13. Ekapuggalavaggavaººan±

170. Ekapuggalavaggassa paµhame ekapuggaloti eko puggalo. Ettha ekoti dutiy±dipaµikkhepattho gaºanaparicchedo. Puggaloti sammutikath±, na paramatthakath±. Buddhassa hi bhagavato duvidh± desan±– sammutidesan±, paramatthadesan± c±ti. Tattha “puggalo satto itth² puriso khattiyo br±hmaºo devo m±ro”ti evar³p± sammutidesan±, “anicca½ dukkha½ anatt± khandh± dh±t³ ±yatan±ni satipaµµh±n±”ti evar³p± paramatthadesan±. Tattha bhagav± ye sammutivasena desana½ sutv± attha½ paµivijjhitv± moha½ pah±ya visesa½ adhigantu½ samatth±, tesa½ sammutidesana½ deseti. Ye pana paramatthavasena desana½ sutv± attha½ paµivijjhitv± moha½ pah±ya visesamadhigantu½ samatth±, tesa½ paramatthadesana½ deseti.
Tatr±ya½ upam±– yath± hi desabh±s±kusalo tiººa½ ved±na½ atthasa½vaººanako ±cariyo ye dami¼abh±s±ya vutte attha½ j±nanti, tesa½ dami¼abh±s±ya ±cikkhati. Ye andhabh±s±d²su aññatar±ya bh±s±ya tesa½ t±ya t±ya bh±s±ya. Eva½ te m±ºavak± cheka½ byatta½ ±cariyam±gamma khippameva sippa½ uggaºhanti. Tattha ±cariyo viya buddho bhagav±, tayo ved± viya kathetabbabh±ve µhit±ni t²ºi piµak±ni, desabh±s±kosallamiva sammutiparamatthakosalla½, n±n±desabh±s± m±ºavak± viya sammutiparamatthavasena paµivijjhanasamatth± veneyyasatt±, ±cariyassa dami¼abh±s±di-±cikkhana½ viya bhagavato sammutiparamatthavasena desan± veditabb±. ¾ha cettha–
“Duve sacc±ni akkh±si, sambuddho vadata½ varo;
sammuti½ paramatthañca, tatiya½ nupalabbhati.
“Saªketavacana½ sacca½, lokasammutik±raº±;
paramatthavacana½ sacca½, dhamm±na½ bh³tak±raº±.
“Tasm± voh±rakusalassa, lokan±thassa satthuno;
sammuti½ voharantassa, mus±v±do na j±yat²”ti.
Apica aµµhahi k±raºehi bhagav± puggalakatha½ katheti– hirottappad²panattha½, kammassakat±d²panattha½, paccattapurisak±rad²panattha½, ±nantariyad²panattha½, brahmavih±rad²panattha½, pubbeniv±sad²panattha½, dakkhiº±visuddhid²panattha½, lokasammutiy± appah±natthañc±ti. “Khandhadh±tu-±yatan±ni hiriyanti ottappant²”ti hi vutte mah±jano na j±n±ti, sammoham±pajjati, paµisattu hoti “kimida½ khandhadh±tu-±yatan±ni hiriyanti ottappanti n±m±”ti? “Itth² hiriyati ottappati, puriso khattiyo br±hmaºo devo m±ro”ti vutte pana j±n±ti, na sammoham±pajjati, na paµisattu hoti. Tasm± bhagav± hirottappad²panattha½ puggalakatha½ katheti.
“Khandh± kammassak±, dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Tasm± bhagav± kammassakat±d²panattha½ puggalakatha½ katheti.
“Ve¼uvan±dayo mah±vih±r± khandhehi k±r±pit±, dh±t³hi ±yataneh²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Tasm± bhagav± paccattapurisak±rad²panattha½ puggalakatha½ katheti.
“Khandh± m±tara½ j²vit± voropenti, pitara½, arahanta½, ruhirupp±dakamma½, saªghabhedakamma½ karonti, dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Tasm± bhagav± ±nantariyad²panattha½ puggalakatha½ katheti.
“Khandh± mett±yanti, dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Tasm± bhagav± brahmavih±rad²panattha½ puggalakatha½ katheti.
“Khandh± pubbeniv±samanussaranti, dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Tasm± bhagav± pubbeniv±sad²panattha½ puggalakatha½ katheti.
“Khandh± d±na½ paµiggaºhanti, dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²”ti vuttepi mah±jano na j±n±ti, sammoha½ ±pajjati, paµisattu hoti “kimida½ khandhadh±tu-±yatan±ni paµiggaºhanti n±m±”ti? “Puggal± paµiggaºhanti s²lavanto kaly±ºadhammo”ti vutte pana j±n±ti, na sammoha½ ±pajjati, na paµisattu hoti. Tasm± bhagav± dakkhiº±visuddhid²panattha½ puggalakatha½ katheti.
