalok±bhibhavane tatho avipar²to desan±vil±so ceva puññussayo ca agado ass±ti dak±rassa tak±ra½ katv± tath±gatoti veditabbo. Eva½ abhibhavanaµµhena tath±gato.
Apica tath±ya gatotipi tath±gato, tatha½ gatotipi tath±gato, gatoti avagato at²to patto paµipannoti attho. Tattha sakalaloka½ t²raºapariññ±ya tath±ya gato avagatoti tath±gato. Lokasamudaya½ pah±napariññ±ya tath±ya gato at²toti tath±gato, lokanirodha½ sacchikiriy±ya tath±ya gato pattoti tath±gato, lokanirodhag±mini½ paµipada½ tath±ya gato paµipannoti tath±gato. Tena ya½ vutta½ bhagavat±–
“Loko, bhikkhave, tath±gatena abhisambuddho, lokasm± tath±gato visa½yutto. Lokasamudayo, bhikkhave, tath±gatena abhisambuddho, lokasamudayo tath±gatassa pah²no. Lokanirodho, bhikkhave, tath±gatena abhisambuddho, lokanirodho tath±gatassa sacchikato. Lokanirodhag±min² paµipad±, bhikkhave, tath±gatena abhisambuddh±, lokanirodhag±min² paµipad± tath±gatassa bh±vit±. Ya½, bhikkhave, sadevakassa lokassa…pe… sabba½ ta½ tath±gatena abhisambuddha½. Tasm± ‘tath±gato’ti vuccat²”ti (a. ni. 4.23).
Tassapi eva½ attho veditabbo. Idampi ca tath±gatassa tath±gatabh±vad²pane mukhamattameva. Sabb±k±rena pana tath±gatova tath±gatassa tath±gatabh±va½ vaººeyya.
Araha½ samm±sambuddhoti padadvaye pana ±rakatt±, ar²na½ ar±nañca hatatt±, paccay±d²na½ arahatt±, p±pakaraºe rah±bh±v±ti imehi t±va k±raºehi arahanti veditabbo. Samm± s±mañca sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt± pana samm±sambuddhoti ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±rato paneta½ padadvaya½ visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.123 ±dayo) buddh±nussativaººan±ya½ pak±sitanti.
171. Dutiye p±tubh±voti uppatti nipphatti. Dullabho lokasminti imasmi½ sattaloke dullabho sudullabho paramadullabho. Kasm± dullabhoti? Ekav±ra½ d±nap±rami½ p³retv± buddhena bhavitu½ na sakk±, dve v±re dasa v±re v²sati v±re paññ±sa v±re v±rasata½ v±rasahassa½ v±rasatasahassa½ v±rakoµisatasahassampi d±nap±rami½ p³retv± buddhena bhavitu½ na sakk±, tath± ekadivasa½ dve divase dasa divase v²sati divase paññ±sa divase divasasata½ divasasahassa½ divasasatasahassa½ divasakoµisatasahassa½ Ekam±sa½ dve m±se…pe… m±sakoµisatasahassa½. Ekasa½vacchara½ dve sa½vacchare…pe… sa½vaccharakoµisatasahassa½. Ekakappa½ dve kappe…pe… kappakoµisatasahassa½. Kapp±na½ eka½ asaªkhyeyya½ dve asaªkhyeyy±ni t²ºi asaªkhyeyy±ni d±nap±rami½ p³retv± buddhena bhavitu½ na sakk±. S²lap±ram²nekkhammap±ram²…pe… upekkh±p±ram²supi eseva nayo. Pacchimakoµiy± pana kappasatasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni dasa p±ramiyo p³retv± buddhena bhavitu½ sakk±ti imin± k±raºena dullabho.
172. Tatiye acchariyamanussoti acchariyo manusso. Acchariyoti andhassa pabbat±rohaºa½ viya nicca½ na hot²ti attho. Aya½ t±va saddanayo. Aya½ pana aµµhakath±nayo– acchar±yoggoti acchariyo, acchara½ paharitv± passitabboti attho. Apica “tath±gatassa, bhikkhave, arahato samm±sambuddhassa p±tubh±v± catt±ro acchariy± abbhut± dhamm± p±tubhavant²”ti (a. ni. 4.127) evam±d²hi anekehi acchariyabbhutadhammehi samann±gatatt±pi acchariyamanusso. ¾ciººamanussotipi acchariyamanusso.
