3. Satipaµµh±nasa½yutta½

1. Ambap±livaggo

1. Ambap±lisuttavaŗŗan±

367. Ek±yanv±yanti sandhivasena vutta½ o-k±rassa va-k±ra½ a-k±rassa d²gha½ katv±. Aya½ kira sa½yutt±bhil±po, tattha ayana-saddo maggapariy±yo. Na kevala½ ayameva, atha kho ańńepi maggapariy±y±ti paduddh±ra½ karonto “maggassa h²”ti-±di½ vatv± yadi maggapariy±yo ±yana-saddo, kasm± puna maggoti vuttanti codana½ sandh±y±ha “tasm±”ti-±di. Tattha ekamaggoti ekova maggo. Na hi nibb±nag±mimaggo ańńo atth²ti. Nanu satipaµµh±na½ idha maggoti adhippeta½, tadańńepi bah³ maggadhamm± atth²ti? Sacca½ atthi, te pana satipaµµh±naggahaŗeneva gahit± tadavin±bh±vato. Tath± hi ń±ŗav²riy±dayo niddese gahit±, uddese satiy± eva gahaŗa½ veneyyajjh±sayavasen±ti daµµhabba½, satiy± maggabh±vadassanatthańca. Na dvedh±pathabh³toti imin± imassa dvayabh±v±bh±va½ viya anibb±nag±mibh±v±bh±vańca dasseti. Nibb±nagamanaµµhen±ti nibb±na½ gacchati eten±ti nibb±nagamana½, so eva avipar²tabh±van±ya attho, tena nibb±nagamanaµµhena, nibb±n±dhigam³p±yat±y±ti attho. Maggan²yaµµhen±ti gavesitabbat±ya.
R±g±d²h²ti “r±go mala½, doso mala½, moho malan”ti (vibha. 924) eva½ vuttehi r±g±d²hi malehi. S± pan±ya½ sa½kiliµµhacitt±na½ visuddhi sijjham±n± yasm± sok±d²na½ anupp±d±ya sa½vattati, tasm± vutta½ “sokaparidev±na½ samatikkam±y±”ti-±di. Tattha socana½ ń±tibyasan±dinimitta½ cetaso sant±po antonijjh±na½ soko. ѱtibyasan±dinimittameva sok±dhikat±janito “kaha½ ekaputtak±”ti-±din± paridevanavasena v±c±vippal±po paridevana½ paridevo. Tassa ±yati½ anuppajjana½ idha samatikkamoti ±ha “pah±n±y±”ti. Dukkhadomanass±nanti ettha cetasikadukkhat±ya domanassassapi dukkhasaddeneva gahaŗe siddhe saddena anivattanato s±mańńajotan±ya visesavacana½ seµµhanti “domanass±nan”teva vutta½. Cetasikadomanassass±ti bh³takathana½ daµµhabba½. ѱyati etena y±th±vato paµivijjh²yati catusaccanti ń±yo vuccati ariyamaggo. Nanu ayampi maggo, ki½ maggo eva maggassa adhigam±ya hot²ti codana½ sandh±y±ha– “aya½ h²”ti-±di. Taŗh±va kammakilesavip±k±na½ vinanaµµhena sa½sibbanaµµhena v±na½. Tena taŗh±v±nena virahitatt± tassa abh±v±ti attho. Attapaccakkh±y±ti attapaccakkhatth±ya.
Vaŗŗabh±sananti pasa½s±vacana½. Visuddhinti visujjhana½ kilesappah±na½. Uggahetabbanti ettha v±cuggatakaraŗa½ uggaho. Paricayakaraŗa½ paripucch±m³lakatt± taggahaŗeneva gahitanti daµµhabba½.
