Devamanuss±nanti na kevala½ devamanuss±na½yeva, avases±na½ n±gasupaºº±d²nampi atth±ya hit±ya sukh±yeva uppanno. Sahetukapaµisandhike pana maggaphalasacchikiriy±ya bhabbe puggale dassetu½ eta½ vutta½. Tasm± etesampi atth±ya hit±ya sukh±yeva uppannoti veditabbo.
Katamo ekapuggaloti aya½ pucch±. Pucch± ca n±mes± pañcavidh± hoti– adiµµhajotan± pucch±, diµµhasa½sandan± pucch±, vimaticchedan± pucch±, anumatipucch±, kathetukamyat±pucch±ti.
T±sa½ ida½ n±natta½– katam± adiµµhajotan± pucch±? Pakatiy± lakkhaºa½ aññ±ta½ hoti adiµµha½ atulita½ at²rita½ avibh³ta½ abh±vita½. Tassa ñ±º±ya dassan±ya tulan±ya t²raº±ya vibh³tatth±ya vibh±vanatth±ya pañha½ pucchati, aya½ adiµµhajotan± pucch±.
Katam± diµµhasa½sandan± pucch±? Pakatiy± lakkhaºa½ ñ±ta½ hoti diµµha½ tulita½ t²rita½ vibh³ta½ vibh±vita½. So aññehi paº¹itehi saddhi½ sa½sandanatth±ya pañha½ pucchati, aya½ diµµhasa½sandan± pucch±.
Katam± vimaticchedan± pucch±? Pakatiy± sa½sayapakkhanto hoti vimatipakkhanto dve¼hakaj±to “eva½ nu kho, na nu kho, ki½ nu kho, katha½ nu kho”ti. So vimaticchedanatth±ya pañha½ pucchati, aya½ vimaticchedan± pucch±.
Katam± anumatipucch±? Bhagav± hi bhikkh³na½ anumatiy± pañha½ pucchati– “ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, r³pa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½, dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu kho ta½ samanupassitu½ eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”ti, aya½ anumatipucch±.
Katam± kathetukamyat±pucch±? Bhagav± bhikkh³na½ kathetukamyat±ya pañha½ pucchati– “catt±rome, bhikkhave, satipaµµh±n±. Katame catt±ro”ti? Aya½ kathetukamyat±pucch±ti.
Tattha buddh±na½ purim± tisso pucch± natthi. Kasm±? Buddh±na½ hi t²su addh±su kiñci saªkhata½ addh±vimutta½ v± asaªkhata½ adiµµha½ aj±nita½ atulita½ at²rita½ avibh³ta½ avibh±vita½ n±ma natthi, tasm± tesa½ adiµµhajotan±pucch± natthi. Ya½ pana bhagavat± attano ñ±ºena paµividdha½, tassa aññena samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± saddhi½ sa½sandanakicca½ natthi. Tenassa diµµhasa½sandan±pucch± natthi. Yasm± panesa akatha½kath² tiººavicikiccho sabbadhammesu vihatasa½sayo, tenassa vimaticchedan±pucch± natthi. Itar± pana dve pucch± bhagavato atthi, t±su aya½ kathetukamyat±pucch±ti veditabb±.
Id±ni t±ya pucch±ya puµµha½ ekapuggala½ vibh±vento tath±gato araha½ samm±sambuddhoti ±ha. Tattha tath±gatoti aµµhahi k±raºehi bhagav± tath±gato– tath± ±gatoti tath±gato, tath± gatoti tath±gato, tathalakkhaºa½ ±gatoti tath±gato, tathadhamme y±th±vato abhisambuddhoti tath±gato, tathadassit±ya tath±gato, tathav±dit±ya tath±gato, tath±k±rit±ya tath±gato, abhibhavanaµµhena tath±gatoti.
