18. Apara-acchar±saªgh±tavaggavaººan±

382. Acchar±saªgh±tamattamp²ti idampi sutta½ aggikkhandh³pama-aµµhuppattiya½yeva (a. ni. 7.72) vutta½. Appan±ppatt±ya hi mett±ya vip±ke kath±yeva natthi. Tass±yeva aµµhuppattiy± aya½ desan± ±raddh±ti veditabb±. Tattha paµhamanti “gaºan±nupubbat± paµhama½, ida½ paµhama½ sam±pajjat²ti paµhaman”ti vibhaªge (vibha. 568) vuttatthameva. Jh±nanti jh±na½ n±ma duvidha½ ±rammaº³panijjh±nañca lakkhaº³panijjh±nañc±ti. Tattha ±rammaº³panijjh±na½ n±ma aµµha sam±pattiyo. T± hi pathav²kasiº±dino ±rammaºassa upanijjh±nato ±rammaº³panijjh±nanti vuccanti. Lakkhaº³panijjh±nanti vipassan±maggaphal±ni. Vipassan± hi anicc±divasena saªkh±ralakkhaºassa upanijjh±nato lakkhaº³panijjh±na½ n±ma, vipassan±ya pana lakkhaº³panijjh±nakicca½ maggena sijjhat²ti maggo lakkhaº³panijjh±na½, phala½ suññata-animitta-appaºihita-lakkhaºassa nibb±nasseva upanijjh±nato lakkhaº³panijjh±nanti vuccati. Tattha imasmi½ pana atthe ±rammaº³panijjh±na½ adhippeta½. Ko pana v±do ye na½ bahul²karont²ti ye na½ paµhamajjh±na½ bahul² karonti, punappuna½ karonti, tesu vattabbameva natthi. Sesamettha heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabba½.
383. Dutiyanti-±d²supi “gaºan±nupubbat± dutiyan”ti-±din± (vibha. 579) nayena attho veditabbo.
386-387. Mettanti sabbasattesu hitapharaºa½. Cetovimuttinti cittavimutti½. Idha appan±ppatt±va mett± adhippet±. Karuº±d²supi eseva nayo. Ime pana catt±ro brahmavih±r± vaµµa½ honti, vaµµap±d± honti, vipassan±p±d± honti, diµµhadhammasukhavih±r± honti, abhiññ±p±d± v± nirodhap±d± v± honti. Lokuttar± pana na honti. Kasm±? Satt±rammaºatt±ti.
390. K±ye k±y±nupass²ti ±n±p±napabba½, iriy±pathapabba½, catusampajaññapabba½, paµik³lamanasik±rapabba½ dh±tumanasik±rapabba½, navasivathik±pabb±ni, ajjhattaparikammavasena catt±ri n²l±dikasiº±n²ti imasmi½ aµµh±rasavidhe k±ye tameva k±ya½ paññ±ya anupassanto. Viharat²ti iriyati vattati. Imin± imassa aµµh±rasavidhena k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±nabh±vakassa bhikkhuno iriy±patho kathito hoti. ¾t±p²ti tasseva vuttappak±rassa satipaµµh±nassa bh±vanakav²riyena v²riyav±. Sampaj±noti aµµh±rasavidhena k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±nassa parigg±hikapaññ±ya samm± paj±nanto. Satim±ti aµµh±rasavidhena k±y±nupassan±parigg±hik±ya satiy± samann±gato. Vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassanti tasmi½yeva k±yasaªkh±te loke pañcak±maguºikataºhañca paµighasampayuttadomanassañca vinetv± vikkhambhetv± k±ye k±y±nupass² viharat²ti vutta½ hoti. Ett±vat± k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±navasena suddhar³pasammasanameva kathitanti veditabba½.
