2. P±s±dakampanavaggo

1-2. Pubbasutt±divaººan±

823-824. Parato imasmi½ p±s±dakampanavagge dasamasutte ±vi bhavissanti. Cha-abhiññ±p±dak±ti channa½ abhiññ±na½ p±dakabh³t± padh±nabh³t±. Yath± paµhamasutte, tath± dutiyatatiyasuttesupi ca cha-abhiññ±p±dak± iddhip±d± kathit±ti attho.

3. Chandasam±dhisuttavaººan±

825. Yo sam±dhissa nissayabh³to chando, so idh±dhippetoti ±ha “chandanti kattukamyat±chandan”ti. Tassa ca adhipateyyaµµho nissayaµµho, na vin± ta½ chanda½ niss±y±ti ±ha– “niss±y±ti nissaya½ katv±, adhipati½ katv±ti attho”ti. Padh±nabh³t±ti seµµhabh³t±, seµµhabh±vo ca ekassapi catukiccas±dhanavasena pavattiy±, tato eva bahuvacananiddeso, padh±nasaªkh±raµµhena padh±nasaªkharaºato. “Chanda½ ce niss±ya…pe… aya½ vuccati chandasam±dh²”ti im±ya p±¼iy± chand±dhipati sam±dhi chandasam±dh²ti adhipatisaddalopa½ katv± sam±so vuttoti viññ±yati, adhipatisaddatthadassanavasena v± chandahetuko, chand±dhiko v± sam±dhi chandasam±dhi. Tena “chandasam±dhin± ceva padh±nasaªkh±rehi padh±nabh³tasaªkh±rehi ca samann±gat±”ti vakkhati, ta½ ±netv± sambandho. Padh±nabh³t±ti v²riyabh³t±. Keci vadanti– “saªkhatasaªkh±r±dinivattanattha½ padh±naggahaºan”ti. Atha v± ta½ ta½ visesa½ saªkharot²ti saªkh±ro, sabbampi v²riya½. Tattha catukiccas±dhakato tadaññassa nivattanattha½ padh±naggahaºanti. Yath± chando chandasam±dhin± ceva padh±nasaªkh±rehi ca samann±gato, eva½ chandasam±dhi chandena ceva padh±nasaªkh±rehi ca samann±gato. Padh±nasaªkh±r±pi chandena ceva chandasam±dhin± ca samann±gat±ti t²supi padesu samann±gatasaddo yojetabbo. Tasm±ti yasm± tayopi chand±dayo ekacittupp±dapariy±pann±, tasm± sabbe te dhamm± ekato katv± “aya½ vuccati…pe… iddhip±do”ti vuttanti. Eva½ chand±d²na½yeva cettha iddhip±dabh±vo vutto, vibhaªge pana tesa½ iddhibh±vo sampayutt±na½ iddhip±dabh±vo vuttoti dassento “iddhip±davibhaªge pan±”ti-±dim±ha.
Id±ni nesa½ iddhip±dat±pi sambhavat²ti dassento “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha chandañhi bh±vayato padh±na½ katv± bh±ventassa tath± pavattapubb±bhisaªkh±ravasena ijjham±no chando iddhi n±ma, tassa nissayabh³t± padh±nasaªkh±r± iddhip±do n±ma. Sesadvayepi eseva nayo. Tath± bh±vayantassa mukhyat±matta½ sandh±ya vutta½, ijjhanattho pana sabbesa½ sam±nanti dassento “sampayutta…pe… ijjhantiyev±”ti ±ha.
Iddhip±de asaªkarato dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha chand±dayoti chandasam±dhipadh±nasaªkh±r±. Sesiddhip±des³ti v²riyiddhip±d±d²su. Tattha v²riyasam±dhipadh±nasaªkh±rasamann±gatoti dvikkhattu½ v²riya½ ±gata½, tattha purima½ sam±dhivisesa½, v²riy±dhipatisam±dhi eva v²riyasam±dh²ti dutiya½ samann±gamaªgadassana½. Dveyeva hi sabbattha samann±gamaªg±ni sam±dhi padh±nasaªkh±ro ca, chand±dayo sam±dhivisesan±ni, padh±nasaªkh±ro pana padh±navacaneneva visesito, na chand±d²h²ti na idha v²riy±dhipatit± padh±nasaªkh±rassa vutt± hoti. V²riyañca sam±dhi½ visesetv± µhitameva samann±gamaªgavasena