2. Satisuttavaŗŗan±

368. Sarat²ti sato. Aya½ pana na y±ya k±yaci satiy± sato, atha kho edis±y±ti dassento “k±y±di-anupassan±satiy±”ti ±ha. Catusampajańńapańń±y±ti catubbidhasampajańńapańń±ya, abhikkamana½ abhikkantanti ±ha– “abhikkanta½ vuccati gamanan”ti. Tath± paµikkamana½ paµikkantanti vutta½– “paµikkanta½ nivattanan”ti. Nivattanańca nivattimatta½, nivattitv± pana gamana½ gamanameva. K±ya½ abhiharanto abhigamanavasena k±ya½ n±mento. Żh±nanisajj±sayanesu yo gaman±dividhin± k±yassa purato abhih±ro, so abhikkamo, pacchato apaharaŗa½ paµikkamoti dassento “µh±nep²”ti-±dim±ha. ¾sanass±ti p²µhak±di-±sanassa. Purima-aŖg±bhimukhoti aµanik±dipurim±vayav±bhimukho. Sa½sarantoti sa½sappanto. Pacc±sa½sarantoti paµi-±sappanto. Eseva nayoti imin± sar²rasseva abhimukhasa½sappanapaµi-±sappan±ni nidasseti.
Samm± paj±nana½ sampaj±na½. Tena attan± k±tabbakiccassa karaŗas²lo sampaj±nak±r²ti ±ha– “sampajańńena sabbakiccak±r²”ti. Sampaj±nameva hi sampajańńa½. Sampajańńasseva v± k±r²ti sampajańńasseva karaŗas²lo. Sampajańńa½ karotev±ti abhikkant±d²su asammoha½ upp±deti eva, sampaj±nasseva v± k±ro etassa atth²ti sampaj±nak±r².
Dhammato va¹¹hitasaŖkh±tena saha atthena vattat²ti s±tthaka½, abhikkant±di, s±tthakassa sampaj±nana½ s±tthakasampajańńa½. Sapp±yassa attano upak±r±vahassa hitassa sampaj±nana½ sapp±yasampajańńa½. Abhikkam±d²su bhikkh±c±ragocare, ańńatth±pi ca pavattesu avijahite kammaµµh±nasaŖkh±te gocare sampajańńa½ gocarasampajańńa½. Abhikkam±d²su asammuyhanameva sampajańńa½ asammohasampajańńa½. Pariggaŗhitv±ti tulayitv± t²retv±, paµisaŖkh±y±ti attho. SaŖghadassaneneva uposathapav±raŗ±di-attha½ gamana½ saŖgahita½. Asubhadassan±d²ti ±di-saddena kasiŗaparikamm±d²na½ saŖgaho daµµhabbo. SaŖkhepato vuttamattha½ vivaritu½ “cetiya½ disv±pi h²”ti-±di vutta½. Arahatta½ p±puŗ±t²ti ukkaµµhaniddeso eso. Samathavipassanupp±danampi hi bhikkhuno vuddhi eva. Dakkhiŗadv±reti cetiyaŖgaŗassa dakkhiŗadv±re, tath± pacchimadv±reti-±d²su. Abhayav±pi p±¼iyanti abhayav±piy± puratthimat²re.
Buddhava½sa-ariyava½sa-cetiyava½sa-d²pava½s±diva½sakathanato mah±-ariyava½sabh±ŗako thero. Pańń±yanaµµh±neti cetiyassa pańń±yanaµµh±ne. Ekapaduddh±reti paduddh±rapatiµµh±naparivattana½ akatv± ekasmi½yeva avaµµh±ne. Kec²ti abhayagiriv±sino.
