10. Dutiyapam±d±divaggavaŗŗan±

98. Dasame ajjhattikanti niyakajjhattavasena ajjhattika½. AŖganti k±raŗa½. Iti karitv±ti eva½ katv±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– bhikkhave, ajjhatta½ paccatta½ attano sant±ne samuµµhita½ k±raŗanti katv± na ańńa½ eka½ k±raŗampi samanupass±m²ti.
110-114. B±hiranti ajjhattasant±nato bahi bhava½. Saddhammass±ti suddhammassa, s±sanass±ti attho. Sammos±y±ti vin±s±ya. Antaradh±n±y±ti apańń±ŗatth±ya.
115. Żhitiy±ti ciraµµhitattha½. Asammos±ya anantaradh±n±y±ti vuttapaµipakkhanayeneva veditabba½. Sesamettha catukkoµike vuttanayameva.
130. Ito paresu adhamma½ dhammoti d²pent²ti-±d²su suttantapariy±yena t±va dasa kusalakammapath± dhammo, dasa akusalakammapath± adhammo. Tath± catt±ro satipaµµh±n± catt±ro sammappadh±n± catt±ro iddhip±d± pańcindriy±ni pańca bal±ni satta bojjhaŖg± ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggoti sattati½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamm± dhammo n±ma; tayo satipaµµh±n± tayo sammappadh±n± tayo iddhip±d± cha indriy±ni cha bal±ni aµµha bojjhaŖg± navaŖgiko maggoti ca catt±ro up±d±n± pańca n²varaŗ±ni satta anusay± aµµha micchatt±ni ca aya½ adhammo.
Tattha ya½kińci eka½ adhammakoµµh±sa½ gahetv± “ima½ adhamma½ dhammoti kariss±ma, eva½ amh±ka½ ±cariyakula½ niyy±nika½ bhavissati, maya½ ca loke p±kaµ± bhaviss±m±”ti ta½ adhamma½ “dhammo ayan”ti kathayant± adhamma½ dhammoti d²penti n±ma. Tatheva dhammakoµµh±sesu eka½ gahetv± “aya½ adhammo”ti kathent± dhamma½ adhammoti d²penti n±ma. Vinayapariy±yena pana bh³tena vatthun± codetv± s±retv± yath±paµińń±ya kattabba½ kamma½ dhammo n±ma, abh³tena vatthun± acodetv± as±retv± apaµińń±ya kattabba½ kamma½ adhammo n±ma.
Suttantapariy±yena r±gavinayo dosavinayo mohavinayo sa½varo pah±na½ paµisaŖkh±ti aya½ vinayo n±ma, r±g±d²na½ avinayo asa½varo appah±na½ apaµisaŖkh±ti aya½ avinayo n±ma. Vinayapariy±yena vatthusampatti, ńattisampatti, anuss±vanasampatti, s²m±sampatti, parisasampatt²ti aya½ vinayo n±ma. Vatthuvipatti, ńattivipatti, anuss±vanavipatti, s²m±vipatti parisavipatt²ti aya½ avinayo n±ma.
Suttantapariy±yena catt±ro satipaµµh±n± catt±ro sammappadh±n±…pe… ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggoti ida½ bh±sita½ lapita½ tath±gatena; tayo satipaµµh±n± tayo sammappadh±n± tayo iddhip±d± cha indriy±ni cha bal±ni aµµha bojjhaŖg± navaŖgiko maggoti ida½ abh±sita½ alapita½ tath±gatena. Vinayapariy±yena catt±ro p±r±jik± terasa saŖgh±dises± dve aniyat± ti½sa nissaggiy± p±cittiy±ti ida½ bh±sita½ lapita½ tath±gatena; tayo p±r±jik± cuddasa saŖgh±dises± tayo aniyat± ekati½sa nissaggiy± p±cittiy±ti ida½ abh±sita½ alapita½ tath±gatena.
Suttantapariy±yena devasika½ phalasam±pattisam±pajjana½ mah±karuŗ±sam±pattisam±pajjana½ buddhacakkhun± lokavolokana½ aµµhuppattivasena suttantadesan± j±takakath±ti ida½ ±ciŗŗa½, na devasika½ phalasam±pattisam±pajjana½…pe… na j±takakath±ti ida½ an±ciŗŗa½. Vinayapariy±yena nimantitassa vass±v±sa½ vasitv± apaloketv± c±rik±pakkamana½ pav±retv± c±rik±pakkamana½, ±gantukehi saddhi½ paµhama½ paµisanth±rakaraŗanti ida½ ±ciŗŗa½, tasseva ±ciŗŗassa akaraŗa½ an±ciŗŗa½ n±ma.
