2. N±landavaggo

2. N±landasuttavaººan±

378. Dutiyavagge paµhamasutta½ heµµh± vuttanayatt± suviññeyyanti ta½ laªghitv± “dutiye”ti vutta½.
Bhiyyataro abhiññ±toti sambodhiy± seµµhataroti abhilakkhito. Bhiyyatar±bhiññoti sabbasattesu adhikatarapañño. Ten±ha “uttaritarañ±ºo”ti. Samm± anavasesato bujjhati eten±ti sambodh²ti ±ha– “sambodhiyanti sabbaññutaññ±ºe”ti. Nippades± gahit±ti anavases± buddhaguº± gahit± aggamaggasiddhiy±va bhagavato sabbaguº±na½ siddhatt±. Na kevalañca buddh±na½, atha kho aggas±vakapaccekabuddh±nampi ta½ta½guºasamijjhana½ aggamagg±dhigamenev±ti dassento “dvepi aggas±vak±”ti-±dim±ha.
Aparo nayo– pasannoti imin± pas±dassa vattam±nat± d²pit±ti uppannasaddhoti imin±pi saddh±ya paccuppannat± pak±sit±ti ±ha– “eva½ saddah±m²ti attho”ti. Abhij±n±ti abhimukhabh±vena sabbaññeyya½ j±n±t²ti abhiñño, bhiyyo adhiko abhiññoti bhiyyobhiñño. So eva atisayavacanicch±vasena bhiyyobhiññataroti vuttoti ±ha– “bhiyyataro abhiññ±to”ti. Dutiyavikappe pana abhij±n±t²ti abhiññ±, abhivisiµµh± paññ±. Bhiyyo abhiññ± etass±ti bhiyyobhiñño, so eva atisayavacanicch±vasena bhiyyobhiññataro. Sv±ya½ assa atisayo abhiññ±ya bhiyyobh±vakatoti ±ha– “bhiyyatar±bhiñño v±”ti. Sambujjhati et±y±ti sambodhi, sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ aggamaggañ±ºañca. Sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±nañhi aggamaggañ±ºa½, aggamaggañ±ºapadaµµh±nañca sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ sambodhi n±ma. Tattha padh±navasena tadatthadassane paµhamavikappo, padaµµh±navasena dutiyavikappo. Kasm± panettha arahattamaggañ±ºasseva gahaºa½, nanu heµµhim±nipi bhagavato maggañ±º±ni sav±sanameva yath±saka½ paµipakkhavidhamanavasena pavatt±ni. Sav±sanappah±nañhi ñeyy±varaºappah±nanti? Saccameta½, ta½ pana aparipuººa½ paµipakkhavidhamanassa vippakatabh±vatoti ±ha “arahattamaggañ±ºe v±”ti. Sabbanti samm±sambuddhena adhigantabba½ sabba½.
Kh±dan²y±na½ u¼±rat± s±taras±nubh±ven±ti ±ha “madhure ±gacchat²”ti. Pasa½s±ya u¼±rat± visiµµhabh±ven±ti ±ha– “seµµhe”ti. Obh±sassa u¼±rat± mahantabh±ven±ti vutta½– “vipule”ti. Usabhassa ayanti ±sabh², idha pana ±sabh² viy±ti ±sabh². Ten±ha– “usabhassa v±c±sadis²”ti. Yena guºena s± ta½sadis±, ta½ dassetu½ “acal± asampavedh²”ti vutta½. Yato kutoci anussavana½ anussavo. Vijj±µµh±n±d²su kataparicay±na½ ±cariy±na½ ta½ ta½ attha½ ñ±pent² paveº² ±cariyaparampar±. Kevala½ attano matiy± “iti kira eva½ kir±”ti parikappan± itikir±. Piµakassa ganthassa sampad±nato bh³tato tassa gahaºa½ piµakasampad±na½. Yath±sut±na½ att±na½ ±k±rassa parivitakkana½ ±k±raparivitakko. Tathevassa “evametan”ti diµµhiy± nijjh±nakkhamana½ diµµhinijjh±nakkhanti. ¾gam±dhigamehi vin± kevala½ anussutato takkamagga½ niss±ya takkana½ takko. Anum±navidhi½ niss±ya gahaºa½ nayagg±ho. Yasm± buddhavisaye µhatv± bhagavato aya½ therassa codan± therassa ca so avisayo, tasm± “paccakkhato ñ±ºena paµivijjhitv± viy±”ti vutta½. S²han±do viy±ti s²han±do. Ta½sadisat± cassa seµµhabh±vena, so cettha eva½ veditabboti dassento “s²han±do”ti-±dim±ha. Unn±dayanten±ti asanisadisa½ karontena.
