16. Ekadhammap±¼i

(16) 1. Ekadhammap±¼i-paµhamavaggavaººan±

296. Ekadhammap±¼iya½ ekadhammoti ekasabh±vo. Ekantanibbid±y±ti ekantena vaµµe nibbindanatth±ya ukkaºµhanatth±ya. Vir±g±y±ti vaµµe virajjanatth±ya, r±g±d²na½ v± kiles±na½ virajjan±ya vigam±ya. Nirodh±y±ti r±g±d²na½ nirodh±ya appavattikaraºatth±ya, vaµµasseva v± nirujjhanatth±ya. Upasam±y±ti kilesav³pasamanatth±ya, abhiññ±y±ti anicc±divasena lakkhaºattaya½ ±ropetv± abhij±nanatth±ya. Sambodh±y±ti catunna½ sacc±na½ bujjhanatth±ya, “bodhi vuccati cat³su maggesu ñ±ºan”ti (mah±ni. 191; c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasuttaniddeso 121) eva½ vuttassa v± catumaggañ±ºassa paµivijjhanatth±ya. Nibb±n±y±ti appaccayanibb±nassa sacchikaraºatth±ya.
Iti bhagav± imehi sattahi padehi buddh±nussatikammaµµh±nassa vaººa½ kathesi. Kasm±? Mah±janassa uss±hajananattha½ visakaºµakav±ºijo viya attano paºiyassa. Visakaºµakav±ºijo n±ma gu¼av±ºijo vuccati. So kira gu¼aph±ºitakhaº¹asakkar±d²ni sakaµen±d±ya paccantag±ma½ gantv± “visakaºµaka½ gaºhatha, visakaºµaka½ gaºhath±”ti ugghosesi. Ta½ sutv± g±mik± “visa½ n±ma kakkha¼a½ ghora½. Yo na½ kh±dati, so marati. Kaºµakampi vijjhitv± m±reti, ubhopete kakkha¼±. Ko ettha ±nisa½so”ti gehadv±r±ni thakesu½, d±rake ca pal±pesu½. Ta½ disv± v±ºijo ‘avoh±rakusal± ime g±mik±, handa ne up±yena g±h±pem²”ti “atimadhura½ gaºhatha, atis±du½ gaºhatha, gu¼a½ ph±ºita½ sakkara½ samaggha½ labbhati, k³µam±sakak³µakah±paº±d²hi v±pi labbhat²”ti ugghosesi. Ta½ sutv± g±mik± tuµµhapahaµµh± vaggavagg± gantv± bahumpi m³la½ datv± aggahesu½.
Tattha visakaºµakav±ºijassa “visakaºµaka½ gaºhath±”ti ugghosana½ viya bhagavato buddh±nussatikammaµµh±nakathana½, visakaºµake vaººa½ kathetv± tassa gahaºatth±ya mah±janassa uss±hakaraºa½ viya imehi sattahi padehi buddh±nussatikammaµµh±nassa vaººabhaºanena tassa mah±janassa uss±hakaraºa½.
Katamo ekadhammoti kathetukamyat±pucch±. Buddh±nussat²ti buddha½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati, buddhaguº±rammaº±ya satiy± eta½ adhivacana½. Ta½ paneta½ buddh±nussatikammaµµh±na½ duvidha½ hoti cittasampaha½sanatthañceva vipassanatthañca. Katha½? Yad± hi asubh±rammaºesu aññatara½ bh±ventassa bhikkhuno cittupp±do upahaññati ukkaºµhati nirass±do hoti, v²thi½ nappaµipajjati, k³µagoºo viya ito cito ca vidh±vati. Tasmi½ khaºe esa m³lakammaµµh±na½ pah±ya “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din± nayena tath±gatassa lokiyalokuttaraguºe anussarati. Tasseva½ buddha½ anussarantassa cittupp±do pas²dati, vin²varaºo hoti So ta½ citta½ eva½ dametv± puna m³lakammaµµh±na½yeva manasi karoti. Katha½? Yath± n±ma balav± puriso k³µ±g±rakaººikatth±ya mah±rukkha½ chindanto s±kh±pal±sacchedanamatteneva pharasudh±r±ya vipann±ya mah±rukkha½ chinditu½ asakkontopi dhuranikkhepa½ akatv±va kamm±ras±la½ gantv± tikhiºa½ pharasu½ k±r±petv± puna ta½ chindeyya. Eva½sampadamida½ daµµhabba½. So eva½ buddh±nussativasena citta½ paridametv± puna m³lakammaµµh±na½ manasikaronto asubh±rammaºa½ paµhamajjh±na½ nibbattetv± jh±naªg±ni sammasitv± ariyabh³mi½ okkamati. Eva½ t±va cittasampaha½sanattha½ hoti.