Tasmi½ pan±ti s±tthakasampajańńavasena pariggahita-atthepi gamane. Attho n±ma dhammato va¹¹h²ti ya½ s±tthakanti adhippeta½ gamana½, ta½ sapp±yamev±ti siy± kassaci ±saŖk±ti tannivattanattha½ “cetiyadassana½ t±v±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Cittakammar³pak±ni viy±ti cittakammakat± paµim±yo viya, yantapayogena v± vicittakamm± paµim±ya sadis± yantar³pak± viya. Asamapekkhana½ gehassita-ańń±ŗupekkh±vasena ±rammaŗe ayoniso olokan±di. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± uppajjati upekkh± b±lassa m³¼hassa puthujjanass±”ti-±di (ma. ni. 3.308). Hatthi-±disammaddena j²vitantar±yo. Visabh±gar³padassan±din± brahmacariyantar±yo.
Pabbajitadivasato paµµh±ya bhikkh³na½ anuvattanakath± ±ciŗŗ±, ananuvattanakath± pana tass± apar± dutiy± n±ma hot²ti ±ha– “dve kath± n±ma na kathitapubb±”ti. Evanti imin± “sace pan±”ti-±dika½ sabbampi vutt±k±ra½ pacc±masati, na “purisassa m±tug±m±subhan”ti-±dika½ vuccam±na½.
Yogakammassa pavattiµµh±nat±ya bh±van±ya ±rammaŗa½ kammaµµh±na½ vuccat²ti ±ha “kammaµµh±nasaŖkh±ta½ gocaran”ti. Uggahetv±ti yath± uggahanimitta½ uppajjati, eva½ uggahakosallassa samp±danavasena uggahetv±.
Harat²ti kammaµµh±na½ pavatteti, y±va piŗ¹ap±tapaµikkam± anuyuńjat²ti attho. Na pacc±harat²ti ±h±r³pabhogato y±va div±µµh±nupasaŖkaman± kammaµµh±na½ na paµineti. Sam±d±ya vattati samm± ±diyitv± tesa½ vatt±na½ parip³raŗavasena vattati. Sar²raparikammanti mukhadhovan±disar²rapaµijaggana½. Dve tayo pallaŖketi dve tayo nisajj±v±re dve t²ŗi uŗh±san±ni. Ten±ha– “usuma½ g±h±pento”ti. Kammaµµh±nas²senev±ti kammaµµh±namukheneva kammaµµh±na½ avijahanto eva. Tena “pattopi acetano”ti-±din± pavattetabbakammaµµh±na½, yath±parihariyam±na½ v± kammaµµh±na½ avijahitv±ti dasseti. Tathev±ti tikkhattumeva. Paribhogacetiyato sar²racetiya½ garutaranti katv± “cetiya½ vanditv±”ti cetiyavandan±ya paµhama½ karaŗ²yat± vutt±. Tath± hi aµµhakath±ya½– “cetiya½ b±dhayam±n± bodhis±kh± haritabb±”ti vutt±. Buddhaguŗ±nussaraŗavaseneva bodhińca paŗip±takaraŗanti ±ha– “buddhassa bhagavato sammukh± viya nipaccak±ra½ dassetv±”ti. G±masam²peti g±massa upac±raµµh±ne.
JanasaŖgahaŗatthanti “mayi akathente etesa½ ko kathessat²”ti dhamm±nuggahena janasaŖgahaŗattha½. Tasm±ti yasm± “dhammakath± n±ma kathetabb± ev±”ti aµµhakath±cariy± vadanti, yasm± ca dhammakath± kammaµµh±navinimutt± n±ma natthi, tasm±. Kammaµµh±nas²senev±ti attan± parihariyam±na½ kammaµµh±na½ avijahanto tadanuguŗa½yeva dhammakatha½ kathetv±. Anumodana½ katv±ti etth±pi “kammaµµh±nas²senev±”ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Sampattaparicchedenev±ti paricito aparicitoti-±divibh±ga½ akatv± sampattakoµiy± eva, sam±gamamattenev±ti attho. Bhayeti paracakk±dibhaye.
Kammajatejoti gahaŗi½ sandh±y±ha. Kammaµµh±nav²thi½ n±rohati khud±parissamena kilantak±yatt± sam±dh±n±bh±vato. Avasesaµµh±neti y±guy± aggahitaµµh±ne. PoŖkh±nupoŖkhanti kammaµµh±nupaµµh±nassa aviccheda-dassanameta½, yath± poŖkh±nupoŖkha½ pavatt±ya sarapaµip±µiy± anavicchedo, evametassapi kammaµµh±nupaµµh±nass±ti vutta½ hoti.