Suttantapariy±yena catt±ro satipaµµh±n±…pe… aµµhaŖgiko maggoti ida½ pańńatta½ n±ma; tayo satipaµµh±n±…pe… navaŖgiko maggoti ida½ apańńatta½ n±ma. Vinayapariy±yena catt±ro p±r±jik±…pe… ti½sanissaggiy± p±cittiy±ti ida½ pańńatta½ n±ma; tayo p±r±jik±…pe… ekati½sa nissaggiy± p±cittiy±ti ida½ apańńatta½ n±ma.
Ya½ paneta½ sabbasutt±na½ pariyos±ne tecima½ saddhamma½ antaradh±pent²ti vutta½, tattha pańca antaradh±n±ni n±ma adhigama-antaradh±na½, paµipatti-antaradh±na½, pariyatti-antaradh±na½, liŖga-antaradh±na½, dh±tu-antaradh±nanti Tattha adhigamoti catt±ro magg±, catt±ri phal±ni, catasso paµisambhid±, tisso vijj±, cha abhińń±ti. So parih±yam±no paµisambhid±to paµµh±ya parih±yati. Buddh±na½ hi parinibb±nato vassasahassameva paµisambhid± nibbattetu½ sakkonti, tato para½ cha abhińń±, tato t±pi nibbattetu½ asakkont± tisso vijj± nibbattenti. Gacchante gacchante k±le t±pi nibbattetu½ asakkont± sukkhavipassak± honti. Eteneva up±yena an±g±mino sakad±g±mino sot±pann±ti. Tesu dharantesu adhigamo anantarahito n±ma na hoti. Pacchimakassa pana sot±pannassa j²vitakkhayena adhigamo antarahito n±ma hoti. Ida½ adhigama-antaradh±na½ n±ma.
Paµipatti-antaradh±na½ n±ma jh±navipassan±maggaphal±ni nibbattetu½ asakkont± catup±risuddhis²lamatta½ rakkhanti. Gacchante gacchante k±le “s²la½ paripuŗŗa½ katv± rakkh±ma, padh±nańca anuyuńj±ma, na ca magga½ v± phala½ v± sacchik±tu½ sakkoma, natthi id±ni ariyadhammapaµivedho”ti vos±na½ ±pajjitv± kosajjabahul± ańńamańńa½ na codenti na s±renti akukkuccak± honti, tato paµµh±ya khudd±nukhuddak±ni maddanti. Gacchante gacchante k±le p±cittiyathullaccay±ni ±pajjanti, tato garuk±patti½. P±r±jikamattameva tiµµhati. Catt±ri p±r±jik±ni rakkhant±na½ bhikkh³na½ satepi sahassepi dharam±ne paµipatti anantarahit± n±ma na hoti. Pacchimakassa pana bhikkhuno s²labhedena v± j²vitakkhayena v± antarahit± hot²ti ida½ paµipatti-antaradh±na½ n±ma.
Pariyatt²ti tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½ s±µµhakath± p±¼i. Y±va s± tiµµhati, t±va pariyatti paripuŗŗ± n±ma hoti. Gacchante gacchante k±le r±jayuvar±j±no adhammik± honti, tesu adhammikesu r±j±macc±dayo adhammik± honti, tato raµµhajanapadav±sinoti. Etesa½ adhammikat±ya devo na samm± vassati, tato sass±ni na sampajjanti. Tesu asampajjantesu paccayad±yak± bhikkhusaŖghassa paccaye d±tu½ na sakkonti, bhikkh³ paccayehi kilamant± antev±sike saŖgahetu½ na sakkonti. Gacchante gacchante k±le pariyatti parih±yati, atthavasena dh±retu½ na sakkonti, p±¼ivaseneva dh±renti. Tato gacchante gacchante k±le p±¼impi sakala½ dh±retu½ na sakkonti, paµhama½ abhidhammapiµaka½ parih±yati. Parih±yam±na½ matthakato paµµh±ya parih±yati Paµhamameva hi paµµh±namah±pakaraŗa½ parih±yati, tasmi½ parih²ne yamaka½, kath±vatthu, puggalapańńatti, dh±tukath±, vibhaŖgo, dhammasaŖgahoti.
