7. V²riy±rambh±divaggavaººan±

61. Sattamassa paµhame v²riy±rambhoti catukiccassa sammappadh±nav²riyassa ±rambho, ±raddhapaggahitaparipuººav²riyat±ti attho.
62. Dutiye mahicchat±ti mah±lobho. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½–
“Tattha katam± mahicchat±? Itar²tarac²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±rehi pañcahi v± k±maguºehi asantuµµhassa bhiyyokamyat±, y± evar³p± icch± icch±gat± mahicchat± r±go s±r±go cittassa s±r±go. Aya½ vuccati mahicchat±”ti (vibha. 850).
63. Tatiye appicchat±ti alobho. Appicchass±ti anicchassa. Ettha hi byañjana½ s±vasesa½ viya, attho pana niravaseso. Na hi appamattik±ya icch±ya atthibh±vena so appicchoti vutto, icch±ya pana abh±vena punappuna½ ±sevitassa alobhasseva bh±vena appicchoti vutto.
Apicettha atricchat±, p±picchat±, mahicchat± appicchat±ti aya½ bhedo veditabbo. Tattha sakal±bhe atittassa paral±bhe patthan± atricchat± n±ma, y±ya samann±gatassa ekabh±jane pakkap³vepi attano patte patite na supakko viya khuddako ca viya kh±yati, sveva pana parassa patte pakkhitto supakko viya mahanto viya ca kh±yati. Asantaguºasambh±vanat± pana paµiggahaºe ca amattaññut± p±picchat± n±ma, s± “idhekacco assaddho sam±no saddhoti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti-±din± nayena abhidhamme ±gat±yeva, t±ya samann±gato puggalo kohaññe patiµµh±ti. Santaguºasambh±vanat± pana paµiggahaºe ca amattaññut± mahicchat± n±ma, s±pi “idhekacco saddho sam±no saddhoti ma½ jano j±n±t³ti icchati, s²lav± sam±no s²lav±ti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti imin± nayena ±gat±yeva. T±ya samann±gato puggalo dussantappayo hoti, vij±tam±t±pissa citta½ gahetu½ na sakkoti. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Aggikkhandho samuddo ca, mahiccho c±pi puggalo;
sakaµena paccaye dentu, tayopete atappay±”ti.
Santaguºanig³hanat± pana paµiggahaºe ca mattaññut± appicchat± n±ma, t±ya samann±gato puggalo attani vijjam±nampi guºa½ paµicch±detuk±mat±ya saddho sam±no “saddhoti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti na icchati. S²lav±, pavivitto, bahussuto, ±raddhav²riyo, sam±dhisampanno, paññav±, kh²º±savo sam±no “kh²º±savoti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti na icchati seyyath±pi majjhantikatthero.
Thero kira mah±kh²º±savo ahosi, pattac²vara½ panassa p±damattameva agghati. So asokassa dhammarañño vih±ramahadivase saªghatthero ahosi. Athassa atil³khabh±va½ disv± manuss±, “bhante, thoka½ bahi hoth±”ti ±ha½su. Thero “m±dise kh²º±save rañño saªgaha½ akaronte añño ko karissat²”ti pathaviya½ nimujjitv± saªghattherassa ukkhittapiº¹a½ gaºhantoyeva ummujji. Eva½ kh²º±savo sam±no “kh²º±savoti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti na icchati. Eva½ appiccho ca pana bhikkhu anuppanna½ l±bha½ upp±deti, uppanna½ th±vara½ karoti, d±yak±na½ citta½ ±r±dheti. Yath± yath± hi so attano appicchat±ya appa½ gaºh±ti, tath± tath± tassa vatte pasann± manuss± bah³ denti.
Aparopi catubbidho appiccho– paccaya-appiccho, dhutaªga-appiccho, pariyatti-appiccho, adhigama-appicchoti. Tattha cat³su paccayesu appiccho paccaya-appiccho n±ma. So d±yakassa vasa½ j±n±ti, deyyadhammassa vasa½ j±n±ti, attano th±ma½ j±n±ti. Yadi hi deyyadhammo bahu hoti, d±yako appamattaka½ d±tuk±mo, d±yakassa vasena appa½ gaºh±ti. Deyyadhammo appo, d±yako bahu½ d±tuk±mo, deyyadhammassa vasena appa½ gaºh±ti. Deyyadhammopi bahu, d±yakopi bahu½ d±tuk±mo, attano th±ma½ ñatv± pam±ºeneva gaºh±ti.