Na tato heµµh±ti idha adhippetak±y±d²na½ vedan±disabh±vatt±bh±v± k±yavedan±cittavimuttassa tebh³makadhammassa visu½ vipall±savatthantarabh±vena gahitatt± ca heµµh± gahaŗesu vipall±savatth³na½ aniµµh±na½ sandh±ya vutta½. Pańcamassa pana vipall±savatthuno abh±vena “na uddhan”ti ±ha. ¾rammaŗavibh±gena hettha satipaµµh±navibh±goti. Tayo satipaµµh±n±ti satipaµµh±nasaddassa atthuddh±radassana½, na idha p±¼iya½ vuttassa satipaµµh±nasaddassa atthadassana½. ¾d²su h²ti ettha ±di-saddena “phassasamuday± vedan±na½ samudayo, n±mar³pasamuday± cittassa samudayo, manasik±rasamuday± dhamm±na½ samudayo”ti (sa½. ni. 5.408) satipaµµh±n±ti vutt±na½ satigocar±na½ pak±sake suttapadese saŖgaŗh±ti. Eva½ paµisambhid±maggap±¼iyampi avasesap±¼ipadesadassanattho ±di-saddo daµµhabbo. Satiy± paµµh±nanti satiy± patiµµh±tabbaµµh±na½.
Ariyoti ±rakatt±din± ariya½ samm±sambuddham±ha. Etth±ti etasmi½ sa¼±yatanavibhaŖgasutte (ma. ni. 3.311). Tattha hi–
“Tayo satipaµµh±n± yadariyo…pe… marahat²ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, kińceta½ paµicca vutta½. Idha, bhikkhave, satth± s±vak±na½ dhamma½ deseti anukampako hites² anukampa½ up±d±ya– ‘ida½ vo hit±ya ida½ vo sukh±y±’ti. Tassa s±vak± na suss³santi, na sota½ odahanti, na ańń± citta½ upaµµhapenti, vokkamma ca satthus±san± vattanti. Tatra, bhikkhave, tath±gato na ceva anattamano hoti, na ca anattamanata½ paµisa½vedeti, anavassuto ca viharati sato sampaj±no. Ida½, bhikkhave, paµhama½ satipaµµh±na½. Yadariyo sevati…pe.. marahati. Puna capara½, bhikkhave, satth± …pe… ida½ vo sukh±y±ti. Tassa ekacce s±vak± na suss³santi…pe… ekacce s±vak± suss³santi…pe… na ca vokkamma satthus±san± vattanti. Tatra, bhikkhave, tath±gato na ceva anattamano hoti, na ca anattamanata½ paµisa½vedeti, na ceva attamano hoti, na ca attamanata½ paµisa½vedeti. Anattamanatańca attamanatańca tadubhaya½ abhinivajjetv± upekkhako viharati sato sampaj±no. Ida½, bhikkhave, dutiya½ satipaµµh±na½…pe… marahati. Puna capara½, bhikkhave,…pe… sukh±y±ti, tassa s±vak± suss³santi…pe… vattanti. Tatra, bhikkhave, tath±gato attamano ceva hoti, attamanatańca paµisa½vedeti, anavassuto ca viharati sato sampaj±no. Ida½, bhikkhave, tatiya½ satipaµµh±nan”ti–
Eva½ paµigh±nunayehi anavassutat± nicca½ upaµµhitassatit±ya tadubhayav²tivattat± “satipaµµh±nan”ti vutt±. Buddh±na½yeva hi nicca½ upaµµhitassatit± hoti ±veŗikadhammabh±vato, na paccekabuddh±d²na½. Pa-saddo ±rambha½ joteti, ±rambho ca pavatt²ti katv± ±ha “pavattayitabbatoti attho”ti. Satiy± karaŗabh³t±ya paµµh±na½ paµµhapetabba½ satipaµµh±na½. Ana-saddo hi bahulavacanena kammatthopi hot²ti.
Tath±ssa kattu-atthopi labbhat²ti “patiµµh±t²ti paµµh±nan”ti vutta½. Upaµµh±t²ti ettha upa-saddo bhusatthavisiµµha½ pakkhandana½ d²pet²ti “okkanditv± pakkhanditv± pavattat²ti attho”ti vutta½. Puna bh±vattha½ satisadda½ paµµh±nasaddańca vaŗŗento “atha v±”ti-±dim±ha. Tena purimavikappe sati-saddo paµµh±na-saddo ca kattu-atthoti vińń±yati. Saraŗaµµhen±ti cirakatassa cirabh±sitassa ca anussaraŗaµµhena. Idanti ya½ “satiyeva satipaµµh±nan”ti vutta½, ida½ idha imasmi½ suttapadese adhippeta½.