Eva½ abhidhammapiµake parih²ne matthakato paµµh±ya suttantapiµaka½ parih±yati. Paµhamańhi aŖguttaranik±yo parih±yati, tasmimpi paµhama½ ek±dasakanip±to, tato dasakanip±to…pe… tato ekakanip±toti. Eva½ aŖguttare parih²ne matthakato paµµh±ya sa½yuttanik±yo parih±yati. Paµhama½ hi mah±vaggo parih±yati, tato sa¼±yatanavaggo, khandhavaggo, nid±navaggo, sag±th±vaggoti. Eva½ sa½yuttanik±ye parih²ne matthakato paµµh±ya majjhimanik±yo parih±yati. Paµhama½ hi uparipaŗŗ±sako parih±yati, tato majjhimapaŗŗ±sako, tato m³lapaŗŗ±sakoti. Eva½ majjhimanik±ye parih²ne matthakato paµµh±ya d²ghanik±yo parih±yati. Paµhamańhi p±thikavaggo parih±yati, tato mah±vaggo, tato s²lakkhandhavaggoti. Eva½ d²ghanik±ye parih²ne suttantapiµaka½ parih²na½ n±ma hoti. Vinayapiµakena saddhi½ j±takameva dh±renti. Vinayapiµaka½ lajjinova dh±renti, l±bhak±m± pana “suttante kathitepi sallakkhent± natth²”ti j±takameva dh±renti. Gacchante gacchante k±le j±takampi dh±retu½ na sakkonti. Atha tesa½ paµhama½ vessantaraj±taka½ parih±yati, tato paµilomakkamena puŗŗakaj±taka½, mah±n±radaj±takanti pariyos±ne apaŗŗakaj±taka½ parih±yati. Eva½ j±take parih²ne vinayapiµakameva dh±renti.
Gacchante gacchante k±le vinayapiµakampi matthakato paµµh±ya parih±yati. Paµhamańhi pariv±ro parih±yati, tato khandhako, bhikkhun²vibhaŖgo, mah±vibhaŖgoti anukkamena uposathakkhandhakamattameva dh±renti. Tad±pi pariyatti antarahit± na hoti. Y±va pana manussesu c±tuppadikag±th±pi pavattati, t±va pariyatti anantarahit±va hoti. Yad± saddho pasanno r±j± hatthikkhandhe suvaŗŗacaŖkoµakamhi sahassatthavika½ µhap±petv± “buddhehi kathita½ c±tuppadikag±tha½ j±nanto ima½ sahassa½ gaŗhat³”ti nagare bheri½ car±petv± gaŗhanaka½ alabhitv± “ekav±ra½ car±pite n±ma suŗant±pi honti assuŗant±p²”ti y±vatatiya½ car±petv± gaŗhanaka½ alabhitv± r±japuris± ta½ sahassatthavika½ puna r±jakula½ pavesenti, tad± pariyatti antarahit± n±ma hoti. Ida½ pariyatti-antaradh±na½ n±ma.