Dhutaªgasam±d±nassa attani atthibh±va½ naj±n±petuk±mo dhutaªga-appiccho n±ma. Tassa vibh±vanattha½ im±ni vatth³ni– sos±nikamah±kum±ratthero kira saµµhi vass±ni sus±ne vasi, añño ekabhikkhupi na aññ±si. Tenev±ha–
“Sus±ne saµµhi vass±ni, abbokiººa½ vas±maha½;
dutiyo ma½ na j±neyya, aho sos±nikuttamo”ti.
Cetiyapabbate dve bh±tikatther± vasi½su. Kaniµµho upaµµh±kena pesita½ ucchukhaº¹ika½ gahetv± jeµµhassa santika½ agam±si “paribhoga½, bhante, karoth±”ti. Therassa ca bhattakicca½ katv± mukhavikkh±lanak±lo ahosi. So “ala½, ±vuso”ti ±ha. Kacci, bhante, ek±sanikatth±ti? ¾har±vuso, ucchukhaº¹ikanti paññ±sa vass±ni ek±saniko sam±nopi dhutaªga½ nig³ham±no paribhoga½ katv± mukha½ vikkh±letv± puna dhutaªga½ adhiµµh±ya gato.
Yo pana s±ketatissatthero viya bahussutabh±va½ j±n±petu½ na icchati, aya½ pariyatti-appiccho n±ma. Thero kira “khaºo natth²ti uddesaparipucch±su ok±sa½ akaronto kad± maraºakkhaºa½, bhante, labhissath±”ti codito gaºa½ vissajjetv± kaºik±rav±likasamuddavih±ra½ gato. Tattha antovassa½ theranavamajjhim±na½ upak±ro hutv± mah±pav±raº±ya uposathadivase dhammakath±ya janapada½ khobhetv± gato.
Yo pana sot±pann±d²su aññataro hutv± sot±pann±dibh±va½ j±n±petu½ na icchati, aya½ adhigamappiccho n±ma tayo kulaputt± (ma. ni. 1.325) viya ghaµ²k±rakumbhak±ro (ma. ni. 2.282 ±dayo) viya ca. Imasmi½ panatthe laddh±sevanena balava-alobhena samann±gato sekkhopi puthujjanopi appicchoti veditabbo.
64. Catutthe asantuµµhit±ti asantuµµhe puggale sevantassa bhajantassa payirup±santassa uppanno asantosasaªkh±to lobho.
65. Pañcame santuµµhit±ti santuµµhe puggale sevantassa bhajantassa payirup±santassa uppanno alobhasaªkh±to santoso. Santuµµhass±ti itar²tarapaccayasantosena samann±gatassa. So panesa santoso dv±dasavidho hoti. Seyyathida½– c²vare yath±l±bhasantoso, yath±balasantoso, yath±s±ruppasantosoti tividho. Eva½ piº¹ap±t±d²su.
Tass±ya½ pabhedasa½vaººan±– idha bhikkhu c²vara½ labhati sundara½ v± asundara½ v±. So teneva y±peti añña½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaºh±ti. Ayamassa c²vare yath±l±bhasantoso. Atha pana pakatidubbalo v± hoti ±b±dhajar±bhibh³to v±, garu½ c²vara½ p±rupanto kilamati. So sabh±gena bhikkhun± saddhi½ ta½ parivattetv± lahukena y±pentopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa c²vare yath±balasantoso. Aparo paº²tapaccayal±bh² hoti. So paµµac²var±d²na½ aññatara½ mahagghac²vara½ bah³ni v± pana c²var±ni labhitv± “ida½ ther±na½ cirapabbajit±na½, ida½ bahussut±na½ anur³pa½, ida½ gil±n±na½, ida½ appal±bh±na½ hot³”ti datv± tesa½ pur±ºac²vara½ v± saªk±rak³µ±dito v± nantak±ni uccinitv± tehi saªgh±µi½ katv± dh±rentopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa c²vare yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu piº¹ap±ta½ labhati l³kha½ v± paº²ta½ v±, so teneva y±peti, añña½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaºh±ti. Ayamassa piº¹ap±te yath±l±bhasantoso. Yo pana attano pakativiruddha½ v± by±dhiviruddha½ v± piº¹ap±ta½ labhati, yenassa paribhuttena aph±su hoti, so sabh±gassa bhikkhuno ta½ datv± tassa hatthato sapp±yabhojana½ bhuñjitv± samaºadhamma½ karontopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa piº¹ap±te yath±balasantoso. Aparo bahu½ paº²ta½ piº¹ap±ta½ labhati. So ta½ c²vara½ viya theracirapabbajitabahussuta-appal±bhagil±n±na½ datv± tesa½ v± sesaka½ piº¹±ya v± caritv± missak±h±ra½ bhuñjantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa piº¹ap±te yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu sen±sana½ labhati man±pa½ v± aman±pa½ v±, so tena neva somanassa½ na domanassa½ upp±deti, antamaso tiºasanth±raken±pi yath±laddheneva tussati. Ayamassa sen±sane yath±l±bhasantoso. Yo pana attano pakativiruddha½ v± by±dhiviruddha½ v± sen±sana½ labhati, yatthassa vasato aph±su hoti, so ta½ sabh±gassa bhikkhuno datv± tassa santake sapp±yasen±sane vasantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa sen±sane yath±balasantoso.