Anuyogad±panatthanti anuyoga½ sodh±petu½. Vimaddakkhamañhi s²han±da½ nadanto atthato anuyoga½ sodheti n±ma, anuyujjhanto ca na½ sodh±peti n±ma. D±tunti sodhetu½. Keci “d±natthan”ti attha½ vadanti, ta½ na yutta½. Na hi yo s²had±na½ nadati, so eva tattha anuyoga½ det²ti yujjati. Nigha½sananti vimaddana½. Dhamam±nanti t±payam±na½. T±panañcettha gaggariy± dhamm±panas²sena vadati.
Sabbe teti sabbe te at²te niruddhe samm±sambuddhe. Teneta½ dasseti– ye te ahesu½ at²tamaddh±na½ tava abhin²h±rato ora½ samm±sambuddh±, tesa½ t±va s±vakañ±ºagocare dhamme paricchindanto m±r±dayo viya ca buddh±na½ lokiyacitt±c±ra½ tva½ j±neyy±si. Ye pana te abbhat²t±, tato parato chinnavaµum± chinnapapañc± pariy±dinnavaµµ± sabbadukkhav²tivatt± samm±sambuddh±, tesa½ sabbesampi tava s±vakañ±ºassa avisayabh³te dhamme katha½ j±nissas²ti. Ten±ti sambodhisaªkh±tena sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±nena arahattamaggañ±ºena. Eva½s²l±ti t±disas²l±. Sam±dhipakkh±ti sam±dhi ca sam±dhipakkh± ca sam±dhipakkh± ekadesasar³pekasesanayena. Tattha sam±dhipakkh±ti v²riyasatiyo tadanuguº± ca dhamm± veditabb± Jh±nasam±patt²su yebhuyyena vih±ravoh±ro, jh±nasam±pattiyo sam±dhippadh±n±ti vutta½ “sam±dhipakkh±na½ dhamm±na½ gahitatt± vih±ro gahito”ti.
Yath± pana heµµh± gahit±pi sam±dhipaññ± paµipakkhato vimuttatt± vimuccana-saªkh±taccavisesa-dassanavasena vimuttipariy±yena puna gahit± “eva½vimutt±”ti, eva½ dibbavih±ro dibbavih±ravisesadassanavasena puna gahito “eva½vih±r²”ti, tasm± sabbesa½ sam±pattivih±r±na½ vasenettha attho yujjat²ti daµµhabba½. Vimutt²ti saªkha½ gacchanti vimuccitth±ti katv±. Esa nayo sesesupi. Paµippassaddhanteti paµippassambhanos±panena. Sabbakilesehi nissaµatt± asa½saµµhatt± vimuttatt± ca nissaraºavimutti nibb±na½.
An±gatabuddh±na½ pan±ti pana-saddo visesatthajotano. Tena at²tesu t±va khandh±na½ bh³tapubbatt± tattha siy± ñ±ºassa savisaye gati, an±gatesu pana sabbaso asañj±tesu kathanti imamattha½ joteti. Ten±ha “an±gat±p²”ti-±di. “Attano cetas± paricchinditv± vidit±”ti kasm± vutta½? Nanu at²t±n±gate satt±he eva pavatta½ citta½ cetopariyañ±ºassa visayo, na tato paranti? Nayida½ cetopariyañ±ºakiccavasena vutta½, atha kho pubbeniv±sa-an±gata½sañ±º±na½ vasena vutta½, tasm± n±ya½ doso. Viditaµµh±ne na karoti sikkh±padeneva t±disassa paµikkhepassa paµikkhittatt± setugh±tato ca. Katha½ pana thero dvayasambhave paµikkhepameva ak±si, na vibhajja by±k±s²ti ±ha “thero kir±”ti-±di. P±ra½ pariyanta½ minot²ti p±ram², s± eva ñ±ºanti p±ramiñ±ºa½, s±vak±na½ p±ramiñ±ºa½ s±vakap±ramiñ±ºa½. Tasmi½ s±vak±na½ ukka½sapariyantagate j±nane n±yamanuyogo, atha kho sabbaññutaññ±ºe sabbaññut±ya j±nane. Keci pana “s±vakap±ramiñ±ºeti s±vakap±ramiñ±ºavisaye”ti attha½ vadanti, tath± sesapadesupi. S²la…pe… samatthanti s²lasam±dhipaññ±vimuttiñ±ºasaªkh±t±na½ k±raº±na½ j±nanasamattha½. Buddhas²l±dayo hi buddh±na½ buddhakiccassa parehi ete buddh±ti j±nanassa ca k±raºa½.
