“Tatta½ ayokhila½ hatthe gament²”ti-±din± vuttapañcavidhabandhanakammak±raº± niraye nibbattasattassa sabbapaµhama½ karont²ti devad³tasutt±d²su (ma. ni. 3.250), tass± ±dito vuttatt± ca ±ha– “pañcavidhabandhanakammak±raºato paµµh±y±”ti. Sakaµavahan±dik±leti ±di-saddena tadaññamanussehi tiracch±nehi ca vib±dhan²yak±la½ saªgaºh±ti. Eka½ buddhantaranti ida½ apar±para½ petesu eva uppajjanakasattavasena vutta½, ekacc±na½ v± pet±na½, ekaccatiracch±n±na½ viya tath± d²gh±yukat±pi siy±ti tath± vutta½. Tath± hi k±lo n±gar±j± catunna½ buddh±na½ r³padass±v².
Eva½ ±nisa½sadass±vinoti “v²riy±yatto eva sakalalokiyalokuttaravises±dhigamo”ti eva½ ±nisa½sadassanas²lassa. Gamanav²thinti sapubbabh±ga½ nibb±nag±mini½ paµipada½. Saha vipassan±ya ariyamaggapaµip±µi, sattavisuddhiparampar± v±. S± hi vaµµato niyy±n±ya gantabb± paµipad±ti katv± gamanav²thi n±ma.
K±yada¼h²bahuloti k±yassa posanapasuto. Piº¹anti raµµhapiº¹a½. Paccayad±yak±na½ attani k±rassa attano samm±paµipattiy± mahapphalabh±vassa karaºena piº¹±ya bhikkh±ya paµip³jan± piº¹±pac±yan±. N²harantoti pattatthavikato n²haranto. Ta½ sadda½ sutv±ti ta½ up±sik±ya vacana½ paººas±ladv±re µhitova pañc±bhiññat±ya dibbasotena sutv±ti vadanti. Manussasampatti, dibbasampatti ante nibb±nasampatt²ti tisso sampattiyo. Sita½ karontov±ti “akiccheneva may± vaµµadukkha½ samatikkantan”ti paccavekkhaº±vas±ne sañj±tap±mojjavasena sita½ karonto eva.
Alas±na½ bh±van±ya n±mamattampi aj±nant±na½ k±yassa posanabahul±na½ y±vadattha½ paribhuñjitv± seyyasukh±di½ anuyuñjant±na½ tiracch±nakathik±na½ d³ratova vajjana½ kus²tapuggalaparivajjan±. “Divasa½ caªkamena nisajj±y±”ti-±din± bh±van±rambhavasena ±raddhav²riy±na½ da¼haparakkam±na½ k±lenak±la½ upasaªkaman± ±raddhav²riyapuggalasevan±. Ten±ha “kucchi½ p³retv±”ti-±di.
Visuddhimagge pana “j±timahattapaccavekkhaº±, sabrahmac±rimahattapaccavekkhaº±”ti ida½ dvaya½ na gahita½, “thinamiddhavinodanat±, sammappadh±napaccavekkhaº±”ti ida½ dvaya½ gahita½. Tattha ±nisa½sadass±vit±ya eva sammappadh±napaccavekkhaº± gahit± lokiyalokuttaravises±dhigamassa v²riy±yattat±dassanabh±vato. Thinamiddhavinodana½ tadadhimuttat±ya gahita½, v²riyupp±dane yuttapayuttassa thinamiddhavinodana½ atthato siddhameva. Tattha thinamiddhavinodana½ kus²tapuggalaparivajjana-±raddhav²riyapuggala-sevana- tadadhimuttat±paµipakkhavidhamana-paccay³pasa½h±ravasena, ap±yabhayapaccavekkhaº±dayo samuttejanavasena v²riyasambojjhaªgassa upp±dak±ti daµµhabb±.
