16. Ekadhammap±¼i

(16) 3. Ekadhammap±¼i-tatiyavaggavaŗŗan±

308. Tatiyassa paµhame micch±diµµhikoti ay±th±vadiµµhiko. Vipar²tadassanoti t±yeva micch±diµµhiy± vipar²tadassano. Saddhamm± vuµµh±petv±ti dasakusalakammapathadhammato vuµµh±petv±. Asaddhamme patiµµh±pet²ti dasa-akusalakammapathasaŖkh±te asaddhamme patiµµh±peti. Ekapuggaloti cettha chahi satth±rehi saddhi½ devadatto ca ańńe ca evar³p± veditabb±.
309. Dutiye samm±diµµhikoti y±th±vadiµµhiko. Avipar²tadassanoti t±yeva samm±diµµhiy± avipar²tadassano. Asaddhamm±ti dasa-akusalakammapathato. Saddhammeti dasakusalakammapathasaŖkh±te saddhamme. Ekapuggaloti cettha anuppanne buddhe cakkavatt² r±j± sabbańńubodhisattoti evam±dayo labbhanti, uppanne buddhe buddho ceva buddhas±vak± ca.
310. Tatiye micch±diµµhiparam±n²ti micch±diµµhi param± etesanti micch±diµµhiparam±ni. Pańca hi ±nantariyakamm±ni mah±s±vajj±ni n±ma, tehipi micch±diµµhiyeva mah±s±vajjatar±ti adhipp±yo. Kasm±? Tesańhi paricchedo atthi. Catt±ri hi ±nantariyakamm±ni niraye nibbatt±pent²ti vutt±ni SaŖghabhedakammampi niraye kappaµµhitikameva hoti. Evametesa½ paricchedo atthi, koµi pańń±yati. Niyatamicch±diµµhiy± pana paricchedo natthi. S± hi vaµµassa m³la½, t±ya samann±gatassa bhavato vuµµh±na½ natthi. Ye tassa sotabba½ mańńanti, tepi vippaµip±deti. T±ya ca samann±gatassa neva saggo atthi na maggo. Kappavin±se mah±jane brahmaloke nibbattepi niyatamicch±diµµhiko tattha anibbattitv± piµµhicakkav±¼e nibbattati. Ki½ pana piµµhicakkav±¼a½ na jh±yat²ti? Jh±yati, tasmi½ jh±yam±nepi esa ±k±se ekasmi½ ok±se paccatiyev±ti vadanti.
311. Catutthe makkhal²ti “m± khal²”ti vacana½ up±d±ya eva½laddhan±mo titthakaro. Nad²mukheti dvinna½ nad²na½ sam±gataµµh±ne. Desan±mattameveta½, dvinna½ kandar±na½, dvinna½ udak±na½, samuddassa ca, loŗiy± ca, samuddassa ca nadiy± c±ti etesampi yassa kassaci sam±gataµµh±na½, ańńampi tath±r³pa½ udaka½. Khipanti kumina½. U¹¹eyy±ti o¹¹eyya. Manuss± hi na¼ehi v± ucch³hi v± ve¼³hi v± pal±santisal±k±ya v± eka½ dve tayo v± kumbhe gaŗhanappam±ŗakumina½ katv± mukhavaµµiy± yottena bandhitv± nad²mukha½ netv± dv²su passesu kh±ŗuke koµµetv± yottehi tattha bandhanti, ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Tasmińhi paviµµhassa khuddakassa macchass±pi mokkho natthi. Anay±y±ti ava¹¹hiy±. By±san±y±ti vin±s±ya. Makkhali moghapurisoti aya½ makkhali gos±lo tucchapuriso. Manussakhippa½ mańńe loke uppannoti mah±janassa saggamokkhagamanamagge tattha gamananiv±raŗattha½ manussakumina½ viya loke uppanno.