padh±nasaªkh±ravacanena vuttanti n±pi dv²hi v²riyehi samann±gamo vutto hoti. Yasm± pana chand±d²hi visiµµho sam±dhi, tath±pi visiµµheneva ca tena sampayutto padh±nasaªkh±ro sesadhamm± ca, tasm± sam±dhivisesan±na½ vasena catt±ro iddhip±d± vutt±, visesanabh±vo ca chand±d²na½ ta½ta½avassayadassanavasena hot²ti “chandasam±dhi…pe… iddhip±do”ti ettha nissayatthepi p±da-sadde up±d±yaµµhena chand±d²na½ iddhip±dat± vutt± hoti, teneva abhidhamme uttarac³¼abh±janiye “catt±ro iddhip±d± chandiddhip±do”ti-±din± (vibha. 457) chand±d²na½yeva iddhip±dat± vutt±, pañhapucchake ca– “catt±ro iddhip±d± idha bhikkhu chandasam±dh²”ti-±din±va (vibha. 431) uddesa½ katv±pi puna chand±d²na½yeva kusal±dibh±vo vibhatto. Up±yiddhip±dadassanatthameva hi nissayiddhip±dadassana½ kata½, aññath± catubbidhat± na hot²ti ayamettha p±¼ivasena atthavinicchayo. Tattha up±yiddhip±dadassanatthamev±ti chand±dike dhure jeµµhake pubbaªgame katv± nibbattitasam±dhi chand±dhipatisam±dh²ti chand±d²na½ iddhiy± adhigam³p±yadassana½ up±yiddhip±dadassana½, tadatthameva “tath±bh³tassa vedan±kkhandho…pe… viññ±ºakkhandho”ti tattha tattha p±¼iya½ nissayiddhip±dadassana½ kata½ chand±divisiµµh±na½yeva vedan±kkhandh±d²na½ adhippetatt±. Evañceta½ sampaµicchitabba½, aññath± kevala½ iddhisampayutt±na½yeva khandh±na½ vasena iddhip±dabh±ve gayham±ne tesa½ catubbidhat± na hoti visesak±raºabh±vatoti adhipp±yo.
Kec²ti uttaravih±rav±sino. Anibbattoti hetupaccayehi na nibbatto, na sabh±vadhammo, paññattimattanti adhipp±yo. V±damaddanatth±ya hoti, abhidhamme ca ±gato uttarac³¼av±roti yojan±. Catt±ro iddhip±d±ti-±di uttarac³¼av±radassana½. Ime pana uttarac³¼av±re ±gat± iddhip±d±.
Raµµhap±latthero chande sati katha½ n±nuj±nissant²ti satt±h±ni bhatt±ni abhuñjitv± m±t±pitaro anuj±n±petv± pabbajitv± chandameva niss±ya arahatta½ p±puº²ti ±ha– “raµµhap±latthero chanda½ dhura½ katv± lokuttaradhamma½ nibbattes²”ti. Soºattheroti sukhum±lasoºatthero. So hi ±yasm± attano sukhum±labh±va½ acintetv± ativela½ caªkamanena p±desu uµµhitesupi uss±ha½ avissajjento v²riya½ dhura½ katv± lokuttaradhamma½ nibbattesi. Sambhutatthero “cittavato ce alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso ijjheyya, mayha½ ijjheyy±ti citta½ dhura½ katv± lokuttaradhamma½ nibbattesi. Moghar±j± “paññavato ce maggabh±van± ijjheyya, mayha½ ijjheyy±”ti paññ±pubbaªgama½ paññ±dhura½ paññ±jeµµhaka½ katv± arahatta½ p±puº²ti ±ha “moghar±j± v²ma½sa½ dhura½ katv± lokuttaradhamma½ nibbattes²”ti. Id±ni nesa½ ariy±na½ upaµµh±nuss±hamantaj±tisampada½ niss±ya rañño santike laddhavisese amaccaputte nidassanabh±vena dassetu½ “tattha yath±”ti-±dim±ha. Ettha ca punappuna½ chandupp±dana½ tosana½ viya hot²ti chandassa upaµµh±nasadisat± vutt±, th±mabh±vato ca v²riyassa s³rattasadisat±, cintanappadh±natt± cittassa mantasa½vidh±nasadisat±, yonisomanasik±ra-sambh³tesu kusaladhammesu paññ± seµµh±ti v²ma½s±ya j±tisampattisadisat± vutt±.