Buddh±nussatiy± upac±rasam±dhiniµµhatt± vutta½ “y±va upac±r±”ti. Sakalasar²ra½ pharam±noti p²tisamuµµh±nehi paº²tar³pehi sakalasar²ra½ pharam±no. Dhammasaªghaguºe anussarantassapi y±va upac±r± sakalasar²ra½ pharam±no p²tisambojjhaªgo uppajjat²ti yojan±. Eva½ sesa-anussat²su pas±dan²yasuttantapaccavekkhaº±ya ca yojetabba½ tass±pi vimutt±yatanabh±vena taggatikatt±. Evar³pe k±leti dubbhikkhabhay±d²s³ti vuttak±le. Sam±pattiy±…pe… na samud±carant²ti ida½ upasam±nussatiy± vasena vutta½. Saªkh±r±nañhi sappadesav³pasamepi nippadesav³pasame viya tattha sapaññ±ya pavattanato bh±van±manasik±ro kilesavikkhambhanasamattho hutv± upac±rasam±dhi½ ±vahanto tath±r³pap²tisomanassasamann±gato p²tisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya hot²ti. Pas±dan²yesu µh±nesu pas±dasineh±bh±vena sa½s³citahadayat± l³khat±. S± ca tattha ±darag±rav±karaºena viññ±yat²ti ±ha “asakkaccakiriy±ya sa½s³cital³khabh±ve”ti.
K±yacittadarathav³pasamalakkhaº± passaddhi eva yath±vuttabodhi-aªgabh³to passaddhisambojjhaªgo, tassa passaddhisambojjhaªgassa. Paº²tabhojanasevanat±ti paº²tasapp±yabhojanasevanat±. Utu-iriy±pathasukhaggahaºehi sapp±ya-utu-iriy±patha½ gahitanti daµµhabba½. Tañhi tividhampi sapp±ya½ seviyam±na½ k±yassa kallat±p±danavasena cittassa kallata½ ±vahanta½ duvidh±yapi passaddhiy± k±raºa½ hoti. Sattesu labbham±na½ sukhadukkha½ ahetukanti ayameko anto, issar±divisamahetukanti aya½ dutiyo, ete ubho ante anupagamma yath±saka½ kammun± hot²ti aya½ majjhim± paµipatti. Majjhatto payogo yassa so majjhattapayogo, tassa bh±vo majjhattapayogat±. Ayañhi pah±nas±raddhak±yat±-saªkh±tapassaddhak±yat±ya k±raºa½ hont² passaddhidvaya½ ±vahati. Eteneva s±raddhak±yapuggalaparivajjana-passaddhak±yapuggalasevan±na½ tad±vahanat± sa½vaººit±ti daµµhabba½.
Vatthuvisadakiriy± indriyasamattapaµip±dan± ca “paññ±vah±”ti vutt±. Samath±vah±pi t± honti samath±vahabh±veneva paññ±vahatt±ti vutta½ “vatthuvisada…pe… veditabb±”ti.
Karaºakosallabh±van±kosall±na½ n±nantariyabh±vato rakkhaºakosallassa ca ta½m³lakatt± “nimittakusalat± n±ma kasiºanimittassa uggahaºakusalat±”icceva vutta½. Atisithilav²riyat±d²h²ti ±di-saddena paññ±payogamandata½ appam±davekallañca saªgaºh±ti. Tassa paggaºhananti tassa l²nassa cittassa dhammavicayasambojjhaªg±disamuµµh±panena lay±pattito samuµµh±pana½. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Yasmiñca kho, bhikkhave, samaye l²na½ citta½ hoti, k±lo tasmi½ samaye dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya, k±lo v²riyasambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya, k±lo p²tisambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya. Ta½ kissa hetu? L²na½, bhikkhave, citta½, ta½ etehi dhammehi susamuµµh±paya½ hoti. Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, puriso paritta½ aggi½ ujj±letuk±mo assa, so tattha sukkh±ni ceva tiº±ni pakkhipeyya, sukkh±ni gomay±ni pakkhipeyya, sukkh±ni kaµµh±ni pakkhipeyya, mukhav±tañca dadeyya, na ca pa½sukena okireyya, bhabbo nu kho so puriso paritta½ aggi½ ujj±letunti. Eva½, bhante”ti (sa½. ni. 5.234).
Ettha ca yath±saka½ ±h±ravasena dhammavicayasambojjhaªg±d²na½ bh±van± samuµµh±pan±ti veditabb±, s± anantara½ vibh±vit± eva.