Aparo mah±puñño leºamaº¹apak³µ±g±r±d²ni bah³ni paº²tasen±san±ni labhati. So t±ni c²var±d²ni viya theracirapabbajitabahussuta-appal±bhagil±n±na½ datv± yattha katthaci vasantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa sen±sane yath±s±ruppasantoso. Yopi “uttamasen±sana½ n±ma pam±daµµh±na½, tattha nisinnassa thinamiddha½ okkamati, nidd±bhibh³tassa puna paµibujjhato p±pavitakk± p±tubhavant²”ti paµisañcikkhitv± t±disa½ sen±sana½ pattampi na sampaµicchati, so ta½ paµikkhipitv± abbhok±sarukkham³l±d²su vasantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayampissa sen±sane yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu bhesajja½ labhati l³kha½ v± paº²ta½ v±, so ya½ labhati, teneva tussati, añña½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaºh±ti. Ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±l±bhasantoso. Yo pana telena atthiko ph±ºita½ labhati, so ta½ sabh±gassa bhikkhuno datv± tassa hatthato tela½ gahetv± aññadeva v± pariyesitv± bhesajja½ karontopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±balasantoso.
Aparo mah±puñño bahu½ telamadhuph±ºit±dipaº²tabhesajja½ labhati. So ta½ c²vara½ viya theracirapabbajitabahussuta-appal±bhagil±n±na½ datv± tesa½ ±bhatena yena kenaci y±pentopi santuµµhova hoti. Yo pana ekasmi½ bh±jane muttahar²taka½ µhapetv± ekasmi½ catumadhura½– “gaºhatha, bhante, yadicchakan”ti vuccam±no “sacassa tesu aññatarenapi rogo v³pasammati, atha muttahar²taka½ n±ma buddh±d²hi vaººitan”ti catumadhura½ paµikkhipitv± muttahar²takena bhesajja½ karontopi paramasantuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±s±ruppasantoso. Imesa½ pana paccekapaccayesu tiººa½ tiººa½ santos±na½ yath±s±ruppasantosova aggo.
66-67. Chaµµhasattamesu ayonisomanasik±rayonisomanasik±r± heµµh± vuttalakkhaº±va. Sesamettha utt±natthamev±ti.
68. Aµµhame asampajaññanti asampaj±nabh±vo, mohasseta½ adhivacana½. Asampaj±nass±ti aj±nantassa sammu¼hassa.
69. Navame sampajaññanti sampaj±nabh±vo, paññ±yeta½ n±ma½. Sampaj±nass±ti sampaj±nantassa.
70. Dasame p±pamittat±ti yassa p±p± l±mak± mitt±, so p±pamitto. P±pamittassa bh±vo p±pamittat±, ten±k±rena pavatt±na½ catunna½ khandh±nameveta½ n±ma½. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Tattha katam± p±pamittat±? Ye te puggal± assaddh± duss²l± appassut± maccharino duppaññ±. Y± tesa½ sevan± nisevan± sa½sevan± bhajan± sambhajan± bhatti sambhatti sampavaªkat±. Aya½ vuccati p±pamittat±”ti (vibha. 901).

V²riy±rambh±divaggavaººan±.