Yadi evanti yadi sati eva satipaµµh±na½, sati n±ma eko dhammo, eva½ sante kasm± satipaµµh±n±ti bahuvacananti ±ha “sat²na½ bahutt±”ti-±di. Yadi bahuk± t± satiyo, atha kasm± maggoti ekavacananti yojan±. Magganaµµhen±ti niyy±naµµhena. Niyy±niko hi maggadhammo, teneva niyy±nikabh±vena ekattupagato ekantato nibb±na½ gacchati, atthikehi ca tadattha½ magg²yat²ti ±ha “vuttańhetan”ti-±di. Tattha catassopi cet±ti k±y±nupassan±divasena catubbidh±pi ca et± satiyo. Aparabh±geti ariyamaggakkhaŗe. Kicca½ s±dhayam±n±ti pubbabh±ge k±y±d²su ±rammaŗesu subhasańń±dividhamanavasena visu½ visu½ pavattitv± maggakkhaŗe saki½yeva tattha catubbidhassapi vipall±sassa samucchedavasena pah±nakicca½ s±dhayam±n± ±rammaŗakaraŗavasena nibb±na½ gacchanti, tamevassa catukiccas±dhanata½ up±d±ya bahuvacananiddeso, tath±pi atthato bhed±bh±vato maggoti ekavacanena vuccati. Ten±ha– “tasm± catassopi eko maggoti vutt±”ti.
Kathetukamyat±pucch± itar±sa½ pucch±na½ idha asambhavato niddes±divasena desetuk±mat±ya ca tath± vuttatt±. “Ayańceva k±yo bahiddh± ca n±mar³pan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.271, 287, 297; p±r±. 11) khandhapańcaka½, “sukhańca k±yena paµisa½vedet²”ti-±d²su vedan±dayo tayo ar³pakkhandh±, “y± tasmi½ samaye k±yassa passaddhi paµippassaddh²”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 40) vedan±dayo tayo cetasik± khandh± “k±yo”ti vuccanti, tato visesanattha½ “k±yeti r³pak±ye”ti ±ha. K±y±nupass²ti ettha tass²lattha½ dassento “k±ya½ anupassanas²lo”ti ±ha. Aniccato anupassat²ti catusamuµµh±nikak±ya½ “aniccan”ti anupassati, eva½ passanto eva cassa anicc±k±rampi anupassat²ti vuccati, tath±bh³tassa cassa niccag±hassa visesopi na hot²ti vutta½ “no niccato”ti. Tath± hesa “niccasańńa½ pajahat²”ti (paµi. ma. 1.28) vutto. Ettha ca aniccato eva anupassat²ti evak±ro luttaniddiµµhoti tena nivattitamattha½ dassetu½ “no niccato”ti vutta½. Na cettha dukkh±nupassan±dinivattanam±saŖkitabba½ paµiyoginivattanaparatt± eva-k±rassa, upari desan±-±ru¼hatt± ca t±sa½. Dukkhato anupassat²ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Aya½ pana viseso– aniccassa dukkhatt± tameva k±ya½ dukkhato anupassati, dukkhassa anattatt± anattato anupassat²ti.