Acc±raddhav²riyat±d²h²ti ±di-saddena paññ±payogabalavata½ pamoduppil±vanañca saªgaºh±ti. Tassa niggaºhananti tassa uddhatassa cittassa sam±dhisambojjhaªg±disamuµµh±panena uddhat±pattito nisedhana½. Vuttampi ceta½ bhagavat±–
“Yasmiñca kho, bhikkhave, samaye uddhata½ citta½ hoti, k±lo tasmi½ samaye passaddhisambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya, k±lo sam±dhisambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya, k±lo upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya. Ta½ kissa hetu? Uddhata½, bhikkhave, citta½, ta½ etehi dhammehi suv³pasamaya½ hoti. Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, puriso mahanta½ aggikkhandha½ nibb±petuk±mo assa, so tattha all±ni ceva tiº±ni….pe… pa½sukena ca okireyya, bhabbo nu kho so puriso mahanta½ aggikkhandha½ nibb±petunti. Eva½, bhante”ti (sa½. ni. 5.234).
Etth±pi yath±saka½ ±h±ravasena passaddhisambojjhaªg±d²na½ bh±van± samuµµh±pan±ti veditabb±. Tattha passaddhisambojjhaªgassa bh±van± vutt± eva, sam±dhisambojjhaªgassa vuccam±n±, itarassa anantara½ vakkhati. Paññ±payogamandat±y±ti paññ±by±p±rassa appabh±vena. Yath± hi d±na½ alobhappadh±na½, s²la½ adosappadh±na½, eva½ bh±van± amohappadh±n±. Tattha yad± paññ± na balavat² hoti, tad± bh±van± pubben±para½ vises±vah± na hoti, anabhisaªkhato viya ±h±ro purisassa yogino cittassa abhiruci½ na upp±deti, tena ta½ nirass±da½ hoti. Tath± bh±van±ya sammadeva v²thipaµipattiy± abh±vena upasamasukha½ na vindati, tenapi citta½ nirass±da½ hoti. Tena vutta½ “paññ±payoga…pe… nirass±da½ hot²”ti.
Tassa sa½vegupp±danañca pas±dupp±danañca tikicchananti ta½ dassento “aµµha sa½vegavatth³n²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha j±tijar±by±dhimaraº±ni yath±raha½ sugatiya½ duggatiyañca hont²ti tadaññameva pañcavidhabandhan±dikhuppip±s±di-aññamaññavib±dhan±dihetuka½ ap±yadukkha½ daµµhabba½. Tayida½ sabba½ tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ paccuppannabhavanissita½ gahitanti at²te an±gate ca k±le vaµµam³lakadukkh±ni visu½ gahit±niyeva. Ye pana satt± ±h±r³paj²vino tattha ca uµµh±naphal³paj²vino, tesa½ aññehi as±dh±raºa½ j²vikadukkha½ aµµhama½ sa½vegavatthu gahitanti daµµhabba½. Aya½ vuccati samaye sampaha½san±ti aya½ sampaha½sitabbasamaye vuttanayena sa½vegajananavasena ceva pas±dupp±danavasena ca sammadeva paha½san±, sa½vegajananapubbakapas±dupp±danena bh±van±cittassa tosan±ti-attho.
Samm±paµipatti½ ±gamm±ti l²nuddhaccavirahena samathav²thipaµipattiy± ca sammadeva bh±van±paµipatti½ ±gamma.
Al²nanti-±d²su kosajjapakkhik±na½ dhamm±na½ anadhimattat±ya al²na½, uddhaccapakkhik±na½ anadhimattat±ya anuddhata½, paññ±payogasampattiy± upasamasukh±dhigamena ca anirass±da½, tato eva ±rammaºe samappavatta½ samathav²thipaµipannañca. Tattha al²nat±ya paggahe, anuddhat±ya ca niggahe, anirass±dat±ya sampaha½sane na by±p±ra½ ±pajjati. Al²n±nuddhaccat±hi ±rammaºe samappavatta½, anirass±dat±ya samathav²thipaµipanna½, samappavattiy± v± al²na½ anuddhata½, samathav²thipaµipattiy± anirass±danti daµµhabba½. Aya½ vuccati samaye ajjhupekkhanat±ti aya½ ajjhupekkhitabbasamaye cittassa paggahaniggahasampaha½sanesu by±vaµat±saªkh±ta½ paµipakkha½ abhibhuyya upekkhan± vuccati. Es±ti sam±dhibojjhaªgo anuppanno uppajjati. Arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³r² hot²ti etena nippariy±yato sam±dhivepullappattopi arah± ev±ti dasseti.