312. Pańcam±d²su durakkh±te, bhikkhave, dhammavinayeti durakkh±tadhammavinayo n±ma b±hirakas±sana½. Tattha hi satth±pi asabbańń³ hoti, dhammopi durakkh±to, gaŗopi duppaµipanno. Yo ca sam±dapet²ti yo ±cariyapuggalo sam±dapeti. Yańca sam±dapet²ti ya½ antev±sika½ sam±dapeti. Yo ca sam±dapito tathatt±ya paµipajjat²ti yo antev±siko ±cariyena sam±dapito tassa vacana½ karonto tath±bh±v±ya paµipajjati. Bahu½ apuńńa½ pasavant²ti sam±dapako hi p±ŗ±tip±t±d²su jaŖghasata½ sam±dapento tesa½ sabbesampi akusalena samakameva akusala½ p±puŗ±ti. Ten±ha– “sabbe te bahu½ apuńńa½ pasavant²”ti.
313. Sv±kkh±teti suµµhu akkh±te sudesite. Evar³pe hi dhammavinaye satth± ca sabbańń³ hoti, dhammo ca sv±kkh±to, gaŗo ca suppaµipanno. Sabbe te bahu½ puńńa½ pasavant²ti sam±dapako hi bhikkh³ piŗ¹±ya paviµµhe disv± y±gubhatt±d²ni sam±dapento sabbesampi d±yak±na½ kusalena samaka½ kusala½ p±puŗ±ti. Tena vutta½– “bahu½ puńńa½ pasavant²”ti.
314. D±yakena matt± j±nitabb±ti d±yakapuggalena pam±ŗa½ j±nitabba½, pam±ŗena d±tabba½, p³retv± atireka½ na d±tabba½. Na d±tabbanti hi avatv± pam±ŗavasena thoka½ d±tabbanti vutta½. Kasm±? P³retv± atireke dinnepi hi atirek± manussasampatti v± dibbasampatti v± nibb±nasampatti v± natthi. No paµigg±haken±ti paµigg±hakassa pana matta½ j±nitv± paµiggahaŗakicca½ n±ma natthi. Kasm±? Tassa hi matta½ ńatv± p³retabb± mattapaµiggahaŗam³lik± appicchapaµipad± n±ma natthi. Yattaka½ pana labhati, tattaka½ gahetabba½. Atirekaggahaŗam³la½ hissa puttad±rabharaŗa½ bhavissati.
315. Paµigg±hakena matt± j±nitabb±ti paµigg±hakapuggalena pam±ŗa½ j±nitabba½. Katha½? Tena hi d±yakassa vaso veditabbo, deyyadhammassa vaso veditabbo, attano th±mo veditabbo. Yadi hi deyyadhammo bahu hoti, d±yako appa½ d±tuk±mo, d±yakassa vasena appa½ gaŗhitabba½. Deyyadhammo appo, d±yako bahu½ d±tuk±mo, deyyadhammassa vasena appa½ gaŗhitabba½. Deyyadhammopi bahu, d±yakopi bahu½ d±tuk±mo, attano th±ma½ ńatv± pam±ŗeneva gaŗhitabba½. Eva½ matta½ ńatv± paµiggaŗhanto hi appicchapaµipada½ p³reti. Anuppannassa l±bho uppajjati, uppanno l±bho th±varova hoti. Appasann± pas²danti, pasann±pi bhiyyo pas±dam±pajjanti, mah±janassa cakkhubh³to hoti, s±sana½ ciraµµhitika½ karoti.
Tatrim±ni vatth³ni– rohaŗajanapade kira kuµimbiyavih±re eko daharo dubbhikkhasamaye tasmi½ g±me ekassa kammak±rassa gehe bhuńjanatth±ya kaµacchubhatta½ gahetv± gamanatth±ya ca kaµacchubhattameva labhati. So ekadivasa½ tasmi½ gehe eka½ ±gantuka½ disv± ekameva kaµacchubhatta½ gaŗhi. Athassa “kena k±raŗen±”ti vutte tamattha½ vatv± so kulaputto pas²ditv± “amh±ka½ kul³pakabhadanto evar³po n±m±”ti r±jadv±re mitt±macc±na½ kathesi. Te sabbepi tassa appicchaguŗe pasann± ekadivaseneva saµµhi dhurabhatt±ni µhapesu½. Eva½ appiccho anuppannal±bha½ upp±deti.
