15. Aµµh±nap±¼i

(15) 2. Aµµh±nap±¼i-dutiyavaggavaººan±

278. Apubba½ acarimanti ettha cakkaratanap±tubh±vato pubbe pubba½, tasseva antaradh±nato pacch± carima½. Tattha dvidh± cakkaratanassa antaradh±na½ hoti cakkavattino k±lakiriy±ya v± pabbajj±ya v±. Antaradh±yam±nañca pana ta½ k±lakiriyato v± pabbajjato v± sattame divase antaradh±yati, tato para½ cakkavattino p±tubh±vo av±rito.
Kasm± pana ekacakkav±¼e dve cakkavattino na uppajjant²ti? Viv±dupacchedato, acchariyabh±vato, cakkaratanassa mah±nubh±vato ca. Dv²su hi uppajjantesu “amh±ka½ r±j± mahanto, amh±ka½ r±j± mahanto”ti viv±do uppajjeyya, “ekasmi½ d²pe cakkavatt², ekasmi½ d²pe cakkavatt²”ti ca anacchariyo bhaveyya. Yo c±ya½ cakkaratanassa dvisahassad²papariv±resu cat³su mah±d²pesu issariy±nuppad±nasamattho mah±nubh±vo, sopi parih±yetha. Iti viv±dupacchedato acchariyabh±vato cakkaratanassa mah±nubh±vato ca na ekacakkav±¼e dve uppajjanti.
279. Ya½ itth² araha½ assa samm±sambuddhoti ettha tiµµhatu t±va sabbaññuguºe nibbattetv± lokanittharaºasamattho buddhabh±vo, paºidh±namattampi itthiy± na sampajjati.
“Manussatta½ liªgasampatti, hetu satth±radassana½;
pabbajj± guºasampatti, adhik±ro ca chandat±;
aµµha dhammasamodh±n±, abhin²h±ro samijjhat²”ti. (Bu. va½. 2.59)–

Im±ni hi paºidh±nasampattik±raº±ni. Iti paºidh±nampi samp±detu½ asamatth±ya itthiy± kuto buddhabh±voti. “Aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so, ya½ itth² araha½ assa samm±sambuddho”ti vutta½ Sabb±k±raparip³rova puññussayo sabb±k±raparip³rameva attabh±va½ nibbattet²ti purisova araha½ hoti samm±sambuddho, na itth².