Vedan±su vedan±nupass²ti sukh±dibhed±su vedan±su “sukha½ vedana½ vediyam±no sukha½ vedana½ vediy±m²ti paj±n±ti. Dukkha½, adukkhamasukha½, s±misa½ v± sukha½, nir±misa½ v± sukha½, s±misa½ v± dukkha½, nir±misa½ v± dukkha½, s±misa½ v± adukkhamasukha½, nir±misa½ v± adukkhamasukha½ vedana½ vediyam±no nir±misa½ adukkhamasukha½ vedana½ vediy±m²ti paj±n±t²”ti (d². ni. 2.380; vibha. 363; ma. ni. 1.113) eva½ vutta½ navavidha½ vedana½ anupassanto. ¾t±p²ti-±din± panettha navavidhena vedan±nupassan±satipaµµh±nassa bh±van±parigg±hik±na½ v²riyapaññ±sat²na½ vasena attho veditabbo. Lokoti cettha vedan± veditabb±.
Cittadhammesupi eseva nayo. Ettha pana citte citt±nupass²ti “sar±ga½ v± citta½ sar±ga½ cittanti paj±n±t²”ti (d². ni. 2.381; vibha. 365; ma. ni. 1.114) eva½ vitth±rite so¼asappabhede citte tameva citta½ parigg±hik±ya anupassan±ya anupassantoti attho. Dhammesu dhamm±nupass²ti “pañca n²varaº±ni, pañcup±d±nakkhandh±, cha ajjhattikab±hir±yatan±ni, satta bojjhaªg±, catt±ri ariyasacc±n²”ti (d². ni. 2.382-403; vibha. 367-373; ma. ni. 1.115-136) eva½ koµµh±savasena pañcadh± vuttesu dhammesu dhammaparigg±hik±ya anupassan±ya te dhamme anupassantoti attho. Ettha pana vedan±nupassan±satipaµµh±ne ca citt±nupassan±satipaµµh±ne ca suddha-ar³pasammasanameva kathita½, dhamm±nupassan±satipaµµh±ne r³p±r³pasammasana½. Iti im±ni catt±ripi satipaµµh±n±ni lokiyalokuttaramissak±neva kathit±n²ti veditabb±ni.
394. Anuppann±nanti anibbatt±na½. P±pak±nanti l±mak±na½. Akusal±na½ dhamm±nanti akosallasambh³t±na½ lobh±didhamm±na½. Anupp±d±y±ti anibbattanatth±ya. Chanda½ janet²ti kattukamyat±kusalacchanda½ upp±deti. V±yamat²ti payoga½ parakkama½ karoti. V²riya½ ±rabhat²ti k±yikacetasikav²riya½ karoti. Citta½ paggaºh±t²ti teneva sahaj±tav²riyena citta½ ukkhipati. Padahat²ti padh±nav²riya½ karoti.
Uppann±nanti j±t±na½ nibbatt±na½. Kusal±na½ dhamm±nanti kosallasambh³t±na½ alobh±didhamm±na½. Ýhitiy±ti µhitattha½. Asammos±y±ti anassanattha½. Bhiyyobh±v±y±ti punappunabh±v±ya. Vepull±y±ti vipulabh±v±ya. Bh±van±y±ti va¹¹hiy±. Parip³riy±ti parip³raºatth±ya. Aya½ t±va catunna½ sammappadh±n±na½ ekapadiko atthuddh±ro.
Aya½ pana sammappadh±nakath± n±ma duvidh± lokiy± lokuttar± ca. Tattha lokiy± sabbapubbabh±ge hoti, s± kassapasa½yuttapariy±yena lokiyamaggakkhaºeyeva veditabb±. Vuttañhi tattha–
“Catt±rome, ±vuso, sammappadh±n±. Katame catt±ro? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu ‘anuppann± me p±pak± akusal± dhamm± uppajjam±n± anatth±ya sa½vatteyyun’ti ±tappa½ karoti, ‘uppann± me p±pak± akusal± dhamm± appah²yam±n± anatth±ya sa½vatteyyun’ti ±tappa½ karoti, ‘anuppann± me kusal± dhamm± anuppajjam±n± anatth±ya sa½vatteyyun’ti ±tappa½ karoti, ‘uppann± me kusal± dhamm± nirujjham±n± anatth±ya sa½vatteyyun’ti ±tappa½ karot²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.145).