Nikkhittadhuro bh±van±nuyoge. Vattapaµipattiy± ap³raŗena sabbavatt±ni bhinditv±. K±me av²tar±go hoti. K±ye av²tar±go. R³pe av²tar±go. Y±vadattha½ udar±vadeha½ bhuńjitv± seyyasukha½ passasukha½ middhasukha½ anuyutto viharati. Ańńatara½ devanik±ya½ paŗidh±ya brahmacariya½ carat²”ti (d². ni. 3.320; ma. ni. 1.186) eva½ vutta½ pańcavidhacetovinibandhacitto. Caritv±ti pavattitv±.
Gatapacc±gatikavattavasen±ti bh±van±sahita½yeva bhikkh±ya gatapacc±gata½ gamanapacc±gamana½ etassa atth²ti gatapacc±gatika½, tadeva vatta½, tassa vasena. Attano hitasukha½ k±menti icchant²ti attak±m±, dhammacchandavanto. “Dhammo”ti hi hita½ ta½nimittakańca sukhanti. Atha v± vińń³na½ dhamm±na½ attaniyatt± attabh±vaparicchannatt± ca att± n±ma dhammo. Ten±ha bhagav±– “attad²p±, bhikkhave, viharatha attasaraŗ±”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 3.43). Ta½ k±menti icchant²ti attak±m±. Usabha½ n±ma v²sati yaµµhiyo. T±ya sańń±y±ti t±ya p±s±ŗasańń±ya, “ettaka½ µh±nam±gat±”ti j±nant±ti adhipp±yo. So eva nayo aya½ bhikkh³ti-±diko yo µh±ne vutto, so eva nisajj±yapi nayo. Pacchato ±gacchant±na½ chinnabhattabh±vabhayenapi yonisomanasik±ra½ paribr³heti.
Maddant±ti dhańńakaraŗaµµh±ne s±lis²s±ni maddant±. Mah±padh±na½ p³jess±m²ti amh±ka½ atth±ya lokan±thena cha vass±ni kata½ dukkaracariya½ ev±ha½ yath±satti p³jess±m²ti. Paµipattip³j± hi satthup³j±, na ±misap³j±ti. Żh±nacaŖkamamev±ti adhiµµh±tabba-iriy±pathak±lavasena vutta½, na bhojan±dik±lesu avassa½ k±tabbanisajj±ya paµikkhepavasena.
V²thi½ otaritv± ito cito anoloketv± paµhamameva v²thiyo sallakkhetabb±ti ±ha “v²thiyo sallakkhetv±”ti. Ya½ sandh±ya vuccati– “p±s±dikena abhikkanten±”ti-±di. Ta½ dassetu½ “tattha c±”ti-±di vutta½. ¾h±re paµik³lasańńa½ upaµµhapetv±ti-±d²su ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva. AµµhaŖgasamann±gatanti “y±vadeva imassa k±yassa µhitiy±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.23; 2.24; 3.75; sa½. ni. 4.120; a. ni. 6.58; 8.9) vuttehi aµµhahi aŖgehi samann±gata½ katv±. Neva dav±y±ti-±di pana paµikkhepadassana½.