Anurodhavirodhapah±navasena majjhattabh±vo upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa k±raºa½ tasmi½ sati sijjhanato, asati ca asijjhanato, so ca majjhattabh±vo visayavasena duvidhoti ±ha “sattamajjhattat± saªkh±ramajjhattat±”ti. Tadubhayavasena cassa virujjhana½ passaddhisambojjhaªgassa bh±van±ya eva d³r²katanti anurujjhanasseva pah±navidhi½ dassento “sattamajjhattat±”ti-±dim±ha. Tath± hissa sattasaªkh±rakel±yanapuggalaparivajjana½ “uppattiy± k±raºan”ti vuccati. Upekkh±ya hi visesato r±go paµipakkho, tato r±gabahulassa puggalassa upekkh± “visuddhimaggo”ti vuccati. Dv²h±k±reh²ti kammassakat±paccavekkhaºa½ attasuññat±paccavekkhaºanti imehi dv²hi k±raºehi. Dv²hev±ti avadh±raºa½ saªkh±rasahit±ya saªkhy±sam±nat±ya dassanattha½. Saªkhy± eva hettha sam±na½, na saªkhyeyya½ sabbath± sam±nanti. Ass±mikabh±vo anattaniyat±. Sati hi attani tassa kiñcanabh±vena c²vara½ añña½ v± kiñci attaniya½ n±ma siy±, so pana koci natthev±ti adhipp±yo. Anaddhaniyanti, na addh±nakkhama½, na ciraµµh±yi ittara½ aniccanti attho. T±vak±likanti tasseva vevacana½.
Mam±yat²ti mamatta½ karoti. Mam±ti taºh±ya pariggayha tiµµhati. Dhan±yant±ti dhana½ dabba½ karont±. Ass±ti upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³r² hoti. Tath± hi arahato eva cha¼aªgupekkh±nipphatti.
Asubh±rammaº± dhamm±ti asubhappak±r± asubhajh±nassa ±rammaºabh³t± dhamm±. K±ma½ indriyabaddh±pi kes±dayo asubhappak±r± eva, visesato pana jigucchitabbe jigucch±vahe gaºhanto “das±”ti ±ha. Yath± manasikaroto sabh±vasarasato tattha asubhasaññ± santiµµhati, tath± pavatto manasik±ro up±yamanasik±ro. Asubhe asubhapaµikk³l±k±rassa uggaºhana½, yath± v± tattha uggahanimitta½ uppajjati, tath± manasik±ro asubhanimittassa uggaho. Upac±rappan±vah±ya asubhabh±van±ya anuyuñjan± asubhabh±van±nuyogo.
Manacchaµµh±na½ indriy±na½ suµµhu susa½varaºe sati avasara½ alabhanto k±macchando pah²yateva, tath± bhojane mattaññuno mit±h±rassa thinamiddh±bhibhav±bh±v± ot±ra½ alabham±no k±macchando pah²yati. Yo pana ±h±re paµikk³lasañña½ tabbipariº±massa tad±dh±rassa tassa ca udariyabh³tassa ativiya jegucchata½, k±yassa ca ±h±ratiµµhakata½ sammadeva j±n±ti, so sabbaso bhojane pam±ºassa j±nanena visesato bhojane mattaññ³ n±ma. Tassa k±macchando pah²yateva, aµµhakath±ya½ pana app±h±rata½yeva dassetu½ “catunnan”ti-±di vutta½. Asubhakammikatissatthero dantaµµhidass±v². Pah²nass±ti vikkhambhanavasena pah²nassa. Abhidhammapariy±yena sabbopi lobho k±macchandan²varaºanti “arahattamaggena ±yati½ anupp±do”ti vutta½.
Mejjati hitapharaºavasena siniyhat²ti mitto, hites² puggalo, tasmi½ mitte bhav±, mittassa v± es±ti mett±, hitesit±. S± eva paµipakkhato cetaso vimutt²ti mett±cetovimutti. Tattha mett±yanassa sattesu hitapharaºassa upp±dana½ pavattana½ mett±nimittassa uggaho. Ten±ha “odissak±”ti-±di.