Lokasammutiñca buddh± bhagavanto nappajahanti, lokasamaññ±ya lokaniruttiy± lok±bhil±pe µhit±yeva dhamma½ desenti. Tasm± bhagav± lokasammutiy± appah±natthampi puggalakatha½ katheti.
Iti eko ca so puggalo c±ti ekapuggalo. Kenaµµhena ekapuggalo? Asadisaµµhena guºavisiµµhaµµhena asamasamaµµhen±ti. So hi dasanna½ p±ram²na½ paµip±µiy± ±vajjana½ ±di½ katv± bodhisambh±raguºehi ceva buddhaguºehi ca sesamah±janena asadisoti asadisaµµhenapi ekapuggalo. Ye cassa te guº±, te sesasatt±na½ guºehi visiµµh±ti guºavisiµµhaµµhenapi ekapuggalo. Purimak± samm±sambuddh± sabbasattehi asam±, tehi saddhi½ ayameva eko r³pak±yaguºehi ceva n±mak±yaguºehi ca samoti asamasamaµµhenapi ekapuggalo.
Loketi tayo lok±– sattaloko, ok±saloko, saªkh±ralokoti. Tesa½ vitth±rakath± visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.135-136) vutt±. Tesu idha sattaloko adhippeto. Sattaloke uppajjam±nopi cesa na devaloke, na brahmaloke, manussalokeyeva uppajjati. Manussalokepi na aññasmi½ cakkav±¼e, imasmi½yeva cakkav±¼e uppajjati. Tatr±pi na sabbaµµh±nesu.
“Puratthim±ya dis±ya gajaªgala½ n±ma nigamo, tassa parena mah±s±l±, tato par± paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe. Puratthimadakkhiº±ya dis±ya sallavat² n±ma nad², tato par± paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe. Dakkhiº±ya dis±ya setakaººika½ n±ma nigamo, tato par± paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe. Pacchim±ya dis±ya th³ºa½ n±ma br±hmaºag±mo, tato par± paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe. Uttar±ya dis±ya us²raddhajo n±ma pabbato, tato par± paccantim± janapad±, orato majjhe”ti (mah±va. 259) eva½ paricchinne ±y±mato tiyojanasate vitth±rato a¹¹hateyyayojanasate parikkhepato navayojanasate majjhimadese uppajjati. Na kevalañca tath±gatova, paccekabuddh± aggas±vak± as²ti mah±ther± buddham±t± buddhapit± cakkavatt² r±j± aññe ca s±rappatt± br±hmaºagahapatik± ettheva uppajjanti.
Uppajjam±no uppajjat²ti ida½ pana ubhayampi vippakatavacanameva. Uppajjam±no bahujanahit±ya uppajjati, na aññena k±raºen±ti eva½ panettha attho veditabbo. Evar³pañcettha lakkhaºa½ na sakk± eta½ aññena saddalakkhaºena paµib±hitu½.
Apica uppajjam±no n±ma, uppajjati n±ma, uppanno n±m±ti ayamettha bhedo veditabbo. Esa hi d²paªkarap±dam³lato paµµh±ya laddhaby±karaºo buddhak±rake dhamme pariyesanto dasa p±ramiyo disv± “ime dhamm± may± p³retabb±”ti katasanniµµh±no d±nap±rami½ p³rentopi uppajjam±no n±ma. S²lap±ram²…pe… upekkh±p±ram²ti im± dasa p±ramiyo p³rentopi, dasa upap±ramiyo p³rentopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Dasa paramatthap±ramiyo p³rentopi uppajjam±nova n±ma. Pañca mah±paricc±ge pariccajantopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Attatthacariya½ ñ±tatthacariya½ lokatthacariya½ p³rayam±nopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Kappasatasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni buddhak±rake dhamme matthaka½ p±pentopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Vessantarattabh±va½ pah±ya tusitapure paµisandhi½ gahetv± saµµhivassasatasahass±dhik± sattapaºº±savassakoµiyo tiµµhantopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Devat±hi y±cito pañcamah±vilokita½ viloketv± mah±m±y±deviy± kucchimhi paµisandhi½ gaºhantopi, an³n±dhike dasa m±se gabbhav±sa½ vasantopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Ek³nati½sa vass±ni ag±ramajjhe tiµµhantopi uppajjam±no n±ma. K±mesu ±d²nava½ nekkhamme ca ±nisa½sa½ disv± r±hulabhaddassa j±tadivase channasah±yo kaº¹aka½ v±hanavara½ ±ruyha nikkhamantopi uppajjam±nova n±ma. T²ºi rajj±ni atikkamantopi anom±nad²t²re pabbajantopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Chabbass±ni mah±padh±na½ karontopi uppajjam±no n±ma. Paripakkagate ñ±ºe o¼±rik±h±ra½ ±harantopi uppajjam±nova n±ma. S±yanhasamaye vis±khapuººam±ya mah±bodhimaº¹a½ ±ruyha m±rabala½ vidhametv± paµhamay±me pubbeniv±sa½ anussaritv± majjhimay±me dibbacakkhu½ parisodhetv± pacchimay±masamanantare dv±dasaªga½ paµiccasamupp±da½ anulomapaµilomato sammasitv± sot±pattimagga½ paµivijjhantopi uppajjam±nova n±ma. Sot±pattiphalakkhaºepi sakad±g±mimaggakkhaºepi sakad±g±miphalakkhaºepi an±g±mimaggakkhaºepi an±g±miphalakkhaºepi uppajjam±nova n±ma. Arahattamaggakkhaºe pana uppajjati n±ma. Arahattaphalakkhaºe uppanno n±ma. Buddh±na½ hi s±vak±na½ viya na paµip±µiy± iddhividhañ±º±d²ni uppajjanti, saheva pana arahattamaggena sakalopi sabbaññutaññ±º±di guºar±si ±gatova n±ma hoti. Tasm± te nipphattasabbakiccatt± arahattaphalakkhaºe uppann± n±ma honti. Imasmimpi sutte arahattaphalakkhaºa½yeva sandh±ya “uppajjat²”ti veditabbo, uppanno hot²ti ayañhettha attho.
Bahujanahit±y±ti mah±janassa hitatth±ya uppajjati. Bahujanasukh±y±ti mah±janassa sukhatth±ya uppajjati. Lok±nukamp±y±ti sattalokassa anukampa½ paµicca uppajjati. Katarasattalokass±ti? Yo tath±gatassa dhammadesana½ sutv± amatap±na½ pivitv± dhamma½ paµivijjhi, tassa. Bhagavat± hi mah±bodhimaº¹e sattasatt±ha½ v²tin±metv± bodhimaº¹± isipatana½ ±gamma “dveme, bhikkhave, ant± pabbajitena na sevitabb±”ti dhammacakkappavattanasutte (mah±va. 13; sa½. ni. 5.1081) desite ±yasmat± aññ±sikoº¹aññattherena saddhi½ aµµh±rasakoµisaªkh± brahm±no amatap±na½ pivi½su, etassa sattalokassa anukamp±ya uppanno. Pañcamadivase anattalakkhaºasuttantapariyos±ne (mah±va. 20; sa½. ni. 3.59) pañcavaggiy± ther± arahatte patiµµhahi½su, etassapi sattalokassa anukamp±ya uppanno. Tato yasad±rakappamukhe pañcapaºº±sa purise arahatte patiµµh±pesi, tato kapp±sikavanasaº¹e ti½sa bhaddavaggiye tayo magge ca t²ºi phal±ni ca samp±pesi, etassapi sattalokassa anukamp±ya uppanno. Gay±s²se ±dittapariy±yasuttapariyos±ne (mah±va. 54) jaµilasahassa½ arahatte patiµµh±pesi, t±laµµhivane bimbis±rappamukh± ek±dasa nahut± br±hmaºagahapatik± satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi½su, eka½ nahuta½ saraºesu patiµµhita½. Tirokuµµa-anumodan±vas±ne catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahassehi amatap±na½ p²ta½. Sumanam±l±k±rasam±game catur±s²tiy± ca. Dhanap±lakasam±game dasahi p±ºasahassehi, khadiraªg±raj±takasam±game catur±s²tiy± p±ºasahassehi, jambuka-±j²vakasam±game catur±s²tiy± ca. ¾nandaseµµhisam±game catur±s²tiy± ca p±ºasahassehi amatap±na½ p²ta½. P±s±ºakacetiye p±r±yanasuttantakath±divase cuddasa koµiyo amatap±na½ pivi½su. Yamakap±µih±riyadivase v²sati p±ºakoµiyo, t±vati½sabhavane paº¹ukambalasil±ya nis²ditv± m±tara½ k±yasakkhi½ katv± sattappakaraºa½ abhidhamma½ desentassa as²ti p±ºakoµiyo, devorohane ti½sa p±ºakoµiyo, sakkapañhasuttante as²ti devat±sahass±ni amatap±na½ pivi½su. Mah±samayasuttante maªgalasuttante c³¼ar±hulov±de samacittapaµipad±y±ti imesu cat³su µh±nesu abhisamaya½ pattasatt±na½ paricchedo natthi. Etassapi sattalokassa anukamp±ya uppannoti. Y±vajjadivas± ito para½ an±gate ca s±sana½ niss±ya saggamokkhamagge patiµµhahant±na½ vasen±pi ayamattho veditabbo.