Yasm± pana ya½ anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±, na ta½ abhinanditabba½, yańca na abhinanditabba½, na tattha rajjitabba½, tasm± vutta½ “aniccato anupassati, no niccato, dukkhato anupassati, no sukhato, anattato anupassati, no attato, nibbindati, no nandati, virajjati, no rajjat²”ti. So eva½ arajjanto r±ga½ nirodheti, no samudeti, samudaya½ na karot²ti attho. Eva½ paµipanno ca paµinissajjati, no ±diyati. Ayańhi anicc±di-anupassan± tadaŖgavasena saddhi½ k±yatannissayakhandh±bhisaŖkh±rehi kiles±na½ pariccajanato saŖkhatadosadassanena tabbipar²te nibb±ne tanninnat±ya pakkhandanato “paricc±gapaµinissaggo ceva pakkhandanapaµinissaggo c±”ti vuccati. Tasm± t±ya samann±gato bhikkhu vuttanayena kilese ca pariccajati, nibb±ne ca pakkhandati, tath±bh³to ca pariccajanavasena kilese na ±diyati, n±pi adosadassit±vasena saŖkhat±rammaŗa½. Tena vutta½ “paµinissajjati, no ±diyat²”ti. Id±ni nissit±hi anupassan±hi yesa½ dhamm±na½ pah±na½ hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “aniccato anupassanto niccasańńa½ pajahat²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha niccasańńanti saŖkh±r± nicc±ti eva½ pavatta½ vipar²tasańńa½. Diµµhicittavipall±sapah±namukheneva sańń±vipall±sappah±nanti sańń±gahaŗa½, sańń±s²sena v± tesampi gahaŗa½ daµµhabba½. Nandinti sapp²tikataŗha½. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Viharat²ti imin± k±y±nupassan±samaŖgino iriy±pathavih±ro vuttoti ±ha– “iriyat²”ti, iriy±patha½ pavattet²ti attho. ¾rammaŗakaraŗavasena abhiby±panato “t²su bhaves³”ti vutta½, uppajjanavasena pana kiles± parittabh³mak± ev±ti. Yadipi kiles±na½ pah±na½ ±t±pananti ta½ samm±diµµhi-±d²nampi attheva, ±tappa-saddoviya pana ±t±pa-saddopi v²riye eva niru¼hoti vutta½ “v²riyasseta½ n±man”ti. Atha v± paµipakkhappah±ne sampayuttadhamm±na½ abbhussahanavasena pavattam±nassa v²riyassa s±tisaya½ tad±t±pananti v²riyameva tath± vuccati, na ańńe dhamm±.
¾t±p²ti c±yam²k±ro pasa½s±ya, atisayassa v± d²pakoti ±t±p²gahaŗena sammappadh±nasamaŖgita½ dasseti. Samm± samantato s±mańca paj±nanto sampaj±no, asammissato vavatth±ne ańńadhamm±nupassit±bh±vena samm± avipar²ta½, sabb±k±rapaj±nanena samantato, upar³pari vises±vahabh±vena pavattiy± s±ma½ paj±nantoti attho. Yadi pańń±ya anupassati, katha½ satipaµµh±nat±ti ±ha “na h²”ti-±di. Tasm± satiy± laddhupak±r±ya eva pańń±ya ettha yath±vutte k±ye kammaµµh±niko bhikkhu anupassako, tasm± “k±y±nupass²”ti vuccati. AntosaŖkhepo antol²nat±, kosajjanti attho. Up±yapariggahoti ettha s²lavisodhan±di gaŗan±di uggahakosall±di ca up±yo, tabbipariy±yato anup±yo veditabbo. Yasm± ca upaµµhitassat² yath±vutta½ up±ya½ na pariccajati, anup±yańca na up±diyati, tasm± vutta½ “muµµhassati…pe… asamattho hot²”ti. Ten±ti up±y±nup±y±na½ pariggahaparivajjanesu aparicc±g±pariggahesu ca asamatthabh±vena. Assa yogino.
Yasm± satiyevettha satipaµµh±na½ vutt±, tasm±ssa sampayuttadhamm± v²riy±dayo aŖganti ±ha– “sampayogaŖgańcassa dassetv±”ti. AŖga-saddo cettha k±raŗapariy±yo daµµhabbo. Satiggahaŗenevettha samm±sam±dhissapi gahaŗa½ daµµhabba½ tass± sam±dhikkhandhe saŖgahitatt±. Yasm± v± satis²sen±ya½ desan±. Na hi keval±ya satiy± kilesappah±na½ sambhavati, nibb±n±dhigamo v±, n±pi keval± sati pavattati, tasm±ssa jh±nadesan±ya½ savitakk±divacanassa viya sampayogaŖgadassanat±ti aŖga-saddassa avayavapariy±yat± daµµhabb±. Pah±naŖganti “vivicceva k±meh²”ti-±d²su viya pah±tabbaŖga½ dassetu½. Yasm± ettha pubbabh±gamaggo adhippeto, na lokuttaramaggo, tasm± pubbabh±giyameva vinaya½ dassento “tadaŖgavinayena v± vikkhambhanavinayena v±”ti ±ha. Ass±ti yogino. Tesa½ dhamm±nanti vedan±didhamm±na½. Tesańhi tattha anadhippetatt± “atthuddh±ranayeneta½ vuttan”ti ±ha. Ya½ pan±ti vibhaŖge, vibhaŖgapakaraŗeti adhipp±yo. Etth±ti “loke”ti etasmi½ pade, t± ca lokiy± eva anupassan± n±ma sammasananti katv±.