Saddh±tissamah±r±j±pi c³¼upaµµh±ka½ tiss±macca½ v²ma½sitv± tena eka½ tittira½ pac±petv± ±har±pesi. Atha paribhogasamaye “agga½ datv± paribhuńjiss±m²”ti aµµhakas±lapariveŗe mah±therassa bhaŗ¹agg±has±maŗerassa tittirama½sa½ dento tasmi½ thoka½yeva paµiggaŗhante tassa appicchaguŗe pas²ditv± “pasannosmi, t±ta, aµµha te dhurabhatt±ni dem²”ti ±ha. Mah±r±ja, upajjh±yassa dem²ti. Apar±nipi aµµha dem²ti. T±ni amh±ka½ ±cariyassa dem²ti. Apar±nipi aµµha damm²ti. T±ni sam±nupajjh±y±na½ damm²ti. Apar±nipi aµµha damm²ti. T±ni bhikkhusaŖghassa damm²ti. Apar±nipi aµµha damm²ti. S±maŗero adhiv±sesi. Evamassa uppanno l±bho th±varo hoti.
Appasann± pas²dant²ti etthapi– d²ghabr±hmaŗo kira br±hmaŗe bhojento pańca pańca bhattasarak±ni datv± santappetu½ n±sakkhi. Athekadivasa½ “samaŗ± kira n±ma appicch±”ti katha½ sutv± v²ma½sanatth±ya bhatta½ g±h±petv± bhikkhusaŖghassa bhattakiccakaraŗavel±ya vih±ra½ gantv± ti½samatte bhikkh³ bhojanas±l±ya½ bhuńjante disv± eka½ bhattasaraka½ gahetv± saŖghattherassa santika½ agam±si. Thero aŖguli½ c±letv± thokameva aggahesi. Eteneva niy±mena eka½ bhattasaraka½ sabbesa½ samp±puŗi. Tato br±hmaŗo “saccoyeva etesa½ samaŗ±na½ guŗo”ti appicchat±ya pasanno sahassa½ vissajjetv± tasmi½yeva vih±re cetiya½ k±resi. Eva½ appasann± pas²danti.
Pasann± bhiyyo pas²dant²ti ettha vatthun± kicca½ natthi. Pasann±nańhi appiccha½ disv± pas±do bhiyyo va¹¹hatiyeva.
Majjhantikatissattherasadise pana appicche disv± mah±jano appiccho bhavitu½ mańńat²ti appiccho mah±janassa cakkhubh³to n±ma hoti.
“Appicchat±, bhikkhave, saddhammassa µhitiy± asammos±ya anantaradh±n±ya sa½vattat²”ti (a. ni. 1.116-129) vacanato pana appiccho s±sana½ ciraµµhitika½ karoti n±ma.
No d±yaken±ti sv±kkh±te dhammavinaye pana d±yakassa pam±ŗa½ ńatv± d±tabbakicca½ n±ma natthi. Yattako deyyadhammo atthi, tattaka½ avattharitv± d±tu½ vaµµati. Avattharitv± dinnak±raŗ± hi esa manussasampatti½, dibbasampatti½, nibb±nasampattińca avattharitv± uttaruttari paŗ²tapaŗ²tameva labhati.
316. Yo ±raddhav²riyo, so dukkha½ viharat²ti pańc±tapatappanamaruppap±tapatan±dicc±nuparivattana-ukkuµikappadh±n±d²ni anuyuńjanto diµµhe ceva dhamme dukkha½ viharati tasseva b±hirasamaye sam±dinnassa tapacaraŗassa vip±kena niraye uppajjitv± sampar±yepi dukkha½ viharati.