Yad± panesa buddh±nussati½ anussaritv± “ko aya½ itipi so bhagav±ti-±din± nayena anussari, itthi nu kho puriso nu kho devamanussam±rabrahm±na½ aññataro nu kho”ti pariggaºhanto “na añño koci, satisampayutta½ pana cittameva anussar²”ti disv± “ta½ kho paneta½ citta½ khandhato viññ±ºakkhandho hoti, tena sampayutt± vedan± vedan±kkhandho, tena sampayutt± saññ± saññ±kkhandho, sahaj±t± phass±dayo saªkh±rakkhandhoti ime catt±ro ar³pakkhandh± hont²”ti ar³pañca vavatthapetv± tassa nissaya½ pariyesanto hadayavatthu½ disv± tassa nissay±ni catt±ri mah±bh³t±ni, t±ni up±d±ya pavatt±ni sesa-up±d±r³p±ni ca pariggahetv± “sabbampeta½ r³pa½ r³pakkhandho”ti vavatthapetv± “idañca r³pa½ purimañca ar³pan”ti saªkhepato r³p±r³pa½, pabhedato pañcakkhandhe puna “saªkhepato pañcapete khandh± dukkhasaccan”ti dukkhasacca½ vavatthapetv± “tassa pabh±vik± taºh± samudayasacca½, tass± nirodho nirodhasacca½, nirodhapaj±nan± paµipad± maggasaccan”ti eva½ pubbabh±ge catt±ri ca sacc±ni vavatthapetv± paµip±µiy± ariyabh³mi½ okkamati. Tad±ssa ima½ kammaµµh±na½ vipassanattha½ n±ma hoti. Aya½ khoti-±di appan±v±ro vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
297. Dhamm±nussati±d²supi eseva nayo. Aya½ panettha vacanattho– dhamma½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati dhamm±nussati, sv±kkh±tat±didhammaguº±rammaº±ya satiy± eta½ adhivacana½. Saªgha½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati saªgh±nussati, suppaµipannat±disaªghaguº±rammaº±ya satiy± eta½ adhivacana½. S²la½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati s²l±nussati, akhaº¹at±dis²laguº±rammaº±ya satiy± eta½ adhivacana½. C±ga½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati c±g±nussati, muttac±gat±dic±gaguº±rammaº±ya satiy± eta½ adhivacana½. Devat± ±rabbha uppann± anussati devat±nussati, devat± sakkhiµµh±ne µhapetv± attano saddh±diguº±rammaº±ya satiy± eta½ adhivacana½. ¾n±p±ne ±rabbha uppann± sati ±n±p±nassati, ass±sapass±sanimitt±rammaº±ya satiy± eta½ adhivacana½. Maraºa½ ±rabbha uppann± sati maraºassati, j²vitindriyupacched±rammaº±ya satiy± eta½ adhivacana½. Kes±dibheda½ r³pak±ya½ gat±, k±ye v± gat±ti k±yagat±, k±yagat± ca s± sati c±ti k±yagat±sat²ti vattabbe rassa½ akatv± k±yagat±sat²ti vutt±. Kes±dik±yakoµµh±sanimitt±rammaº±ya satiy± eta½ adhivacana½. Upasama½ ±rabbha uppann± anussati upasam±nussati, sabbadukkh³pasam±rammaº±ya satiy± eta½ adhivacana½. Duvidho v± upasamo accant³pasamo ca khay³pasamo ca. Tattha accant³pasamo n±ma nibb±na½, khay³pasamo n±ma maggo. Evameta½ duvidhampi upasama½ anussarantassa uppann± sati upasam±nussat²ti ayamettha attho. Iti imesu dasasu kammaµµh±nesu ±n±p±nassati maraºassati k±yagat±sat²ti im±ni t²ºi vipassanatth±neva honti, ses±ni satta cittasampaha½sanatth±nipi hont²ti.

Paµhamavaggavaººan±.