Abhin²h±rassa hi samp±dake aµµha dhamme samodh±netv± ekabuddhassa sammukhe mah±bodhimaº¹e m±nasa½ bandhitv± nisajjana½ n±ma na aññassa kassaci ±ciººa½, sabbaññubodhisattasseva ±ciººa½. Tath± buddh±na½ santike by±karaºa½ labhitv± anivattakena hutv± v²riy±dhiµµh±na½ adhiµµh±ya buddhak±rakadhamm±na½ p³raºampi na aññassa kassaci ±ciººa½, sabbaññubodhisattasseva ±ciººa½. Tath± p±ramiyo gabbha½ gaºh±petv± vessantarattabh±vasadise attabh±ve µhatv± sabb±laªk±rapaµimaº¹it±na½ hatth²na½ sattasat±ni ass±na½ sattasat±n²ti eva½ sattasatakamah±d±na½ datv± j±likum±rasadisa½ putta½, kaºh±jin±sadisa½ dh²tara½, madd²devisadisa½ bhariyañca d±namukhe niyy±tetv± y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± dutiye attabh±ve tusitabhavane paµisandhiggahaºampi na aññassa kassaci ±ciººa½, sabbaññubodhisattasseva ±ciººa½. Tusitapure y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± devat±na½ ±y±cana½ sampaµicchitv± pañcamah±vilokana½ viloketv± satassa sampaj±nassa tusitapur± cavitv± mah±bhogakule paµisandhiggahaºampi na aññassa kassaci ±ciººa½, sabbaññubodhisattasseva ±ciººa½. Tath± paµisandhiggahaºadivase dasasahassilokadh±tukampanampi, satassa sampaj±nassa m±tukucchiya½ niv±sopi, satassa sampaj±nassa m±tukucchito nikkhamanadivase dasasahassilokadh±tukampanampi, sampatij±tassa sattapadav²tih±ragamanampi, dibbasetacchatta. dh±raºampi, dibbav±¼ab²janukkhepopi, sabbadis±su s²havilokana½ viloketv± attan± paµisama½ kañci satta½ adisv± “aggohamasmi lokass±”ti eva½ s²han±danadanampi, parip±kagate ñ±ºe mah±sampatti½ pah±ya mah±bhinikkhamanampi, mah±bodhimaº¹e pallaªkena nisinnassa m±ravijaya½ ±di½ katv± pubbeniv±s±nussatidibbacakkhuvisodhan±ni katv± pacc³sasamaye sabbaññutaññ±ºaguºar±sipaµividdhakkhaºe dasasahassilokadh±tukampanampi, paµhamadhammadesan±ya anuttara½ tiparivaµµa½ dhammacakkappavattanamp²ti evam±di sabba½ na aññassa kassaci ±ciººa½, sabbaññubuddhasseva ±ciººa½. Eva½ ±ciººamanussotipi acchariyamanusso.
173. Catutthe k±lakiriy±ti ekasmi½ k±le p±kaµ± kiriy±ti k±lakiriy±. Tath±gato hi pañcacatt±l²sa vass±ni µhatv± t²ºi piµak±ni pañca nik±ye navaªga½ satthus±sana½ catur±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±ni pak±setv± mah±jana½ nibb±naninna½ nibb±napoºa½ katv± yamakas±l±namantare nipanno bhikkhusaªgha½ ±mantetv± appam±dena ovaditv± sato sampaj±no anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi. Ayamassa kiriy± y±vajjatan± p±kaµ±ti ekasmi½ k±le p±kaµ± kiriy±ti k±lakiriy±. Anutapp± hot²ti anut±pakar± hoti. Tattha cakkavattirañño k±lakiriy± ekacakkav±¼e devamanuss±na½ anut±pakar± hoti. Buddh±na½ k±lakiriy± dasasahassacakkav±¼esu devamanuss±na½ anut±pakar± hoti. Tena vutta½– “bahuno janassa anutapp± hot²”ti.
174. Pañcame adutiyoti dutiyassa buddhassa abh±v± adutiyo. Catt±ro hi buddh± sutabuddho, catusaccabuddho, paccekabuddho, sabbaññubuddhoti. Tattha bahussuto bhikkhu sutabuddho n±ma Kh²º±savo catusaccabuddho n±ma Kappasatasahass±dhik±ni dve asaªkhyeyy±ni p±ramiyo p³retv± s±ma½ paµividdhapaccekabodhiñ±ºo paccekabuddho n±ma. Kappasatasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri v± aµµha v± so¼asa v± asaªkhyeyy±ni p±ramiyo p³retv± tiººa½ m±r±na½ matthaka½ madditv± paµividdhasabbaññutaññ±ºo sabbaññubuddho n±ma. Imesu cat³su buddhesu sabbaññubuddhova adutiyo n±ma. Na hi tena saddhi½ añño sabbaññubuddho n±ma uppajjati.