Gacchante gacchante k±le c²varaggahaŗa½ pattaggahaŗa½ sammińjanapas±raŗa½ ±lokitavilokita½ na p±s±dika½ hoti. Nigaŗµhasamaŗ± viya al±bupatta½ bhikkh³ patta½ aggab±h±ya pakkhipitv± ±d±ya vicaranti, ett±vat±pi liŖga½ anantarahitameva hoti. Gacchante gacchante pana k±le aggab±hato ot±retv± hatthena v± sikk±ya v± olambitv± vicaranti, c²varampi rajanas±ruppa½ akatv± oµµhaµµhivaŗŗa½ katv± vicaranti. Gacchante gacchante k±le rajanampi na hoti dasacchindanampi ovaµµikavijjhanampi, kappamatta½ katv± va¼ańjenti. Puna ovaµµika½ vijjhitv± kappa½ na karonti. Tato ubhayampi akatv± das± chetv± paribb±jak± viya caranti. Gacchante gacchante k±le “ko imin± amh±ka½ attho”ti khuddaka½ k±s±vakhaŗ¹a½ hatthe v± g²v±ya v± bandhanti, kesesu v± all²y±penti, d±rabharaŗa½ v± karont± kasitv± vapitv± j²vika½ kappetv± vicaranti. Tad± dakkhiŗa½ dent± saŖgha½ uddissa etesa½ denti. Ida½ sandh±ya bhagavat± vutta½– “bhavissanti kho, pan±nanda, an±gatamaddh±na½ gotrabhuno k±s±vakaŗµh± duss²l± p±padhamm±, tesu duss²lesu saŖgha½ uddissa d±na½ dassanti, tad±p±ha½, ±nanda, saŖghagata½ dakkhiŗa½ asaŖkheyya½ appameyya½ vad±m²”ti (ma. ni. 3.380). Tato gacchante k±le n±n±vidh±ni kamm±ni karont± “papańco esa, ki½ imin± amh±kan”ti k±s±vakhaŗ¹a½ chinditv± arańńe khipanti. Etasmi½ k±le liŖga½ antarahita½ n±ma hoti. Kassapadasabalassa kira k±lato paµµh±ya yonak±na½ setavattha½ p±rupitv± caraŗa½ c±ritta½ j±tanti. Ida½ liŖga-antaradh±na½ n±ma.
Dh±tu-antaradh±na½ pana eva½ veditabba½– t²ŗi parinibb±n±ni, kilesaparinibb±na½– khandhaparinibb±na½, dh±tuparinibb±nanti. Tattha kilesaparinibb±na½ bodhipallaŖke ahosi, khandhaparinibb±na½ kusin±r±ya½, dh±tuparinibb±na½ an±gate bhavissati. Katha½? Tato tattha tattha sakk±rasamm±na½ alabham±n± dh±tuyo buddh±na½ adhiµµh±nabalena sakk±rasamm±nalabhanakaµµh±na½ gacchanti. Gacchante gacchante k±le sabbaµµh±nesu sakk±rasamm±no na hoti. S±sanassa hi osakkanak±le imasmi½ tambapaŗŗid²pe sabb± dh±tuyo sannipatitv± mah±cetiya½, tato n±gad²pe r±j±yatanacetiya½, tato bodhipallaŖka½ gamissanti. N±gabhavanatopi devalokatopi brahmalokatopi dh±tuyo mah±bodhipallaŖkameva gamissanti. S±sapamatt±pi dh±tu antar± na nassissati. Sabb± dh±tuyo mah±bodhimaŗ¹e sannipatitv± buddhar³pa½ gahetv± bodhimaŗ¹e pallaŖkena nisinnabuddhasar²rasiri½ dassenti. Dvatti½sa mah±purisalakkhaŗ±ni as²ti anubyańjan±ni by±mappabh±ti sabba½ paripuŗŗameva hoti. Tato yamakap±µih±riyadivase viya p±µih±riya½ katv± dassenti. Tad± manussabh³tasatto n±ma tattha gato natthi, dasasahassacakkav±¼e pana devat± sabb±va sannipatitv± “ajja dasabalo parinibb±yati, itod±ni paµµh±ya andhak±ra½ bhavissat²”ti paridevanti. Atha dh±tusar²rato tejo samuµµh±ya ta½ sar²ra½ apaŗŗattikabh±va½ gameti. Dh±tusar²rato samuµµhit± j±l± y±va brahmalok± uggacchissati, s±sapamatt±ya ses±yapi dh±tuy± sati ekaj±l±va bhavissati. Dh±t³su pariy±d±na½ gat±su pacchijjissati. Eva½ mahanta½ ±nubh±va½ dassetv± dh±tuyo antaradh±yanti. Tad± sannipatit± devasaŖgh± buddh±na½ parinibbutadivase viya dibbagandham±l±t³riy±d²hi sakk±ra½ katv± tikkhattu½ padakkhiŗa½ katv± vanditv± “an±gate uppajjanaka½ buddha½ passitu½ labhiss±ma bhagav±”ti vatv± sakasakaµµh±nameva gacchanti. Ida½ dh±tu-antaradh±na½ n±ma.