Katha½ bhagav± tath± ±gatoti tath±gato? Yath± sabbalokahit±ya ussukkam±pann± purimak± samm±sambuddh± ±gat±, yath± vipass² bhagav± ±gato, yath± sikh² bhagav±, yath± vessabh³ bhagav±, yath± kakusandho bhagav±, yath± koº±gamano bhagav±, yath± kassapo bhagav± ±gatoti. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Yena abhin²h±rena ete bhagavanto ±gat±, teneva amh±kampi bhagav± ±gato. Atha v± yath± vipass² bhagav±…pe… yath± kassapo bhagav± d±nap±rami½ p³retv±, s²lanekkhammapaññ±v²riyakhantisacc±dhiµµh±namett±-upekkh±p±rami½ p³retv± im± dasa p±ramiyo, dasa upap±ramiyo, dasa paramatthap±ramiyoti samati½sa p±ramiyo p³retv±, aªgaparicc±ga½ nayanadhanarajjaputtad±raparicc±ganti ime pañca mah±paricc±ge pariccajitv±, pubbayogapubbacariyadhammakkh±nañ±tatthacariy±dayo p³retv± buddhicariy±ya koµi½ patv± ±gato, tath± amh±kampi bhagav± ±gato. Yath± ca vipass² bhagav± pe… kassapo bhagav± catt±ro satipaµµh±ne catt±ro sammappadh±ne catt±ro iddhip±de pañcindriy±ni pañca bal±ni satta bojjhaªge ariya½ aµµhaªgika½ magga½ bh±vetv± br³hetv± ±gato, tath± amh±kampi bhagav± ±gatoti tath±gato.
“Yatheva lokamhi vipassi-±dayo,
sabbaññubh±va½ munayo idh±gat±;
tath± aya½ sakyamun²pi ±gato,
tath±gato vuccati tena cakkhum±”ti.
Eva½ tath± ±gatoti tath±gato.
Katha½ tath± gatoti tath±gato? Yath± sampatij±to vipass² bhagav± gato…pe… kassapo bhagav± gato. Kathañca so gatoti? So hi sampatij±tova samehi p±dehi pathaviya½ patiµµh±ya uttar±bhimukho sattapadav²tih±rena gato. Yath±ha– “sampatij±to, ±nanda, bodhisatto samehi p±dehi pathaviya½ patiµµhahitv± uttar±bhimukho sattapadav²tih±rena gacchati setamhi chatte anudh±riyam±ne, sabb± ca dis± anuviloketi, ±sabhiñca v±ca½ bh±sati ‘aggohamasmi lokassa, jeµµhohamasmi lokassa, seµµhohamasmi lokassa, ayamantim± j±ti, natthi d±ni punabbhavo”’ti (ma. ni. 3.207). Tañcassa gamana½ tatha½ ahosi avitatha½ anekesa½ vises±dhigam±na½ pubbanimittabh±vena. Yañhi so sampatij±tova samehi p±dehi patiµµhahi, idamassa caturiddhip±dapaµil±bhassa pubbanimitta½, uttar±bhimukhabh±vo pana sabbalokuttarabh±vassa pubbanimitta½, sattapadav²tih±ro sattabojjhaªgaratanapaµil±bhassa, “suvaººadaº¹± v²tipatanti c±mar±”ti (su. ni. 693) ettha vuttac±marukkhepo pana sabbatitthiyanimmathanassa pubbanimitta½, setacchattadh±raºa½ arahattaphalavimuttivaravimalasetacchattapaµil±bhassa pubbanimitta½, sabbadis±nuvilokana½ sabbaññut±n±varaºañ±ºapaµil±bhassa pubbanimitta½, ±sabhiv±c±bh±sana½ appaµivattiyavaradhammacakkappavattanassa pubbanimitta½. Tath± aya½ bhagav±pi gato. Tañcassa gamana½ katha½ ahosi avitatha½ tesa½yeva vises±dhigam±na½ pubbanimittabh±vena. Ten±hu por±º±–
“Muhuttaj±tova gavampat² yath±,
samehi p±dehi phus² vasundhara½;
so vikkam² satta pad±ni gotamo,
setañca chatta½ anudh±rayu½ mar³.