Ettha ca p±pak± akusal±ti lobh±dayo veditabb±. Anuppann± kusal± dhamm±ti samathavipassan± ceva maggo ca. Uppann± kusal± n±ma samathavipassan±va. Maggo pana saki½ uppajjitv± nirujjham±no anatth±ya sa½vattanako n±ma natthi. So hi phalassa paccaya½ datv±va nirujjhati Purimasmimpi v± samathavipassan±va gahetabb±ti vutta½, ta½ pana na yutta½. Eva½ lokiy± sammappadh±nakath± sabbapubbabh±ge kassapasa½yuttapariy±yena veditabb±. Lokuttaramaggakkhaºe paneta½ ekameva v²riya½ catukiccas±dhanavasena catt±ri n±m±ni labhati.
Tattha anuppann±na½ p±pak±nanti ettha “anuppanno ceva k±macchando”ti-±d²su vuttanayena attho veditabbo. Uppann±na½ p±pak±nanti ettha catubbidha½ uppanna½ vattam±nuppanna½, bhutv±vigatuppanna½, ok±sakatuppanna½, bh³miladdhuppannanti. Tattha ye kiles± vijjam±n± upp±d±disamaªgino, ida½ vattam±nuppanna½ n±ma. Kamme pana javite ±rammaºarasa½ anubhavitv± niruddhavip±ko bhutv± vigata½ n±ma, kamma½ uppajjitv± niruddha½ bhutv± vigata½ n±ma. Tadubhayampi bhutv±vigatuppannanti saªkha½ gacchati. Kusal±kusalakamma½ aññakammassa vip±ka½ paµib±hitv± attano vip±kassa ok±sa½ karoti, eva½ kate ok±se vip±ko uppajjam±no ok±sakaraºato paµµh±ya uppannoti vuccati, ida½ ok±sakatuppanna½ n±ma. Pañcakkhandh± pana vipassan±ya bh³mi n±ma, te at²t±dibhed± honti. Tesu anusayitakiles± pana at²t± v± an±gat± v± paccuppann± v±ti na vattabb±. At²takkhandhesu anusayit±pi hi appah²n±va honti, an±gatakkhandhesu anusayit±pi appah²n±va honti, paccuppannakkhandhesu anusayit±pi appah²n±va honti, ida½ bh³miladdhuppanna½ n±ma. Ten±hu por±º±– “t±su t±su bh³misu asamuggh±tagat± kiles± bh³miladdhuppann±ti saªkha½ gacchant²”ti.
Aparampi catubbidha½ uppanna½ samud±c±ruppanna½, ±rammaº±dhiggahituppanna½, avikkhambhituppanna½, asamuggh±tituppannanti. Tattha sampati vattam±na½yeva samud±c±ruppanna½ n±ma. Saki½ cakkh³ni umm²letv± ±rammaºe nimitte gahite anussarit±nussaritakkhaºe kiles± nuppajjissant²ti na vattabb±. Kasm±? ¾rammaºassa adhiggahitatt±. Yath± ki½? Yath± kh²rukkhassa kuµh±riy± ±hat±hataµµh±ne kh²ra½ na nikkhamissat²ti na vattabb±, eva½. Ida½ ±rammaº±dhiggahituppanna½ n±ma. Sam±pattiy± avikkhambhitakiles± pana imasmi½ n±ma µh±nena uppajjissant²ti na vattabb±. Kasm±? Avikkhambhitatt±. Yath± ki½? Yath± kh²rarukkha½ kuµh±riy± ±haneyyu½, imasmi½ n±ma µh±ne kh²ra½ na nikkhameyy±ti na vattabba½, eva½. Ida½ avikkhambhituppanna½ n±ma. Maggena asamuggh±titakiles± pana bhavagge nibbattass±pi uppajjant²ti purimanayeneva vitth±retabba½. Ida½ asamuggh±tituppanna½ n±ma.