280. R±j± assa cakkavatt²ti-±d²supi yasm± itthiy± kosohitavatthaguyhat±d²na½ abh±vena lakkhaº±ni na parip³ranti, itthiratan±bh±vena sattaratanasamaªgit± na sampajjati, sabbamanussehi ca adhiko attabh±vo na hoti. Tasm± “aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so ya½ itth² r±j± assa cakkavatt²”ti vutta½.
281. Yasm± ca sakkatt±d²ni t²ºi µh±n±ni uttam±ni, itthiliªgañca h²na½, tasm± cass± sakkatt±d²nipi paµisiddh±ni.
Nanu ca yath± itthiliªga½, eva½ purisaliªgampi brahmaloke natthi. Tasm± “ya½ puriso brahmatta½ k±reyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²”tipi na vattabba½ siy±ti. No na vattabba½. Kasm±? Idha purisassa tattha nibbattanato. Brahmattanti hi mah±brahmatta½ adhippeta½. Itth² ca idha jh±na½ bh±vetv± k±la½ katv± brahmap±risajj±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjati, na mah±brahm±na½. Puriso pana tattha nuppajjat²ti na vattabbo. Sam±nepi cettha ubhayaliªg±bh±ve purisasaºµh±n±va brahm±no, na itthisaºµh±n±. Tasm± suvuttameveta½.
284. K±yaduccaritass±ti-±d²su yath± nimbab²jakos±takib²j±d²ni madhura½ phala½ na nibbattenti, as±ta½ amadhurameva nibbattenti, eva½ k±yaduccarit±d²ni madhura½ vip±ka½ na nibbattenti, amadhurameva nibbattenti. Yath± ca ucchub²jas±lib²j±d²ni madhura½ s±durasameva phala½ nibbattenti, na as±ta½ kaµuka½. Eva½ k±yasucarit±d²ni madhurameva vip±ka½ nibbattenti, na amadhura½. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Y±disa½ vapate b²ja½, t±disa½ harate phala½;
kaly±ºak±r² kaly±ºa½, p±pak±r² ca p±pakan”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.256).
Tasm± “aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so, ya½ k±yaduccaritass±”ti-±di vutta½.
290-295. K±yaduccaritasamaªg²ti-±d²su samaªg²ti pañcavidh± samaªgit±– ±y³hanasamaªgit±, cetan±samaªgit±, kammasamaªgit±, vip±kasamaªgit±, upaµµh±nasamaªgit±ti. Tattha kusal±kusalakamm±y³hanakkhaºe ±y³hanasamaªgit±ti vuccati. Tath± cetan±samaªgit±. Y±va pana satt± arahatta½ na p±puºanti, t±va sabbepi satt± pubbe upacitacetan±ya samaªgit±ya cetan±samaªginoti vuccanti. Es± cetan±samaªgit±. Y±va arahatta½ na p±puºanti, t±va sabbepi satt± pubbe upacita½ vip±k±raha½ kamma½ sandh±ya “kammasamaªgino”ti vuccanti. Es± kammasamaªgit±. Vip±kasamaªgit± vip±kakkhaºeyeva veditabb±. Y±va pana satt± arahatta½ na p±puºanti, t±va tesa½ tato tato cavitv± niraye uppajjam±n±na½ aggij±l±lohakumbhi-±d²hi upaµµh±n±k±rehi nirayo, gabbhaseyyakatta½ ±pajjam±n±na½ m±tukucchi, devesu uppajjam±n±na½ kapparukkhavim±n±d²hi upaµµh±n±k±rehi devalokoti eva½ upapattinimitta½ upaµµh±ti. Iti nesa½ imin± upapattinimitta-upaµµh±nena aparimuttat± upaµµh±nasamaªgit± n±ma. S± calati, ses± niccal±. Niraye hi upaµµhitepi devaloko upaµµh±ti, devaloke upaµµhitepi nirayo upaµµh±ti, manussaloke upaµµhitepi tiracch±nayoni upaµµh±ti, tiracch±nayoniy± ca upaµµhit±yapi manussaloko upaµµh±tiyeva.
Tatrida½ vatthu– soºagirip±de kira acelavih±re soºatthero n±ma eko dhammakathiko. Tassa pit± sunakhav±jiko n±ma ahosi, thero ta½ paµib±hantopi sa½vare µhapetu½ asakkonto “m± nassi var±ko”ti mahallakak±le ak±maka½ na½ pabb±jesi. Tassa gil±naseyy±ya nipannassa nirayo upaµµh±si. Soºagirip±dato mahant± sunakh± ±gantv± kh±dituk±m± viya sampariv±resu½. So mah±bhayabh²to “v±rehi, t±ta soºa, v±rehi, t±ta soº±”ti ±ha. Ki½ mah±ther±ti? Na passasi, t±t±ti ta½ pavatti½ ±cikkhi. Soºatthero “kathañhi n±ma m±disassa pit± niraye nibbattissati patiµµh±ssa bhaviss±m²”ti s±maºerehi n±n±pupph±ni ±har±petv± cetiyaªgaºabodhiyaªgaºesu talasantharaºap³ja½ ±sanap³jañca k±retv± pitara½ mañcakena cetiyaªgaºa½ haritv± mañce nis²d±petv± “aya½, mah±thera, p³j± tumh±ka½ atth±ya kat±, ‘aya½ me bhagav± duggatapaºº±k±ro’ti vatv± bhagavanta½ vanditv± citta½ pas±deh²”ti ±ha. S± mah±thero p³ja½ disv± tath± karonto citta½ pas±desi. T±vadevassa devaloko upaµµh±si. Nandanavana-cittalat±vana-missakavana-ph±rusakavana-vim±n±ni ceva devan±µak±ni ca pariv±retv± µhit±ni viya ahesu½. So “apetha, soºa, apetha, soº±”ti thera½ ±ha. Kimida½, mah±ther±ti? Et± te m±taro ±gacchant²ti. Thero “saggo upaµµhito mah±therass±”ti cintesi. Eva½ upaµµh±nasamaªgit± calat²ti veditabb±. Et±su samaªgit±su idha ±y³hanacetan±kamma-samaªgit±vasena “k±yaduccaritasamaªg²”ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha eke ±cariy± “yasmi½ khaºe kamma½ ±y³hati, tasmi½yeva khaºe tassa saggo v±rito”ti vadanti. Apare pana “±y³hitakamma½ n±ma vip±kav±ra½ labhantampi atthi alabhantampi. Tattha yad± kamma½ vip±kav±ra½ labhati, tasmi½yeva k±le tassa saggo v±rito”ti vadanti. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±natthamev±ti.

Aµµh±nap±¼ivaººan± niµµhit±.