Dukkhatoti vipariŗ±masaŖkh±radukkhat±hi dukkhasabh±vato, dukkh±ti anupassitabb±ti attho. Sesapadadvayepi eseva nayo. Yo sukha½ dukkhato add±ti yo bhikkhu sukha½ vedana½ vipariŗ±madukkhat±ya dukkhanti pańń±cakkhun± addakkhi. Dukkhamaddakkhi sallatoti dukkhavedana½ p²¼±jananato antotudanato dunn²haraŗato ca sallanti addakkhi passi. Adukkhamasukhanti upekkh±vedana½. Santanti sukhadukkh±na½ viya ano¼±rikat±ya paccayavasena v³pasantasabh±vatt± ca santa½. Aniccatoti hutv± abh±vato udayabbayavantato t±vak±likato niccapaµikkhepato ca aniccanti yo addakkhi. Sa ve sammaddaso bhikkh³ti so bhikkhu eka½sena, paribyatta½ v± vedan±ya samm± passanakoti attho.
Dukkh±tip²ti saŖkh±radukkhat±ya dukkh± itipi. Sabba½ ta½ vedayita½ dukkhasmi½ antogadha½ pariy±pannanti vad±mi saŖkh±radukkhanti vattabbato. Sukhadukkhatopi c±ti sukh±d²na½ µhitivipariŗ±mań±ŗasukhat±ya ca vipariŗ±maµµhiti-ańń±ŗadukkhat±ya ca vuttatt± tissopi sukhato tissopi ca dukkhato anupassitabb±ti attho. Satta anupassan± heµµh± pak±sit± eva.
¾rammaŗ±…pe… bhed±nanti r³p±di-±rammaŗan±nattassa n²l±ditabbhedassa, chand±di-adhipatin±nattassa h²n±ditabbhedassa, ń±ŗajh±n±disahaj±tan±nattassa sasaŖkh±rik±saŖkh±rika-savitakka-savic±r±ditabbhedassa, k±m±vacar±dibh³min±nattassa, ukkaµµhamajjhim±ditabbhedassa, kusal±dikamman±nattassa, devagatisa½vattaniyat±ditabbhedassa, kaŗhasukkavip±kan±nattassa, diµµhadhammavedan²yat±ditabbhedassa, parittabh³mak±dikiriy±n±nattassa, tihetuk±ditabbhedassa vasena anupassitabbanti yojan±. ¾di-saddena savatthuk±vatthuk±din±nattassa puggalattayas±dh±raŗ±ditabbhedassa ca saŖgaho daµµhabbo. Sar±g±d²nanti mah±satipaµµh±nasutte (d². ni. 2.381; ma. ni. 1.114) ±gat±na½ sar±gav²tar±g±dibhed±na½. Salakkhaŗa-s±mańńalakkhaŗ±nanti phusan±dita½ta½salakkhaŗ±nańceva aniccat±dis±mańńalakkhaŗ±nańca vasen±ti yojan±.
Suńńatadhammass±ti anattat±saŖkh±tasuńńatasabh±vassa. “Salakkhaŗa-s±mańńalakkhaŗ±nan”ti hi imin± yo ito b±hirakehi s±miniv±s²k±rakavedaka-adhiµµh±yakabh±vena parikappito att±, tassa saŖkh±resu niccat± sukhat± viya katthacipi abh±vo vibh±vito. Natthi etesa½ att±ti anatt±, yasm± pana saŖkh±resu ekadhammopi att± na hoti, tasm± te na att±tipi anatt±ti aya½ tesa½ suńńatadhammo. Tassa suńńatadhammassa, ya½ vibh±vetu½ abhidhamme (dha. sa. 121) “tasmi½ kho pana samaye dhamm± hont²”ti-±din± suńńatav±radesan± vutt±. Sesa½ suvińńeyyameva.

Ambap±lisuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.