Tattha attapiyasah±yamajjhattaverivasena odissakat±. S²m±sambhede kate anodissakat±. Ek±didis±pharaºavasena dis±pharaºat± mett±ya uggaºhane veditabb±. Uggaho y±va upac±r± daµµhabbo. Uggahit±ya ±sevan± bh±van±, sabb± itthiyo puris± ariy± anariy± dev± manuss± vinip±tik±ti sattodhikaraºavasena pavatt± sattavidh±, aµµhav²satividh± v±, dasahi dis±hi disodhikaraºavasena pavatt± dasavidh±, ekek±ya dis±ya satt±di-itth±di-aver±dibhedena as²t±dhikacatusatappabhed± ca odhisopharaºamett±. Sabbe satt±, p±º±, bh³t±, puggal±, attabh±vapariy±pann±ti etesa½ vasena pañcavidh±. Ekekasmi½ aver± hontu, aby±pajj±, an²gh±, sukh² att±na½ pariharant³ti catudh± pavattiy± v²satividh± anodhisopharaºamett±, ta½ sandh±y±ha– “odhiso…pe… bh±ventassap²”ti. Tva½ etass±ti-±din± kammassakat±paccavekkhaºa½ dasseti Paµisaªkh±ne µhitass±ti kodhe yath±vuttassa ±d²navassa tappaµipakkhato akodhe mett±ya ±nisa½sassa ca paµisaªkh±ne sammadeva j±nane. Sevantass±ti bhajantassa by±p±do pah²yati.
Atibhojane nimittagg±hoti ±h±rassa adhikabhojane thinamiddhassa nimittagg±ho, “ettake bhutte thinamiddha½ uppajjati, ettake no”ti thinamiddhassa k±raº±k±raºagg±hoti attho. Div± s³riy±lokanti div± gahitanimitta½ s³riy±loka½, rattiya½ manasikarontassap²ti evamettha attho veditabbo. Dhutaªg±na½ v²riyanissitatt± vutta½ “dhutaªganissitasapp±yakath±yap²”ti.
Kukkuccampi kat±kat±nusocanavasena pavattam±na½ cetaso av³pasam±vahat±ya uddhaccena sam±nalakkhaºamev±ti tadubhayassa pah±nak±raºa½ dassento bhagav±– “atthi, bhikkhave, cetaso v³pasamo”ti-±dim±ha. Tasm± b±husacc±di tassa pah±nak±raºanti dassetu½ “apica cha dhamm±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bahussutassa ganthato, atthato dhamma½ vic±rentassa attaved±dipaµil±bhasambhavato vikkhepo na hoti. Yath±vihitapaµipattiy± yath±dhammapaµik±rappattiy± ca vippaµis±ro anavasarov±ti “b±husaccenapi…pe… uddhaccakukkucca½ pah²yat²”ti vutta½. Yadaggena bahussutassa paµisaªkh±navato uddhaccakukkucca½ pah²yati, tadaggena paripucchakat±vinayapakataññut±hipi ta½ pah²yat²ti daµµhabba½. Vuddhasevit± ca vuddhas²lita½ ±vahat²ti cetaso v³pasamakaratt± uddhaccakukkuccassa pah±nak±r² vutt±, vuddhabh±va½ pana anapekkhitv± vinayadhar± kukkuccavinodak± kaly±ºamitt±ti daµµhabb±. Vikkhepo ca bhikkh³na½ yebhuyyena kukkuccahetuko hot²ti “kappiy±kappiyaparipucch±bahulass±”ti-±din± vinayanayeneva paripucchakat±dayo niddiµµh±. Pah²ne uddhaccakukkucceti niddh±raºe bhumma½. Kukkuccassa domanassasahagatatt± an±g±mimaggena ±yati½ anupp±do vutto.
Kusal±kusal± dhamm±ti-±d²su ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva. K±ma½ b±husaccaparipucchakat±hi aµµhavatthuk±pi vicikicch± pah²yati, tath±pi ratanattayavicikicch±m³lik± sesavicikicch±ti katv± vutta½ “t²ºi ratan±ni ±rabbh±”ti-±di. Vinaye pakataññut±ya ca sati sikkh±ya kaªkh±ya asambhavo eva, tath± ratanattayaguº±vabodhe sati pubbant±d²su sa½sayass±ti ±ha– “vinaye”ti-±di. Okappan²yasaddh± saddheyyavatthu½ anupavisitv± viya adhimuccana½, tañca tath± adhimokkhupp±danameva. Saddh±ya ninnapoºapabbh±rat± adhimutti. Arahattena k³µa½ gaºhi sattapi bojjhaªge vitth±retv± desan±ya os±pitatt±.

¾h±rasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.