“Gantv±na so satta pad±ni gotamo,
dis± vilokesi sam± samantato;
aµµhaªgupeta½ giramabbhud²rayi,
s²ho yath± pabbatamuddhaniµµhito”ti.
Eva½ tath± gatoti tath±gato.
Atha v± yath± vipass² bhagav±…pe… yath± kassapo bhagav±, ayampi bhagav± tatheva nekkhammena k±macchanda½ pah±ya gato, aby±p±dena by±p±da½, ±lokasaññ±ya thinamiddha½, avikkhepena uddhaccakukkucca½, dhammavavatth±nena vicikiccha½ pah±ya gato, ñ±ºena avijja½ pad±letv± gato, p±mojjena arati½ vinodetv±, paµhamajjh±nena n²varaºakav±µa½ uggh±µetv±, dutiyajjh±nena vitakkavic±ra½ v³pasametv±, tatiyajjh±nena p²ti½ vir±jetv±, catutthajjh±nena sukhadukkha½ pah±ya, ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±pattiy± r³pasaññ±paµighasaññ±n±nattasaññ±yo samatikkamitv±, viññ±ºañc±yatanasam±pattiy± ±k±s±nañc±yatanasañña½, ±kiñcaññ±yatanasam±pattiy± viññ±ºañc±yatanasañña½, nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±pattiy± ±kiñcaññ±yatanasañña½ samatikkamitv± gato.
Anicc±nupassan±ya niccasañña½ pah±ya, dukkh±nupassan±ya sukhasañña½, anatt±nupassan±ya attasañña½, nibbid±nupassan±ya nandi½, vir±g±nupassan±ya r±ga½, nirodh±nupassan±ya samudaya½, paµinissagg±nupassan±ya ±d±na½, khay±nupassan±ya ghanasañña½, vay±nupassan±ya ±y³hana½, vipariº±m±nupassan±ya dhuvasañña½, animitt±nupassan±ya nimittasañña½, appaºihit±nupassan±ya paºidhi½, suññat±nupassan±ya abhinivesa½, adhipaññ±dhammavipassan±ya s±r±d±n±bhinivesa½, yath±bh³tañ±ºadassanena sammoh±bhinivesa½, ±d²nav±nupassan±ya ±lay±bhinivesa½, paµisaªkh±nupassan±ya appaµisaªkha½, vivaµµ±nupassan±ya sa½yog±bhinivesa½, sot±pattimaggena diµµhekaµµhe kilese bhañjitv±, sakad±g±mimaggena o¼±rike kilese pah±ya, an±g±mimaggena aºusahagate kilese samuggh±tetv±, arahattamaggena sabbakilese samucchinditv± gato. Evampi tath± gatoti tath±gato.
Katha½ tathalakkhaºa½ ±gatoti tath±gato? Pathav²dh±tuy± kakkha¼attalakkhaºa½ tatha½ avitatha½, ±podh±tuy± paggharaºalakkhaºa½, tejodh±tuy± uºhattalakkhaºa½, v±yodh±tuy± vitthambhanalakkhaºa½, ±k±sadh±tuy± asamphuµµhalakkhaºa½, viññ±ºadh±tuy± vij±nanalakkhaºa½.
R³passa ruppanalakkhaºa½, vedan±ya vedayitalakkhaºa½, saññ±ya sañj±nanalakkhaºa½, saªkh±r±na½ abhisaªkharaºalakkhaºa½, viññ±ºassa vij±nanalakkhaºa½.
Vitakkassa abhiniropanalakkhaºa½, vic±rassa anumajjanalakkhaºa½, p²tiy± pharaºalakkhaºa½, sukhassa s±talakkhaºa½, cittekaggat±ya avikkhepalakkhaºa½, phassassa phusanalakkhaºa½.