Anum±nañ±ºa½ viya sa½sayaµµhita½ ahutv± idamidanti yath±sabh±vato ñeyya½ dh±reti nicchinot²ti dhammo, paccakkhañ±ºanti ±ha “dhammassa paccakkhato ñ±ºass±”ti. Anu-et²ti anvayoti ±ha “anuyoga½ anugantv±”ti. Paccakkhasiddhañhi attha½ anugantv± anum±nañ±ºassa pavatti “diµµhena adiµµhassa anum±nan”ti veditabb±. Vidite vedakampi ñ±ºa½ atthato viditameva hot²ti “anum±nañ±ºa½ nayagg±ho vidito”ti vutta½. Viditoti viddho paµiladdho, adhigatoti attho. Appam±ºoti aparim±ºo mah±visayatt±. Ten±ha “apariyanto”ti. Ten±ti apariyantatt±. Tena v± apariyantena ñ±ºena. Etena thero ya½ ya½ anumeyyamattha½ ñ±tuk±mo hoti, tattha tattha tassa asaªgamappaµihata½ anum±nañ±ºa½ pavattet²ti dasseti. Ten±ha “so imin±”ti-±di. Tattha imin±ti imin± k±raºena.
P±k±rassa thirabh±va½ uddhamuddha½ ±pet²ti uddh±pa½, p±k±ram³la½. ¾di-saddena p±k±radv±rabandhaparikh±d²na½ saªgaho veditabbo. Paccante bhava½ paccantima½. Paº¹itadov±rikaµµh±niya½ katv± thero att±na½ dasset²ti dassento “ekadv±ranti kasm± ±h±”ti codana½ samuµµh±pesi.
Yass± paññ±ya vasena puriso paº¹itoti vuccati, ta½ paº¹iccanti ±ha– “paº¹iccena samann±gato”ti. Ta½ta½itikattabbat±su chekabh±vo byattabh±vo veyyattiya½. Medhati aññ±ºa½ hi½sati vidhamat²ti medh±, s± etassa atth²ti medh±v². Ýh±ne µh±ne uppatti etiss± atth²ti µh±nuppattik±, µh±naso uppajjanapaññ±. Anupariy±yanti eten±ti anupariy±yo, so eva pathoti anupariy±yapatho, parito p±k±rassa anuy±yanamaggo. P±k±rabh±g± sambandhitabb± etth±ti p±k±rasandhi, p±k±rassa phullitapadeso. So pana heµµhimantena dvinnampi iµµhak±na½ vigamena eva½ vuccat²ti ±ha– “dvinna½ iµµhak±na½ apagataµµh±nan”ti. Chinnaµµh±nanti chinnabhinnapadesa½, chinnaµµh±na½ v±. Tañhi “vivaran”ti vuccati. K²liµµhanti mal²na½. Upat±pent²ti kilesapari¼±hena sant±penti. Vib±dhent²ti p²¼enti. Uppann±ya paññ±ya n²varaºehi na kiñci k±tu½ sakk±ti ±ha “anuppann±ya paññ±ya uppajjitu½ na dent²”ti. Tasm±ti paccay³pagh±tena uppajjitu½ appad±nato. Cat³su satipaµµh±nesu suµµhu µhapitacitt±ti catubbidh±yapi satipaµµh±nabh±van±ya sammadeva µhapitacitt± appitacitt±. Yath±sabh±vena bh±vetv±ti y±th±vato sammadeva yath± paµipakkh± samucchijjanti, eva½ bh±vetv±.
Purimanaye satipaµµh±n±ni bojjhaªg± ca missak± adhippet±ti tato aññath± vattu½ “apicetth±”ti-±di vutta½. Missak±ti samathavipassan±maggavasena missak±. “Cat³su satipaµµh±nesu suppatiµµhitacitt±ti paµhama½ vuttatt± satipaµµh±nesu vipassana½ gahetv± satta bojjhaªge yath±bh³ta½ bh±vetv±ti vuttatt± maggapariy±pann±na½yeva ca nesa½ nippariy±yabojjhaªgabh±vato tesu ca adhigatameva hot²ti bojjhaªge maggo ca sabbaññutaññ±ºañc±ti gahite sundaro pañho bhaveyy±”ti mah±sivatthero ±ha. Na paneva½ gahita½ por±ºeh²ti adhipp±yo. It²ti vuttappak±rapar±masana½. Theroti s±riputtatthero.
Tatth±ti tesu paccantanagar±d²su. Nagara½ viya nibb±na½ tadatthikehi upagantabbato upagat±nañca parissayarahitasukh±dhigamaµµh±nato. P±k±ro viya s²la½ tadupagat±na½ parito ±rakkhabh±vato. Anupariy±yapatho viya hir² s²lap±k±rassa adhiµµh±nabh±vato. Vuttañheta½– “pariy±yapathoti kho bhikkhu hiriy± eta½ adhivacanan”ti. Dv±ra½ viya ariyamaggo nibb±nanagarappavesane añjasabh±vato. Paº¹itadov±riko viya dhammasen±pati nibb±nanagara½ paviµµhapavisanak±na½ satt±na½ sallakkhaºato. Dinnoti d±pito, sodhitoti attho. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.