Paccekabodhi½ sacchikaroti, yadi upanissayasampanno hot²ti sambandho. Idańca yath± heµµh± t²su µh±nesu, eva½ ito paresu µh±nesu upanetv± sambandhitabba½. Tattha paccekabodhiy± upanissayasampad± kapp±na½ dve asaŖkhyeyy±ni satasahassańca tajja½ puńńań±ŗasambh±rasambharaŗa½, s±vakabodhiya½ aggas±vak±na½ eka½ asaŖkhyeyya½ kappasatasahassańca, mah±s±vak±na½ kappasatasahassameva tajja½ sambh±rasambharaŗa½, itaresa½ at²t±su j±t²su vivaµµasannissayavasena nibbattita½ nibbedhabh±giya½ kusala½. B±hiyo d±ruc²riyoti b±hiyavisaye j±tasa½vaddhat±ya b±hiyo, d±ruc²rapariharaŗena d±ruc²riyoti laddhasamańńo. So hi ±yasm± “tasm±tiha te, b±hiya, eva½ sikkhitabba½– diµµhe diµµhamatta½ bhavissat²”ti-±divasappavattena (ud±. 10) sa½khitteneva ov±dena khippatara½ visesa½ adhigacchi. Tena vutta½ “khipp±bhińńo v± hoti seyyath±pi thero b±hiyo d±ruc²riyo”ti. Eva½ mah±pańńo v±ti-±d²su yath±raha½ vattabbanti.
Tanti asammuyhana½. Evanti id±ni vuccam±n±k±radassana½. Att± abhikkamat²ti imin± andhaputhujjanassa diµµhigg±havasena abhikkame sammuyhana½ dasseti, aha½ abhikkam±m²ti pana imin± m±nagg±havasena, tadubhaya½ pana taŗh±ya vin± na hot²ti taŗh±gg±havasenapi sammuyhana½ dassitameva hoti, “tath± asammuyhanto”ti vatv± ta½ asammuyhana½ yena ghanavinibbhogena hoti, ta½ dassento “abhikkam±m²ti citte uppajjam±ne”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yasm± v±yodh±tuy± anugat± tejodh±tu uddharaŗassa paccayo. Uddharaŗagatik± hi tejodh±t³ti uddharaŗe v±yodh±tuy± tass± anugatabh±vo, tasm± im±sa½ dvinnamettha dh±t³na½ s±matthiyato adhimattat±, itar±sańca omattat±ti dassento “ekekap±duddharaŗe…pe… balavatiyo”ti ±ha. Yasm± pana tejodh±tuy± anugat± v±yodh±tu atiharaŗav²tiharaŗ±na½ paccayo. Tiriyagatik±ya hi v±yodh±tuy± atiharaŗav²tiharaŗesu s±tisayo by±p±roti tejodh±tuy± tass±nugatabh±vo, tasm± im±sa½ dvinnamettha s±matthiyato adhimattat±, itar±sańca omattat±ti dassento “tath± atiharaŗav²tiharaŗes³”ti ±ha. Satipi anugaman±nugantabbat±visese tejodh±tuv±yodh±tubh±vamatta½ sandh±ya tath±-saddaggahaŗa½.
Tattha akkantaµµh±nato p±dassa ukkhipana½ uddharaŗa½, µhitaµµh±na½ atikkamitv± purato haraŗa½ atiharaŗa½. Rukkhakh±ŗu-±dipariharaŗattha½, patiµµhitap±daghaµµanapariharaŗattha½ v± passena haraŗa½ v²tiharaŗa½. Y±va patiµµhitap±do, t±va ±haraŗa½ atiharaŗa½, tato para½ haraŗa½ v²tiharaŗanti aya½ v± etesa½ viseso. Yasm± pathav²dh±tuy± anugat± ±podh±tu vossajjanassa paccayo. Garutarasabh±v± hi ±podh±t³ti vossajjane pathav²dh±tuy± tass±nugatabh±vo, tasm± t±sa½ dvinnamettha s±matthiyato adhimattat±, itar±sańca omattat±ti dassento ±ha “vossajjane…pe… balavatiyo”ti. Yasm± pana ±podh±tuy± anugat± pathav²dh±tu sannikkhepanassa paccayo. Patiµµh±bh±ve viya patiµµh±panepi tass± s±tisayakiccatt± ±podh±tuy± tass± anugatabh±vo, tath± ghaµµanakiriy±ya pathav²dh±tuy± vasena sannirumbhanassa sijjhanato tatth±pi pathav²dh±tuy± ±podh±tu-anugatabh±vo, tasm± vutta½– “tath± sannikkhepanasannirumbhanes³”ti.