317. Yo kus²to, so dukkha½ viharat²ti ayampi diµµhe dhamme ceva sampar±ye ca dukkha½ viharati. Katha½? Yassa hi pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya yoniso manasik±ro natthi, buddhavacana½ na uggaŗh±ti, ±cariyupajjh±yavatta½ na karoti, cetiyaŖgaŗabodhiyaŖgaŗavatta½ na karoti. Janassa pana saddh±deyya½ apaccavekkhitaparibhogena paribhuńjitv± divasa½ seyyasukha½ passasukha½ anuyuńjitv± pabuddhak±le tayo vitakke vitakketi. So katip±heneva bhikkhubh±v± cavati? Eva½ diµµhadhamme ca dukkha½ viharati. Pabbajitv± pana samaŗadhammassa samm± akatatt± ca–
“Kuso yath± duggahito, hatthamev±nukantati;
s±mańńa½ duppar±maµµha½, niray±yupaka¹¹hat²”ti. (Dha. pa. 311)–

Ap±yasmi½yeva paµisandhi½ gaŗhati. Eva½ sampar±yepi dukkha½ viharati.

318. Yo kus²to, so sukha½ viharat²ti k±lena k±la½ vuttappak±re tapacaraŗe kińci kińci tapacaraŗa½ katv± k±lena k±la½ od±tavatthavasano m±l±gandhavilepanadharo madhurabhojana½ bhuńjanto muduk±su seyy±su sayanto diµµhe dhamme ceva sukha½ viharati sampar±ye ca. So hi tassa tapacaraŗassa g±¼ha½ aggahitatt± n±tibahu½ niraye dukkha½ anubhavati. Tasm± sampar±ye sukha½ viharati n±ma.
319. Yo ±raddhav²riyo, so sukha½ viharat²ti ±raddhav²riyo hi pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya vattesu parip³rak±r² hoti, buddhavacana½ uggaŗh±ti, yoniso manasik±re kamma½ karoti. Athassa vattap³raŗańceva uggahitabuddhavacanańca samaŗadhammakiriyańca ±vajjentassa citta½ pas²dati. Eva½ diµµheva dhamme sukha½ viharati. Diµµhadhamme pana arahatta½ p±puŗitu½ asakkonto nibbattabhave khipp±bhińńo hot²ti sampar±yepi sukha½ viharati n±ma.
320. Seyyath±pi bhikkhave, appamattakopi g³tho duggandho hot²ti ida½ sutta½ aµµhuppattiya½ vutta½. Katara-aµµhuppattiyanti? Navakanip±te (a. ni. 9.12) sattupp±dasutta aµµhuppattiya½. Tath±gato hi ta½ attha½ kathento– “nava puggal± nirayato mutt±, tiracch±nayonito mutt±, pettivisayato mutt±”ti kathesi. Athassa etadahosi– “sace kho pana me putt± ima½ dhammadesana½ sutv± kh²ŗanirayamh± kh²ŗatiracch±nayonik± kh²ŗapettivisay± kh²ŗ±p±yaduggativinip±t±ti mańńam±n± uparimaggaphalatth±ya v±yamitu½ na mańńeyyu½, tesa½ sa½vega½ janess±m²”ti sa½vegajananattha½ “seyyath±pi, bhikkhave”ti ima½ suttam±rabhi. Tattha appamattakoti thokamattako parittappam±ŗo, antamaso kusaggenapi gahetv± upasiŖghiyam±no duggandhova hoti. Appamattakampi bhava½ na vaŗŗem²ti appamattakampi k±la½ bhave paµisandhi½ na vaŗŗay±mi. Id±nissa upama½ dassento ±ha– antamaso acchar±saŖgh±tamattamp²ti. Sabbantimena paricchedena dve aŖguliyo ekato katv± paharaŗamattampi k±lanti vutta½ hoti. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±natthamev±ti.

Tatiyavaggavaŗŗan±.