Imassa pańcavidhassa antaradh±nassa pariyatti-antaradh±nameva m³la½. Pariyattiy± hi antarahit±ya paµipatti antaradh±yati, pariyattiy± µhit±ya paµipatti patiµµh±ti. Teneva imasmi½ d²pe caŗ¹±latissamah±bhaye sakko devar±j± mah±-u¼umpa½ m±petv± bhikkh³na½ ±roc±pesi “mahanta½ bhaya½ bhavissati, na samm± devo vassissati, bhikkh³ paccayehi kilamant± pariyatti½ sandh±retu½ na sakkhissanti, parat²ra½ gantv± ayyehi j²vita½ rakkhitu½ vaµµati. Ima½ mah±-u¼umpa½ ±ruyha gacchatha, bhante. Yesa½ ettha nisajjaµµh±na½ nappahoti, te kaµµhakhaŗ¹epi ura½ µhapetv± gacchantu, sabbesampi bhaya½ na bhavissat²”ti. Tad± samuddat²ra½ patv± saµµhi bhikkh³ katika½ katv± “amh±ka½ ettha gamanakicca½ natthi, maya½ idheva hutv± tepiµaka½ rakkhiss±m±”ti tato nivattitv± dakkhiŗamalayajanapada½ gantv± kandam³lapaŗŗehi j²vika½ kappent± vasi½su. K±ye vahante nis²ditv± sajjh±ya½ karonti, avahante v±lika½ uss±retv± pariv±retv± s²s±ni ekaµµh±ne katv± pariyatti½ sammasanti. Imin± niy±mena dv±dasa sa½vacchar±ni s±µµhakatha½ tepiµaka½ paripuŗŗa½ katv± dh±rayi½su.
Bhaye v³pasante sattasat± bhikkh³ attano gataµµh±ne s±µµhakathe tepiµake ekakkharampi ekabyańjanampi an±setv± imameva d²pam±gamma kallag±majanapade maŗ¹al±r±mavih±ra½ pavisi½su. Ther±na½ ±gamanappavatti½ sutv± imasmi½ d²pe oh²n± saµµhi bhikkh³ “there passiss±m±”ti gantv± therehi saddhi½ tepiµaka½ sodhent± ekakkharampi ekabyańjanampi asamenta½ n±ma na passi½su. Tasmi½ µh±ne ther±na½ aya½ kath± udap±di “pariyatti nu kho s±sanassa m³la½ ud±hu paµipatt²”ti. Pa½suk³likatther± “paµipattim³lan”ti ±ha½su, dhammakathik± “pariyatt²”ti Atha ne ther± “tumh±ka½ dvinnampi jan±na½ vacanamatteneva na karoma, jinabh±sita½ sutta½ ±harath±”ti ±ha½su. Sutta½ ±haritu½ na bh±roti “ime ca, subhadda bhikkh³ samm± vihareyyu½, asuńńo loko arahantehi ass±ti (d². ni. 2.214). Paµipattim³laka½, mah±r±ja, satthus±sana½ paµipattis±raka½. Paµipattiy± dharant±ya tiµµhat²”ti (mi. pa. 4.1.7) sutta½ ±hari½su. Ima½ sutta½ sutv± dhammakathik± attano v±daµhapanatth±ya ima½ sutta½ ±hari½su–
“Y±va tiµµhanti suttant±, vinayo y±va dippati;
t±va dakkhanti ±loka½, s³riye abbhuµµhite yath±.
“Suttantesu asantesu, pamuµµhe vinayamhi ca;
tamo bhavissati loke, s³riye atthaŖgate yath±.
“Suttante rakkhite sante, paµipatti hoti rakkhit±;
paµipattiya½ µhito dh²ro, yogakkhem± na dha½sat²”ti.
Imasmi½ sutte ±haµe pa½suk³likatther± tuŗh² ahesu½, dhammakathikatther±na½yeva vacana½ purato ahosi. Yath± hi gavasatassa v± gavasahassassa v± antare paveŗip±lik±ya dhenuy± asati so va½so s± paveŗi na ghaµ²yati, evameva½ ±raddhavipassak±na½ bhikkh³na½ satepi sahassepi sa½vijjam±ne pariyattiy± asati ariyamaggapaµivedho n±ma na hoti. Yath± ca nidhikumbhiy± j±nanatth±ya p±s±ŗapiµµhe akkharesu µhapitesu y±va akkhar±ni dharanti, t±va nidhikumbhi naµµh± n±ma na hoti. Evameva½ pariyattiy± dharam±n±ya s±sana½ antarahita½ n±ma na hot²ti.

Dutiyapam±d±divaggavaŗŗan±.