Imesu uppannesu vattam±nuppanna½, bhutv±vigatuppanna½, ok±sakatuppanna½, samud±c±ruppannanti catubbidha½ uppanna½ na maggavajjha½, bh³miladdhuppanna½, ±rammaº±dhiggahituppanna½, avikkhambhituppanna½, asamuggh±tituppannanti catubbidha½ maggavajjha½. Maggo hi uppajjam±no ete kilese pajahati. So ye kilese pajahati, te at²t± v± an±gat± v± paccuppann± v±ti na vattabb±. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Hañci at²te kilese pajahati? Tena hi kh²ºa½yeva khepeti, niruddha½ nirodheti, atthaªgata½ atthaªgameti, at²ta½ ya½ natthi, ta½ pajahati. Hañci an±gate kilese pajahati? Tena hi aj±ta½ pajahati, anibbatta½ anuppanna½ ap±tubh³ta½ pajahati, an±gata½ ya½ natthi, ta½ pajahati. Hañci paccuppanne kilese pajahati? Tena hi ratto r±ga½ pajahati, duµµho dosa½, m³¼ho moha½, vinibaddho m±na½, par±maµµho diµµhi½, aniµµhaªgato vicikiccha½, th±magato anusaya½ pajahati, kaºhasukk± dhamm± yuganaddh± vattanti, sa½kilesiy± maggabh±van± hot²ti…pe… tena hi natthi maggabh±van±, natthi phalasacchikiriy±, natthi kilesappah±na½, natthi dhamm±bhisamayoti. Atthi maggabh±van±…pe… atthi dhamm±bhisamayoti. Yath± katha½ viya? Seyyath±pi taruºo rukkho…pe… ap±tubh³t±yeva na p±tubhavant²”ti (paµi. ma. 3.21).
Iti p±¼iya½ aj±taphalarukkho ±gato, j±taphalarukkho pana d²petabbo. Yath± hi saphalo taruºambarukkho, tassa phal±ni manuss± paribhuñjeyyu½, ses±ni p±tetv± pacchiyo p³reyyu½, athañño puriso ta½ pharasun± chindeyya. Tenassa neva at²t±ni phal±ni n±sit±ni honti, na an±gatapaccuppann±ni ca n±sit±ni. At²t±ni hi manussehi paribhutt±ni, an±gat±ni anibbatt±ni, na sakk± n±setu½. Yasmi½ pana samaye so chinno, tad± phal±niyeva natth²ti paccuppann±nipi an±sit±ni. Sace pana rukkho acchinno assa, athassa pathav²rasañca ±porasañca ±gamma y±ni phal±ni nibbatteyyu½, t±ni n±sit±ni honti. T±ni hi aj±t±neva na j±yanti, anibbatt±neva na nibbattanti, ap±tubh³t±neva na p±tubhavanti. Evameva maggo n±pi at²t±dibhede kilese pajahati, n±pi na pajahati. Yesañhi kiles±na½ maggena khandhesu apariññ±tesu uppatti siy±, maggena uppajjitv± khandh±na½ pariññ±tatt± te kiles± aj±t±va na j±yanti, anibbatt±va na nibbattanti, ap±tubh³t±va na p±tubhavanti. Taruºaputt±ya itthiy± puna avij±yanattha½ by±dhit±na½ rogav³pasamanattha½ p²tabhesajjehi v±pi ayamattho vibh±vetabbo. Eva½ maggo ye kilese pajahati, te at²t± v± an±gat± v± paccuppann± v±ti na vattabb±. Na ca maggo kilese na pajahati. Ye pana maggo kilese pajahati, te sandh±ya “uppann±na½ p±pak±nan”ti-±di vutta½.