Saddhindriyassa adhimokkhalakkhaºa½, v²riyindriyassa paggahalakkhaºa½, satindriyassa upaµµh±nalakkhaºa½, sam±dhindriyassa avikkhepalakkhaºa½, paññindriyassa paj±nanalakkhaºa½.
Saddh±balassa assaddhiye akampiyalakkhaºa½, v²riyabalassa kosajje, satibalassa muµµhassacce, sam±dhibalassa uddhacce, paññ±balassa avijj±ya akampiyalakkhaºa½.
Satisambojjhaªgassa upaµµh±nalakkhaºa½, dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa pavicayalakkhaºa½, v²riyasambojjhaªgassa paggahalakkhaºa½, p²tisambojjhaªgassa pharaºalakkhaºa½, passaddhisambojjhaªgassa v³pasamalakkhaºa½ sam±dhisambojjhaªgassa avikkhepalakkhaºa½, upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa paµisaªkh±nalakkhaºa½.
Samm±diµµhiy± dassanalakkhaºa½, samm±saªkappassa abhiniropanalakkhaºa½, samm±v±c±ya pariggahalakkhaºa½, samm±kammantassa samuµµh±nalakkhaºa½, samm±-±j²vassa vod±nalakkhaºa½, samm±v±y±massa paggahalakkhaºa½, samm±satiy± upaµµh±nalakkhaºa½, samm±sam±dhissa avikkhepalakkhaºa½.
Avijj±ya aññ±ºalakkhaºa½, saªkh±r±na½ cetan±lakkhaºa½, viññ±ºassa vij±nanalakkhaºa½, n±massa namanalakkhaºa½, r³passa ruppanalakkhaºa½, sa¼±yatanassa ±yatanalakkhaºa½, phassassa phusanalakkhaºa½, vedan±ya vedayitalakkhaºa½, taºh±ya hetulakkhaºa½, up±d±nassa gahaºalakkhaºa½, bhavassa ±y³hanalakkhaºa½, j±tiy± nibbattilakkhaºa½, jar±ya j²raºalakkhaºa½, maraºassa cutilakkhaºa½.
Dh±t³na½ suññat±lakkhaºa½, ±yatan±na½ ±yatanalakkhaºa½, satipaµµh±n±na½ upaµµh±nalakkhaºa½, sammappadh±n±na½ padahanalakkhaºa½, iddhip±d±na½ ijjhanalakkhaºa½, indriy±na½ adhipatilakkhaºa½, bal±na½ akampiyalakkhaºa½, bojjhaªg±na½ niyy±nalakkhaºa½, maggassa hetulakkhaºa½.
Sacc±na½ tathalakkhaºa½, samathassa avikkhepalakkhaºa½, vipassan±ya anupassan±lakkhaºa½, samathavipassan±na½ ekarasalakkhaºa½, yuganaddh±na½ anativattanalakkhaºa½.
S²lavisuddhiy± sa½varaºalakkhaºa½, cittavisuddhiy± avikkhepalakkhaºa½, diµµhivisuddhiy± dassanalakkhaºa½.
Khaye ñ±ºassa samucchedalakkhaºa½, anupp±de ñ±ºassa passaddhilakkhaºa½.
Chandassa m³lalakkhaºa½, manasik±rassa samuµµh±nalakkhaºa½, phassassa samodh±nalakkhaºa½, vedan±ya samosaraºalakkhaºa½, sam±dhissa pamukhalakkhaºa½, satiy± ±dhipateyyalakkhaºa½, paññ±ya tatuttariyalakkhaºa½ vimuttiy± s±ralakkhaºa½, amatogadhassa nibb±nassa pariyos±nalakkhaºa½ tatha½ avitatha½. Eva½ tathalakkhaºa½ ñ±ºagatiy± ±gato avirajjhitv± patto anuppattoti tath±gato. Eva½ tathalakkhaºa½ ±gatoti tath±gato.